ROMAN CURSIVE (or LATIN CURSIVE) is a form of handwriting (or a script ) used in ancient Rome and to some extent into the Middle Ages . It is customarily divided into old (or ancient) cursive, and new cursive.
OLD ROMAN CURSIVE
Calidorus: Take these letters, then tell yourself what misery and concern are wasting me away.
Pseudolus: I will do this for you. But what is this, I ask?
Calidorus: What's wrong?
Pseudolus: In my opinion, these letters are seeking children for
themselves: one mounts the other.
Calidorus: Are you mocking me with your teasing?
Pseudolus: Indeed, by Pollux I believe that unless the
(Plautus, Pseudolus, 21–30)
NEW ROMAN CURSIVE
New Roman cursive, also called minuscule cursive or later Roman
cursive, developed from old Roman cursive. It was used from
approximately the 3rd century to the 7th century, and uses letter
forms that are more recognizable to modern readers; "a", "b", "d", and
"e" have taken a more familiar shape, and the other letters are
proportionate to each other rather than varying wildly in size and
placement on a line. These letter forms were in part the basis for the
medieval script known as
Carolingian minuscule , which was developed
at Aachen and in Tours in the 9th century and propagated throughout
Charlemagne's empire in a deliberate attempt to unify handwriting, and
whose revival in the
According to Jan-Olaf Tjäder , new
* ^ Oxford, Scripts at Vindolanda page 2 page 3 * ^ Oxford, Scripts at Vindolanda: Historical context. * ^ Jan-Olaf Tjäder, (Lund, 1955). * ^ Oxford, Vindolanda Tablets
* Jan-Olaf Tjäder, Die nichtliterarischen lateinischen Papyri Italiens aus der Zeit 445–700 (Lund, 1955). * Staff, Vindolanda Tablets on line, Centre for the Study of Ancient Documents and the Academic Computing Development Team at Oxford University .
* \'Manual of Latin Palaeography\' (A comprehensive PDF file containing 82 pages profusely illustrated, June 2014). * Staff, Latin cursive presented by the University of Michigan Papyrus Collection * Staff, Vindolanda: Roman documents discovered, Current Archaeology , a World Wide Web article, based on a fuller accounts in Current Archaeology Nos. 116, 128. 132 and 153.
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Types of handwritten European scripts
Ancient and Medieval
* Roman * Rustic * Uncial * Visigothic * Merovingian * Carolingian * Insular script * Beneventan * Blackletter * Rotunda * Bastarda * Humanist * Greek * Early Cyrillic * Glagolitic * Court hand * Gothic