There were several civil wars in ancient Rome, especially during the late Republic. The most famous of these are the war in the 40s BC between Julius Caesar and the optimate faction of the senatorial elite initially led by Pompey and the subsequent war between Caesar's successors and die hard loyalists, Octavian and Mark Antony in the 30s BC. Following is a list of civil wars in ancient Rome.

Late Republic

Early Empire

Middle Empire

Late Empire


  • Kohn, George Childs, 'Dictionary of Wars, Revised Edition' (Checkmark Books, New York, 1999)