The Info List - Rock Creek Park

Rock Creek Park
Rock Creek Park
is a large urban park that bisects the Northwest quadrant of Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
The park was created by an Act of Congress in 1890, and today is administered by the National Park Service. In addition to the park proper, the Rock Creek administrative unit of the National Park Service
National Park Service
administers various other federally owned properties in the District of Columbia
District of Columbia
located to the north and west of the National Mall, including Meridian Hill Park
Meridian Hill Park
on 16th Street, N.W., the Old Stone House in Georgetown, and certain of the Fort Circle Parks, a series of batteries and forts encircling the District of Columbia
District of Columbia
for its defense during the U.S. Civil War.


1 History 2 Description

2.1 Horse Center 2.2 Peirce Mill

3 Administration

3.1 Rock Creek and Potomac Parkway 3.2 Tributary park extensions 3.3 Other parks 3.4 Traffic circles 3.5 Other areas 3.6 Other small areas 3.7 Montrose and Dumbarton Oaks
Dumbarton Oaks
Parks 3.8 Old Stone House

4 Demographic significance 5 Legislative history 6 See also 7 References 8 External links


Rock Creek

Rock Creek Park
Rock Creek Park
was established by an act of Congress signed into law by President Benjamin Harrison
Benjamin Harrison
on September 27, 1890, following active advocacy by Charles C. Glover
Charles C. Glover
and other civic leaders and in the wake of the creation of the National Zoo the preceding year. It was only the third national park established by the U.S., following Yellowstone in 1872 and Mackinac National Park
Mackinac National Park
in 1875. Sequoia was created at the same time, and Yosemite shortly thereafter. In 1933, Rock Creek Park
Rock Creek Park
became part of the newly formed National Capital Parks unit of the National Park Service. The Rock Creek Park
Rock Creek Park
Act authorized the purchase of no more than 2,000 acres of land, extending north from Klingle Ford Bridge in the District of Columbia
District of Columbia
(approximately the northern limit of the National Zoo), to be "perpetually dedicated and set apart as a public park or pleasure ground for the benefit and enjoyment of the people of the United States".[4] The Act also called for regulations to "provide for the preservation from injury or spoliation of all timber, animals, or curiosities within said park, and their retention in their natural condition, as nearly as possible".[5] Rock Creek Park
Rock Creek Park
is the oldest natural urban park in the National Park System.[6] Park construction began in 1897.[3] In 1913, Congress authorized creation of the Rock Creek and Potomac Parkway and extended the park along a narrow corridor from the zoo to the mouth of Rock Creek at the Potomac River.[7] The parkway is a major traffic thoroughfare, especially along the portion south of the zoo. The park is patrolled by the United States Park Police. Description[edit]

Rock Creek Park, Washington, D.C.

Rock Creek Nature Center and Planetarium

Beach Drive in the fall

The main section of the park comprises 1754 acres (2.74 mi2, 7.10 km2), along the Rock Creek Valley. Including the other green areas the park administers (Glover Archbold Park, Montrose Park, Dumbarton Oaks
Dumbarton Oaks
Park, Meridian Hill Park, Battery Kemble Park, Palisades Park, Whitehaven Park, etc.), it encompasses more than 2000 acres (3 mi2, 8 km2). The parklands follow the course of Rock Creek across the D.C.-Maryland border to connect with Rock Creek Stream Valley Park and Rock Creek Regional Park in Montgomery County. The Maryland
parks are operated by the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission. The Rock Creek Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 23, 1991.[8] Recreation facilities include a golf course; equestrian trails; sport venues, including a tennis stadium which hosts major professional events; a nature center and planetarium; the Carter Barron Amphitheatre, an outdoor concert venue; and picnic and playground facilities. Rock Creek Park
Rock Creek Park
also maintains cultural exhibits, including the Peirce Mill. Rock Creek is a popular venue for jogging, cycling, and inline skating, especially on the long, winding Beach Drive, portions of which are closed to vehicles on weekends.[1] A number of the city's outstanding bridges, such as the Lauzun's Legion, Dumbarton, Taft and the Duke Ellington bridges, span the creek and ravine. Among the park's few monuments is a pink granite bench on Beach Drive south of the Peirce Mill, dedicated on November 7, 1936 by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
in memory of former French ambassador Jean Jules Jusserand.[9] In 2014, it was named "best obscure memorial" by Washington City Paper.[10] Horse Center[edit] Rock Creek Park
Rock Creek Park
Horse Center, founded in 1972, is located in the middle of the park near the Nature Center. The barn, run by Guest Services Inc, has 57 stalls, two outdoor rings, one indoor ring, and three bluestone turnout paddocks. The stable provides trail rides, pony rides, and lessons for the public, along with boarding for private horses. The stable primarily teaches English riding, with an emphasis on lower-level jumping and dressage.[11] The barn is also home to Rock Creek Riders, a therapeutic riding program for adults and children with special needs in the DC area. Past participants in the program include brain injured veterans of the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan and people with autism, cerebral palsy, or attention deficit disorder. The program is volunteer-run and relies on donations and contributions for funding. Previously, Rock Creek Riders has worked with the United States Mounted Police, National Park Service, Wounded Warrior Project, and the Caisson Platoon Equine Assisted Programs to provide these therapeutic riding services.[12] The horse center's summer camps are popular with DC residents. The stable offers summer camp from 9-3 for children over eight, and a two-hour afternoon camp for children between five and eight years old. The stable also recently implemented a summer CIT training program for teenagers. Peirce Mill[edit] Main article: Peirce Mill

Peirce Mill

Peirce Mill
Peirce Mill
is a water-powered grist mill in Rock Creek Park. There were at least eight mills along Rock Creek within what is now Washington D.C., and many more farther upstream in Montgomery County, Maryland. Of those eight, only Peirce Mill
Peirce Mill
is still standing. It was built in the 1820s by Isaac Peirce, along with a house, barn, and other buildings. It was later owned by a son, Joshua Peirce, and a nephew Peirce Shoemaker. It became part of Rock Creek Park
Rock Creek Park
in 1892.[13] The family consistently spelled their name "Peirce" (except for some of Isaac Peirce's ancestors who went by Pearce). Others often use "Pierce" but not the family. Evidence includes family gravestones, family Bible, and estate book from Joshua Peirce, and living descendants who still use the old spelling. The mill was listed on the National Register in 1969 as Peirce Mill.[2] It was repaired and re-opened October 15, 2011. The Peirce Carriage Barn, adjacent to the mill, usually is open every day. The barn is the National Park Service
National Park Service
point of contact. The barn was part of the Peirce estate built in 1810 and used as a tack room and carriage barn. The barn is now a mini museum containing information on the milling process, the Peirce family estate and other mills along the Rock Creek Valley. Administration[edit] As originally authorized by Congress, the park was governed by the Rock Creek Park
Rock Creek Park
Commission, comprising the Chief of Engineers of the Army, the engineer commissioner of the District of Columbia, and three presidential appointees. In 1933, the park, along with other National Capital Parks, was transferred to the jurisdiction of the National Park Service.[14] Rock Creek Park
Rock Creek Park
is also an administrative unit of the National Park Service responsible for administration of 99 properties in the District of Columbia
District of Columbia
north and west of the National Mall
National Mall
and Memorial Parks. The properties include various parks, parkways, buildings, circles, triangles, memorials, and statues and include:[4][15][16]

Rock Creek and Potomac Parkway[edit] Tributary park extensions[edit]

Broad Branch East Beach Drive Klingle Valley Parkway Melvin C. Hazen Park – South of Tilden Street on either side of Connecticut Avenue, NW Normanstone Parkway – Along Normanstone Drive across Massachusetts Avenue, NW from the US Naval Observatory North Portal Pinehurst Parkway Piney Branch
Piney Branch
Parkway Soapstone Valley Park

Other parks[edit]

Barnard Hill Park Bryce Park
Bryce Park
– Massachusetts Avenue between Wisconsin Avenue and Garfield Street, NW Dumbarton Oaks
Dumbarton Oaks
Park Francis Scott Key Memorial Georgetown Waterfront Park Glover-Archbold Park Little Forest - Formerly Francis G. Newlands Park Meridian Hill Park Montrose Park Wesley Heights Park – Along Fulton and Edmunds Streets, NW, connecting Palisades Park to Glover-Archbold Park Whitehaven Park – South of W Street, NW connecting Glover-Archbold Park to Dumbarton Oaks
Dumbarton Oaks
Park Woodley Park (Playground) – Courtland and Devonshire Places, NW

Traffic circles[edit]

Chevy Chase Circle Grant Circle Sherman Circle Tenley Circle Ward Circle Westmoreland Circle

Other areas[edit]

Battleground National Cemetery Fort Circle Parks
Fort Circle Parks
– from Palisades Park to Fort Lincoln

Battery Kemble Park Fort Bayard Park Fort Bunker Hill
Fort Bunker Hill
Park Fort DeRussy Fort Reno Park Fort Slocum Park Fort Stevens Park Fort Totten Park

Old Stone House

Other small areas[edit]

Francis Asbury statue Guglielmo Marconi memorial James Cardinal Gibbons memorial Major General George B. McClellan
Major General George B. McClellan
statue Rabaut Park Peter Muhlenberg memorial Robert Emmet statue

Montrose and Dumbarton Oaks
Dumbarton Oaks
Parks[edit] Main article: Montrose Park Montrose Park
Montrose Park
occupies land that belonged to Robert Parrott. Adjacent to it is Dumbarton Oaks
Dumbarton Oaks
Park, which preserves the grounds of the former Dumbarton Oaks
Dumbarton Oaks
estate. The house and its formal garden are not part of the park. Both parks were listed on the National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
on May 28, 1967. Old Stone House[edit] Main article: Old Stone House (Washington, D.C.) The Old Stone House, the oldest building in Washington, D.C., is a simple eighteenth century dwelling. The house is a popular museum, showcasing the everyday life of middle class colonists. It was purchased by the federal government in 1953 and has been open to the public since the 1960s. The house is located in the Georgetown neighborhood, not on land contiguous with Rock Creek Park, but the property is managed by park staff. Demographic significance[edit] Though D.C.'s quadrants (i.e., Northwest, Southwest, Northeast, and Southeast) are the primary geographic metonyms for racial and class divisions, as Rock Creek Park
Rock Creek Park
separates prominent neighborhoods such as Georgetown, Cathedral Heights
Cathedral Heights
and Spring Valley from the rest of the city, the designations WOTP (West of the Park) and EOTP (East of the Park) also serve this role.[17] Legislative history[edit] Congressional authorizations:

Rock Creek Park
Rock Creek Park
– September 27, 1890 Meridian Hill Park
Meridian Hill Park
– June 25, 1910 Montrose Park
Montrose Park
– March 2, 1911 Rock Creek & Potomac Parkway – March 4, 1913 Dumbarton Oaks Park
Dumbarton Oaks Park
– December 2, 1940[18]

See also[edit]

Battleground National Cemetery Fort Stevens Linden Oak Meridian Hill Park Old Stone House (Washington, D.C.) Pierce-Klingle Mansion List of parks in the Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area


^ a b c Rock Creek Park, District of Columbia. "Frequently Asked Questions." National Park Service, U. S. Dept. of the Interior. Last updated 2014-08-15. Accessed 2014-08-23. ^ a b National Park Service
National Park Service
(2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.  ^ a b Construction of initial roads, bridle paths and foot paths took place during 1897-1912. Mackintosh, Barry (1985). "Under Military Rule". Rock Creek Park: An Administrative History (Report). Washington, DC: National Park Service
National Park Service
(NPS).  ^ a b NPS (March 2010). " Rock Creek Park
Rock Creek Park
Long Range Interpretive Plan." ^ NPS (1985). "Success." An Administrative History, Rock Creek Park. ^ "Our Wild Heart - A Tribute to Rock Creek Park", Washington Post, July 11, 2014 ^ NPS (2004). "Parkway and Other Additions." Rock Creek Park: An Administrative History. ^ Record display, National Register of Historic Places ^ * NPS. "Rock Creek Park: Monuments, Statues and Memorials." 2013-01-05. ^ Michael E. Grass (2014). "Best Obscure Memorial: Jules Jusserand Memorial". Washington City Paper.  ^ " Rock Creek Park
Rock Creek Park
Horse Center". Rockcreekhorsecenter.com. Retrieved 2014-03-26.  ^ "Equine Therapeutic Activities in Rock Creek Park". Rock Creek Riders. 2014-01-27. Retrieved 2014-03-26.  ^ NPS (2004). "Under Military Rule: Peirce Mill." Rock Creek Park: An Administrative History. ^ NPS (2004). "Under the Park Service: The Changing of the Guard." Rock Creek Park: An Administrative History. ^ Mullin, Beth (2015). "Revitalizing Rock Creek Park:The Next 125 Years" (PDF). Rock Creek Conservancy. Retrieved 2017-11-29.  ^ "Reservation List: The Parks of the National Park System, Washington, DC" (PDF). www.nps.gov. National Park Service; Land Resources Program Center; National Capital Region. Retrieved 2017-11-25.  ^ Peterson, Britt (September 2015). "East of the Park vs. West of the Park: Which One Are You?". Washingtonian. Retrieved August 31, 2015. ; for an example of this in political discussion, see Archer, Ken (November 16, 2012). "DC Drifting towards Separate School Systems. Are they Equal?". Greater Greater Washington. Retrieved August 31, 2015.  ^ NPS (2004). "Appendix A—Legislation." Rock Creek Park: An Administrative History.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rock Creek Park.

National Park Service: Rock Creek Park

Battleground National Cemetery Meridian Hill Park Montrose and Dumbarton Parks The Old Stone House Peirce Mill

Dumbarton Oaks Friends of Peirce Mill Rock Creek Conservancy Rock Creek Park
Rock Creek Park
Documentary produced by WETA-TV

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U.S. National Register of Historic Places


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Rock Creek Park

Rock Creek Dumbarton Oaks Glover-Archbold Georgetown Waterfront Meridian Hill Montrose Old Stone House Rock Creek and Potomac Parkway Barnard Hill Park Bryce Park Little Forest

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