Romblon, officially the Municipality of Romblon, is a 3rd class
municipality and capital of the province of Romblon, Philippines.
According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 38,758 people.
Romblon Island is one of the three major islands of
the other two are
Sibuyan Island and Tablas Island. Romblomanon or Ini
is the native language of its residents.
1.1 Early history
1.2 Modern history
4 Local government
4.1 Provincial government
5.1 By sea
5.2 By air
8 External links
Fuerza de San Andres (Romblon)
The first inhabitants of
Romblon were Negritos tribes of Panay and
Mindoro Mangyan tribes. The discovery of hanging coffins and artistic
material in caves of the island of Banton demonstrates the existence
of a rich and ancient civilization and Aboriginal culture.
The islands were first visited by Spanish conquistador Martin de Goiti
in late 1569, and were thereafter organized by the Spanish into
encomiendas. The encomienda of Donblon (Romblon), established on April
24, 1571, was granted to Don Gonzalo Riquel. In the first census done
by Spanish navigator Miguel de Loarca in 1582,
Romblon Island was
shown to have 240 residents engaged in wax gathering. At this time,
Miguel de Loarca recorded the island's name as "Lomlon" or
"Doblon". In the local Visayan dialect, the word means a bird
warming an egg in its nest. It was also known as Domblon before the
present name was adopted.
In 1631, during the term of Spanish Governor-General Juan Niño de
Romblon was established as a pueblo, making it one of the two
oldest settlements in the province, the other being Banton located in
the north of the province. In 1635, the island of
evangelized by Spanish Recollect fathers and became a dependency of
the Captaincy General of the Philippines. Their fortified church is
the present cathedral of Romblon. Two forts erected by them, San
Andrés and Santiago, are now in ruins. It received
its first Spanish missionaries in the 17th century. During the 17th
and 18th centuries, it was often ravaged by Moros.
It was organized into a Comandancia (a province or district under
military control) by the Spanish in 1853.
In 1901, the American occupation saw the establishment of a civilian
government in the town. Ten new barrios were created while three
existing barrios were also abolished. These include Aglomiom which was
merged to Sablayan due to its small population, Embarcacion which was
attached again to El
Poblacion and the inland barrio of
Cogon which was reorganized and split into five barrios of Tambac,
Ilauran, Macalas, Lamao, and Agbaluto (referred collectively as TIMLA,
from its initial letters) while barrio Alfonso XIII was renamed
The ten additional barrios were Bagacay, Agbudia, Agtongo,
Embarcacion, Maria Cristina (renamed as Sawang) and the five new TIMLA
barrios. These barrios aside from TIMLA were Agtongo which was created
into a separate barrio in 1916 taken from Cajimos while in 1918 those
engaged in maritime industry which were designated separately as
distinct barrio known as Embarcacion was annexed again to barrio
Poblacion or El
Pueblo in 1939. Agbudia was the last barrio to be
created taken from Guimpingan in 1939. Meanwhile, the two barrios
Majabangbaybay and Sogod, located in Tablas island, were returned to
Badajoz (now San Agustin), abolished as independent barrios and
attached as sitios of barrio Guinpuc-an (Carmen) in 1901.
During World War II, an American force landed in the island on March
11, 1945 and liberated it from the occupying Japanese forces. By March
18, the entire province was liberated from the Japanese. A monument
located near the beach in Sawang commemorates this event.
In 1960, the island barrio of Nagoso was renamed Cobrador while in
1975, the urban barangay of
Poblacion was split into four separate
barangays, named simply as Barangays 1, 2, 3, and 4.
Romblon Group of Islands
Adjacent bodies of water
Romblon (pop. 38,758)
The municipality consists primarily of
Romblon Island, as well as the
smaller Alad, Cobrador, and Logbon Islands. The municipality is
situated along the coast of
Romblon Bay, a natural harbor and safe
haven for ships passing in the area during inclement weather. The
highest peak is Mount Lagting in barangay Sablayan with a height of
444 metres (1,457 ft).
Romblon is politically subdivided into 31 barangays.
Alad (island barangay)
Logbon (island barangay)
Barangay I (Poblacion)
Barangay II (Poblacion)
Barangay III (Poblacion)
Barangay IV (Poblacion)
Population census of Romblon
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority
Romblomanons are the indigenous inhabitants of Romblon. They are part
of the wider Visayan ethnolinguistic group, who constitute the largest
Filipino ethnolinguistic group. In 2015, there were 38,758 people
living in Romblon. Most Romblomanons speak Ini, one of the three
languages in the province after Asi and Onhan.
The old municipal building of Romblon, Romblon
Main article: Philippine municipality
Pursuant to Chapter II, Title II, Book III of Republic Act 7160 or the
Local Government Code of 1991, the municipal government is
composed of a mayor (alkalde), a vice mayor (bise alkalde) and members
(kagawad) of the legislative branch
Sangguniang Bayan alongside a
secretary to the said legislature, all of which are elected to a
three-year term and are eligible to run for three consecutive terms.
The incumbent mayor is Mariano M. Mateo and the vice mayor is Mac-Mac
Silverio. Both are from Nacionalista Party.
30 June 2010 - 30 June 2013
Gerard S. Montojo(Lakas–CMD)(NP)
Melben M. Mesana (Lakas–CMD)
30 June 2013 – 30 June 2016
30 June 2016 - incumbent
As the capital of the province, the
Romblon Provincial Capitol is
situated in the municipality, where the governor, the vice governor,
Sangguniang Panlalawigan takes office. It is located in
Romblon is accessible via
RORO vessels that ply the Manila-Odiongan,
Batangas City-Odiongan, or the Roxas-Odiongan route. From Odiongan,
Romblon can be reached by jeepney and motorized boat via San Agustin,
Romblon. There are also direct
RORO routes from
Manila to Romblon
as well as
Batangas City and Romblon.
The closest airport with active airline service is
Tugdan Airport in
Alcantara, Romblon. As of August 2014[update], Fil-Asian Airways
offers four weekly flights while
SkyJet offers charter flights
Romblon from Manila. From Alcantara,
Romblon can be reached in
3–4 hours by jeepney and an hour by motorized boats from San
The Fuente de Belen fountain in Romblon
The capital town of
Romblon is rich political and religious history as
well as natural beauty. Some of the places worth visiting in the
St. Joseph's Cathedral and Belfry: One of the oldest Roman Catholic
Church is located in barrio Poblacion. It was constructed for the
Recollect Fathers between 1640 and 1726 by talented local artisans
using coral blocks and bricks.
Fuente de Belen: Located across the municipal hall, Fuente de Belen is
a water fountain erected in 1864 by Eduardo Asuero. It is the source
of fresh water for
Romblon during the Spanish colonial period. Atop
the fountain is an image of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
Old Municipal Building: Built out of coral limestone during the
Spanish colonial era, it housed the cuartel or headquarters of the
local Guardia Civil. Retaining the old architecture of the building,
the municipal hall is still used to house government offices and the
Bishop's Palace or Villa del Mar: Located in barangay Lonos, it serves
as the official residence of the Bishop of Romblon. It was constructed
out of clay bricks by the first bishop of Romblon, Msgr. Nicolas
Talipasak Beach Resort: It is located 13 kilometers from town in
barangay Ginablan and offers a quiet and restful place for tourists.
Activities include swimming, snorkeling, beach combing, and island
Tiamban Beach: Located some 5 kilometers from the town proper, this
fine white sand beach in barangay Lonos stretches to about 250 meters.
Forts San Andres and Santiago: Twin Spanish forts constructed out of
coral blocks and bricks between 1644 and 1573, which overlook the
whole town and harbor at 156 feet above sea level. These served as a
bastion to protect the people against Muslim raiders and Dutch
Marble Beach Resort: Located in
Barangay Ginablan, it is a perfect
spot for nature lovers.
Bonbon Beach: Located five kilometers away from town proper this
Barangay Lonos is covered with fine white sand and
features a gradually sloping ocean floor free of sea grass and sharp
Simbahan Cave: Located in barangay Cobrador, it is the largest natural
cave in the islands and believed to be an ancient burial ground as
manifested by pottery and ancient works of arts found inside.
Barangay Cobrador's treasure is its beaches. This is
located in the eastern side of the islet and has fine white sand and
Romblon Harbor: It offers a perfect shelter for sea vessels since
Spanish colonial period. Lying off the bay is a sunken galleon and the
wreck of a Japanese battleship.
Marble quarries and factories: Anyone interested in how
is made can take a tricycle from the town proper to the marble
quarries and factories. Romblon's marble can be compared to Italy's
carara. It comes in a spectrum of shades ranging from white to black
with a gamut of in-between tints like mottled white, tiger white, onyx
^ a b "ROMBLON - ROMBLON - City/Municipality Results - Eleksyon2016 -
Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior
and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
^ "Province: Romblon". PSGC Interactive.
Quezon City, Philippines:
Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total
Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA.
Retrieved 20 June 2016.
^ a b "Romblon". Philippine Information Agency. Republic of the
Philippines. Retrieved 23 June 2017.
^ a b "History of Carmen including Historical and Cultural Background
of North-eastern Barangays of the Municipality of San Agustin,
Romblon Municipal Library
^ "Romblon: Population Expected to Double in 41 Years". Philippine
Statistics Authority. Republic of the Philippines. 3 September 2002.
Retrieved 23 June 2017.
^ "comandancia". Merriam-Webster online dictionary. External
link in work= (help)
^ Merriam-Webster, Inc (1997). Merriam-Webster's geographical
dictionary. Merriam-Webster. pp. 1001.
^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)".
Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO.
Retrieved 29 June 2016.
^ Censuses of Population (1903 – 2007). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)".
Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly
Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
^ "Province of Romblon". Municipality Population Data. Local Water
Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December
^ "An act providing for a local government code of 1991". 8th Congress
of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
^ a b "2013 Election Results: Romblon,
Romblon - Comelec Live Data -
Philippine National and Local Elections - Updated Real Time".
Philippines 2010 Elections Results". Archived from the original on
^ a b "How to get to Romblon".
Romblon Lifestyles. Archived from the
original on 2015-02-28. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
Fil-Asian Airways completes inaugural flight". Philippine Flight
Network. 24 June 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
SkyJet to make
Romblon accessible to tourists". Philippine Flight
Network. 3 July 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
^ "National Museum News". National Museum. 2013. Retrieved 31 May
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Romblon Island at OpenStreetMap
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1 de facto seat of provincial government · 2 seat of legislative
branch of provincia