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The Rohilla
Rohilla
Pathans, or Rohilla
Rohilla
Afghan, is a community of Urdu-speaking people of Pashtun ethnicity, historically found in Rohilkhand, a region in the state of Uttar Pradesh, North India. It forms the largest Pashtun diaspora
Pashtun diaspora
community in India, and has given its name to the Rohilkhand
Rohilkhand
region. Historically, the terms Pashtun and Afghan were synonymous, but the present-day Indian constitution does not recognise Pathan (the term used by those east of the Indus for Pashtuns) as being synonymous with Afghan.[1] The Rohilla
Rohilla
Pathans are found all over Uttar Pradesh, but are more concentrated in the Rohilkhand
Rohilkhand
regions of Bareilly, Shahjahanpur
Shahjahanpur
and Rampur district. Some members of the Rohilla
Rohilla
migrated to Pakistan
Pakistan
and settled in Karachi
Karachi
after the Partition of British India
Partition of British India
in 1947. Today they make up 30-35% of the Muhajir community of Sindh.

Contents

1 Origin 2 History

2.1 Early history 2.2 Following the Battle of Panipat
Panipat
in 1761 2.3 Establishment of Rampur State 2.4 The 1857 War of Independence 2.5 Between 1857 and 1947

3 Present circumstances

3.1 In India 3.2 In Pakistan

4 Rohilla
Rohilla
notables 5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading

Origin[edit] The term Rohilla
Rohilla
is derived from the word Roh, meaning mountain, and literally means mountain wind. Roh was the name of the area around Peshawar city, in Pakistan. Yousafzai Pathans especially the Mandarr sub clan living in this valley were also known as Rohillas when they settled the area then known as Katehr. It later became known as Rohil Khand which means the land of the Rohillas. "The great majority of Rohillas migrated here between 17th and 18th Century."[2][3] History[edit] Early history[edit]

Patthargarh fort outside Najibabad, built by Najib-ud-Daula
Najib-ud-Daula
in 1755. 1814–15 painting.

The founders of the Pashtun state of Rohilkhand
Rohilkhand
were Daud Khan and his adopted son Ali Muhammad Khan Bangash. Daud Khan arrived in South Asia in 1705. He brought along a band of his tribe, the Barech. Daud Khan was awarded the Katehr region in the then northern India by Mughal emperor Aurangzeb
Aurangzeb
(ruled 1658–1707) to suppress Rajput
Rajput
uprisings, which had afflicted this region. Originally, some 20,000 soldiers from various Pashtun tribes such as (Yusafzai, Ghori, Ghilzai, Barech, Marwat, Durrani, Tareen, Kakar, Naghar, Afridi, Bangash
Bangash
and Khattak) were hired by Mughals to provide mercenary soldier for the Mughal armies. This was appreciated by Aurangzeb
Aurangzeb
and since this force of 25,000 men was given respected positions in the Mughal Army. Daud Khan was succeeded by Ali Muhammad Khan in 1721. He became so powerful that he refused to send tax revenues to the central government. Safdar Jang, the Nawab
Nawab
of Oudh,[4] warned the Mughal emperor Muhammad Shah[5] of the growing power of the Rohillas. This caused Mohammed Shah to send an expedition against him as a result of which he surrendered to imperial forces. He was taken to Delhi
Delhi
as a prisoner, but was later pardoned and appointed governor of Sirhind. Most of his soldiers has already settled in the Katehar
Katehar
region during Nadir Shah's invasion of northern India in 1739 increasing the Rohilla population in the area to 100,000. Due to the large settlement of Rohilla
Rohilla
Afghans, this part Katehar
Katehar
region came to be known as Rohilkhand. Bareilly
Bareilly
was made the capital of this newly formed Rohilkhand
Rohilkhand
state.[6] When Ali Muhammad Khan died, leaving six sons. However, two of his elder sons were in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
at the time of his death while the other four were too young to assume the leadership of Rohilkhand. As a result, power transferred to other Rohilla
Rohilla
Sardars, the most important being Hafiz Rahmat Khan
Hafiz Rahmat Khan
Barech, Najib-ud-Daula
Najib-ud-Daula
and Dundi Khan. According to the 1901 census of India, the total Pathan (Pashtun) population of Bareilly
Bareilly
District was 40,779, while the total population was 1,090,117.[7] Following the Battle of Panipat
Panipat
in 1761[edit] In the third battle of Panipat
Panipat
(1761) one of the Rohilla
Rohilla
Sardars, Najib-ul-Daula, allied himself with Ahmad Shah Abdali[8] against the Marathas. He not only provided 40,000 Rohilla
Rohilla
troops but also 70 guns to the allied. He also convinced Shuja-ul-Daula, the Nawab
Nawab
of Oudh, to join Ahmad Shah Abdali's forces against the Marathas. In this battle, the Marathas
Marathas
were defeated and as a consequence the Rohilla
Rohilla
increased in power. The Marathas
Marathas
invaded Rohilkhand
Rohilkhand
to retaliate against the Rohillas' participation in the Panipat
Panipat
war. The Marathas
Marathas
under the leadership of the Maratha ruler Mahadji Shinde
Mahadji Shinde
entered the land of Sardar Najib-ud-Daula
Najib-ud-Daula
which was held by his son Zabita Khan
Zabita Khan
after the sardar's death. Zabita Khan
Zabita Khan
initially resisted the attack but was eventually defeated by the Marathas
Marathas
and forced to flee to the camp of Shuja-ud-Daula
Shuja-ud-Daula
and his country was ravaged by Marathas. The Maratha ruler Mahadji Shinde
Mahadji Shinde
captured the family of Zabita Khan, desecrated the grave of Najib ad-Dawlah
Najib ad-Dawlah
and looted his fort.[9] The principal remaining Rohilla
Rohilla
Sardar
Sardar
was Hafiz Rahmat Khan
Hafiz Rahmat Khan
Barech and through him an agreement was formed with the Nawab
Nawab
of Oudh, Shuja-ud-Daula, by which the Rohillas agreed to pay four million rupees in return for military help against the Marathas. However, after Oudh
Oudh
attacked the Rohillas, they refused to pay. Later Rohillas were attacked by the neighbouring kingdom of Oudh, who also received assistance from the British East India Company
British East India Company
forces under Colonel Alexander Champion. This conflict is known as the Rohilla
Rohilla
War. When Hafiz Rahmat Khan
Hafiz Rahmat Khan
Barech was killed, in April 1774, Rohilla
Rohilla
resistance crumbled, and Rohilkhand
Rohilkhand
was annexed by the kingdom of Oudh. Rohillas fled into the dense forests across the Ganges, and later began a guerrilla war. In response, many Rohillas were hunted down by the troops of British East India company and subsequently scattered in the countryside. They settled in many small towns and cities. Charges of ethnic cleansing and genocide were brought against Warren Hastings
Warren Hastings
of the East India Company, by Edmund Burke
Edmund Burke
and were later taken up by Thomas Babington Macaulay. From 1774 to 1799, the region was administered by Khwaja Almas Khan, a Muslim Jat from Haryana, as representative of the Awadh(kingdom of Oudh) rulers. This period was particularly tough for the Rohillas, as Almas Khan made every effort to weaken the Rohillas. In 1799, British East India company annexed the territory, and started to pay a pension to the family of Hafiz Rahmat Khan
Hafiz Rahmat Khan
Barech.[10] Establishment of Rampur State[edit]

Princely flag of Rampur.

Nawab
Nawab
Muhammad Khan Bangash, ca 1730, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

While most of Rohilkhand
Rohilkhand
was annexed, the Rohilla
Rohilla
State of Rampur was established by Nawab
Nawab
Faizullah Khan
Faizullah Khan
on 7 October 1774 in the presence of British Commander Colonel Champion, and remained a pliant state under British protection thereafter. The first stone of the new Fort at Rampur was laid in 1775 by Nawab
Nawab
Faizullah Khan. The first Nawab proposed to rename the city Faizabad, but many other places were known by that name so its name was changed to Mustafabad. Nawab
Nawab
Faizullah Khan
Faizullah Khan
ruled for 20 years. He was a patron of education and began the collection of Arabic, Persian, Turkish and Hindustani manuscripts which are now housed in the Rampur Raza Library. After his death his son Muhammad Ali Khan took over. He was assassinated by Rohilla
Rohilla
elders after reigning for 24 days, and Muhammad Ali Khan's brother, Ghulam Muhammad Khan, was proclaimed Nawab. The East India Company took exception to this, and after a reign of just 3 months and 22 days Ghulam Muhammad Khan was besieged and defeated by English forces. East India company supported Muhammad Ali Khan's son, Ahmad Ali Khan, to be the new Nawab. He ruled for 44 years. He did not have any sons, so Muhammad Saeed Khan, son of Ghulam Muhammad Khan, took over as the new Nawab
Nawab
after his death. He established Courts and improved the economic conditions of farmers. His son Muhammad Yusuf Ali Khan took over after his death and his son, Kalb Ali Khan, became the new Nawab
Nawab
after his death in 1865.[11]

Nawab
Nawab
of Rampur Reign Began Reign Ended

1 Ali Muhammad Khan 1719 15 September 1748

2 Faizullah Khan 15 September 1748 24 July 1793

3 Hafiz Rahmat Khan
Hafiz Rahmat Khan
Barech - Regent 15 September 1748 23 April 1774

4 Muhammad Ali Khan Bahadur 24 July 1793 11 August 1793

5 Ghulam Muhammad Khan Bahadur 11 August 1793 24 October 1794

6 Ahmad Ali Khan Bahadur 24 October 1794 5 July 1840

7 Nasrullah Khan - Regent 24 October 1794 1811

8 Muhammad Said Khan Bahadur 5 July 1840 1 April 1855

9 Yusef Ali Khan Bahadur 1 April 1855 21 April 1865

10 Kalb Ali Khan Bahadur 21 April 1865 23 March 1887

11 Muhammad Mushtaq Ali Khan Bahadur 23 March 1887 25 February 1889

12 Hamid Ali Khan Bahadur 25 February 1889 20 June 1930

14 Gen.Azeemudin Khan - Regent 25 February 1889 4 April 1894

15 Raza Ali Khan Bahadur 20 June 1930 6 March 1966

16 Murtaza Ali Khan Bahadur
Murtaza Ali Khan Bahadur
- Nawabat abolished in 1971 6 March 1966 8 February 1982

17 Zulfikar Ali Khan Bahadur 8 February 1982 5 April 1992

18 Muhammad Kazim Ali Khan Bahadur 5 April 1992 Incumbent

The 1857 War of Independence[edit] The Rohillas took an active part in War of Independence of 1857 against British imperial forces. The leader of the revolt in Rohilkhand
Rohilkhand
was Khan Bahadur Khan Rohilla, the son of Hafiz Rahmat Khan. For a short period, British rule disappeared from Rohilkhand, and the Rohillas were left in charge. But the revolt was suppressed, and in its wake the British reorganized the government of South Asia, bringing an end to British East India Company's regime and leading to almost a century of direct rule by Britain Crown. this period is known as the British Raj. While the followers of Khan Bahadur Khan had participated in the revolt, the Rohillas of Rampur had remained loyal to the British. Significant groups of Rohillas also sought refuge in state of Tonk in Rajasthan, which was ruled by Rohillas Pashtun nawabs, and now forms the core of the Tonkia Pathans.[12] When the rebellion failed, Bareilly
Bareilly
was subjugated. Rohilla
Rohilla
ruler Khan Bahadur Khan was sentenced to death and hanged in Kotwali on 24 February 1860. As many urban cities in Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
were experiencing economic stagnation and poverty after the failed rebellion, many Rohilla
Rohilla
Pathans from Rampur and surrounding cities migrated to Caribbean South American Countries such as present day Surinam
Surinam
and Guyana
Guyana
forming a part of the local Indo-Caribbean
Indo-Caribbean
population.[citation needed] Between 1857 and 1947[edit] The period between the revolt of 1857 and the independence of India and Pakistan
Pakistan
in 1947 was a period of stability for the Rohilla community. In 1858, the British government issued a general pardon to all those who had taken part in the War of Independence and restored many lands. Some of the tribes were punished for aiding the rebels. Some tribes had to migrate to Delhi
Delhi
and Gurgaon, while others migrated to the Deccan region. Conditions improved after some years and migration from the North West Frontier Province and Afghanistan recommenced, adding to the Rohilla
Rohilla
population. During this period, the Rohillas were also effected by the reformist movement of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, with many taking to modern education. The founder of the Barelvi
Barelvi
sect of Sunni
Sunni
Islam, Ahmad Raza Khan, was also born among the Rohillas and the city of Bareilly
Bareilly
became an important centre of Islamic learning in Northern India. While a majority of Rohillas remained landowners and cultivators, a significant minority took to western education, and entered professions such as law and medicine. They also began to take an interest in the political debates during the last decade of the 19th Century. Some of them joined the newly formed Indian National Congress, while others were attracted to pan-Islamism. This period also saw a wholesale adoption of North Indian Muslim culture, with Urdu
Urdu
becoming the native language of the Rohilla. In fact the term of Rohilla
Rohilla
was slowly replaced with the term "Pathan", which was a new self-identification. However a sense of distinct identity remained strong, with the Rohillas residing in distinct quarters of cities, such as, Kakar
Kakar
Tola, Pani Tola and Gali Nawaban
Gali Nawaban
in Bareilly, which was home to the descendents of Hafiz Rahmat Khan. There was little or intermarriage with neighbouring Muslim communities such as the Shaikh, Muslim Rajput
Rajput
and Kamboh. Thus at the dawn of independence, the Rohilla
Rohilla
were still a distinct community.[13] Present circumstances[edit] The independence of Pakistan
Pakistan
and India in 1947 had a profound effect on the Rohilla
Rohilla
community. The vast majority of them emigrated to Pakistan
Pakistan
in 1947. Those that were left in India, were affected by the abolishment of the zamindari system in 1949, as well as the ascension of the State of Rampur to India and many of them migrated to join their kinsmen in Karachi, Pakistan. The Rohilla
Rohilla
now form two distinct communities with the majority in Pakistan
Pakistan
and a small minority residing in India. In India[edit] The Rohilla
Rohilla
now form one of the larger Muslim communities of Uttar Pradesh and are found throughout Uttar Pradesh, with settlements in Rampur, Bareilly, Shahjahanpur
Shahjahanpur
in Rohilkhand
Rohilkhand
being the densest. They now speak Hindustani in towns, and Khari boli
Khari boli
in their rural settlements. The Pathan (Rohilla) community of UP has sixteen sub-groups, the Ghilzai, Afridi, Barakzai, Barech, Daudzai, Marwat, Durrani, Naghar, Ghorghushti, Ghori, Kakar, Khalil, Mohmand, Mohammadzai, Orakzai, Yousafzai and Wazir, all of which are descended from well known Pashtun tribes. Some Rohilla
Rohilla
Pathans reside in Maharashtra's Washim and Nanded district, Tehsil Kinwat Tribal Area. There is also a small population in Bendi and Kopra, two villages in Kinwat Taluka. In older parts of the Muslim areas of the towns in UP, the Pathans have maintained their own residential neighbourhoods. The Pathan are not an endogamous group, and arranged marriages do occur with other Sunni Muslim communities of similar social status, such as the Mughal tribe, Muslim Rajput
Rajput
and Shaikh although there is still a preference of marriage within the community. The Rohia have historically been landowners and soldiers, therefore, some parts of the community are associated with agriculture in Rohilkhand, while many Rohilla
Rohilla
officers who worked in the British Indian Army in the 1940s migrated to Pakistan
Pakistan
and joined the Pakistani Army; famous among them are General Rahimuddin Khan
Rahimuddin Khan
and General Akhtar Abdur Rahman. They have also been prominent in the Muslim religious sphere in UP, having produced many alims and huffaz and have built and financed many mosques and madrassahs. In terms of formal education, they are seen as a community that has a favourable attitude towards western education, and many are professional doctors and lawyers.[14] In Pakistan[edit] In Pakistan, the Rohilla
Rohilla
and other Urdu-speaking Pathans now form part of a larger migrant Urdu
Urdu
speaking community. The sense of corporate identity is much weaker than in India, and degree of intermarriage with other communities within the Muhajir umbrella is high. They are found mainly in Karachi, Hyderabad, Sukkur, and other urban areas of Sindh.[15] Many have held high positions in the government, notably Sahibzada Yaqub Khan, a Rohilla
Rohilla
immigrant, who was Pakistan's foreign minister during the 1980s. Rohilla
Rohilla
notables[edit]

Khan Bahadur Khan Rohilla Najib-ud-daula Hafiz Rahmat Khan Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi General Akhtar Abdur Rehman General Rahimuddin Khan

See also[edit]

Battle of Rohilla Pashtuns Pashtun diaspora Pathans of Bihar Pathans of Uttar Pradesh Pathans of Punjab Pathans of Sindh Pathans of Gujarat

References[edit]

^ People of India: Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Volume XLII edited by Gulbaran pathan. ^ Haleem, Safia (24 July 2007). "Study of the Pathan Communities in Four States of India". Khyber Gateway. Farrukhabad has a mixed population of Pathans dominated by the Bangash
Bangash
and Yousafzais.  Missing or empty url= (help); access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Haleem, Safia (24 July 2007). "Study of the Pathan Communities in Four States of India". Khyber Gateway. This is the area in U.P (Utter Pradesh) Province, in which Pashtoons were either given land by the emperors or they settled for Trade purposes. Roh was the name of the area around Peshawar city, in Pakistan. Yousafzai Pathans especially Mandarr sub clan, living in this valley were also known as Rohillas when they settled down the area was known as Katehr, which literally means soft well-aerated loam which is extremely suitable for cultivation. It later became known as Rohil Khand (the land of the Rohillas). The great majority of Rohillas migrated between 17th and 18th Century.  Missing or empty url= (help); access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Nawab
Nawab
was the title of notables during the Mughal era in India, who helped the central authority govern different statelets within the South Asia. During the British period, new nawabs were created because of the allocation of arable land to the pro-British elite ^ Mohammad Shah (1702–1748) was a Mughal emperor of Mughal empire between 1719 and 1748 ^ An Eighteenth Century History of North India: An Account Of The Rise And Fall Of The Rohilla
Rohilla
Chiefs In Janbhasha by Rustam Ali Bijnori by Iqtidar Husain Siddiqui Manohar Publications ^ Imperial Gazetteer of India by W M Hunter ^ Ahmad Shah Abdali
Ahmad Shah Abdali
(died 1772) adopted the title of Durr-i Dowran (pearl of pearls), which gave the name to the dynasty he established, the Durrani, which lasted in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
until 1973 ^ The Great Maratha Mahadji Scindia by N. G. Rathod p.8-9 ^ The Rise and Decline of the Ruhela by Iqbal Hussain Oxford India ^ Hastings and the Rohilla War by John Strachey ^ People of India: Rajasthan
Rajasthan
Volume XXXVIII Part Two edited by B.K Lavania, D. K Samanta, S K Mandal & N.N Vyas pages 747 to 749 Popular Prakashan ^ The Rise and Decline of the Ruhela by Iqbal Hussain ^ People of India: Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
Volume XLII Part Three Amir Hasaan, B R Rizvi and J C Das editors pages 1138-1141 Manohar publications ^ A People of Migrants: Ethnicity, State and Religion in Karachi
Karachi
by Oskar Verkaik

Further reading[edit]

Gulistán-I Rahmat of Nawáb Mustajáb Khán. Hastings and the Rohilla War by John Strachey. Author(s) of Review: Sidney James Owen The English Historical Review, Vol. 8, No. 30 (Apr., 1893), pp. 373–380

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Rohilla.

v t e

Pashtun diaspora

Afghan diaspora Pakistani diaspora Indian diaspora Pashtuns
Pashtuns
in Hazarajat, Turkic and Tajik regions Bihar Gujarat Kashmir Madhya Pradhesh Punjab Rajasthan
Rajasthan
(Sorgar) Sindh Tamil Nadu Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
(Putliwale) and (Rohilla) Sri Lanka United States

v t e

Indian Muslim communities

Majority

Arain Arghon Ansari Awan Baghban Balti Behna Bhatiara Bhishti Bisati Chaush Dakhini
Dakhini
Muslims Dard Dhobi Ghosi Gujjar Hyderabadi Iraqi (Tamimi) Jat Khanzada Kashmiri Kunjra Malkana Manihar Mappila Meo Mughal Pathans Purigpa Qassab Muslim Rajput Ranghar Rangrez Saifi Shaikh Sayyid Salmani Siddi Teli

Minority

Assamese Bengali Bhili Dogra Gondi Gujarati Konkani Nawayath Marathi Marwari Meitei Oriya Punjabi Tamil Telugu Labbay Goan Muslims Alavi Bohra

Bihar

Abdal Ansari Bakho Bisati Chamail Churihar Chik Gaddi Idrisi Khanzada Kulhaiya Lal Begi Malik of Bihar Mirasi Mirshikar Mughal Muker Pasi Nat Pamaria Pathans Rayeen Sai Sapera Sayyid Syed (Mallick) Shaikh of Bihar Shershahabadia Thakurai Teli

Gujarat

Abdal Alavi Bohra Ansari Arabs Attarwala Bafan Baloch Banjara Behlim Bhadala Bharbhunja Bhishti Chhipa Chunara Chundrigar Dawoodi Bohra Dhobi Dhuldhoya Doodwala Faqir Galiara Ghanchi Ghanchi-Pinjara Halaypotra Hingorja Hingora Jats of Kutch Juneja Kadia Kagzi Ker Khalifa Khaskheli Khoja Machiyar Makrani Malik of Gujarat Mandali Makwana Manka Mansoori Memon Meta Qureshi Miyana Molesalam Momna Mughal Multani Multani Lohar Mutwa Nagori Nayak Node Panar Parmar Patani Bohra Patni Jamat Pathans Salaat Samma Sandhai Muslims Sanghar Shaikhs of Gujarat Shaikhda Sayyid
Sayyid
of Gujarat Siddi Sipahi Soomra Sulaymani
Sulaymani
Bohra Sunni
Sunni
Bohra Tai Turk Jamat Vora Patel Vyapari Wagher

Karnataka

Baghban Beary Chaush Chhaparband Kodava Maaple Konkani Muslims Nawayath Pinjara Siddi Assadi

Kerala

Mappila Keyi Thangal Marakkar Ossan Pusalan Thulukkar

Madhya Pradesh

Ansari Banjara Dawoodi Bohra Mughal Dhobi Pathans Shaikh Sayyid

Maharashtra

Attar Baghban Bhishti Chaush Chhaparband Dawoodi Bohra Dhawad Faqir Garodi Gavandi Kachar Kagzi Konkani Muslims Momin Muslim Raj Gond Qassab Saiqalgar Tadvi Bhil

Rajasthan

Ansari Bhutta Cheetah Chadwa Dawoodi Bohra Deshwali Gaddi Ghosi Hela Mehtar Hiranbaz Kandera Khadem Khanzada Langha Manganiar Merat Meo Mughal Pathans Pinjara Qaimkhani Rangrez Rath Shaikhs of Rajasthan Silawat Sindhi-Sipahi Singiwala Sorgar

Tamil Nadu

Kayalar Labbay Marakkar Pathans Rowther Mappila

Uttar Pradesh

Ahbans Khanzada Ansari Atishbaz Bachgoti Khanzada Baghban Baluch Bandhmati Banjara Barhai Behlim Banu Israil Behna Bhand Bharbhunja Bhale Sultan Khanzada Bhatti Khanzada Bhatiara Bhishti Bhumihar Musalman Bisati Chandel Khanzada Chhipi Chik Dakhini Dafali Dhagi Dharhi Dhobi Musalmaan Dogar Fareedi Faqir Gaddi Gautam Khanzada Ghosi Goriya Gujjar
Gujjar
Musalmaan Halalkhor Halwai Idrisi Iraqi (Tamimi) Jhojha Kabaria Kakorvi Shaikh Kamangar Kamboh Kasgar Kayastha Musalman Khanzada Khokhar Khanzada Khumra Kingharia Kunjra Lal Begi Lalkhani Rajput Madari Mandarkia Malkana Manihar Meo Milki Mirasi Mughal Mujavir Muker Muley Jat Nagar Muslims Nalband Nanbai Naqqal Panchpiria Pankhiya Pathans Putliwale Qalandar Qassab Qaum-e-Punjaban Qidwai Rai Bhatt Raj Rajput
Rajput
Musalmaan Ramaiya Rangrez Rayeen Rohilla Sadaat Amroha Sadaat-e-Bara Sadaat-e-Bilgram Sai Saifi Salmani Sayyid
Sayyid
of Uttar Pradesh Shaikh of Uttar Pradesh Shaikh Ja'fri Shaikhzada Siddiqui Sikarwar Khanzada Teli Musalmaan Turk Tyagi Musalmaan Zamindara

West Bengal

Abdal Dawoodi Bohra Bedia Faqir Ghosi Iraqi (Tamimi) Kahar Kan Kela Lodha Malla Nashya Patua Sapuria Shamsi

v t e

Muhajir communities

Originally from Telangana

Chaush Hyderabadi Muslims

Originally from Bihar
Bihar
and Bengal

Ansari Bengali Bihari Muslims Bisati Chik Gaddi Idrisi Khanzada Malik of Bihar Mughal Muker Rayee Shaikh of Bihar Stranded Biharis Thakurai Teli

Originally from Delhi

Abbasi Saqqa Ansari Arain Behna Bhatiara Dhobi Ghosi Gujjar Manihar Meo Mughal Pathans Qassab Qaum-e-Punjaban Rajput
Rajput
Muslim Rangrez Saifi Shaikh Sayyid Salmani

Originally from Gujarat

Alavi Bohra Ansari Arabs Baloch Banjara Behlim Bhadala Bharbhunja Bhishti Chhipa Chunara Chundrigar Dawoodi Bohra Dhobi Dhuldhoya Doodwala Ghanchi Ghanchi-Pinjara Halaypotra Hingorja Hingora Jats of Kutch Juneja Kadia Kagzi Ker Khaskheli Khoja Machiyar Makrani Malik of Gujarat Mandali Makwana Manka Mansoori Memon Meta Qureshi Miyana Molesalam Momna Mughal Multani Multani Lohar Mutwa Nagori Nayak Node Panar Parmar Patani Bohra Patni Jamat Pathans of Gujarat Salaat Samma Sandhai Muslims Sanghar Shaikhs of Gujarat Shaikhda Sayyid
Sayyid
of Gujarat Siddi Sipahi Soomra Sulaymani
Sulaymani
Bohra Sunni
Sunni
Bohra Surti Muslims Tai Turk Jamat Vora Patel Vyapari Wagher

Originally from Karnataka

Baghban Beary Chaush Kodagu Mappila Konkani Muslims Nawayath Siddi

Originally from Kerala

Koya Mappila Marikkar Thangal Thulukkar

Originally from Rajasthan

Ansari Bhutta Cheetah Deshwali Gaddi Ghosi Khadim Khanzada Merat Meo Mughal Pathans of Rajasthan Pinjara Qaimkhani Rangrez Rath Shaikhs of Rajasthan Silawat Sindhi-Sipahi Sorgar

Originally from Tamil Nadu

Kayalar Labba

.