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Rochdale
Rochdale
/ˈrɒtʃdeɪl/ is a town in Greater Manchester, England,[1] at the foothills of the South Pennines
South Pennines
on the River Roch, 5.3 miles (8.5 km) northwest of Oldham
Oldham
and 9.8 miles (15.8 km) northeast of Manchester. It is the administrative centre of the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale, which had a population of 211,699 in 2011.[2] Historically part of Lancashire, Rochdale's recorded history begins with an entry in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
of 1086 under "Recedham Manor". The ancient parish of Rochdale
Rochdale
was a division of the hundred of Salford and one of the largest ecclesiastical parishes in England, comprising several townships. By 1251, Rochdale
Rochdale
had become important enough to have been granted a Royal charter. Rochdale
Rochdale
flourished into a centre of northern England's woollen trade, and by the early 18th century was described as being "remarkable for many wealthy merchants".[3] Rochdale
Rochdale
rose to prominence in the 19th century as a mill town and centre for textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution. It was a boomtown of the Industrial Revolution, and amongst the first industrialised towns.[4] The Rochdale
Rochdale
Canal—one of the major navigable broad canals of the United Kingdom—was a highway of commerce during this time used for the haulage of cotton, wool and coal to and from the area. The socioeconomic change brought by the success of Rochdale's textile industry in the 19th century led to its rise to borough status and it remained a dominant settlement in its region.[4] However, during the 20th century Rochdale's spinning capacity declined towards an eventual halt.[4] Rochdale
Rochdale
is the birthplace of the modern Co-operative Movement, to which more than one billion people worldwide belonged in 2012.[5][6] The Rochdale Equitable Pioneers Society
Rochdale Equitable Pioneers Society
was founded in 1844 by 28 local residents as a response to the high cost and frequent adulteration of basic foodstuffs by shopkeepers at the time. The Pioneers were notable for combining the notion of the patronage dividend alongside investing trading surplus for member benefit, especially in education. The Rochdale
Rochdale
Principles, the set of ideals which underpinned the society, are still used, in updated form, by the International Co-operative Alliance.[7] The Rochdale Pioneers
Rochdale Pioneers
shop was the precursor to The Co-operative Group, the largest consumer co-operative in the world. Rochdale
Rochdale
today is a predominantly residential town. Rochdale
Rochdale
Town Hall—a Grade I listed building—dates from 1871 and is one of the United Kingdom's finest examples of Victorian Gothic revival architecture.[8]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Toponymy 1.2 Early history 1.3 Industrial Revolution 1.4 Post-industrial

2 Governance

2.1 Parliamentary representation

3 Geography

3.1 Divisions and suburbs

4 Demography 5 Landmarks 6 Transport

6.1 Road 6.2 Rochdale
Rochdale
Canal 6.3 Rail and Metrolink 6.4 Bus

7 Education 8 Religion 9 Public services 10 Sports 11 Notable people 12 See also 13 References

13.1 Notes 13.2 Bibliography

14 External links

History[edit] Toponymy[edit] Rochdale
Rochdale
seems to be named from its position on the River Roch
River Roch
but is recorded as Recedham in the Domesday Book. The name is derived from Old English
Old English
reced meaning "hall", and ham, a "homestead". Over time, the name changed to Rachedale and eventually Rochdale.[9] The river's name is a back-formation from the Old English
Old English
name, its name is /roʊtʃ/, with a long o. Rochdale
Rochdale
however, is pronounced /ˈrɒtʃdeɪl/, with a short o. Early history[edit]

Arrow Mill is a former cotton mill and Grade II listed building in Castleton

A Roman road, leading from Mamucium
Mamucium
(Manchester) to Eboracum
Eboracum
(York), crossed the moors at Blackstone Edge.[10] During the time of the Danelaw, Rochdale
Rochdale
was subjected to incursions by the Danes on the Saxons. The castle that Castleton is named after, and of which no trace remains, was one of twelve Saxon
Saxon
forts possibly destroyed in frequent conflicts that occurred between the Saxons
Saxons
and Danes during the 10th and 11th centuries.[10] Rochdale
Rochdale
appears in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
as Recedham. At the time of the Norman Conquest the manor was held by a Saxon
Saxon
thegn, Gamel. Before 1212 Henry II granted the manor to Roger de Lacy whose family retained it as part of the Honour of Clitheroe
Honour of Clitheroe
until it passed to the Dukes of Lancaster by marriage and then by 1399 to the Crown.[10][11] John Byron bought the manor in 1638 and it was sold by the poet, Lord Byron, in 1823, to the Deardens, who hold the title. Rochdale
Rochdale
had no manor house but the "Orchard" built in 1702 and acquired in 1745 by Simon Dearden was the home of the lords of the manor after 1823. It was described as "a red-brick building of no architectural distinction, on the north side of the river opposite the town hall" and sometimes referred to as the Manor House. It was demolished in 1922.[12] In medieval times, Rochdale
Rochdale
was a market town, and weekly markets were held from 1250 when Edmund de Lacy obtained a grant for a market and an annual fair.[10] The market was held outside the parish church where there was an "Orator's Corner". Industrial Revolution[edit] The manufacture of woollen cloth, particularly baize, kerseys and flannels, was important from the reign of Henry VIII. At this time the industry was rooted in the domestic system but towards the end of the 18th century mills powered by water were built. Water power was replaced by steam power in the 19th century and coal mines, mostly drift mines, were opened where coal from the lower coal measures outcropped around the town. The Deardens who were lords of the manor were among the local coal owners.[13] By the mid-1800s the woollen trade was declining and the cotton trade which took advantage of technological developments in spinning and weaving growing in importance.[14] Rochdale
Rochdale
became one of the world's most productive cotton spinning towns when rose to prominence during the 19th century as a major mill town and centre for textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution. It was a boomtown of the Industrial Revolution, and amongst the first ever industrialised towns.[4] By the end of the 19th century there were woollen mills, silk manufacturers, bleachers and dyers but cotton spinning and weaving were the dominant industries in Rochdale.[15] The socioeconomic change brought by the success of Rochdale's textile industry in the 19th century led to its rise to borough status and it remained a dominant settlement in its region.[4] However, during the 20th century Rochdale's spinning capacity declined towards an eventual halt.[4] The Rochdale Pioneers
Rochdale Pioneers
opened the first Cooperative shop in Toad Lane in 1844.[16] The reformer and Member of Parliament, John Bright (1811–1889), was born in Rochdale
Rochdale
and gained a reputation as a leader of political dissent and supporter of the Anti-Corn Law League.[17] The Baron Street drill hall opened in around 1865.[18] Post-industrial[edit] The first seven series of the BBC
BBC
school drama Waterloo Road were set in Rochdale
Rochdale
between 2006 and 2012, and filmed on location at the former Hilltop Primary School in Kirkholt, which closed in July 2003. Most of the out-of-school scenes in the series were filmed around Rochdale, and many of the pupils' homes seen on television were council houses in the Kirkholt area which were mostly built in the early postwar years.[19] It was announced by the BBC
BBC
and Shed Media that filming on the series in Rochdale
Rochdale
was to end in late 2011, with production moving to Scotland
Scotland
from early 2012. The final scenes to be shot at the Hilltop Primary site were filmed in November 2011. In April 2012, filming on the eighth series began on location at the new Waterloo Road set, the former Greenock Academy
Greenock Academy
in Greenock, Scotland. Governance[edit]

The coat of arms of the former Municipal, and later County Borough of Rochdale
Rochdale
council, granted 20 February 1857. The arms incorporate references to Rochdale's early industries and lords.[20]

Lying within the historic county boundaries of Lancashire
Lancashire
since the early 12th century, Rochdale
Rochdale
was recorded in 1066 as held by Gamel, one of the twenty-one thegns of the Hundred of Salfordshire.[11] The ancient ecclesiastical parish of Rochdale
Rochdale
was divided into four townships: Butterworth, Castleton, Hundersfield and Spotland. Hundersfield was later divided into four townships: Blatchinworth, Calderbrook, Wardleworth
Wardleworth
and Wuerdle and Wardle. Excluding the large chapelry of Saddleworth, which lay entirely in Yorkshire, the parish of Rochdale
Rochdale
had an area of 65.4 square miles (169.4 km2).[11] In 1825 commissioners for the social and economic improvement of the town were established. The town became part of a parliamentary borough in 1832. Under the terms of the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834
Poor Law Amendment Act 1834
Rochdale became the head of Rochdale
Rochdale
Poor Law Union
Poor Law Union
which was established on 15 February 1837 despite considerable local opposition.[21] In 1856 Rochdale
Rochdale
was incorporated as a municipal borough, giving it borough status in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and after 1858 it obtained the powers of the improvement commissioners.[1] In 1872 the remaining area of Wardleworth
Wardleworth
township and parts of Castleton, Wuerdle and Wardle, Spotland
Spotland
and Butterworth townships were added to the borough.[1] When the administrative county of Lancashire
Lancashire
was created by the Local Government Act 1888, Rochdale
Rochdale
was elevated to become the County Borough of Rochdale
Rochdale
and was, in modern terms, a unitary authority area exempt from the administration of Lancashire
Lancashire
County Council. In 1900 most of Castleton Urban District was added to the borough; this urban district included parts of Castleton, Hopwood and Thornham townships. In 1933 parts of Norden Urban District and Birtle with Bamford civil parish were added to the borough.[1] Under the Local Government Act 1972, the town's autonomous county borough status was abolished. The municipal boroughs of Middleton and Heywood and Littleborough, Milnrow and Wardle urban districts are now part of the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale, one of the ten metropolitan boroughs in Greater Manchester.[1] Since 1953, Rochdale
Rochdale
has been twinned with Bielefeld
Bielefeld
in Germany and since 1956 with Tourcoing
Tourcoing
in France, as well as Sahiwal
Sahiwal
in Pakistan since 1988 and Lviv
Lviv
in Ukraine since 1992. Sahiwal
Sahiwal
council has received many gifts like fire brigade trucks, ambulances and grants for hospitals from the people of Rochdale.[22] Parliamentary representation[edit] The Rochdale
Rochdale
constituency was created by the Reform Act of 1832. The constituency was held for two decades during the 20th century by Cyril Smith, first of the Liberal Party and then of the Liberal Democrats.[23] Following the 2010 General Election, the town was represented by Simon Danczuk MP, who was elected as a Labour MP but was subsequently suspended and under investigation by the Labour Party.[24] Tony Lloyd
Tony Lloyd
is the current MP for Rochdale
Rochdale
constituency following the snap general election held on 8 June 2017. Geography[edit] Further information: Geography of Greater Manchester

Rochdale
Rochdale
lies in the wide valley of the River Roch

Rochdale
Rochdale
stands about 450 feet (137 m) above sea level, 9.8 miles (15.8 km) north-northeast of Manchester
Manchester
city centre, in the valley of the River Roch. Blackstone Edge, Saddleworth
Saddleworth
Moor and the South Pennines
South Pennines
are close to the east, whilst on all other sides, Rochdale
Rochdale
is bound by smaller towns, including Whitworth, Littleborough, Milnrow, Royton, Heywood and Shaw and Crompton, with little or no green space between them. Rochdale
Rochdale
experiences a temperate maritime climate, like much of the British Isles, with relatively cool summers and mild winters. There is regular but generally light precipitation throughout the year.[citation needed] Rochdale's built environment consists of a mixture of infrastructure, housing types and commercial buildings from a number of periods. Rochdale's housing stock is mixed, but has a significant amount of stone or red-brick terraced houses from the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Rochdale's Town Hall, seven large tower blocks (locally nicknamed 'The Seven Sisters') and a number of former cotton mills mark the town's skyline. The urban structure of Rochdale
Rochdale
is regular when compared to most towns in England, its form restricted in places by its hilly upland terrain. Much of Rochdale's built environment is centred around a central business district in the town centre, which is the local centre of commerce.

Neighbouring towns, villages and places.

Norden Whitworth Littleborough

Heywood

Rochdale

Milnrow

Middleton Royton Shaw and Crompton

There is a mixture of high-density urban areas, suburbs, semi-rural and rural locations in Rochdale, but overwhelmingly the land use in the town is urban. For purposes of the Office for National Statistics, it forms the fifth largest settlement of the Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
Urban Area,[25] the United Kingdom's third largest conurbation. The M62 motorway passes to the south and southwest of Rochdale. Two heavy rail lines enter Rochdale
Rochdale
from the east, joining at Rochdale
Rochdale
railway station before continuing southwards to the city of Manchester. Divisions and suburbs[edit]

v t e

Areas and suburbs of Rochdale

Ashworth Balderstone Bamford Belfield Buckley Buersil Burnedge Caldershaw Castleton Cronkeyshaw Cutgate Deeplish Falinge Fieldhouse Foxholes Halfacre Hamer Healey Hurstead Kirkholt Lowerfold Lowerplace Marland Meanwood Newbold Nook Farm Norden Oakenrod Oulder Hill Passmonds Prickshaw Rooley Moor Shawclough Smallbridge Smithy Bridge Sparth Bottom Spotland Sudden Syke Thornham Turf Hill Wardleworth

Demography[edit] Further information: Demography of Greater Manchester At the 2001 UK census, Rochdale
Rochdale
had a population of 95,796. The 2001 population density was 11,186 inhabitants per square mile (4,319/km2), with a 100 to 94.4 female-to-male ratio.[26] Of those over 16 years old, 28.2% were single (never married), 44.0% married, and 8.8% divorced.[27] Rochdale's 37,730 households included 30.4% one-person, 36.6% married couples living together, 8.4% were co-habiting couples, and 11.1% single parents with their children.[28] Of those aged 16–74, 37.1% had no academic qualifications, similar to the figure for all of Rochdale, but higher than that of 28.9% in all of England.[29][30] Rochdale
Rochdale
has the highest number of Jobseeker's Allowance claimants in Greater Manchester, with 6.1 per cent of its adult population claiming the benefit in early 2010.[31]

Rochdale
Rochdale
compared

2001 UK census Rochdale[32] Rochdale
Rochdale
MB[33] England

Total population 95,796 205,357 49,138,831

White 78.7% 88.6% 91%

Asian 19.9% 9.8% 4.6%

Black 0.3% 0.3% 2.3%

Christian 62.7% 72.1% 71.7%

Muslim 19.1% 9.4% 3.1%

No religion 10.4% 10.8% 14.6%

In 2011, Rochdale
Rochdale
had a population of 107,926 which makes it about the same size as Salford and Stockport. The population increased from 95,796 in 2001. Rochdale
Rochdale
is one of four townships in the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale
Rochdale
along with Middleton, Heywood and Pennine (a township which includes Littleborough and Wardle). Rochdale
Rochdale
is considered an Urban Subdivision by the local borough council.

Rochdale
Rochdale
compared 2011 Rochdale Rochdale
Rochdale
(Borough)

White British 65.2% 78.6%

Asian 27.5% 14.9%

Black 1.5% 1.3%

[34][35] In 2011, 34.8% of Rochdale's population were non white British, compared with 21.4% for the surrounding borough. Rochdale
Rochdale
town also has almost double the percentage of Asians compared with the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale, which had a population of 211,699 in 2011.[34] This means the town takes up almost 55% of the borough's population. Landmarks[edit] See also: List of Scheduled Monuments in Greater Manchester, Grade I listed buildings in Greater Manchester, Grade II* listed buildings in Greater Manchester, and List of public art in Greater Manchester

Rochdale Cenotaph
Rochdale Cenotaph
stands before Rochdale
Rochdale
Town Hall

Rochdale Town Hall
Rochdale Town Hall
is a Victorian era
Victorian era
town hall "widely recognised as being one of the finest municipal buildings in the country".[36] The Grade I listed building is the ceremonial headquarters of Rochdale Metropolitan Borough Council and houses local government departments, including the borough's civil registration office. Built in the Gothic Revival style it was inaugurated on 27 September 1871. The architect, William Henry Crossland, won a competition held in 1864. The town hall had a 240-foot (73 m) clock tower topped by a wooden spire with a gilded statue of Saint George and the Dragon
Saint George and the Dragon
which were destroyed by fire on 10 April 1883. A new 191-foot (58 m) stone clock tower and spire in the style of Manchester
Manchester
Town Hall was designed by Alfred Waterhouse, and erected in 1888. Art critic Nikolaus Pevsner
Nikolaus Pevsner
described the building as possessing a "rare picturesque beauty".[37] Its stained glass windows, some designed by William Morris, are credited as "the finest modern examples of their kind".[36] The building came to the attention of Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
who was said to have admired it so much that he wished to ship the building, brick-by-brick, to Nazi Germany had the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
been defeated in the Second World War.[38][39] Rochdale
Rochdale
Cenotaph, a war memorial bearing four sculpted and painted flags, is opposite the town hall. It commemorates those who died in conflicts since the First World War
First World War
(1914–1918). The monument and surrounding gardens were designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens.[40][41] In Rochdale, is St John the Baptist Catholic Church. It was built in 1927 in Byzantine Revival style
Byzantine Revival style
and is a Grade II listed building.[42] Transport[edit] Public transport
Public transport
in Rochdale
Rochdale
is co-ordinated by the Transport for Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
who own the bus station and coordinate transport services in the area. Road[edit] The earliest routes around Rochdale
Rochdale
were tracks and packhorse routes and a paved track over Blackstone Edge
Blackstone Edge
into Yorkshire
Yorkshire
that had Roman origins.[43] As trade increased the Blacksone Edge turnpike road was built in 1735. The M62 motorway
M62 motorway
to the south of the town is accessed via the A627(M), which starts at Sandbrook Park in Rochdale
Rochdale
and runs to Elk Mill in Chadderton. The A627(M) provides drivers a quick access to the M62 and to Oldham. Rochdale
Rochdale
Canal[edit] The idea for the Rochdale Canal
Rochdale Canal
emerged in 1776, when James Brindley was commissioned to survey possible routes between Sowerby Bridge
Sowerby Bridge
and Manchester. However it was not until 4 April 1794 that an Act of Parliament was obtained. The broad canal which linked the Bridgewater Canal in Manchester
Manchester
with the Aire and Calder Navigation
Aire and Calder Navigation
at Sowerby Bridge became a major artery of commerce between Lancashire
Lancashire
and Yorkshire
Yorkshire
for cotton, wool, coal, limestone, timber, and salt.[44] The canal is fed from Hollingworth Lake. The canal fell into disuse and re-opened in 2003 after years of neglect, including its division by a motorway. Rail and Metrolink[edit]

The Metrolink stop at Rochdale
Rochdale
railway station

Demand from the cross-Pennine trade to support local cotton, wool and silk industries led to the building of the Manchester
Manchester
and Leeds Railway which opened in 1839 from Manchester
Manchester
to Littleborough, and from Normanton to Hebden Bridge
Hebden Bridge
in 1840. The linking section opened on completion of the Summit Tunnel
Summit Tunnel
in 1841. Rochdale railway station
Rochdale railway station
is about a mile south of the town centre. Trains run to Manchester Victoria, Halifax, Dewsbury, Bradford
Bradford
and Leeds. A new service to Burnley
Burnley
and Accrington
Accrington
commenced in 2015. The service to Manchester
Manchester
Victoria on the Oldham
Oldham
Loop line ended in October 2009, in preparation for conversion of the line to an extension of the Metrolink light rail system, renamed as the Oldham and Rochdale
Rochdale
Line. It was deferred in 2004 on grounds of cost but in July 2006 plans were approved for the extension from Manchester Victoria as far as Rochdale
Rochdale
railway station, and opened on 28 February 2013. The extension to Rochdale
Rochdale
town centre, via Drake Street and terminating opposite Rochdale Interchange
Rochdale Interchange
opened on 31 March 2014. Bus[edit] Until 1969, the borough's bus service was provided by the municipal operator Rochdale
Rochdale
Corporation Transport which was merged into the SELNEC Passenger Transport Executive. Rochdale's old bus station closed in November 2013 and was demolished in April 2014 along with the multi-storey car park and municipal offices (known locally as 'The Black Box'), to make way for the new Town Centre East retail and leisure development.[45] The replacement Rochdale Interchange
Rochdale Interchange
is located next to the council office building Number One Riverside
Number One Riverside
and is linked with Rochdale
Rochdale
Town Centre tram stop. There are frequent bus services from Rochdale, operated by First Greater Manchester, to Middleton, Royton, Chadderton, Oldham, Ashton-under-Lyne, Bury
Bury
and Bolton. Frequent services to Manchester city centre are provided by First Greater Manchester's 17 overground service. There are cross-county services into Lancashire
Lancashire
and West Yorkshire, provided by Rosso, who operates to Rawtenstall
Rawtenstall
and Accrington, First West Yorkshire, which operates to Burnley
Burnley
and Halifax, both via Todmorden, while the service to Halifax via Ripponden is operated by Yorkshire
Yorkshire
Tiger. Education[edit] Main article: List of schools in Rochdale Hopwood Hall College
Hopwood Hall College
is a further education college with a campus in Rochdale. It offers vocational courses for school leavers, and courses for adult learners and some higher education. Rochdale Sixth Form College opened in September 2010, and is the primary provider of A-Level
A-Level
courses in Rochdale
Rochdale
and the wider Metropolitan Borough. Most secondary schools in the area do not offer sixth form courses to students any more. Religion[edit] See also: List of churches in Greater Manchester St Chad's Church was the mother church of the ancient ecclesiastical parish and was founded before 1170, possibly on a Saxon
Saxon
site. Much of the current building is the result of late Victorian restoration. A local legend relates that the site was chosen by spirits and fairies as on several occasions stone for the church building was moved from near the river to the hill on which St. Chad's stands. The church is accessed from the town below by a flight of 124 steps.[46] The town stocks (no longer in use) are in the churchyard. Public services[edit]

Scout Moor Wind Farm
Scout Moor Wind Farm
overlooking Rochdale

Home Office
Home Office
policing in Rochdale
Rochdale
is provided by Greater Manchester Police and the Rochdale
Rochdale
Division has headquarters at Town Meadow adjacent to the Magistrates' Court. Statutory emergency fire and rescue service is provided by the Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
Fire and Rescue Service, which has fire stations in Rochdale, Littleborough and Heywood.[47] Emergency healthcare is provided by Pennine Acute Hospitals NHS Trust. The Trust operates four hospitals in the North Manchester
Manchester
area, including the Rochdale
Rochdale
Infirmary for the NHS. Patient transport is provided by the North West Ambulance Service. Rochdale
Rochdale
Infirmary is the only hospital serving the town since the closure of Birch Hill Hospital which occupied the former Rochdale
Rochdale
Union Workhouse
Workhouse
at Dearnley in 2007.[21] New facilities were established at Rochdale Infirmary as part of the town's healthcare restructure. Primary Care services in Rochdale
Rochdale
are provided by the Heywood, Middleton and Rochdale
Rochdale
NHS Primary Care Trust. In 2006 it was announced that Accident & Emergency facilities at Rochdale
Rochdale
Infirmary would be removed by 2011, leaving Oldham
Oldham
and Bury
Bury
as the closest departments serving Rochdale.[48] Confirmation that the unit would close was met with protest locally, including a march through the town centre.[49] Waste management
Waste management
is co-ordinated by the local authority via the Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
Waste Disposal Authority.[50] Rochdale's Distribution Network Operator
Distribution Network Operator
for electricity was United Utilities until 2010, when its electricity subsidiary was sold to Electricity North West. There are no power stations in the town, but Scout Moor Wind Farm
Scout Moor Wind Farm
which has 26 turbines was built on the high moors between Rawtenstall
Rawtenstall
and Rochdale. The wind farm generates 65MW of electricity.[51] United Utilities
United Utilities
manage Rochdale's drinking and waste water.[52] Water supplies are sourced from several reservoirs, including Watergrove, Blackstone Edge, Greenbooth and Piethorne in Rochdale's outlying moorland.[52] Sports[edit] Rochdale
Rochdale
has two professional sports teams, Rochdale A.F.C.
Rochdale A.F.C.
(football) and Rochdale Hornets
Rochdale Hornets
(rugby league), both play home games at the Spotland
Spotland
Stadium. Rochdale
Rochdale
AFC were founded in 1907 and joined the Football League
Football League
in 1921 when the new Football League
Football League
Third Division (north) was created.[53] The club has never played above the third tier of the English league divisional structure, and before its promotion at the end of the 2009/10 season (their first promotion since 1969), had played continuously in the Football League's lowest division since 1974. However, the club reached the Football League
Football League
Cup Final in 1962, and lost to Norwich City. Rochdale Hornets
Rochdale Hornets
is one of the original twenty-two rugby clubs that formed the Northern Rugby Football Union in 1895, making it one of the world's first rugby league teams.[54] The town is also home to non-league football team, Rochdale
Rochdale
Town.[55] and National Conference League amateur rugby league club Rochdale Mayfield. Rochdale
Rochdale
R.U.F.C. play in Bamford. There are two adult amateur football leagues: the Rochdale
Rochdale
Online Alliance League and the Rochdale
Rochdale
and District Sunday Football League.[56] Golf courses around the town include Rochdale
Rochdale
Golf Club and Marland Golf Course at Springfield Park.[57] The town also has a number of cricket clubs, most of which play in the Pennine Cricket League (PCL). Rochdale
Rochdale
Sub-Aqua Club was formed in 1959 and remains active.[58] Speedway racing was staged at the Athletic Grounds in 1928–30 and returned at the start of the 1970s when it provided a home for the British League Division Two Belle Vue Aces
Belle Vue Aces
juniors and Rochdale Hornets. Peter Collins, who won the 1976 World Championship was a Hornets rider.[59] Stuart Smith[60][61] and Doug Cronshaw [62] competed in BriSCA Formula 1 Stock Cars
BriSCA Formula 1 Stock Cars
between 1965 and 1984. Notable people[edit] Main article: List of people from Rochdale The 19th century saw several notable characters. Lancashire
Lancashire
dialect poet Edwin Waugh
Edwin Waugh
(1817–1890) was born and brought up in the town. The aristocrat and poet George Gordon Byron was Lord Byron
Lord Byron
of Rochdale. Rochdale
Rochdale
also has a proud liberal political heritage, as shown by such people as John Bright, one of the first Quakers to sit in the House of Commons; Samuel Bamford, the radical and writer; and Rev. Joseph Cooke, the inspiration behind the Methodist Unitarian movement. In the 20th century, another prominent (if now controversial) political personality was Cyril Smith. Among Rochdale's residents have been several musicians, including singers Gracie Fields, Lisa Stansfield
Lisa Stansfield
(born in Heywood) and Barb Jungr and bands Autechre, Tractor, the Chameleons, the Mock Turtles and the Cassandra Complex. Good Charlotte
Good Charlotte
drummer Dean Butterworth also hails from Rochdale. Broadcasters John Peel, Mark Chapman, Liz and Andy Kershaw
Andy Kershaw
also have links with the town, Peel having lived there for a period of time and the latter three having been born there. Actors Colin Baker, Anna Friel
Anna Friel
and Bill Oddie
Bill Oddie
were born in Rochdale. Don Estelle, who was born and brought up in Crumpsall, lived for much of his life in Rochdale
Rochdale
and was buried there in August 2003.[63] Sajid Javid, the current Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government was born in Rochdale
Rochdale
to British Pakistani
British Pakistani
parents. Other notable residents include businessman and philanthropist Sir Peter Ogden, novelist Nicholas Blincoe, Monica Coghlan, a prostitute caught up in the Jeffrey Archer
Jeffrey Archer
scandal, and the banker Rev. Paul Flowers. Poet John Siddique was brought up in Rochdale
Rochdale
and has referred to the town in several poems. Novelist Anna Jacobs was born in Rochdale. World Series of poker winner Jake Cody
Jake Cody
grew up in Rochdale. The footballer Earl Barrett was born there in April 1967 to Jamaican immigrant parents.[64] Great Britain Olympian Craig Dawson, represented hometown club Rochdale
Rochdale
and Bolton
Bolton
Wanderers at football. See also[edit]

Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
portal

Listed buildings in Rochdale

References[edit] Notes[edit]

^ a b c d e " Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
Gazetteer". Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
County Record Office. Places names – O to R. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2007.  ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Rochdale
Rochdale
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Bibliography[edit]

Nicholls, Robert (2004). Curiosities of Greater Manchester. Sutton Publishing. ISBN 0-7509-3661-4. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rochdale.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Rochdale.

www.rochdale.gov.uk Rochdale
Rochdale
Metropolitan Borough Council website. www.pennineland.co.uk Development Arm of Rochdale
Rochdale
Development Agency (RDA) Uniting Private & Public Sector to support the Regeneration of Rochdale
Rochdale
Borough www.statsandmaps.co.uk Stats and Maps is the Rochdale
Rochdale
Borough statistics and maps website. It is a shared evidence based that provides quick and easy on-line access to data, information, and intelligence about the borough of Rochdale, and aims to meet the needs of the local community, LSP partners, and the general public

v t e

Ceremonial county of Greater Manchester

Greater Manchester
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Statutory City Region

Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
Combined Authority Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
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Metropolitan districts

City of Manchester City of Salford Metropolitan Borough of Bolton Metropolitan Borough of Bury Metropolitan Borough of Oldham Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale Metropolitan Borough of Stockport Metropolitan Borough of Tameside Metropolitan Borough of Trafford Metropolitan Borough of Wigan

Major settlements

Altrincham Ashton-in-Makerfield
Ashton-in-Makerfield
(part) Ashton-under-Lyne Atherton Audenshaw Blackrod Bolton Bredbury Bury Chadderton Clifton Denton Droylsden Dukinfield Eccles Failsworth Farnworth Golborne Heywood Hindley Horwich Hyde Kearsley Leigh Littleborough Manchester Marple Middleton Milnrow Mossley Oldham Partington Pendlebury Prestwich Radcliffe Ramsbottom Rochdale Royton Sale Salford Shaw Stalybridge Standish Stockport Stretford Swinton Tyldesley Urmston Walkden Westhoughton Whitefield Wigan Worsley See also: List of civil parishes in Greater Manchester

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Beal Bollin Croal Dean Brook Douglas Etherow Goyt Irk Irwell Medlock Mersey Roch Spodden Tame Tib Tonge

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 126674

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