RAJMUND ROMAN THIERRY POLAńSKI (born 18 August 1933) is a French-Polish film director, producer, writer, and actor. Born in Paris, his Polish-Jewish parents moved the family back to Poland in 1937, when he was four. Poland was invaded by Nazi Germany 2 years later in 1939 and Polanski spent the next six years of his childhood mostly on his own, trying to survive the ongoing Holocaust .
Polanski's first feature-length film,
Knife in the Water (1962), made
in Poland, was nominated for a United States
A turning point in his life took place in 1969, when his pregnant
In 1977, Polanski was arrested and charged with the rape of a
13-year-old. He subsequently pled guilty to the charge of statutory
rape . He was released from prison after serving 42 days, and as part
of an apparent plea bargain, was to be put on probation. When he
learned that the judge changed his mind and planned to reject the plea
bargain, he fled to
In Europe, Polanski continued to make films, including Tess (1979),
starring aspiring actress,
Nastassja Kinski . It won France's César
Awards for Best Picture and Best Director, and received three Oscars.
He later produced and directed The Pianist (2002), starring Adrien
Brody , in a World War II true story drama about a Jewish-Polish
musician. The film won three
* 1 Early life
* 1.1 World War II * 1.2 After the war * 1.3 Introduction to movies
* 2 Early career in Poland
* 3 Film director
* 3.1 1960s
* 3.1.1 Knife in the Water (1962) * 3.1.2 Repulsion (1965) * 3.1.3 Cul-de-sac (1966) * 3.1.4 The Fearless Vampire Killers/Dance of the Vampires (1967) * 3.1.5 Rosemary\'s Baby (1968)
* 3.2 1970s
* 3.3 1980s
* 3.3.1 Pirates (1986) * 3.3.2 Frantic (1988)
* 3.4 1990s
* 3.4.1 The Ninth Gate (1999)
* 3.5 2000s
* 3.5.1 The Pianist (2002) * 3.5.2 Oliver Twist (2005)
* 3.6 2010s
* 3.6.1 The Ghost Writer (2010) * 3.6.2 Carnage (2011) * 3.6.3 Venus in Fur (2013) * 3.6.4 Based on a True Story (2017) * 3.6.5 D (2018)
* 4 Marriages and relationships
* 5 Legal history
* 5.1 Sexual abuse case
* 5.1.1 Documentary films
* 5.2 Vanity Fair libel case
* 6 Filmography
* 6.1 Director * 6.2 Actor * 6.3 Writer
* 7 Awards and nominations
* 7.1 Other awards
* 8 References
* 8.1 Notes * 8.2 Bibliography
* 9 External links
Polanski was born in
WORLD WAR II
The Polański family moved back to the Polish city of
1936, and were living there when World War II began with the invasion
of Poland .
Kraków was soon occupied by the German forces, and Nazi
racial purity laws made the Polańskis targets of persecution, forcing
them into the
Kraków Ghetto , along with thousands of the city\'s
Jews . Around the age of six, he attended primary school for only a
few weeks, until "all the Jewish children were abruptly expelled,"
writes biographer Christopher Sandford. That initiative was soon
followed by the requirement that all Jewish children over the age of
twelve wear white armbands with a blue
Star of David
I had just been visiting my grandmother ... when I received a foretaste of things to come. At first I didn't know what was happening. I simply saw people scattering in all directions. Then I realized why the street had emptied so quickly. Some women were being herded along it by German soldiers. Instead of running away like the rest, I felt compelled to watch.
One older woman at the rear of the column couldn't keep up. A German officer kept prodding her back into line, but she fell down on all fours, ... Suddenly a pistol appeared in the officer's hand. There was a loud bang, and blood came welling out of her back. I ran straight into the nearest building, squeezed into a smelly recess beneath some wooden stairs, and didn't come out for hours. I developed a strange habit: clenching my fists so hard that my palms became permanently calloused. I also woke up one morning to find that I had wet my bed. Polish Jews captured by Germans during the suppression of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising
His father was transferred, along with thousands of other Jews, to
Mauthausen , a group of 49 German concentration camps in Austria. His
mother was taken to
Polański escaped the Kraków Ghetto in 1943 and survived by assuming the name Romek Wilk, with the help of some Polish Roman Catholic families including Mrs Sermak who promised his father to shelter him. :21 He attended church, learned to recite Catholic prayers by heart, and behaved outwardly as a Roman Catholic, although he was never baptized. His efforts to blend into a Catholic household failed miserably at least once, when the parish priest visiting the family posed questions to him one-on-one about the catechism : "You aren't one of us", he said. The punishment for helping a Jew in Poland was death.
As he roamed the countryside trying to survive in a Poland now occupied by German troops, he witnessed many horrors, such as being "forced to take part in a cruel and sadistic game in which German soldiers took shots at him for target practice." Author Ian Freer concludes that his constant childhood fears and dread of violence have contributed to the "tangible atmospheres he conjures up on film."
By the time the war ended in 1945, a fifth of the Polish population
had been killed, with the vast majority of the victims being
civilians. Of those deaths, 3 million were of Polish Jews , which
accounted for 90% of the country's Jewish population . According to
Sandford, Polanski would use the memory of his mother, her dress and
makeup style, as a physical model for
AFTER THE WAR
After the war, he was reunited with his father and moved back to Kraków. His father remarried 21 December 1946 to Wanda Zajączkowska (a woman Polanski had never liked) and died of cancer in 1984. Time repaired the family contacts; Polanski visited them in Kraków, and relatives visited him in Hollywood and Paris. Polanski recalls the villages and families he lived with as relatively primitive by European standards:
They were really simple Catholic peasants. This Polish village was like the English village in Tess. Very primitive. No electricity. The kids with whom I lived didn't know about electricity ... they wouldn't believe me when I told them it was enough to turn on a switch!
He stated that "you must live in a Communist country to really understand how bad it can be. Then you will appreciate capitalism." He also remembered events at the war's end and his reintroduction to mainstream society when he was 12, forming friendships with other children, such as Roma Ligocka , Ryszard Horowitz and his family.
INTRODUCTION TO MOVIES
Polanski's fascination with cinema began very early, when he was around age four or five. He recalls this period in an interview:
Even as a child, I always loved cinema and was thrilled when my parents would take me before the war. Then we were put into the ghetto in Krakòw and there was no cinema, but the Germans often showed newsreels to the people outside the ghetto, on a screen in the market place. And there was one particular corner where you could see the screen through the barbed wire. I remember watching with fascination, although all they were showing was the German army and German tanks, with occasional anti-Jewish slogans inserted on cards.
After the war, he watched films, either at school or at a local cinema, using whatever pocket money he had. Polanski writes, "Most of this went on the movies, but movie seats were dirt cheap, so a little went a long way. I lapped up every kind of film." As time went on, movies became more than an escape into entertainment, as he explains:
Movies were becoming an absolute obsession with me. I was enthralled by everything connected with the cinema—not just the movies themselves but the aura that surrounded them. I loved the luminous rectangle of the screen, the sight of the beam slicing through the darkness from the projection booth, the miraculous synchronization of sound and vision, even the dusty smell of the tip-up seats. More than anything else though, I was fascinated by the actual mechanics of the process.
He was above all influenced by Odd Man Out (1947) - "I still consider it as one of the best movies I've ever seen and a film which made me want to pursue this career more than anything else... I always dreamt of doing things of this sort or that style. To a certain extent I must say that I somehow perpetuate the ideas of that movie in what I do."
EARLY CAREER IN POLAND
Polanski's star on the Łódź walk of fame
Polanski attended the National Film School in Łódź , the third-largest city in Poland. In the 1950s, Polanski took up acting, appearing in Andrzej Wajda 's Pokolenie (A Generation, 1954) and in the same year in Silik Sternfeld's Zaczarowany rower (Enchanted Bicycle or Magical Bicycle). Polanski's directorial debut was also in 1955 with a short film Rower (Bicycle). Rower is a semi-autobiographical feature film, believed to be lost, which also starred Polanski. It refers to his real-life violent altercation with a notorious Kraków felon, Janusz Dziuba, who arranged to sell Polanski a bicycle, but instead beat him badly and stole his money. In real life, the offender was arrested while fleeing after fracturing Polanski's skull, and executed for three murders, out of eight prior such assaults which he had committed. Several other short films made during his study at Łódź gained him considerable recognition, particularly Two Men and a Wardrobe (1958) and When Angels Fall (1959). He graduated in 1959.
Knife In The Water (1962)
Polanski's first feature-length film,
Knife in the Water , was also
one of the first significant Polish films after the Second World War
that did not have a war theme. Scripted by
Jerzy Skolimowski , Jakub
Goldberg , and Polanski,
Knife in the Water is about a wealthy,
unhappily married couple who decide to take a mysterious hitchhiker
with them on a weekend boating excursion. A dark and unsettling work,
Polanski's debut feature subtly evinces a profound pessimism about
human relationships with regard to the psychological dynamics and
moral consequences of status envy and sexual jealousy. Knife in the
Water was a major commercial success in the West and gave Polanski an
international reputation. The film also earned its director his first
Polanski left then-communist Poland and moved to France, where he had already made two notable short films in 1961: The Fat and the Lean and Mammals . While in France, Polanski contributed one segment ("La rivière de diamants") to the French-produced omnibus film, Les plus belles escroqueries du monde (English title: The Beautiful Swindlers) in 1964. (He has since had the segment removed from all releases of the film.) However, Polanski found that in the early 1960s, the French film industry was xenophobic and generally unwilling to support a rising filmmaker of foreign origin.
Polanski made three feature films in England, based on original
scripts written by himself and
Gérard Brach , a frequent
collaborator. Repulsion (1965) is a psychological horror film focusing
on a young Belgian woman named Carol (
Catherine Deneuve ), who is
living in London with her older sister (
Cul-de-sac (1966) is a bleak nihilist tragicomedy filmed on location
The Fearless Vampire Killers/Dance Of The Vampires (1967)
The Fearless Vampire Killers (1967) (known by its original title,
"Dance of the Vampires" in most countries outside the United States)
is a parody of vampire films. The plot concerns a buffoonish professor
and his clumsy assistant, Alfred (played by Polanski), who are
Rosemary\'s Baby (1968)
Paramount studio head Robert Evans brought Polanski to America
ostensibly to direct the film Downhill Racer, but told Polanski that
he really wanted to him to read the horror novel Rosemary\'s Baby by
Ira Levin to see if a film could be made out of it. Polanski read
it non-stop through the night and the following morning decided he
wanted to write as well as direct it. He wrote the 272-page screenplay
for the film in slightly longer than three weeks. The film,
Rosemary\'s Baby (1968), was a box-office success and became his first
Hollywood production, thereby establishing his reputation as a major
commercial filmmaker. The film, a horror-thriller set in trendy
Manhattan, is about Rosemary Woodhouse (
Mia Farrow ), a young
housewife who is impregnated by the devil. Polanski's screenplay
adaptation earned him a second
On 9 August 1969, while Polanski was working in London, his wife, Sharon Tate, and four other people were murdered at the Polanskis' residence in Los Angeles.
Written by Polanski and previous collaborator
Gérard Brach , What?
(1973) is a mordant absurdist comedy loosely based on the themes of
Alice in Wonderland and
Polanski was an outstanding director. There was no question, after
three days seeing him operate, that here was a really top talent.
Polanski returned to Hollywood in 1973 to direct Chinatown (1974) for Paramount Pictures . The film is widely considered to be one of the finest American mystery crime movies, inspired by the real-life California Water Wars , a series of disputes over southern California water at the beginning of the 20th century.
It was nominated for 11 Academy Awards, including those for actors
The Tenant (1976)
Polanski returned to
In 1978, Polanski became a fugitive from American justice and could no longer work in countries where he might face arrest or extradition.
He dedicated his next film, Tess (1979), to the memory of his late
Because the role required having a local dialect, Polanski sent her to London for five months of study and to spend time in the Dorset countryside to get a flavor of the region. In the film, Kinski starred opposite Peter Firth and Leigh Lawson . took a lot of time, two years, preparing me for that film.... He was strict with me, but in a good way. He made me feel smart, that I could do things. Nastassja Kinski
Tess was shot in the north of France instead of Hardy's England and became the most expensive film made in France up to that time. Ultimately, it proved a financial success and was well received by both critics and the public. Polanski won France's César Awards for Best Picture and Best Director and received his fourth Academy Award nomination (and his second nomination for Best Director). The film received three Oscars: best cinematography, best art direction, best costume design, and was nominated for best picture.
At the time, there were rumors that Polanski and Kinski became romantically involved, but she says the rumors are untrue; they were never lovers or had an affair. She admits that "there was a flirtation. There could have been a seduction, but there was not. He had respect for me." She also recalls his influence on her while filming: "He was really a gentleman, not at all like the things I had heard. He introduced me to beautiful books, plays, movies. He educated me." On an emotional level, she said years later that "he was one of the people in my life who cared, ... who took me seriously and gave me a lot of strength." She told David Letterman more about her experience working with Polanski during an interview.
In 1981, Polanski directed and co-starred (as Mozart) in a stage
Peter Shaffer 's play
Nearly seven years passed before Polanski's next film, Pirates , a
lavish period piece starring
Frantic (1988) was a Hitchcockian suspense-thriller starring Harrison
Ford and the actress/model
Polanski with wife
Polanski followed this with the dark psycho-sexual film Bitter Moon (1992), followed by a film of the acclaimed play Death and the Maiden (1994) starring Sigourney Weaver .
In 1997, Polanski directed a stage version of his 1967 film The
Fearless Vampire Killers , which debuted in
The Ninth Gate (1999)
The Ninth Gate is a thriller based on the novel
El Club Dumas by
Arturo Perez-Reverte and starring
Polanski at the 2002 Cannes Film Festival for The Pianist
The Pianist (2002)
In 2001, Polanski filmed The Pianist , an adaptation of the World War II autobiography of the same name by Polish-Jewish musician Władysław Szpilman . Szpilman's experiences as a persecuted Jew in Poland during World War II were reminiscent of those of Polanski and his family. While Szpilman and Polanski escaped the concentration camps, their families did not, eventually perishing.
When Warsaw, Poland , was chosen for the 2002 premiere of The Pianist, "the country exploded with pride." According to reports, numerous former communists came to the screening and "agreed that it was a fantastic film."
In May 2002, the film won the Palme d\'Or (Golden Palm) award at the
Cannes Film Festival , as well as Césars for Best Film and Best
Director , and later the 2002
Oliver Twist (2005)
Oliver Twist is an adaptation of Dickens's classic, written by The
Ronald Harwood and shot in
The Ghost Writer (2010)
The Ghost Writer , a thriller focusing on a ghostwriter working on the memoirs of a character based loosely on former British prime minister Tony Blair , swept the European Film Awards in 2010, winning six awards, including best movie, director, actor and screenplay. When it premiered at the 60th Berlinale in February 2010, Polanski won a Silver Bear for Best Director , and in February 2011, it won four César Awards , France's version of the Academy Awards.
The film is based on a novel by British writer Robert Harris . Harris and Polanski had previously worked for many months on a film of Harris's earlier novel Pompeii, a novel that was actually inspired by Polanski's Chinatown . They had completed a script for Pompeii and were nearing production when the film was cancelled due to a looming actors' strike in September 2007. After that film fell apart, they moved on to Harris's novel, The Ghost , and adapted it for the screen together.
In the United States, film critic Roger Ebert included it in his top 10 pick for 2010, and states that "this movie is the work of a man who knows how to direct a thriller. Smooth, calm, confident, it builds suspense instead of depending on shock and action." Co-star Ewan McGregor agrees, saying about Polanski that "he's a legend... I've never examined a director and the way that they work, so much before. He's brilliant, just brilliant, and absolutely warrants his reputation as a great director." At the premiere of Carnage in Paris, November 2011
Polanski shot Carnage in February/March 2011. The film is a screen
Yasmina Reza 's play
God of Carnage , a comedy about the
relationship between two couples after their children get in a fight
at school and the selfishness of everyone, which eventually leads to
chaos. It stars
Polanski makes an uncredited cameo appearance as a neighbor.
Venus In Fur (2013)
Polanski's French-language adaptation of the award-winning play Venus
in Fur , stars his wife
Based On A True Story (2017)
Polanski's next film is Based on a True Story , an adaptation of the
French novel by bestselling author Delphine de Vignan. The film stars
Eva Green and
Polanski is currently preparing to direct D, a film about the
Dreyfus affair in the 19th century, in which one of the few
Jewish members of the French Army's general staff was wrongly
convicted of passing military secrets to the
MARRIAGES AND RELATIONSHIPS
Polanski's first wife, Barbara Lass (née Kwiatkowska), was a Polish actress who also starred in Polanski's 1959 When Angels Fall. The couple were married in 1959 and divorced in 1961.
Polanski met rising actress
In August 1969, while Polanski was in Europe working on a film, Tate was murdered along with four of their friends at their home in Los Angeles by members of Charles Manson 's "family," a group of young, gullible, and mostly female followers. Tate was pregnant at the time of her murder.
Manson, along with members of his "family", was arrested in late 1969, and eventually tried and found guilty in 1971 of 27 counts, including first-degree murder, an event now called the Manson murders . Because at the time it was one of the most "horrific crimes in modern history," the crime and trial of Manson and his followers became a media sensation, leading to movies, documentaries and bestselling books.
Polanski has said that his absence on the night of the murders is the greatest regret of his life. In his autobiography, he wrote, "Sharon's death is the only watershed in my life that really matters", and commented that her murder changed his personality from a "boundless, untroubled sea of expectations and optimism" to one of "ingrained pessimism ... eternal dissatisfaction with life". In his autobiography, Polanski described his brief time with Tate as the best years of his life.
Polanski was also left with a very negative impression of the press, which he felt was interested in sensationalizing the lives of the victims, and indirectly himself, to attract readers. He was shocked by the lack of sympathy expressed in various news stories:
I had long known that it was impossible for a journalist to convey 100 percent of the truth, but I didn't realize to what extent the truth is distorted, both by the intentions of the journalist and by neglect. I don't mean just the interpretations of what happened; I also mean the facts. The reporting about Sharon and the murders was virtually criminal. Reading the papers, I could not believe my eyes. I could not believe my eyes! They blamed the victims for their own murders. I really despise the press. I didn't always. The press made me despise it.
Among the media-generated sensationalism were rumors that claimed Tate and her visitors were taking drugs, despite the coroner's announcing that no traces of drugs or nicotine were found after Tate's autopsy. For years afterward, notes Sandford, "reporters openly speculated about the Polanskis' home life" and their personalities in order to create more media gossip about the private lives of Hollywood celebrities. :2
In 1989, Polanski married French actress
SEXUAL ABUSE CASE
Main article: Roman Polanski sexual abuse case
On 11 March 1977, three years after making Chinatown, Polanski was arrested at Jack Nicholson's home for the sexual assault of 13-year-old Samantha Gailey, who was modeling for Polanski during a Vogue magazine photo shoot around the pool. Polanski was indicted on six counts of criminal behavior, including rape. At his arraignment, he pleaded not guilty to all charges. Many executives in Hollywood came to his defense. Gailey's attorney next arranged a plea bargain in which five of the six charges would be dismissed, and Polanski accepted.
At the time of the incident, Nicholson was out of town making a film,
but his steady girlfriend, actress
After a brief conversation, Polanski had packed up his camera gear and Huston saw them drive off in his car. Huston told police the next day, after Polanski was arrested, that she "had witnessed nothing untoward" and never saw them together in the other room. Gailey learned afterwards that Huston had recently broken up with Nicholson, but stopped by to pick up some belongings. Polanski in 2007
As a result of the plea bargain, Polanski pleaded guilty to the charge of "Unlawful Sexual Intercourse with a minor," and was ordered to undergo 90 days of psychiatric evaluation at California Institution for Men at Chino. Upon release from prison after 42 days, Polanski agreed to the plea bargain, his penalty to be time served along with probation . However, he learned afterward that the judge, Laurence J. Rittenband , had told some friends that he was going to disregard the plea bargain and sentence Polanski to 50 years in prison: "I'll see this man never gets out of jail," he told Polanski's friend, screenwriter Howard E. Koch . Gailey's attorney confirmed the judge changed his mind after he personally met with the judge in his chambers:
He was going to sentence Polanski, rather than to time served, to fifty years. What the judge did was outrageous. We had agreed to a plea bargain and the judge had approved it.
Polanski's attorney told Polanski that "the judge could no longer be trusted..." that the judge's representations were "worthless". Polanski decided not to appear at his sentencing. He told his friend, director Dino De Laurentis , "I've made up my mind. I'm getting out of here." On the day before sentencing in 1978, Polanski left the country. As a French citizen , he has been protected from extradition and has lived mostly in France since then. However, since he fled the United States before final sentencing, the charges are still pending.
The victim, now married and going by the name Samantha Geimer, stated in an interview with Larry King that the police and media had been slow at the time of the assault to believe her account, which she attributed to the social climate of the era. In 1988 she sued Polanski. Among other things, the suit alleged sexual assault, false imprisonment , seduction of a minor, and intentional infliction of emotional distress . In 1993, Polanski agreed to settle with Geimer. In August 1996, Polanski still owed her $604,416; Geimer and her lawyers later confirmed that the settlement was completed.
On 26 September 2009, Polanski was arrested while in Switzerland at the request of United States authorities. The arrest brought renewed attention to the case and stirred controversy, particularly in the United States and Europe. Polanski was defended by many prominent individuals, including Hollywood celebrities and European artists and politicians, who called for his release. American public opinion was reported to run against him, however, and polls in France and Poland showed that strong majorities favored his extradition to the United States.
Polanski was jailed near
During a television interview on 10 March 2011, Geimer blamed the
media, reporters, the court, and the judge for causing "way more
damage to and family than anything
In January 2014, newly uncovered emails by a Los Angeles County Superior Court judge from 2008, indicated that if Polanski returned to the United States for a hearing, the conduct of the judge who had originally presided over the case might require that Polanski be freed. These emails were related to a 2008 documentary film by Marina Zenovich. In late October 2014, Polanski was questioned by prosecutors in Kraków.
On 30 October 2015, Polish judge Dariusz Mazur denied a request by the United States to extradite Polanski (a dual French-Polish citizen) for a full trial, claiming that it would be “obviously unlawful." The Kraków prosecutor’s office declined to challenge the court's ruling, agreeing that Polanski had served his punishment and did not need to face a U.S. court again. However, Poland’s national justice ministry took up the appeal, arguing that sexual abuse of minors should be prosecuted regardless of the suspect’s accomplishments or the length of time since the suspected crime took place. In a December 2016 decision, the Supreme Court of Poland dismissed the government’s appeal, holding that the prosecutor general had failed to prove misconduct or flagrant legal error on the part of the lower court.
Preparations for a movie he was working on about the Dreyfus affair had been stalled by the extradition request.
In 2008, the documentary film by Marina Zenovich, Roman Polanski: Wanted and Desired , was released in Europe and the United States where it won numerous awards. The film focuses on the judge in the case and the possible reasons why he changed his mind. It includes interviews with people involved in the case, including the victim, Geimer, and the prosecutor, Roger Gunson. Geimer said that the judge "didn't care what happened" to her or Polanski, but "was orchestrating some little show," while Gunson added, "I'm not surprised that Polanski left under those circumstances, ... it was going to be a real circus."
Former DA David Wells, whose statements were the most damning against Polanski, and who said he advised the judge to imprison Polanski, admitted that he lied about those statements, and said that to the press to "play up" his own role.
In December 2009, a California appellate court discussed the film's allegations as it denied Polanski's request to have the case dismissed. While saying they were "deeply concerned" the court, and were "in many cases supported by considerable evidence," it also found that "(e)ven in light of our fundamental concern about the misconduct ... flight was not Polanski’s only option. It was not even his best option." It said dismissal of the case, which would erase Polanski's guilty plea, wouldn't be an "appropriate result," and that he still had other legal options.
In September 2011, the documentary film Roman Polanski: A Film Memoir had its world premiere in Zürich, Switzerland. During an interview in the film, he offers his apology to Geimer: "She is a double victim: My victim, and a victim of the press." On this occasion, he collected the lifetime achievement award he was to have received at the time of his arrest two years earlier.
VANITY FAIR LIBEL CASE
In 2004, Polanski sued
Vanity Fair magazine in London for libel. A
2002 article in the magazine claimed that Polanski promised he would
YEAR FILM ALSO KNOWN AS Oscar nominations OSCAR WINS
1955 Zaczarowany rower Bicycle
1957 Morderstwo A Murderer
Uśmiech zębiczny A Toothful Smile
Rozbijemy zabawę Break Up the Dance
1958 Dwaj ludzie z szafą Two Men and a Wardrobe
1959 Lampa The Lamp
Gdy spadają anioły When Angels Fall
1961 Le Gros et le maigre The Fat and the Lean
1962 Nóż w wodzie Knife in the Water 1
1964 Les plus belles escroqueries du monde The World's Most Beautiful Swindlers
1965 Repulsion *
1967 The Fearless Vampire Killers Dance of the Vampires
1968 Rosemary\'s Baby *
1972 What? Diary of Forbidden Dreams
1976 Le Locataire * The Tenant
1994 Death and the Maiden
1999 The Ninth Gate
2002 The Pianist
2005 Oliver Twist
2010 The Ghost Writer
2012 A Therapy (Short)
2013 La Vénus à la fourrure Venus in Fur
2017 D\'après une histoire vraie Based on a True Story
*These movies are part of his "Apartment Trilogy".
* ^ Segment: "La rivière de diamants", included in the theatrical release, but removed from all current presentations of the film at Polanski's request. * ^ Also called The Fearless Vampire Killers or: Pardon Me, Madam, but Your Teeth Are in My Neck . * ^ Segment: "Cinéma erotique".
* Trzy opowieści (also known as Three Stories) as Genek 'The
Little' (segment "Jacek", 1953)
Zaczarowany rower (also known as Magical Bicycle) as Adas (1955)
* Rower (also known as Bicycle) as the Boy who wants to buy a
Pokolenie (also known as A Generation) as Mundek (1955)
* Nikodem Dyzma as the Boy at Hotel (1956)
* Wraki (also known as The Wrecks, 1957)
* Koniec nocy (also known as End of the Night) as the Little One
* Dwaj ludzie z szafą (also known as Two Men and a Wardrobe) as the
Bad boy (1958)
* Zadzwońcie do mojej żony? (also known as Call My Wife) as a
* Gdy spadają anioły (also known as
When Angels Fall Down) as an
Old woman (1959)
Lotna as a Musician (1959)
* Zezowate szczęście (also known as Bad Luck ) as Jola's Tutor
* Do widzenia, do jutra (also known as Good Bye, Till Tomorrow) as
Niewinni czarodzieje (also known as Innocent Sorcerers) as Dudzio
* Ostrożnie, Yeti! (also known as Beware of Yeti!, 1961)
Gros et le maigre, Le (also known as The Fat and the Lean) as The
* Samson (1961)
* Nóż w wodzie (also known as Knife in the Water) voice of Young
* Repulsion as Spoon Player (1965)
The Fearless Vampire Killers as Alfred, Abronsius' Assistant
* The Magic Christian as Solitary drinker (1969)
* What? as Mosquito (1972)
* Chinatown as Man with Knife (1974)
Blood for Dracula (
* Script for A Taste for Women, Scénario: Aimez-vous les femmes? (fr) (1964) * Script for A Day at the Beach (1970) based on the 1962 novel of the same name by Simon Heere Heeresma . * Polanski's autobiography, Roman by Polanski (1985), sometimes known as Roman.
AWARDS AND NOMINATIONS
Polanski in 2011 at the
YEAR AWARD CATEGORY WORK RESULT
1965 Berlin Film Festival Silver Berlin Bear-Extraordinary Jury Prize Repulsion Won
1966 Berlin Film Festival Golden Bear Cul-de-sac Won
British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) Best Direction Won
César Award for Best Director Won
2002 Cannes Film Festival Palme d\'Or The Pianist Won
British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) Best Film Won
Best Director Won
Best Picture Nominated
César Award for Best Film Won
Argentine Film Critics Association Best Foreign Film The Pianist Nominated
2010 Berlin Film Festival Silver Bear for Best Director The Ghost Writer Won
European Film Awards Best Film Won
Best Director Won
Best Screenwriter Won
Lumières Awards Best Director Won
Best Screenwriter Won
César Award for Best Screenwriter Won
César Award for Best Director Won
César Award for Best Screenwriter Nominated
NEW YORK FILM CRITICS CIRCLE AWARDS
* 1980: Tess nominated for Best Direction
* 1980: Tess nominated for Best Foreign Film
* 1974: Chinatown nominated for Best Film
VENICE FILM FESTIVAL
* 1966: Cul De Sac nominated for National Syndication of Italian Film Journalists * 1962: Knife in the Water won for Fipresci Prize
* ^ "Polish court to decide on Polanski\'s extradition on October
30". 22 September 2016 – via Reuters.
* ^ All Movie Guide . "
* Bugliosi, Vincent, with Gentry, Kurt, (1974) Helter Skelter, The
Shocking Story of the Manson Murders, Arrow, London. ISBN
* Cronin, Paul (2005) Roman Polanski: Interviews, Mississippi:
University Press of Mississippi. 200p
* Farrow, Mia (1997). What Falls Away: A Memoir, New York: Bantam.
* Feeney, F.X. (text); Duncan, Paul (visual design). (2006). Roman
Polanski, Koln: Taschen. ISBN 3-8228-2542-5
* Jacke, Andreas (2010): Roman Polanski—Traumatische
Seelenlandschaften, Gießen: Psychosozial-Verlag. ISBN
978-3-8379-2037-6 , ISBN 978-3-8379-2037-6
* Kael, Pauline, 5001 Nights At The Movies, Zenith Books, 1982. ISBN
* King, Greg,
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