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ROOTS REGGAE is a subgenre of reggae that deals with the everyday lives and aspirations of the artists concerned, including the spiritual side of Rastafari
Rastafari
and the honoring of God
God
, called Jah by Rastafari. It also is identified with the life of the ghetto sufferer, and the rural poor. Lyrical themes include spirituality and religion, poverty , black pride , social issues, resistance to government and racial oppression , and repatriation to Africa
Africa
.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links

HISTORY

The increasing influence of the Rastafari movement after the visit of Haile Selassie
Haile Selassie
to Jamaica
Jamaica
in 1966 played a major part in the development of roots reggae, with spiritual themes becoming more common in reggae lyrics in the late 1960s. Important early roots reggae releases included Winston Holness 's "Blood & Fire" (1970) and Yabby You 's "Conquering Lion" (1972). Political unrest also played its part, with the 1972 election campaign of Michael Manley targeting the support of Jamaica's ghetto communities. Increasing violence associated with the opposing political parties was also a common lyrical theme, with tracks such as Junior Murvin 's "Police padding-top:0.2em;">

*

* Jah * Ital

*

* Zion * Cannabis use

CENTRAL FIGURES

*

* Haile Selassie
Haile Selassie
I * Jesus
Jesus

*

* Menen Asfaw * Marcus Garvey
Marcus Garvey

KEY SCRIPTURES

*

* Bible
Bible
* Kebra Nagast

*

* My Life and Ethiopia\'s Progress

*

* The Promise Key * Holy Piby

* Royal Parchment Scroll of Black Supremacy

BRANCHES

*

* Mansions * in the U.S.

*

* Bobo Ashanti * Nyabinghi

* Twelve Tribes of Israel

FESTIVALS

*

* Shashamane * Grounation Day

* Reasoning

NOTABLE INDIVIDUALS

* Leonard Howell
Leonard Howell
* Joseph Hibbert * Archibald Dunkley * Mortimer Planno * Vernon Carrington * Charles Edwards * Bob Marley
Bob Marley
* Peter Tosh
Peter Tosh

SEE ALSO

*

* Vocabulary * Persecution

*

* Dreadlocks
Dreadlocks
* Reggae

* Roots reggae * Lion of Judah
Lion of Judah
* Ethiopian Christianity * Chalice * Index of Rastafari
Rastafari
articles

* v * t * e

While roots reggae was largely overtaken in popularity in Jamaica
Jamaica
by dancehall, several artists from the original era, such as Culture, Burning Spear, and Israel Vibration continued to produce roots reggae, and artists like Beres Hammond and Freddie McGregor continued the use of roots reggae, as a musical style and thematically, through the 1980s. In the 1990s younger Jamaican artists became interested in the Rastafari movement and began incorporating roots themes into their music. Most notable among the new generation of "conscious" artists was Garnett Silk , who's positive spiritual message and consistent use of roots and rocksteady riddims gave him cross generational appeal with Caribbean audiences. While other notable dancehall stars like Capleton
Capleton
and Buju Banton
Buju Banton
became devout Rastas and changed their musical direction as a result. Other modern roots artists and bands also emerged at this time, including Luciano , Junior Kelly , Morgan Heritage , Anthony B , and Sizzla .

SEE ALSO

* List of roots reggae artists
List of roots reggae artists

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C D E F G H Thompson, Dave (2002) Reggae background:green;">

* v * t * e

Reggae

GENRES

* Roots reggae * Dub * Dub poetry * Lovers rock
Lovers rock
* Dancehall * Reggaeton
Reggaeton
* Reggae en Español * Reggae fusion * Ragga * Ragga jungle * Samba reggae * Nyabinghi rhythm * Grime

CHARACTERISTICS

* Deejay (Toasting) * Delay * Hammond organ * One drop and rockers * Reverb
Reverb
* Singjay * Skank * Walking bass
Walking bass

PEOPLE AND GROUPS

* Reggae Grammy winners 1985-present * Reggae musicians * Reggae rock artists * Reggae fusion artists * Roots reggae
Roots reggae
artists * Dub artists * Jamaican record producers * Reggae bands from the Virgin Islands

BY REGION

* Music of Jamaica * Pinoy reggae
Pinoy reggae
* Reggae in Australia * New Zealand reggae
New Zealand reggae

RELATED TOPICS

* List of reggae festivals * Caribbean Music * Caribbean music in the United Kingdom * Rastafari
Rastafari
* Rude boy * Skinhead
Skinhead
* Suedehead * Dance Hall (venue) * Dubplate
Dubplate
* Sound system (Jamaican)
Sound system (Jamaican)
* Sound system (DJ) * Riddim
Riddim
* Jamaican English * Jamaican Patois * Studio One * Trojan Records
Trojan Records
* Island Records
Island Records
* Blue Beat

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