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ROOG or ROG (KOOX in the Cangin languages ) is the Supreme God and Creator of the Serer religion of the Senegambia
Senegambia
region.

CONTENTS

* 1 Names and titles

* 2 Beliefs

* 2.1 Gender

* 3 Further reading * 4 References * 5 Bibliography

NAMES AND TITLES

In Serer , roog means sky or the heavens .

Roog
Roog
is sometimes referred to as Roog
Roog
Sene (Rog Seen, Rog Sene, Rooh Seen, etc.) which means Roog
Roog
the Immensity, or by extension, the merciful god. Other titles which are used outside of prayers include Roog
Roog
Dangandeer Seen (" Roog
Roog
the omnipresent ", by extension it can also mean "the Omnipresent God"), Roog
Roog
o Caaci’in Seen ( Roog
Roog
our ancestor), Roog
Roog
o maak Seen ( Roog
Roog
is great), Roog
Roog
a yaal'in Seen ( Roog
Roog
our Lord), Roog
Roog
o Ndimaan Seen (Roog! The giver of the fruit ), and "The Master of the World".

The name Roog
Roog
is probably a corruption of the deity Koox . This may stem from the Serers of Kaabu or Tekrur (present-day Futa Tooro in Senegal
Senegal
) after their exodus in the 11th century following a religious war . According to the oral tradition of the Cangin, the original name of the supreme being was Kooh.

BELIEFS

Main article: Serer religion

Roog
Roog
is the Supreme being and Creator God of the Serer pantheon. He is the source of life and everything returns to him. He is "the point of departure and conclusion, the origin and the end". The practitioners of the Serer traditional religion do not directly pray to Roog, choosing instead to pray through ancestral spirits known as pangool , and as a result Roog
Roog
has no place of worship. It is considered blasphemous to make images of Roog.

“ The Pangool, they are the spirits of our departed ancestors. Any mouth who does not lie, does not harm, does not fornicate, does not take the property of others, that one, all he asks Roog
Roog
will see his wishes granted by Roog. Roog
Roog
Seen has no parent or friend. The individual does not evoke the name of God but him, he gives what he wants. ”

—  Saltigue
Saltigue
Geej Seen,

GENDER

The Serer believe that Roog
Roog
is an incorporeal and hermaphroditic being, possessing both a male and female nature. Depending on the situation, an individual may attempt to evoke its male or female side by using whichever pronoun is appropriate, although in scholarly works written in French and English the masculine pronoun is usually used. Saltigues refer to Roog
Roog
as "father and mother" during their consecration rituals, while in the Serer creation myth it is both grandfather and grandmother, with the grandmother aspect giving birth to humanity.

FURTHER READING

* Gravrand, Henry, "La civilisation sereer, Cosaan : les origines", vol. 1, Nouvelles Editions africaines (1983), ISBN 2-7236-0877-8 * Kalis, Simone, "Médecine traditionnelle, religion et divination ches les Seereer Siin du Sénégal" – La connaissance de la nuit, L’Harmattan (1997), ISBN 2-7384-5196-9 * Becker, Charles: "Vestiges historiques, trémoins matériels du passé clans les pays sereer". Dakar. 1993. CNRS - ORS TO M. (Retrieved : 25 May 2012) * Gastellu, Jean-Marc, L'égalitarisme économique des Serer du Sénégal, ORSTOM, Paris (1981), ISBN 2-7099-0591-4 (Thèse de Sciences économiques soutenue à l'Université Paris 10 en 1978 * Galvan, Dennis Charles, "The State Must be our Master of Fire" - How Peasants Craft Culturally Sustainable Development in Senegal, Berkeley, University of California Press (2004), ISBN 0-520-23591-6

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C (in French) Thiaw, Issa Laye , "La Religiosite de Seereer, Avant et pendant leur Islamisation". Ethiopiques no: 54, Revue semestrielle de Culture Négro-Africaine , Nouvelle série, volume 7, 2e Semestre (1991) (Retrieved : 25 May 2012) * ^ Gravrand, "Pangool", p 176 * ^ (in French) Faye, Louis Diène, "Mort et Naissance le monde Sereer", Les Nouvelles Editions Africaines (1983), p 44, ISBN 2-7236-0868-9 * ^ A B C D Gravrand, "Pangool", p 183 * ^ Gravrand, "Pangool", pp 169-171 * ^ Gravrand, "Pangool", p 169 * ^ A B C (in French) Thiaw, Issa laye , "Mythe de la création du monde selon les sages sereer", pp 45-50, 59-61 "Enracinement et Ouverture" – "Plaidoyer pour le dialogue interreligieux", Konrad Adenauer Stiftung (23 and 24 June 2009), Dakar
Dakar
(Retrieved : 25 May 2012) * ^ (in English) Madiya, Clémentine Faïk-Nzuji, "Canadian Museum of Civilization", Canadian Centre for Folk Culture Studies, "International Centre for African Language, Literature and Tradition", (Louvain, Belgium), pp 27, 155, ISBN 0-660-15965-1 * ^ (in French) Kesteloot, Lilyan , "Introduction aux religions d'Afrique noire", s.n., 2007, p 50, * ^ (in French) Saltigue
Saltigue
Geej Seen (1 September 1983) Thiaw, Issa laye , "Mythe de la création du monde selon les sages sereer", p 50 "Enracinement et Ouverture" – "Plaidoyer pour le dialogue interreligieux", Konrad Adenauer Stiftung (23 and 24 June 2009), Dakar (Retrieved : 25 May 2012) * ^ Henry Gravrand, "La civilisation Sereer - Pangool", in Universität Frankfurt am Main , Frobenius-Institut, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Kulturmorphologie, Frobenius Gesellschaft, "Paideuma: Mitteilungen zur Kulturkunde, Volumes 43-44", F. Steiner (1997), pp 144-5, ISBN 3515028420

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Thiaw, Issa Laye , "La Religiosite de Seereer, Avant et pendant leur Islamisation", Ethiopiques no: 54, Revue semestrielle de Culture Négro-Africaine, Nouvelle série, volume 7, 2e Semestre (1991) (Retrieved : 25 May 2012) * Thiaw, Issa laye, "Mythe de la création du monde selon les sages sereer", pp 45–50, 59-61 "Enracinement et Ouverture" - "Plaidoyer pour le dialogue interreligieux", Konrad Adenauer Stiftung (23 and 24 June 2009), Dakar
Dakar
(Retrieved : 25 May 2012) * Ndiaye, Ousmane Sémou, "Diversité et unicité sérères : l’exemple de la région de Thiès ", Éthiopiques, no. 54, vol. 7, 2e semestre 1991 (Retrieved : 25 May 2012) * Faye, Louis Diène , "Mort et Naissance le monde Sereer", Les Nouvelles Editions Africaines (1983), ISBN 2-7236-0868-9 * Gravrand, Henry , "La Civilisation Sereer - Pangool", vol. 2. Les Nouvelles Editions Africaines du Senegal
Senegal
(1990), ISBN 2-7236-1055-1 * Gravrand, Henry, "Le Symbolisme sereer : Mythe du Saas et symboles", « Revue de Psycho-Pathologie » vol. 9 No 2 Dakar
Dakar
(1971) (Published and reviewed under the title "Le symbolisme serer" Psychopath. Afric. 1973, IX, 2, 237-265 Psychopathologie africaine) - (Link retrieved : 25 July 2012) * Kellog, Day Otis, border:solid #aaa 1px">

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