HOME
The Info List - Rosemary Kennedy





Rose Marie "Rosemary" Kennedy (September 13, 1918 – January 7, 2005) was the oldest daughter born to Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
and Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, and was a sister of President John F. Kennedy, and Senators Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
and Ted Kennedy. Rosemary experienced mental disabilities, and displayed less academic and sporting potential than her siblings; however, her disabilities were carefully concealed from the public by her prominent family. In her early young adult years, she also had behavioral problems. Her father arranged one of the first prefrontal lobotomies for her at the age of 23, but it failed and left her permanently incapacitated. Rosemary spent the rest of her life in an institution in Jefferson, Wisconsin, with limited contact with her family. Her condition may have inspired her sister, Eunice, to initiate the Special Olympics
Special Olympics
in 1962.

Contents

1 Family and early life

1.1 Appearance at British court

2 Lobotomy 3 Aftermath 4 Death 5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading 8 References 9 External links

Family and early life[edit]

The Kennedy family
Kennedy family
at Hyannis Port, Massachusetts, in 1931 with Rosemary on the far right.

Rose Marie Kennedy was born at her parents' home in Brookline, Massachusetts. She was the third child and first daughter of Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. and Rose Fitzgerald. She was named after her mother,[1] and commonly called "Rosemary" or "Rosie." During her birth, the doctor was not immediately available and the nurse ordered Rose Kennedy to keep her legs closed, forcing the baby’s head to stay in the birth canal for two hours. The action resulted in a harmful loss of oxygen.[2] As Rosemary began to grow, her parents noticed she was not reaching the basic development steps an infant or a toddler normally reach at a certain month or year. At two years old, she had a hard time sitting up, crawling, learning to walk and later on feeding herself. [3] By Massachusetts state law, the Binet intelligence test was given to her before first grade, as she twice failed to advance from kindergarten. Rose Kennedy
Rose Kennedy
sent Rosemary to the Sacred Heart Convent in Elmhurst, Providence, Rhode Island, at age 15, where she was educated separately from the other students. Two nuns and a special teacher, Miss Newton, worked with her all day in a separate classroom. The Kennedys gave the school a new tennis court for their efforts. Her reading, writing, spelling, and counting skills were reported to be at a fourth-grade level. She studied but may have felt she disappointed her parents, whom she wanted to please. During this period, her mother arranged for her older brother John to accompany her to a tea-dance. Thanks to him, she appeared "not different at all" during the tea-dance.[4] According to Henry H. Goddard, Rosemary suffered intellectual disabilities. She was deemed to have an IQ between 60 and 70 (in an adult, equivalent to a mental age between eight and twelve). A biographer wrote that Rose Kennedy
Rose Kennedy
did not confide in her friends and that she pretended her daughter was normal, with relatives other than the immediate family knowing nothing of Rosemary's reported low IQ.[5][6] Younger sister Eunice surmised from various doctors' visits to their home that Rosemary was both "mentally ill" and epileptic.[7] Diaries written by her in the late 1930s, and published in the 1980s, reveal a young woman whose life was filled with outings to the opera, tea dances, dress fittings, and other social interests:

"Went to luncheon in the ballroom in the White House. James Roosevelt took us in to see his father, President Roosevelt. He said, 'It's about time you came. How can I put my arm around all of you? Which is the oldest? You are all so big.'" "Have a fitting at 10:15 Elizabeth Arden. Appointment dress fitting again. Home for lunch. Royal tournament in the afternoon." "Up too late for breakfast. Had it on deck. Played Ping-Pong with Ralph's sister, also with another man. Had lunch at 1:15. Walked with Peggy. also went to horse races with her, and bet and won a dollar and a half. Went to the English Movie at five. Had dinner at 8:45. Went to the lounge with Miss Cahill and Eunice and retired early."[8]

She read few books but could read Winnie-the-Pooh.[9] Yet, Rosemary managed to obtain a diploma from a Massachusetts two-year community college. Appearance at British court[edit] Kennedy was presented to King George VI
George VI
and Queen Elizabeth during her father's service as the United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom. Her father presented his daughters instead of, more customarily, choosing about thirty young American debutantes, a decision which earned him favor in the press. Kennedy's "slowness" was also unconventional and daring for a debut (two of the queen's nieces remained in a mental hospital because they were mentally ill). Young women would practice the rather complicated royal curtsey, sometimes learning the performance at the Vacani School of Dancing near Harrods. She practiced for hours. She wore a gown made of white tulle with a net train and carried a bouquet of lilies of the valley. Her sister Kathleen was described as "stunning, but she was only a shadow of Rosemary's beauty." Just as Rosemary was about to "glide off" by stepping to the right, she tripped and nearly fell. Rose Kennedy
Rose Kennedy
never discussed the incident and treated the debut as a triumph. The crowd made no sign, the King and the Queen smiled as if nothing had happened, and it is unknown whether Rosemary was aware of her own stumble.[10] One Kennedy family
Kennedy family
biographer termed her "absolutely beautiful" with "a gorgeous smile." At twenty, she was "a picturesque young woman, a snow princess with flush cheeks, gleaming smile, plump figure, and a sweetly ingratiating manner to almost everyone she met." She enjoyed dancing, such as at her sister Kathleen's coming-out party.[11] Kennedy's parents told Woman's Day that she was "studying to be a kindergarten teacher," and Parents was told that while she had "an interest in social welfare work, she is said to harbor a secret longing to go on the stage." The Boston Globe
The Boston Globe
wrote requesting an interview which was refused, but her father's assistant Eddie Moore prepared a response, which Rosemary copied out laboriously, letter by letter:

I have always had serious tastes and understand life is not given us just for enjoyment. For some time past, I have been studying the well known psychological method of Dr. Maria Montessori
Maria Montessori
and I got my degree in teaching last year.[12]

Lobotomy[edit] Placid and easygoing as a child and teenager, the maturing Rosemary Kennedy became increasingly assertive and rebellious. She was also reportedly subject to violent mood changes. Some observers have since attributed this behavior to her inability to conform to siblings who were expected to perform to high standards, as well as the hormonal surges associated with puberty. In any case, the family had difficulty dealing with her stormy moods and reckless behavior. Rosemary had begun to sneak out at night from the convent school in Washington, D.C., where she was cared for and educated.[13] Her occasional erratic behavior frustrated her parents, who expected all of their children to behave appropriately, be goal-oriented, and act competitively. Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. was especially worried that his daughter's behavior would shame and embarrass the family and possibly damage his political career.[14] In November 1941, when Rosemary Kennedy
Rosemary Kennedy
was 23, doctors told Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. that a neurosurgical procedure, lobotomy, would help calm her mood swings and stop her occasional violent outbursts.[15][16] He decided that his daughter should have the lobotomy performed; however, he did not inform his wife Rose of this until after the procedure was completed.[14] Rosemary was strapped to the operating table.[17] James W. Watts, who carried out the procedure with Walter Freeman of Wingdale Psychological and Correctional Facility, described what happened next (as narrated by Ronald Kessler):

"We went through the top of the head, I think she was awake. She had a mild tranquilizer. I made a surgical incision in the brain through the skull. It was near the front. It was on both sides. We just made a small incision, no more than an inch." The instrument Dr. Watts used looked like a butter knife. He swung it up and down to cut brain tissue. "We put an instrument inside", he said. As Dr. Watts cut, Dr. Freeman put questions to Rosemary. For example, he asked her to recite the Lord's Prayer
Lord's Prayer
or sing "God Bless America" or count backwards..... "We made an estimate on how far to cut based on how she responded." ..... When she began to become incoherent, they stopped.[18]

After the lobotomy, it quickly became apparent that the procedure was not successful. Kennedy's mental capacity diminished to that of a two-year-old child. She could not walk or speak intelligibly and was incontinent.[19] Aftermath[edit] After the procedure, Rosemary was immediately institutionalized. She initially lived for several years at Craig House, a private psychiatric hospital an hour north of New York City.[20] In 1949, she was relocated to Jefferson, Wisconsin, where she lived for the rest of her life on the grounds of the St. Coletta School for Exceptional Children (formerly known as "St. Coletta Institute for Backward Youth").[21] Archbishop Richard Cushing had told her father about St. Coletta's, an institution for more than three hundred people with disabilities, and her father traveled to and built a private house for her about a mile outside St. Coletta's main campus near Alverno House, which was designed for adults who needed lifelong care.[22] The nuns called the house "the Kennedy cottage".[23] Two Catholic nuns, Sister Margaret Ann and Sister Leona, provided her care along with a student and a woman who worked on ceramics with Rosemary three nights a week. Alan Borsari supervised the team and was able to call in specialists.[24] Rosemary had a dog and a car that could be used to take her for rides.[23] In response to her condition, Rosemary's parents separated her from her family. Rose Kennedy
Rose Kennedy
did not visit her for twenty years.[14] Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr.
Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr.
did not visit his daughter at the institution.[25] While her older brother John was campaigning for re-election for the Senate in 1958, the Kennedy family
Kennedy family
explained away her absence by claiming she was reclusive. At one point, a rumor circulated that Rosemary was too busy working as a teacher for disabled children to make public appearances. The Kennedy family
Kennedy family
did not publicly explain her absence until 1961, after John had been elected President. The Kennedys did not reveal that she was institutionalized because of a failed lobotomy but instead said that she was deemed "mentally retarded".[14][26] After the death of her father in 1969, Rosemary was occasionally taken to visit relatives in Florida
Florida
and Washington, D.C., and to her childhood home on Cape Cod. By that time, Rosemary had learned to walk again but did so with a limp. She never regained the ability to speak clearly and her arm was palsied.[14] Her condition is sometimes credited as the inspiration for Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Eunice Kennedy Shriver
to later found the Special
Special
Olympics,[14] although Shriver told The New York Times
The New York Times
in 1995 that that was not exactly the case.[27] In 1983, the Kennedy family gave $1 million to renovate Alverno House. The gift added a therapeutic pool and enlarged the chapel.[24] Death[edit] Rosemary Kennedy
Rosemary Kennedy
died from natural causes[28] on January 7, 2005, at the Fort Atkinson Memorial Hospital in Fort Atkinson, Wisconsin,[29] at the age of 86, with her sisters Jean, Eunice, and Patricia, and brother Ted, by her side.[30] She was buried beside her parents in Holyhood Cemetery
Holyhood Cemetery
in Brookline, Massachusetts.[31] She was the first child of Joseph and Rose Kennedy
Rose Kennedy
to die from natural causes. See also[edit]

Biography portal

Kennedy family Kennedy family
Kennedy family
tree

References[edit]

^ Leamer, p. 137. ^ Gordon, Meryl (6 October 2015). "'Rosemary: The Hidden Kennedy Daughter,' by Kate Clifford Larson". New York Times. Retrieved 13 October 2015.  ^ Washington College - Campus Events (2016-04-11), Rosemary, The Hidden Kennedy Daughter, retrieved 2017-09-04  ^ Leamer, pp. 203-204. ^ Leamer, p. 166. ^ "Rosemary Kennedy". jfklibrary.org. Retrieved September 6, 2015.  ^ Leamer, pp. 138, 163-66, 227, 825 ^ Gibson, Rose Kennedy
Rose Kennedy
and Her Family, includes Rosemary's diaries from 1936–1938. ^ Leamer, p. 304. ^ Leamer, pp. 251-56. ^ Leamer, pp. 254, 270, 680. ^ Leamer, p. 271. ^ Leamer, Laurence, The Kennedy Women: The Saga of an American Family, referenced in Associated Press
Associated Press
article, Retarded Kennedy Sister Dies at 86, (Saturday, January 8, 2005 ^ a b c d e f "The Exiled Kennedy". independent.co.uk. January 15, 2005.  ^ Jennie Weiss Block (2002). Copious hosting: A theology of access for people with disabilities. Continuum International Publishing Group. p. 56.  ^ "Rosemary Kennedy: The Truth About Her Lobotomy : People.com". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved September 6, 2015.  ^ Morris, Sylvia Jukes, "The Saddest Story Ever Told", Wall Street Journal, October 2, 2015. Retrieved 2015-10-03. ^ Kessler, The Sins of the Father, p. 226 ^ Henley, John (August 12, 2009). "The Forgotten Kennedy". theguardian.com.  ^ Leamer, p. 322. ^ Leamer, p. 412, and caption to photo of the house facing p. 650. ^ Leamer, p. 412. ^ a b Leamer, pp. 412, 680. ^ a b Leamer, p. 760. ^ Collier, Peter; Horowitz, David (1984). The Kennedys. Summit Books. p. 116. ISBN 0-671-44793-9.  ^ Kessler, p. 233 ^ Johnson, Kirk (June 23, 1995). "Reaching the Retarded: An Old Kennedy Mission". The New York Times. Retrieved July 5, 2011.  ^ "Sister of President John F Kennedy dies". The Daily Telegraph. 8 January 2005. Retrieved 24 January 2013.  ^ Weil, Martin (8 January 2005). "Rosemary Kennedy, 86; President's Disabled Sister (washingtonpost.com)". The Washington Post. p. B06. Retrieved 24 January 2013.  ^ Cornwell, Rupert (10 January 2005). "Obituaries: Rosemary Kennedy". The Independent. Retrieved 24 January 2013.  ^ Rose Marie Kennedy at Find a Grave

Further reading[edit]

Shriver, Timothy (2014). Fully Alive: Discovering What Matters Most. New York, NY: Sarah Crichton Books-Farrar, Straus and Giroux.  Larson, Kate. Rosemary: The Hidden Kennedy Daughter. 

References[edit]

Burns, James MacGregor. John Kennedy: A Political Profile. Harcourt Brace, 1960. Collier, Peter and Horowitz, David. The Kennedys. Summit Books, New York, 1984. ISBN 0-671-44793-9. El-Hai, Jack. The Lobotomist: A Maverick Medical Genius and His Tragic Quest to Rid the World of Mental Illness. Wiley, 2004. ISBN 0-471-23292-0. Gibson, Barbara. Rose Kennedy
Rose Kennedy
and Her Family: The Best and Worst of Their Lives and Times. Birch Lane Press. ISBN 1-55972-299-1. Kennedy, Rose, Times to Remember. Doubleday, 1974. ISBN 0-385-47657-4. Kessler, Ronald. The Sins of the Father: Joseph P. Kennedy
Joseph P. Kennedy
and the Dynasty He Founded. Warner Books, 1996. ISBN 0-446-60384-8. Leamer, Laurence, The Kennedy Women: The Saga of an American Family. Villard Books, 1994. ISBN 0-679-42860-7. McCarthy, Joe. The Remarkable Kennedys McTaggart, Lynne. Kathleen Kennedy. Doubleday, 1983. Valenstein, Elliot S. Great and Desperate Cures: The Rise and Decline of Psychosurgery and Other Radical Treatments for Mental Illness. Basic Books, 1986).

External links[edit]

Rosemary Kennedy
Rosemary Kennedy
on IMDb "Rosemary Kennedy, JFK's sister, dies at 86 – Born Mentally Disabled, She Was Inspiration for Special
Special
Olympics" obituary by The Associated Press
Associated Press
at MSNBC, January 8, 2005

v t e

Kennedy family

I.

P. J. Kennedy
P. J. Kennedy
(1858–1929)

Joseph P. Kennedy
Joseph P. Kennedy
Sr.

II.

Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
(1888–1969) Rose Kennedy
Rose Kennedy
(1890–1995)

Joseph P. Kennedy
Joseph P. Kennedy
Jr. John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
(m.) Jacqueline Bouvier Rosemary Kennedy Kathleen Kennedy (m.) William Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington Eunice Kennedy (m.) Sargent Shriver Patricia Kennedy (m./div.) Peter Lawford Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
(m.) Ethel Kennedy Jean Kennedy (m.) Stephen Edward Smith Edward M. "Ted" Kennedy (m./div. 1st) Joan Bennett; (m. 2nd) Victoria Reggie

III.

John Fitzgerald Kennedy (1917–1963)

Caroline Kennedy
Caroline Kennedy
(m.) Edwin Schlossberg John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Jr. (m.) Carolyn Bessette Patrick Bouvier Kennedy

Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Eunice Kennedy Shriver
(1921–2009)

Bobby Shriver Maria Shriver
Maria Shriver
(m./div.) Arnold Schwarzenegger Timothy Shriver Mark Shriver Anthony Shriver

Patricia Kennedy Lawford
Patricia Kennedy Lawford
(1924–2006)

Christopher Lawford

Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
(1925–1968)

Kathleen Kennedy Townsend Joseph P. Kennedy II Robert F. Kennedy Jr. (m.) Cheryl Hines David A. Kennedy Courtney Kennedy Hill Michael LeMoyne Kennedy Kerry Kennedy
Kerry Kennedy
(m./div.) Andrew Cuomo Christopher G. Kennedy Max Kennedy Douglas Harriman Kennedy Rory Kennedy

Jean Kennedy Smith
Jean Kennedy Smith
(born 1928)

William Kennedy Smith

Ted Kennedy
Ted Kennedy
(1932–2009)

Kara Kennedy Edward M. Kennedy Jr. Patrick J. Kennedy

V.

Rose Schlossberg Tatiana Schlossberg Jack Schlossberg Katherine Schwarzenegger Patrick Schwarzenegger Joseph P. Kennedy III

Related topics

Hickory Hill Kennedy Compound Kennedy curse Merchandise Mart The Kennedys (museum)

Category

Kennedy family

m. = married; div. = divorced; sep. = separated.

v t e

John F. Kennedy

35th President of the United States
President of the United States
(1961–1963) U.S. Senator from Massachusetts (1953–1960) U.S. Representative for MA-11 (1947–1953)

Presidency (timeline)

Presidential Office: Inauguration Cabinet Judicial appointments

Supreme Court

Presidential pardons

Domestic policy: Clean Air Act Communications Satellite Act Community Mental Health Act Equal Pay Act Federal affirmative action Federal housing segregation ban Fifty-mile hikes Food for Peace New Frontier Pilot Food Stamp Program Space policy Status of Women (Presidential Commission) University of Alabama integration Voter Education Project

Foreign policy: Alliance for Progress Arms Control and Disarmament Agency

Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

Flexible response Kennedy Doctrine Peace Corps Trade Expansion Act USAID Vietnam War Cuba: Bay of Pigs Invasion Cuban Project Cuban Missile Crisis

ExComm

Soviet Union: Berlin Crisis Moscow–Washington hotline Vienna summit

White House: Presidential limousine Presidential yacht Resolute desk Situation Room

Presidential speeches

Inaugural address American University speech "We choose to go to the Moon" Report to the American People on Civil Rights "Ich bin ein Berliner" "A rising tide lifts all boats"

Elections

U.S. States House of Representatives elections, 1946 1948 1950 U.S. Senate election in Massachusetts, 1952 1958 1960 Presidential primaries 1960 Presidential campaign Democratic National Convention 1956 1960 U.S. presidential election, 1960

debates

Personal life

Birthplace and childhood home Kennedy Compound US Navy service PT-109

Biuku Gasa and Eroni Kumana Arthur Evans PT-59 Castle Hot Springs

Hammersmith Farm Coretta Scott King phone call Rocking chair "Happy Birthday, Mr. President"

Books

Why England Slept
Why England Slept
(1940) Profiles in Courage
Profiles in Courage
(1956) A Nation of Immigrants
A Nation of Immigrants
(1958)

Death

Assassination

timeline reactions in popular culture

State funeral

Riderless horse attending dignitaries

Gravesite and Eternal Flame

Legacy

John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Presidential Library and Museum (Boston) 1964 Civil Rights Act Apollo 11
Apollo 11
Moon landing Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Kennedy Space Center
Kennedy Space Center
(Florida) Kennedy Round U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development VISTA Cultural depictions

films Kennedy half dollar U.S. postage stamps U.S. five cent stamp Lincoln–Kennedy coincidences

Operation Sail

Memorials, namesakes

Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts (Washington, D.C.) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
International Airport (New York) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Memorial (London) John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial
John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial
(Dallas) John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial
John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial
(Portland, Oregon) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Memorial (Runnymede, Britain) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Memorial Bridge (Kentucky–Indiana) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
School of Government (Harvard Univ.) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Special
Special
Warfare Center and School (Fort Bragg, North Carolina) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
University (California) John Kennedy College (Mauritius) Kennedy Expressway
Kennedy Expressway
(Chicago) MV John F. Kennedy USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67) USS John F. Kennedy (CVN-79) Yad Kennedy
Yad Kennedy
(Jerusalem)

Family

Jacqueline Bouvier (wife) Caroline Kennedy
Caroline Kennedy
(daughter) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Jr.

son plane crash

Patrick Bouvier Kennedy
Patrick Bouvier Kennedy
(son) Jack Schlossberg
Jack Schlossberg
(grandson) Rose Schlossberg
Rose Schlossberg
(granddaughter) Tatiana Schlossberg
Tatiana Schlossberg
(granddaughter) Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
(father) Rose Fitzgerald (mother) Joseph P. Kennedy
Joseph P. Kennedy
Jr. (brother) Rosemary Kennedy
Rosemary Kennedy
(sister) Kathleen Cavendish, Marchioness of Hartington
Kathleen Cavendish, Marchioness of Hartington
(sister) Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Eunice Kennedy Shriver
(sister) Patricia Kennedy Lawford
Patricia Kennedy Lawford
(sister) Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
(brother) Jean Kennedy Smith
Jean Kennedy Smith
(sister) Ted Kennedy
Ted Kennedy
(brother) P. J. Kennedy
P. J. Kennedy
(grandfather) John F. Fitzgerald
John F. Fitzgerald
(grandfather)

← Dwight D. Eisenhower Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson

Category

v t e

Robert F. Kennedy

November 20, 1925 – June 6, 1968

United States Senator from New York, 1965–1968 64th United States Attorney General, 1961–1964

Life

1948 Palestine visit Senate Committee investigation of Labor and Management Cuban Missile Crisis

ExComm

Civil rights

Freedom Riders Voter Education Project

Baldwin–Kennedy meeting 1964 Democratic National Convention Bedford Stuyvesant Restoration Corporation Mississippi Delta tour Kennedy Compound Hickory Hill home

Electoral

1964 U.S. Senate election 1968 presidential campaign

primaries Boiler Room Girls

Speeches

Law Day Address (1961) Day of Affirmation Address
Day of Affirmation Address
(1966) Conflict in Vietnam and at Home (1968) University of Kansas (1968) Ball State (1968) On the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. (1968) "On the Mindless Menace of Violence" (1968)

Books

The Enemy Within (1960) The Pursuit of Justice
The Pursuit of Justice
(1964) To Seek a Newer World (1967) Thirteen Days: A Memoir of the Cuban Missile Crisis
Cuban Missile Crisis
(1969)

Assassination

Sirhan Sirhan Ambassador Hotel Conspiracy theories Gravesite

Legacy and memorials

Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
Department of Justice Building Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
Center for Justice and Human Rights

Human Rights Award Journalism Award Book Award

Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
Memorial Stadium Landmark for Peace Memorial Kennedy–King College Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
Community Schools Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
Bridge

Popular culture

Crisis: Behind a Presidential Commitment (1963 documentary) Robert Kennedy Remembered (1968 documentary) "Abraham, Martin and John" (1968 song) The Missiles of October
The Missiles of October
(1974 docudrama) Kennedy (1983 miniseries) Blood Feud (1983 film) Prince Jack
Prince Jack
(1985 film) Robert Kennedy and His Times
Robert Kennedy and His Times
(1985 miniseries) Hoover vs. The Kennedys (1987 miniseries) Thirteen Days (2000 film) RFK (2002 film) Bobby (2006 film) RFK Must Die (2007 documentary) The Kennedys (2011 miniseries) Ethel (2012 documentary) Jackie (2016 film)

Family, family tree

Ethel Skakel (wife) Kathleen Kennedy (daughter) Joseph P. Kennedy
Joseph P. Kennedy
(son) Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
Jr. (son) David Kennedy (son) Courtney Kennedy (daughter) Michael Kennedy (son) Kerry Kennedy
Kerry Kennedy
(daughter) Chris Kennedy (son) Max Kennedy
Max Kennedy
(son) Doug Kennedy (son) Rory Kennedy
Rory Kennedy
(daughter) Joseph P. Kennedy
Joseph P. Kennedy
III (grandson) Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
(father) Rose Kennedy
Rose Kennedy
(mother) Joseph P. Kennedy
Joseph P. Kennedy
Jr. (brother) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
(brother presidency) Rosemary Kennedy
Rosemary Kennedy
(sister) Kathleen Kennedy Cavendish (sister) Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Eunice Kennedy Shriver
(sister) Patricia Kennedy Lawford
Patricia Kennedy Lawford
(sister) Jean Kennedy Smith
Jean Kennedy Smith
(sister) Ted Kennedy
Ted Kennedy
(brother) Patrick J. Kennedy
Patrick J. Kennedy
(grandfather) John F. Fitzgerald
John F. Fitzgerald
(grandfather)

v t e

Ted Kennedy

February 22, 1932 – August 25, 2009

United States Senator from Massachusetts, 1962–2009

Electoral history

United States Senate
United States Senate
special election in Massachusetts, 1962 United States Senate
United States Senate
election in Massachusetts, 1964 1970 1976 1982 1988 1994 2000 2006 United States presidential election, 1980
United States presidential election, 1980
(Democratic Party presidential primaries, 1980)

Books

My Senator and Me: A Dog's-Eye View of Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
(2006) True Compass
True Compass
(2009)

Family, family tree

Joan Bennett Kennedy
Joan Bennett Kennedy
(first wife) Victoria Reggie Kennedy
Victoria Reggie Kennedy
(second wife, widow) Kara Kennedy
Kara Kennedy
(daughter) Edward M. Kennedy Jr.
Edward M. Kennedy Jr.
(son) Patrick J. Kennedy
Patrick J. Kennedy
II (son) Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
(father) Rose Kennedy
Rose Kennedy
(mother) Joseph P. Kennedy
Joseph P. Kennedy
Jr. (brother) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
(brother presidency) Rosemary Kennedy
Rosemary Kennedy
(sister) Kathleen Kennedy (sister) Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Eunice Kennedy Shriver
(sister) Patricia Kennedy Lawford
Patricia Kennedy Lawford
(sister) Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
(brother) Jean Kennedy Smith
Jean Kennedy Smith
(sister) Patrick J. Kennedy
Patrick J. Kennedy
I (grandfather) John F. Fitzgerald
John F. Fitzgerald
(grandfather)

Related

Awards and honors Political positions Kennedy Compound Edward M. Kennedy Institute for the United States Senate Edward M. Kennedy Serve America Act Chappaquiddick incident The Dream Shall Never Die Mary Jo Kopechne Friends of Ireland Chappaquiddick (2018 film)

Commons Wikiquote Wikisource texts

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 42931833 LCCN: n2015186600 ISNI: 0000 0000 1651 5982 GND: 129953997 BNF: cb1705

.