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Roelof Petrus "Roelf" Meyer (born 16 July 1947) is a South African politician and businessman. Originally a member of the National Party, he is known for his prominent role in the negotiations to end the apartheid system in South Africa. He later co-founded the United Democratic Movement.

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 Entering politics 3 Towards a new South Africa 4 United Democratic Movement 5 After politics 6 References 7 External links 8 See also

Early life and education[edit] Meyer, the son of a farmer, attended school in Ficksburg
Ficksburg
and studied Law at the University of the Free State, where he completed B Comm (1968) and LLB (1971) degrees. At university, he was president of the conservative "Afrikaanse Studentebond". During his compulsory military service, he was a member of the SADF
SADF
choir also known as the "Kanaries". Meyer then practised as a lawyer in Pretoria
Pretoria
and Johannesburg
Johannesburg
until 1980. Entering politics[edit]

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In 1979, he entered politics as he was elected as a Member of Parliament for the National Party in the Johannesburg
Johannesburg
West constituency. In 1986, he became Deputy Minister of Law and Order and in 1988, of Constitutional Development (until 1991). With the declaration of the first State of Emergency in 1985, the National Joint Management Centre (NJMC), chaired by the Deputy Minister of Law and Order, took over as the nerve centre for co-ordination of all welfare and security policies. In 1991, State President F. W. De Klerk
F. W. De Klerk
appointed him Minister of Defence as successor to Magnus Malan. Allegedly, the "verligte Nat" ("liberal" or "enlightened" NP politician) couldn't win the respect of the generals in this position. In May 1992, after nine months in office, he resigned and became Minister of Constitutional Affairs and Communication as successor to Gerrit Viljoen. It was in this position that he entered the negotiating process. He also became the chairman of the Beleidsgroep vir Hervorming (Policy Group for Reform).[1] Towards a new South Africa[edit] Meyer became famous in his position as the government’s chief negotiator in the Multiparty Negotiating Forum
Multiparty Negotiating Forum
1993 after the failure of CODESA
CODESA
where he established an amicable and effective relationship with the ANC’s chief negotiator, Cyril Ramaphosa.[2] In this role, he worked closely with Niel Barnard, who was head of the National Intelligence Service and a strong supporter of a negotiated settlement.[3] After the conclusion of the negotiations in November 1993, he became the government's chief representative in the Transitional Executive Council (TEC). Meyer and Ramaphosa received the South African Breweries Leadership and Service Award in 2004.[4] After the multi-racial elections in April 1994, Meyer became Minister of Constitutional Development and Provincial Affairs in the government of national unity of the new President, Nelson Mandela. His elder brother Anthon "Tobie" Meyer was Deputy Minister for Agriculture and Land Affairs in this government. He worked once more with Cyril Ramaphosa, who was chairperson of the Constitutional Assembly.[citation needed] Meyer resigned from the cabinet in 1996 and became Secretary-General of the National Party. After the new constitution was negotiated and ratified, the National Party withdrew from the government. He then tried to bring about a reorientation of his party but failed due the resistance of the conservative wing around Hernus Kriel. Meyer eventually resigned from the National Party, and consequently his seat in Parliament, in 1997.[5] United Democratic Movement[edit] After he left the National Party, he became, with former Transkeian leader Bantu Holomisa, the co-founder of the United Democratic Movement (UDM). In the elections of 1999 the UDM received fourteen seats in Parliament and Meyer served as the Deputy President of the party until his retirement from politics in 2000. In 2006 he announced that he would join the ANC.[6] After politics[edit] In 2000 Meyer also involved himself in corporate business. He became a Director and later Deputy Executive Chairman of Tilca Infrastructure Corporation (Pty) Ltd. and is currently a director of Armscor. He held a number of international positions, including a membership of the Strategy Committee of the Project on Justice in Times of Transition at Tufts University
Tufts University
in the USA. He also became the Chairman of the Civil Society Initiative (CSI) of South Africa. Meyer also uses his experience to act as a consultant on international peace processes and negotiations, for example in Northern Ireland, Rwanda
Rwanda
and Kosovo.[7][8] Meyer was awarded the "Order of the Baobab in Silver" by the Republic of South Africa
South Africa
for "his immense contribution in providing special support in the birth of the new democratic South Africa
South Africa
through negotiations".[9] From 2012 to 2014 he chaired the Defence Review Committee.[10] In 2013 Meyer co-founded the non-profit pro-democracy organisation In Transformation Initiative. The organisation has been involved in the South African land issue[11][12] as well as facilitating the development of a constitution for Sri Lanka[13]. References[edit]

^ Leander (2017-05-08). "The Convention for a Democratic South Africa (CODESA): CODESA
CODESA
2". South African History Online. Retrieved 2018-02-23.  ^ tinashe (2012-01-16). "Chapter 9 - Negotiating the transition". South African History Online. Retrieved 2018-02-23.  ^ Turton, Anthony Richard (2010). Shaking Hands with Billy: The Private Memoirs of Anthony Richard Turton. Just Done Productions Publishing. ISBN 978-1-920315-58-0.  ^ "Roelf Petrus Meyer (1947 - ) The Presidency". www.thepresidency.gov.za. Retrieved 2018-02-23.  ^ http://p2.www.britannica.com/eb/article-91960/SOUTH-AFRICA ^ Blair, David (1 September 2006). "Strong opposition is a matter of urgency – Telegraph Blogs". News - Telegraph Blogs. Retrieved 2015-11-22.  ^ Microsoft Word - CV Meyer.doc ^ "Roelof Petrus (Roelf) Meyer South African History Online". Sahistory.org.za. 1947-07-16. Retrieved 2014-04-25.  ^ "Roelf Petrus Meyer (1947–)". The Presidency. Retrieved 2014-04-25.  ^ "defence review structure". Sadefencereview2012.org. Retrieved 2014-04-25.  ^ "Govt sits on 4 000 farms, yet hints at expropriation". Fin24. Retrieved 2017-11-10.  ^ "Transformation needs commercial assistance". www.farmersweekly.co.za. Retrieved 2017-11-10.  ^ "Who is really behind the New Constitution-making process in Sri Lanka?". Retrieved 2017-11-10. 

External links[edit]

About his life and career

See also[edit]

Negotiations to end apartheid in South Africa History of South Africa

Political offices

Preceded by Magnus Malan Minister of Defence (South Africa) 1991–1992 Succeeded by Gene Louw

v t e

Defence ministers of South Africa

Pre-apartheid (1910–48)

Smuts Mentz Creswell Pirow Smuts (as Prime Minister)

Apartheid era (1948–94)

Erasmus Fouché Botha Malan Meyer Louw Coetsee

Post-apartheid (1994–present)

Modise Lekota Nqakula Sisulu Mapisa-Nqakula

v t e

Cabinet of Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela
(1994–1999)

President

Nelson Mandela

Deputy Presidents

F.W. de Klerk Thabo Mbeki

Ministers

Kader Asmal Sibusiso Bengu Pik Botha Mangosuthu Buthelezi Alec Erwin Chris Fismer Geraldine Fraser-Moleketi Jakes Gerwel Derek Hanekom Pallo Jordan Derek Keys Chris Liebenberg Penuell Maduna Mac Maharaj Trevor Manuel [Mavuso] Tito Mboweni Patrick McKenzie Membathisi Mdladlana Roelf Meyer Joe Modise Mohammed Valli Moosa Sankie Mtembi–Nkondo Lionel Mtshali Sydney Mufamadi Sipo Mzimela Jay Naidoo Ben Ngubane Kraai van Niekerk Alfred Nzo Dullah Omar Jeff Radebe Stella Sigcau Ben Skosana Zola Skweyiya Joe Slovo Steve Tshwete Dawid de Villiers Abe Williams Nkosazana Zuma

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 1922643

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