ROGER FLETCHER GIBSON, JR. (February 21, 1944 – September 30, 2015) was an American philosopher specializing in epistemology and the philosophy of language. He was best known as a leading exponent of the philosophy of W. V. Quine .
* 1 Biography
* 2 Selected Publications
* 2.1 Books * 2.2 Articles * 2.3 Reviews
* 3 References * 4 External links
Gibson embarked upon the pursuit of philosophy as an academic career
in 1967 upon the completion of his military service. He was ready to
resume his education that year, having served in the United States
Marine Corps immediately after high school, between 1962 and 1966,
attached for part of that time as aide to General Westmoreland
during the height of the
Encouraged by his undergraduate philosophy professors, Henry Smits and Kay Blair, both holding doctorates from the University of Missouri , he applied to their graduate program in philosophy and was admitted in the fall of 1971. He developed a budding affinity for analytic philosophy while at the University of Missouri, receiving an M.A. in 1973 and a Ph.D. in 1977. His experience there was shaped by Arthur Berndtson, Donald Oliver, and John Kultgen, among others, the latter also directing his dissertation.
Gibson served the discipline both as a leader and as a scholar. His first notable leadership role was as President of the Central States Philosophical Association in 1983–1984. His scholarly initiatives attracted attention from the outset, earning him grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities in 1984–1985 and 1988. His academic career flourished at Washington University in St. Louis , where he began teaching in 1985. He served as the Chair of the Department of Philosophy there for a decade between 1989 and 1999. His many contributions to the department included spearheading the creation of the school's Philosophy-Neuroscience-Psychology (PNP) Program in 1993, playing a prominent role in securing grants for that purpose from the James S. McDonnell Foundation .
Gibson's formal areas of expertise were epistemology and the philosophy of language, with further competence in the philosophy of science. While publishing extensively in these areas, his overall engagement with philosophy was broad and deep enough for publication in other specialties as well, including those as diverse as logic and ethics. Most of his works, even on the rare occasion he turned to ethics, tend to revolve around the philosophy of W. V. Quine . Those that do are all well-received (as are the few that do not), earning him a reputation as one of the world's leading exponents of Quine.
That reputation is the culmination of an early and steadfast interest in Quine. His master's thesis (1973) and doctoral dissertation (1977) are both on Quine. His persistent appeals to the Harvard philosopher for permission to sit in on his classes at Harvard University, while himself still enrolled as a graduate student at the University of Missouri, are something of an academic legend, related by Quine himself both in his autobiography, _The Time of My Life: An Autobiography_ (1985), and in his foreword to Gibson's first book, _The Philosophy of W. V. Quine: An Expository Essay_ (1982). The permission granted paved the way for some of the most influential secondary literature on Quine, including two monographs, three edited volumes, and numerous articles. Gibson's two monographs — _The Philosophy of W. V. Quine: An Expository Essay_ (1982) and _Enlightened Empiricism: An Examination of W. V. Quine's Theory of Knowledge_ (1988) — are held in especially high regard.
His personal output on Quine was complemented by his ability to bring
out the same in others. Attesting to his dedication to the enrichment
of Quine studies, he organized, together with Robert B. Barrett, Jr.,
a conference (April 9–13, 1988) bringing together at Washington
University in St. Louis the world's foremost authorities on the
subject, including Quine himself, as well as Donald Davidson , Dagfinn
Susan Haack ,
Gilbert Harman ,
A festschrift organized in his honor in 2008 brought together eminent analytic philosophers from around the world: Robert B. Barrett, Jr.; Lars Bergström; Richard Creath; David Henderson; Terence Horgan; Ernest Lepore; Pete Mandik; Alex Orenstein; Kenneth Shockley; J. Robert Thompson; Josefa Toribio; Joseph S. Ullian; Josh Weisberg; Chase B. Wrenn.
1982 Gibson, Roger F., Jr. (1982). _The Philosophy of W. V. Quine: An Expository Essay_. Tampa: University Presses of Florida. ISBN 978-0-8130-0707-6 .
1988 Gibson, Roger F., Jr. (1988). _Enlightened Empiricism: An Examination of W. V. Quine's Theory of Knowledge_. Tampa: University Presses of Florida. ISBN 978-0-8130-0886-8 .
1990 Barrett, Robert B., Jr.; Gibson, Roger F., Jr., eds. (1990). _Perspectives on Quine_. Philosophers and Their Critics No. 6. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 978-0-6311-6135-6 .
2004 Gibson, Roger F., Jr., ed. (2004). _The Cambridge Companion to Quine_. Cambridge Companions to Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-5216-3056-6 .
2004 Gibson, Roger F., Jr., ed. (2004). _Quintessence: Basic Readings from the Philosophy of W. V. Quine_. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-6740-1048-2 .
DATE PUBLICATION (GIBSON AS SOLE AUTHOR)
1980 "Are There Really Two Quines?" _Erkenntnis: An International Journal of Scientific Philosophy_ 15:3 (November 1980): 349–370. ISSN 0165-0106 . doi: 10.1007/BF02070844 .
1983 "A New Perspective on Quine." _Journal of Thought_ 18:2 (Summer 1983): 73–84. ISSN 0022-5231 .
1984 "On an Inconsistency in Thomson's Abortion Argument." _Philosophical Studies_ 46:1 (July 1984): 131–139. ISSN 0031-8116 . doi: 10.1007/BF00353495 .
1986 "Corporations, Persons, and Moral Responsibility." _Journal of Thought_ 21:2 (Summer 1986): 17–26. ISSN 0022-5231 .
1986 "Quine's Dilemma." _Synthese: An International Journal for Epistemology, Methodology and Philosophy of Science_ 69:1 (October 1986): 27–39. ISSN 0039-7857 . doi: 10.1007/BF01988285 .
1986 "Translation, Physics, and Facts of the Matter." Chapter 5 of _The Philosophy of W. V. Quine_ (pp. 139–154, with Quine's reply in 155–157). Edited by Lewis Edwin Hahn and Paul Arthur Schilpp. The Library of Living Philosophers 18. La Salle: Open Court Publishing Company, 1986. Pagination identical in second, expanded edition, 1998. ISBN 978-0-8126-9012-5 .
1986 "Logic as a Core Curriculum Subject: Its Case as an Alternative to Mathematics." _Journal of Philosophy of Education_ 20:1 (July 1986): 21–37. ISSN 1467-9752 . doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9752.1986.tb00107.x .
1987 "A Rose by Another Name: A Rejoinder to Professors Hoffman and Frederick." _Journal of Thought_ 22:1 (Spring 1987): 7–11. ISSN 0022-5231 .
1987 "Quine on Naturalism and Epistemology." _Erkenntnis: An International Journal of Scientific Philosophy_ 27:1 (July 1987): 57–78. ISSN 0165-0106 . doi: 10.1007/BF00169711 .
1988 "Flanagan on Quinean Ethics." _Ethics: An International Journal of Social, Political, and Legal Philosophy_ 98:3 (April 1988): 534–540. (Flanagan's response follows in pp. 541–550 of the same volume.) ISSN 0014-1704 . doi: 10.1086/292970 .
1989 "Stroud on Naturalized Epistemology." _Metaphilosophy_ 20:1 (January 1989): 1–11. ISSN 0026-1068 . doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9973.1989.tb00402.x .
1991 "More on Quine's Dilemma of Underdetermination." _Dialectica: International Journal of Philosophy of Knowledge_ 45:1 (March 1991): 59–66. ISSN 0012-2017 . doi: 10.1111/j.1746-8361.1991.tb00977.x .
1992 "The Key to Interpreting Quine." _The Southern Journal of Philosophy_ 30:4 (Winter 1992): 17–30. ISSN 0038-4283 . doi: 10.1111/j.2041-6962.1992.tb00644.x .
1993 "Katz on Indeterminacy and the Proto-Theory." Chapter 16 of _Naturalism and Normativity._ Edited by Enrique Villanueva. _Philosophical Issues_ 4 (1993): 167–173. (Reply by Katz appears as chapter 17 of the same volume: pp. 174–179). Atascadero: Ridgeview Publishing Company. ISSN 1533-6077 . doi: 10.2307/1522838 . Reprinted as a review of Jerrold J. Katz's _The Metaphysics of Meaning_ (Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1990): _Philosophy and Phenomenological Research_ 54:1 (March 1994): 133–138. ISSN 0031-8205 . doi: 10.2307/2108360 .
1993 "Two Conceptions of Philosophy." _Grazer Philosophische Studien: Internationale Zeitschrift für Analytische Philosophie_ 44 (1993): 25–39. ISSN 0165-9227 . doi: 10.5840/gps19934431 .
"Quine and Davidson: Two Naturalized Epistemologists." In
_Symposium on Quine's Philosophy_. Edited by
Dagfinn Føllesdal and
Alastair Hannay. _Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy_
1995 "A Note on Boghossian's Master Argument." Chapter 19 of _Content_. Edited by Enrique Villanueva. _Philosophical Issues_ 6 (1995): 222–226. ISSN 1533-6077 . doi: 10.2307/1523043 .
1996 "McDowell's Direct Realism and Platonic Naturalism." Chapter 25 of _Perception_. Edited by Enrique Villanueva. _Philosophical Issues_ 7 (1996): 275–281. (Reply by McDowell appears as the first part of chapter 26 of the same volume: pp. 283–285). Atascadero: Ridgeview Publishing Company. ISSN 1533-6077 . doi: 10.2307/1522912 .
"Quine, Wittgenstein and Holism." Chapter 4 of _Wittgenstein and
Quine_ (pp. 80–96). Edited by Robert L. Arrington and Hans-Johann
Glock. London: Routledge, 1996. ISBN 978-0-4153-4904-8 . Reprinted in
1996 "Quine's Behaviorism." Chapter 7 of _The Philosophy of Psychology_ (pp. 96–107). Edited by William O'Donohue and Richard F. Kitchener. London: Sage Publications, 1996. ISBN 978-0-7619-5305-0 . doi: 10.4135/9781446279168.n7 . Reprinted as chapter 15 of the _Handbook of Behaviorism_ (pp. 419–436). Edited by William O'Donohue and Richard F. Kitchener. San Diego: Academic Press, 1999. ISBN 978-0-1252-4190-8 . doi: 10.1016/b978-012524190-8/50016-4 .
1998 "Quine's Philosophy: A Brief Sketch." Chapter 25 of _The Philosophy of W. V. Quine_ (pp. 667–683, with Quine's reply in 684–685). Second, expanded edition. Edited by Lewis Edwin Hahn and Paul Arthur Schilpp. The Library of Living Philosophers 18. La Salle: Open Court Publishing Company, 1998. Gibson's "Sketch" is not in the original edition of 1986. ISBN 978-0-8126-9371-3 .
2002 "Remembering Willard van Orman Quine (1908–2000)." _Journal for General Philosophy of Science_ 33:2 (2002): 213–229. ISSN 0925-4560 . doi: 10.1023/A:1022460321692 .
2003 "Quine." Chapter 29 of _The World's Great Philosophers_ (pp. 253–260). Edited by Robert L. Arrington. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2003. ISBN 978-0-6312-3145-5 . doi: 10.1002/9780470693704.ch29 .
2004 "Quine's Behaviorism cum Empiricism." Chapter 7 of _The Cambridge Companion to Quine_ (pp. 181–199). Edited by Roger F. Gibson, Jr. Cambridge Companions to Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. Abridged and corrected version of Gibson's "Quine's Behaviorism" (1996 ). ISBN 978-0-5216-3056-6 . doi: 10.1017/CCOL0521630568.008 .
2004 "Willard Van Orman Quine." In _The Cambridge Companion to Quine_ (pp. 1–18). Edited by Roger F. Gibson, Jr. Cambridge Companions to Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. ISBN 978-0-5216-3056-6 . doi: 10.1017/CCOL0521630568.001 .
2006 "W. V. Quine." Chapter 9 of _A Companion to Pragmatism_ (pp. 101–107). Edited by John R. Shook and Joseph Margolis. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2006. ISBN 978-1-4051-1621-3 . doi: 10.1002/9780470997079.ch10 .
DATE PUBLICATION (GIBSON AS SOLE AUTHOR)
1989 Review of Christopher Hookway's _Quine: Language, Experience and Reality_ (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1988). _British Journal for the Philosophy of Science_ 40:4 (December 1989): 557–567. ISSN 0007-0882 . doi: 10.1093/bjps/40.4.557 .
1989 Review of Paul Gochet's _Ascent to Truth: A Critical Examination of Quine's Philosophy_ (Munich: Philosophia Verlag, 1986). _Metaphilosophy_ 20:2 (April 1989): 163–168. ISSN 0026-1068 . doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9973.1989.tb00416.x .
1989 Review of Robert Feleppa's _Convention, Translation, and Understanding: Philosophical Problems in the Comparative Study of Culture_ (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1988). _Southwest Philosophy Review_ 5:2 (July 1989) 83–90. ISSN 0897-2346 . doi: 10.5840/swphilreview19895226 .
1992 Review of Mark Sacks's _The World We Found: The Limits of Ontological Talk_ (La Salle: Open Court, 1989). _The Philosophical Review_ 101:3 (July 1992): 673–675. ISSN 0031-8108 . doi: 10.2307/2186076 .
1994 Review of Peter Lipton's _Inference to the Best Explanation_ (Philosophical Issues in Science Series. New York: Routledge, 1991). _The Review of Metaphysics_ 48:2 (December 1994): 417–418. ISSN 0034-6632 .
1995 Review of Rudolf Fara and Michael Fara's _In Conversation: W. V. Quine_ (Audiovisual series originally issued on VHS tape. London: Philosophy in Britain, Philosophy International, Centre for the Philosophy of the Natural and Social Sciences, The London School of Economics and Political Science, 1994.) _Mind_ (New Series) 104:415 (July 1995): 637–645. ISSN 0026-4423 . doi: 10.1093/mind/104.415.637 .
* ^ "Roger F. Gibson, Jr.". Washington University in St. Louis.
* ^ "Roger F. Gibson, Jr.". University of Missouri. Retrieved
* ^ "Roger F. Gibson, Jr.". University of Missouri. Retrieved
* ^ "Grant (#FB-22459-84) for the study of Willard Van Orman
Quine". National Endowment for the Humanities. Retrieved 2016-07-01.
* ^ "Grant (#FT-31150-88) for the study of Donald Davidson".
National Endowment for the Humanities. Retrieved 2016-07-01.
* ^ "Philosophy-Neuroscience-Psychology (PNP) Program". Washington
University in St. Louis. Retrieved 2016-07-01.
* ^ Gibson, Roger F., Jr. (July 1986). "Logic as a Core Curriculum
Subject: Its Case as an Alternative to Mathematics". _Journal of
Philosophy of Education_. 20:1: 21–37. ISSN 1467-9752 . doi
* ^ Gibson, Roger F., Jr. (July 1984). "On an Inconsistency in
Thomson's Abortion Argument". _Philosophical Studies_. 46:1:
131–139. ISSN 0031-8116 . doi :10.1007/BF00353495 .
* ^ Gibson, Roger F., Jr. (Summer 1986). "Corporations, Persons,
and Moral Responsibility". _Journal of Thought_. 21:2: 17–26. ISSN
* ^ Gibson, Roger F., Jr. (April 1988). "Flanagan on Quinean
Ethics". _Ethics: An International Journal of Social, Political, and
Legal Philosophy_. 98:3: 534–540. ISSN 0014-1704 . doi
* ^ Wrenn, Chase B., ed. (2008). _Naturalism, Reference, and
Ontology: Essays in Honor of Roger F. Gibson_. New York: Peter Lang.
p. 6. ISBN 978-1-4331-0229-5 .
* ^ Gibson, Roger F., Jr. (1973). _Quinean Analysis_ (M.A.).
University of Missouri-Columbia.