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Coordinates : 37°49′18″S 144°58′42″E / 37.82167°S 144.97833°E / -37.82167; 144.97833

Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena
Arena
The Tennis
Tennis
Centre

The venue at night, viewed from Batman Avenue in 2006

FULL NAME Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena
Arena
at Melbourne
Melbourne
Park

FORMER NAMES National Tennis
Tennis
Centre at Flinders Park (1988–96) Centre Court
Centre Court
(1996–2000)

LOCATION Olympic Boulevard and Batman Avenue Melbourne
Melbourne
VIC 3001 Australia
Australia

OWNER Melbourne
Melbourne
and Olympic Parks Trust

OPERATOR Tennis
Tennis
Australia
Australia

CAPACITY 16,200 (concert) 15,400 (basketball / netball ) 14,820 (seated)

RECORD ATTENDANCE 16,183 - Justin Timberlake
Justin Timberlake
, 18 November 2007

SURFACE Plexicushion
Plexicushion
(tennis ) Hardwood (basketball / netball )

CONSTRUCTION

BROKE GROUND 1985

OPENED 11 January 1988 (1988-01-11)

RENOVATED 1995

CONSTRUCTION COST A$ 94 million (Original) ($230 million in 2010 dollars ) $23 million (1996 renovations) ($34 million in 2010 dollars )

ARCHITECT

* Peddle Thorp Learmonth * Philip Cox
Philip Cox

MAIN CONTRACTORS Lendlease (formerly Civil "> Interior of arena during the 2015 Australian Open
Australian Open

Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena
Arena
has a seating capacity of 14,820, with a capacity of 15,400 for sports such as basketball , when extra seats are added around the court, and up to 16,200 for concerts with floor seating. The arena currently attracts over 1.5 million visitors per year.

The arena was the first in Australia
Australia
to have a retractable roof venue, and it is the largest indoor arena in Australia
Australia
without a permanent roof (not counting the 56,347 seat Docklands Stadium
Docklands Stadium
, also in Melbourne, which is classed as a stadium rather than an arena). It is also the second largest indoor arena in Australia
Australia
behind the 21,032 capacity Sydney Super Dome
Sydney Super Dome
. The arena's retractable roof allows competitors to continue play during rain or extreme heat.

Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena
Arena
is equipped with the Hawk-Eye
Hawk-Eye
electronic system which allows tennis players to challenge the umpire's decision on calls made throughout championships.

SPORTS AND EVENTS

Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena
Arena
is the centrepiece of the National Tennis
Tennis
Centre at Melbourne
Melbourne
Park , and besides tennis , the arena has hosted basketball , motorbike super-crosses , music concerts , conferences, World Wrestling Entertainment events and ballet . Other than for tennis, during sporting events or concerts, a section of the southern the lower seating bowl is retracted to allow space for a stage or special floor level seating.

TENNIS

Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena
Arena
acts as the centre court for the Australian Open tennis championships every year. The man the arena is named after, Rod Laver, is a frequent guest of honour at the Championships and has presented the trophy to the men's singles champion on several occasions.

Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena
Arena
was also the scene for Australia\'s famous Davis Cup victories in 2003 . The arena hosted the semi-final and Final, at which Australia
Australia
was successful in recording their 28th Davis Cup title.

BASKETBALL

Aside from tennis, the sport most often held at Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena
Arena
in the past was basketball . The arena's first basketball game was in 1991 when the Australian Boomers played host to a touring All-Star team headlined by Kareem Abdul-Jabbar
Kareem Abdul-Jabbar
, with over 15,000 in attendance.

On 3 April 1992, the arena became the home of Melbourne
Melbourne
basketball when the Melbourne
Melbourne
Tigers (now known as Melbourne
Melbourne
United ) defeated the Canberra Cannons 112-104. The venue was actually criticised in its early days as a basketball venue due to the poor quality of the backboards and rings used. However, these concerns were quickly addressed and the arena became known as one of the best in the country, especially with anywhere near a full house in attendance. The arena was also home to the South East Melbourne
Melbourne
Magic (later renamed the Victoria Titans
Victoria Titans
in 1998 after merging with the North Melbourne Giants ) with both teams attracting some of the largest crowds in the history of the NBL . Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena
Arena
was also the site of the first ever "outdoor" pro basketball game in Australia
Australia
when the Magic hosted the Adelaide 36ers
Adelaide 36ers
on 31 December 1997 with the roof open.

The largest basketball crowd at Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena
Arena
was set in 1996 when 15,366 attended a local derby game between the Magic and Tigers. This remains the second largest basketball attendance ever in Australia behind the 17,803 who attended an NBL game between the Sydney Kings and West Sydney Razorbacks at the Sydney Super Dome
Sydney Super Dome
in 1999. Game two of the 1996 NBL Grand Final series, also between the Magic and Tigers, saw the NBL's largest ever single game Grand Final crowd when 15,064 watched the Magic defeat the Tigers 88-84.

1992 saw the first time two teams from the one city had reached the NBL Grand Final series when the Magic faced fellow Melbourne
Melbourne
Park tenants the Tigers. With all games being played at the leagues largest venue a record aggregate of 43,605 (average 14,535) fans saw the Magic win their first championship two games to one, coming back to win games two and three 115-93 and 95-88 after losing game one 98-116.

In all, Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena
Arena
hosted 287 NBL games including NBL Championship deciders in 1992, 1996, 1997 and 1999, and played host to its last game in April 2000 before Hisense Arena
Arena
opened in 2000 and became the new home of basketball in Melbourne. The arena hosted the Australian Boomers on numerous occasions, including playing against the Magic Johnson
Magic Johnson
All-Stars in 1995, as well as hosting the 1997 FIBA Under-22 World Championship , which Australia
Australia
won for the first time. The arena also played host to the 1993 NBL All-Star Game with the NBL Stars defeating the Boomers 124–119.

On 15 August 2015, Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena
Arena
played host to the opening game of the 2015 FIBA Men\'s Oceania Basketball
Basketball
Championship between the Australian Boomers and the New Zealand Tall Blacks . In front of 15,062 fans Australia
Australia
ran out 71–59 winners.

SWIMMING

Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena
Arena
was the centrepiece of the 12th FINA World Aquatics Championships , which were held from 17 March-1 April 2007. A temporary swimming pool, named the Susie O'Neill Pool after Australian swimming champion Susie O\'Neill , was built at significant cost.

COMMONWEALTH GAMES

Rod Laver
Rod Laver
was the host venue for the gymnastics competition at the 2006 Commonwealth Games
2006 Commonwealth Games
.

OTHER SPORTS

The venue has hosted professional wrestling events such as the WWE
WWE
, World Championship Wrestling
World Championship Wrestling
event in October 2000, World Wrestling All-Stars and World Cup skateboarding .

CONCERTS

See also: Entertainment events at Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena
Arena

Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena
Arena
consistently hosts Melbourne's highest-profile musical and entertainment concerts . In 2009, the arena polled 9th out of 50 worldwide top arenas for first-quarter ticket sales, making it the second highest ticket selling venue in Australia, second to Sydney's Qudos Bank Arena
Arena
, which placed third. In 2012, the arena became Australia's highest selling venue and 4th in the world, based on 2011 ticket sales.

Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena's record attendance of 16,183 was set on 18 November 2007 for a Justin Timberlake
Justin Timberlake
concert during his FutureSex/LoveShow tour.

American singer P!nk performed a record breaking 18 concerts at the venue in the winter of 2013 with her Truth About Love Tour , beating her own record of 17 shows from the Funhouse Tour in 2009. She is currently the artist who holds the record for most shows at the venue.

TENNIS SURFACE

Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena
Arena
at night in the 2013 Australian Open
Australian Open

From 1988 until 2007, the surface of the court at the Australian Open and on Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena
Arena
was Rebound Ace
Rebound Ace
, which was coloured green and played slowly. The surface was also blamed for many injuries in the Australian Open, with many players claiming that the surface became sticky in hot weather, making it difficult to play on.

In 2008, the surface was changed to Plexicushion
Plexicushion
, which is coloured blue. The surface is similar in properties to DecoTurf
DecoTurf
, the surface used in the US Open . This has more cushioning and more "give" than Rebound Ace. The change of surfaces gained a mostly positive reaction from players, as the surface is said to be easier to play on than Rebound Ace.

It has also had a temporary grass court in use, during the 1993 Davis Cup quarterfinals, 2001 Davis Cup
Davis Cup
final and the 2003 Davis Cup
Davis Cup
final.

REFURBISHMENT

In June 2015, it was announced that the arena would undergo a redevelopment of its exterior facade and interior customer features, such as bars and other facilities. The refurbishment constitutes the main aspect of the $338 million second stage of redevelopments occurring at the Melbourne
Melbourne
Park precinct , which includes a new pedestrian bridge linking Melbourne
Melbourne
Park and Birrarung Marr
Birrarung Marr
and a new media and administration centre. Construction began in April 2016 and is expected to conclude in 2019-2020. The refurbishment includes a new eastern-facing primary entrance, an expanded public concourse space and other amenities designed to "open up" the arena and provide enhanced facilities and entry points for spectators.

NAMING

* National Tennis
Tennis
Centre at Flinders Park (11 January 1988—28 January 1996) * Centre Court
Centre Court
(29 January 1996—15 January 2000) * Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena
Arena
(16 January 2000—Present)

RECORD ATTENDANCES

CONCERT

* 16,183 - Justin Timberlake
Justin Timberlake
, 18 November 2007 * 39,299 - Lady Gaga
Lady Gaga
, 23, 24 March 2010 * 42,765 - Green Day
Green Day
, 14, 16 December 2009

BASKETBALL

* National Basketball
Basketball
League

* 15,366 - South East Melbourne
Melbourne
Magic vs Melbourne
Melbourne
Tigers , 22 June 1996

* International

* 15,062 - Australia
Australia
vs New Zealand , 15 August 2015

TENNIS

* 14,820 - Australian Open
Australian Open
/ Davis Cup
Davis Cup
(various)

SEE ALSO

* List of tennis stadiums by capacity
List of tennis stadiums by capacity
* List of sports venues in Australia
Australia
* List of indoor arenas in Australia
Australia
* List of National Basketball
Basketball
League (Australia) venues

REFERENCES

* ^ http://www.austadiums.com/stadiums/stadiums.php?id=97 * ^ A B Australian Consumer Price Inflation figures follow the Long Term Linked Series provided in Australian Bureau of Statistics (2011) 6461.0 – Consumer Price Index: Concepts, Sources and Methods, 2011 as explained at §§3.10–3.11; this series comprises "from 1901 to 1914, the A Series Retail Price Index; from 1914 to 1946–47, the C Series Retail Price Index; from 1946-47 to 1948-49, a combination of the C Series Index, excluding rent, and the housing group of the CPI; and from 1948–49 onwards, the CPI." (3.10). Retrieved May 4, 2015 * ^ "Tennis". Melbourne
Melbourne
& Olympic Parks. Retrieved 2013-06-28. * ^ National Tennis
Tennis
Centre Trust and Zoological Board of Victoria (Report) (20 ed.). L.V. North. April 1993. p. 5. ISBN 0730634353 . * ^ Colebatch, Tim (12 January 1988). "Melbourne\'s state-of-the-art tennis centre is a knockout". The Age
The Age
. Melbourne
Melbourne
, Australia
Australia
. Retrieved 21 October 2013.

* ^ Sources for original venue name:

* Rabar, Julia (18 January 2013). "Looking back at the Australian Open from Kooyong to Melbourne
Melbourne
Park". Herald Sun
Herald Sun
. The Herald and Weekly Times . Retrieved 19 May 2015. * "25 Years of Retractable Roof Tennis
Tennis
in Australia". World Tennis Magazine. 10 January 2013. Retrieved 19 May 2013. * Feinstein, John (1991). "The Finlders Park Jinx". Hard Courts: Real Life on the Professional Tennis
Tennis
Tours. New York City
New York City
, New York : Villard Books . ISBN 9780307800961 . * Higdon, David (30 January 1994). "Women\'s Tennis
Tennis
Misses Seles As Graf Wins Again". Sun-Sentinel
Sun-Sentinel
. Tribune Publishing
Tribune Publishing
. Retrieved 19 May 2015. * Rowthron, Chris (September 2002). Landragin, Alex; Daly, Kate, eds. Victoria (4th ed.). Melbourne
Melbourne
, Australia
Australia
: Lonely Planet
Lonely Planet
. p. 137. ISBN 1740592409 . * Beckley, Rachel (1 December 2012). "10Best: The History of Melbourne
Melbourne
Park, Home of the Australian Open". USA Today
USA Today
. Gannett Company . Retrieved 19 May 2015. * "How Peddle Thorp designed opening roof at Melbourne
Melbourne
Tennis Centre". Peddle Thorp Architects. 3 February 2012. Retrieved 19 May 2015.

* ^ "Centre court named after Laver". New Straits Times
New Straits Times
. Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia
Malaysia
. 22 December 1999. p. 43. Retrieved 21 October 2013. * ^ Brandie, Lars (13 May 2013). "Pink\'s Australian Arena
Arena
Tour Grows to 45 Shows". Billboard . Prometheus Global Media