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The Info List - Robin Williams


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Robin McLaurin Williams (July 21, 1951 – August 11, 2014) was an American stand-up comedian and television and film actor. Chicago-born, Williams started as a stand-up comedian in San Francisco and Los Angeles
Los Angeles
in the mid-1970s. He is credited with leading San Francisco's comedy renaissance.[5] After rising to fame as an alien called Mork in TV sitcom Mork & Mindy Williams established a career in both stand-up comedy and feature film acting. He was known for his improvisational skills.[6][7] After his first starring film role in Popeye (1980), Williams starred or co-starred in various films that achieved both critical acclaim and financial success, including Good Morning, Vietnam
Good Morning, Vietnam
(1987), Dead Poets Society (1989), Aladdin (1992), The Birdcage
The Birdcage
(1996), and Good Will Hunting (1997). He also starred in widely acclaimed films such as The World According to Garp (1982), Moscow on the Hudson
Moscow on the Hudson
(1984), Awakenings
Awakenings
(1990), The Fisher King
The Fisher King
(1991), One Hour Photo
One Hour Photo
(2002), and World's Greatest Dad
World's Greatest Dad
(2009), as well as box office hits such as Hook (1991), Mrs. Doubtfire
Mrs. Doubtfire
(1993), Jumanji
Jumanji
(1995), and Night at the Museum (2006). Williams won the 1997 Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
for his performance as psychologist Sean Maguire in Good Will Hunting. He also received two Emmy Awards, seven Golden Globe
Golden Globe
Awards, two Screen Actors Guild Awards, and four Grammy Awards throughout his career. On August 11, 2014, Williams committed suicide at his home in Paradise Cay, California at the age of 63,[8] which his wife attributed to his struggle with Lewy body dementia.[9]

Contents

1 Early life

1.1 College and Juilliard School

2 Life

2.1 Stand-up comedy

2.1.1 Early influences 2.1.2 Televised live performances 2.1.3 Hardships in performing stand-up

2.2 Television 2.3 Film actor 2.4 Theatre actor

3 Personal life

3.1 Marriages and children 3.2 Other interests 3.3 Philanthropy 3.4 Addiction and health problems

4 Death

4.1 Tributes

5 Legacy and influence 6 Filmography 7 Awards 8 References

8.1 Footnotes 8.2 Sources

9 Further reading 10 External links

Early life[edit] Williams was born at St. Luke's Hospital[10] in Chicago, Illinois
Illinois
on July 21, 1951.[11] His father, Robert Fitzgerald Williams, was a senior executive in Ford Motor Company's Lincoln-Mercury Division.[12][13] His mother, Laurie McLaurin, was a former model from Jackson, Mississippi. Her paternal great-grandfather was Mississippi senator and governor Anselm J. McLaurin.[14] Williams had two elder half-brothers named Robert and McLaurin.[15][16] He had English, Irish, Scottish, Welsh, German, and French ancestry.[17] While his mother was a practitioner of Christian Science, Williams was raised in the Episcopal Church, to which his father belonged.[18][19] Williams wrote a list: "Top Ten Reasons to be an Episcopalian."[20] During a television interview on Inside the Actors Studio
Inside the Actors Studio
in 2001, Williams credited his mother as being an important early influence for his sense of humor. He also said that he tried to make her laugh to gain attention.[21] Williams attended public elementary school in Lake Forest at Gorton Elementary School (now Gorton Community Center) and middle school at Deer Path Junior High School (now Deer Path Middle School).[22] He described himself as a quiet and shy child who did not overcome his shyness until he became involved with his high school drama department.[23] His friends recall him as being very funny.[22] In late 1963, when Williams was 12, his father was transferred to Detroit. The family lived in a 40-room farmhouse on 20 acres[12] in suburban Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, where he was a student at the private Detroit Country Day School.[22][24] He excelled in school, where he was on the school's soccer team and wrestling team, and was elected as class president.[25] As his father traveled frequently for work and his mother also worked, Williams was attended to by the family's maid, who was his main companion. When Williams was 16, his father took early retirement and the family moved to Tiburon, California.[12][26][27] Following their move, Williams attended Redwood High School in nearby Larkspur. At the time of his graduation in 1969, he was voted "Most Likely Not to Succeed" and "Funniest" by his classmates.[28] College and Juilliard School[edit] After high school graduation, Williams enrolled at Claremont Men's College in Claremont, California
Claremont, California
to study political science; he dropped out to pursue acting.[12][29] Williams studied theatre for three years at the College of Marin, a community college in Kentfield, California. According to College of Marin's drama professor James Dunn, the depth of the young actor's talent first became evident when he was cast in the musical Oliver!
Oliver!
as Fagin. Williams was known to improvise during his time in Marin's drama program, leaving cast members in hysterics.[30] Dunn called his wife after one late rehearsal to tell her that Williams "was going to be something special."[30] In 1973, Williams attained a full scholarship to the Juilliard School (Group 6, 1973–1976) in New York City. He was one of 20 students accepted into the freshman class and one of two students to be accepted by John Houseman
John Houseman
into the Advanced Program at the school that year; the other was Christopher Reeve. William Hurt
William Hurt
and Mandy Patinkin were also classmates.[31][32] According to biographer Jean Dorsinville, Franklyn Seales and Williams were roommates at Juilliard.[33] Reeve remembered his first impression of Williams when they were new students at Juilliard:

He wore tie-dyed shirts with track suit bottoms and talked a mile a minute. I'd never seen so much energy contained in one person. He was like an untied balloon that had been inflated and immediately released. I watched in awe as he virtually caromed off the walls of the classrooms and hallways. To say that he was "on" would be a major understatement.[32]

Williams and Reeve had a class in dialects taught by Edith Skinner, whom Reeve said was one of the world's leading voice and speech teachers. Skinner had no idea what to make of Williams, adds Reeve, as he [Williams] could instantly perform in many dialects, including Scottish, Irish, English, Russian, and Italian. Their primary acting teacher was Michael Kahn, who was "equally baffled by this human dynamo," notes Reeve. Williams already had a reputation for being funny, but Kahn sometimes criticized his antics as simple stand-up comedy. In a later production, Williams silenced his critics with his convincing role of an old man in The Night of the Iguana, by Tennessee Williams. "He simply was the old man," observed Reeve. "I was astonished by his work and very grateful that fate had thrown us together."[32] Williams and Reeve remained close friends until Reeve's death in 2004. Reeve had struggled for years with being quadriplegic after a horse-riding accident.[32]:16 Son Zak Williams remembered their friendship as having been like "brothers from another mother".[34] Williams paid many of Reeve's medical bills and gave financial support to his family.[32][35] Williams left Juilliard[36][37] during his junior year in 1976 at the suggestion of Houseman, who said there was nothing more Juilliard could teach him.[31][38] Gerald Freedman, another of his teachers at Juilliard, notes that Williams was a "genius" and that the school's conservative and classical style of training did not suit him. No one was surprised that he left.[39] Life[edit] Stand-up comedy[edit]

Williams performing stand-up comedy at a USO show on December 20, 2007

After his family moved to Marin County, Williams began his career doing stand-up comedy shows in the San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area in the mid-1970s. His first performance took place at the Holy City Zoo, a comedy club in San Francisco, where he worked his way up from tending bar to getting on stage.[40] In the 1960s, San Francisco
San Francisco
was a center for a rock music renaissance, hippies, drugs, and a sexual revolution, and in the 1970s, Williams helped lead its "comedy renaissance," writes critic Gerald Nachman.[5]:6 Williams says he found out about "drugs and happiness" during that period, adding that he saw "the best brains of my time turned to mud."[31] He moved to Los Angeles
Los Angeles
and continued doing stand-up shows at various clubs, including the Comedy Club, in 1977, where TV producer George Schlatter saw him. Schlatter, realizing that Williams would become an important force in show business, asked him to appear on a revival of his Laugh-In
Laugh-In
show. The show aired in late 1977 and became his debut TV appearance.[31] Williams also performed a show at the LA Improv that same year for Home Box Office.[41] While the Laugh-In
Laugh-In
revival failed, it led Williams into a career in television, during which period he continued doing stand-up at comedy clubs, such as the Roxy, to help him keep his improvisational skills sharp.[31][42] Early influences[edit] Williams has credited other comedians with having influenced and inspired him, including Jonathan Winters, Peter Sellers, Nichols and May, and Lenny Bruce. He attributed their influence to their ability to attract a more intellectual audience by using a higher level of wit.[5]:43 He also liked Jay Leno
Jay Leno
for his quickness in ad-libbing comedy routines and Sid Caesar, whose acts he felt were "precious."[43] Jonathan Winters
Jonathan Winters
became his "idol" early in life; Williams first saw him on television at age 8 and paid him homage in interviews throughout his career.[5]:259[44] Williams was inspired by Winters's ingenuity, realizing, he said, "that anything is possible, that anything is funny. . . He gave me the idea that it can be free-form, that you can go in and out of things pretty easily."[5]:260 During an interview in London
London
in 2002, he told Michael Parkinson that Peter Sellers
Peter Sellers
was an important influence, especially his multi-character roles in Dr. Strangelove, stating, "It doesn't get better than that." British comedy actors Dudley Moore
Dudley Moore
and Peter Cook were also among his influences, he told Parkinson.[45]

Williams performing at a United Service Organizations
United Service Organizations
holiday show held for the Aviano Air Base
Aviano Air Base
community on December 22, 2007

Williams was also influenced by Richard Pryor's fearless ability to talk about his personal life on stage, with subjects including his use of drugs and alcohol, and Williams added those kinds of topics during his own performances. By bringing up such personal matters as a form of comedy, he told Parkinson, it was "cheaper than therapy" and gave him a way to release his pent up energy and emotions.[5]:121 Televised live performances[edit] Williams won a Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for the recording of his 1979 live show at the Copacabana in New York, "Reality...What a Concept". Some of his later tours, after he became a TV and film star, include An Evening With Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(1982–83), Robin Williams: At The Met (1986) and Robin Williams: Live on Broadway (2002). The latter broke many long-held records for a comedy show. In some cases, tickets were sold out within thirty minutes of going on sale.[46] In 1986, Williams released A Night at the Met.[47] After a six-year break, in August 2008, Williams announced a new 26-city tour titled "Weapons of Self-Destruction". He said that this was his last chance to make jokes at the expense of the Bush administration, but by the time the show was staged, only a few minutes covered that subject. The tour started at the end of September 2009 and concluded in New York on December 3, and was the subject of an HBO
HBO
special on December 8, 2009.[citation needed] Hardships in performing stand-up[edit] Williams said that partly due to the stress of performing stand-up he started using drugs and alcohol early in his career. He further said that he never drank or took drugs while on stage but occasionally performed when hungover from the previous day. During the period he was using cocaine, he said that it made him paranoid when performing on stage.[43] Williams once described the life of stand-up comedians:

It's a brutal field, man. They burn out. It takes its toll. Plus, the lifestyle—partying, drinking, drugs. If you're on the road, it's even more brutal. You gotta come back down to mellow your ass out, and then performing takes you back up. They flame out because it comes and goes. Suddenly they're hot, and then somebody else is hot. Sometimes they get very bitter. Sometimes they just give up. Sometimes they have a revival thing and they come back again. Sometimes they snap. The pressure kicks in. You become obsessed and then you lose that focus that you need.[5]:34–35

Some, such as the critic Vincent Canby, were concerned that his monologues were so intense that it seemed as though at any minute his "creative process could reverse into a complete meltdown".[48] His biographer Emily Herbert described his "intense, utterly manic style of stand-up [which sometimes] defies analysis ... [going] beyond energetic, beyond frenetic .. [and sometimes] dangerous ... because of what it said about the creator's own mental state."[48] Williams felt secure he would not run out of ideas as the constant change in world events would keep him supplied.[43] He also explained that he often used free association of ideas while improvising in order to keep the audience interested.[49] He noted that the competitive comedy club atmosphere could cause problems. For example, some comedians accused him of intentionally copying their jokes, although Williams strongly denied ever doing so.[43] Whoopi Goldberg defended him, explaining that it is difficult for comedians not to pick up and reuse another comedian's material, and that it is done "all the time."[50] He later avoided going to performances of other comedians to deter similar accusations.[50] During a Playboy
Playboy
interview in 1992, Williams was asked whether he ever feared losing his balance between his work and his life. He replied, "There's that fear—if I felt like I was becoming not just dull but a rock, that I still couldn't speak, fire off or talk about things, if I'd start to worry or got too afraid to say something ... If I stop trying, I get afraid." While he attributed the recent suicide of novelist Jerzy Kosiński
Jerzy Kosiński
to his fear of losing his creativity and sharpness, Williams felt he could overcome those risks. For that, he credited his father for strengthening his self-confidence, telling him to never be afraid of talking about subjects which were important to him.[43] Television[edit]

Photo of Robin Williams, as printed on the March 12, 1979 cover of Time magazine, and installed in the National Portrait Gallery to commemorate him posthumously.

After the Laugh-In
Laugh-In
revival and appearing in the cast of The Richard Pryor Show on NBC, Williams was cast by Garry Marshall
Garry Marshall
as the alien Mork in a 1978 episode of the TV series Happy Days.[31][51] Williams impressed the producer with his quirky sense of humor when he sat on his head when asked to take a seat for the audition.[52] As Mork, Williams improvised much of his dialogue and physical comedy, speaking in a high, nasal voice. Mork's appearance was so popular with viewers that it led to the spin-off television sitcom Mork & Mindy, which co-starred Pam Dawber, and ran from 1978 to 1982; the show was written to accommodate his extreme improvisations in dialog and behavior. Although he portrayed the same character as in Happy Days, the series was set in the present in Boulder, Colorado
Boulder, Colorado
instead of the late 1950s in Milwaukee. Mork & Mindy at its peak had a weekly audience of 60 million and was credited with turning Williams into a "superstar."[31] According to critic James Poniewozik, the series was especially popular among young people as Williams became a "man and a child, buoyant, rubber-faced, an endless gusher of invention."[53] Mork became an extremely popular character, featured on posters, coloring books, lunch-boxes, and other merchandise.[54] Mork & Mindy was such a success in its first season that Williams appeared on the March 12, 1979, cover of Time magazine.[55][56] The cover photo, taken by Michael Dressler in 1979, is said to have "[captured] his different sides: the funnyman mugging for the camera, and a sweet, more thoughtful pose that appears on a small TV he holds in his hands" according to Mary Forgione of the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times.[57] This photo was installed in the National Portrait Gallery in the Smithsonian Institution shortly after the actor's death to allow visitors to pay their respects.[57] Williams was also on the cover of the August 23, 1979, issue of Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
magazine, with the cover photograph taken by famed photographer Richard Avedon.[58][59] Starting in the late 1970s and throughout the 1980s, Williams began to reach a wider audience with his stand-up comedy, including three HBO comedy specials, Off The Wall (1978), An Evening with Robin Williams (1983) and Robin Williams: Live at the Met (1986). Also in 1986, Williams co-hosted the 58th Academy Awards.[60] Williams was also a regular guest on various talk shows, including The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson[61] and Late Night with David Letterman, on which he appeared 50 times. Letterman, who knew Williams for nearly 40 years, recalls seeing him first perform as a new comedian at the Comedy Store in Hollywood, where Letterman and other comedians had already been doing stand-up. "He came in like a hurricane," said Letterman, who said he then thought to himself, "Holy crap, there goes my chance in show business."[62] His stand-up work was a consistent thread through his career, as seen by the success of his one-man show (and subsequent DVD) Robin Williams: Live on Broadway (2002). He was voted 13th on Comedy Central's list "100 Greatest Stand-ups of All Time" in 2004.[63] Williams and Billy Crystal
Billy Crystal
were in an unscripted cameo at the beginning of an episode of the third season of Friends.[64] His many TV appearances included an episode of Whose Line Is It Anyway?,[65] and he starred in an episode of Law and Order: SVU. In 2010, he appeared in a sketch with Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
on Saturday Night Live, and in 2012, guest-starred as himself in two FX series, Louie and Wilfred.[66] In May 2013, CBS
CBS
started a new series, The Crazy Ones, starring Williams,[67] but the show was canceled after one season.[68] Film actor[edit] See also: Robin Williams
Robin Williams
filmography The first film role credited to Robin Williams
Robin Williams
is a small part in the 1977 low-budget comedy Can I Do It... 'Til I Need Glasses?. His first major performance is as the title character in Popeye (1980). There, Williams showcased the acting skills previously demonstrated in his television work; and the film's commercial disappointment was not blamed upon his role.[69][70] He stars as the leading character in The World According to Garp (1982), which Williams considered "may have lacked a certain madness onscreen, but it had a great core".[40] He continued with other smaller roles in less successful films, such as The Survivors (1983) and Club Paradise
Club Paradise
(1986), though he said these roles did not help advance his film career.[40] His first major break came from his starring role in director Barry Levinson's Good Morning, Vietnam
Good Morning, Vietnam
(1987), which earned Williams a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor.[51] The film is set in 1965 during the Vietnam War, with Williams playing the role of Adrian Cronauer, a radio shock jock who keeps the troops entertained with comedy and sarcasm. Williams was allowed to play the role without a script, improvising most of his lines. Over the microphone, he created voice impressions of people, including Walter Cronkite, Gomer Pyle, Elvis Presley, Mr. Ed, and Richard Nixon.[40] "We just let the cameras roll," said producer Mark Johnson, and Williams "managed to create something new for every single take."[71]

Williams and Yola Czaderska-Hayek at the 62nd Academy Awards
62nd Academy Awards
in 1990

Many of his later roles were in comedies tinged with pathos.[72] His roles in comedy and dramatic films garnered Williams an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor (for his role as a psychologist in Good Will Hunting (1997)),[51] as well as two previous Academy Award nominations (for playing an English teacher in Dead Poets Society
Dead Poets Society
(1989), and for playing a troubled homeless man in The Fisher King
The Fisher King
(1991)).[51] In 1991, he played an adult Peter Pan
Peter Pan
in the film Hook, although he had said that he would have to lose twenty-five pounds.[73] Other roles Williams had in acclaimed dramatic films include Moscow on the Hudson (1984), Awakenings
Awakenings
(1990), What Dreams May Come (1998), and Bicentennial Man (1999).[74] In Insomnia, Williams portrayed a writer / killer on the run from a sleep-deprived Los Angeles
Los Angeles
policeman (played by Al Pacino) in rural Alaska.[75] Also in 2002, in the psychological thriller One Hour Photo, Williams played an emotionally disturbed photo development technician who becomes obsessed with a family for whom he has developed pictures for a long time.[76] The last Williams movie released during his lifetime was The Angriest Man in Brooklyn, a film addressing the value of life. In it, Williams played Henry Altmann, a terminally ill man who reassesses his life and works to redeem himself.[citation needed] Among the actors who helped him during his acting career, he credited Robert De Niro, from whom he learned the power of silence and economy of dialog when acting, to portray the deep-driven man. From Dustin Hoffman, with whom he co-starred in Hook, he learned to take on totally different character types, and to transform his characters by extreme preparation. Mike Medavoy, producer of Hook, told its director, Steven Spielberg, that he intentionally teamed up Hoffman and Williams for the film because he knew they wanted to work together, and that Williams welcomed the opportunity of working with Spielberg.[77] Williams benefited from working with Woody Allen, who directed him and Billy Crystal
Billy Crystal
in Deconstructing Harry
Deconstructing Harry
(1997), as Allen had knowledge of the fact that Crystal and Williams had often performed together on stage.[78] His penetrative acting in the role of a therapist in Good Will Hunting (1997) deeply influenced some real therapists and won Williams an Academy Award.[79] In Awakenings
Awakenings
(1990), Williams played a doctor modeled on Oliver Sacks, who wrote the book on which the film was based. Sacks later said the way the actor's mind worked was a "form of genius." In 1989 Williams played a private school teacher in Dead Poets Society, which included a final, emotional scene which some critics said "inspired a generation" and became a part of pop culture.[80] Looking over most of his filmography, one writer was "struck by the breadth" and radical diversity of most roles Williams portrayed.[81] Terry Gilliam, who co-founded Monty Python
Monty Python
and directed Williams in two of his films, The Fisher King
The Fisher King
and The Adventures of Baron Munchausen (1988), noted in 1992 that Williams had the ability to "go from manic to mad to tender and vulnerable," adding that to him Williams was "the most unique mind on the planet. There's nobody like him out there."[43]

Williams at the Australian premiere of Happy Feet Two
Happy Feet Two
on December 4, 2011

During his career, he starred as a voice actor in several animated films. His voice role as the Genie in the animated, musical fantasy film Aladdin (1992) was written specifically for Williams. The film's directors stated that they took a risk by writing the role, and successfully convinced him to take it.[82] Through approximately 30 hours of tape,[12] Williams was able to improvise much of his dialogue and impersonated dozens of celebrity voices, including Ed Sullivan, Jack Nicholson, Robert De Niro, Groucho Marx, Rodney Dangerfield, William F. Buckley, Peter Lorre, Arnold Schwarzenegger, and Arsenio Hall.[83] At first, Williams refused to take the role since it was a Disney movie, and he did not want the studio profiting by selling toys and novelty items based on the movie. He accepted the role with certain conditions: "I'm doing it basically because I want to be part of this animation tradition. I want something for my children. One deal is, I just don't want to sell anything — as in Burger King, as in toys, as in stuff."[84] The film went on to become one of his most recognized and best loved roles, and was the highest-grossing film of 1992, winning numerous awards, including a Golden Globe
Golden Globe
for Williams; his performance as the Genie led the way for other animated films to incorporate actors with more star power for voice acting roles.[85] Williams continued to provide voices in other animated films, including FernGully: The Last Rainforest (1992), Robots (2005), Happy Feet (2006), and an uncredited vocal performance in Everyone's Hero (2006). He also voiced the holographic Dr. Know character in the live-action film A.I. Artificial Intelligence
A.I. Artificial Intelligence
(2001). He was the voice of The Timekeeper, a former attraction at the Walt Disney World
Walt Disney World
Resort about a time-traveling robot who encounters Jules Verne
Jules Verne
and brings him to the future.[86] In 2006, he starred in The Night Listener, a thriller about a radio show host who realizes that a child with whom he has developed a friendship may or may not exist; that year, he starred in five movies, including Man of the Year,[74] was the Surprise Guest at the Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards[87] and appeared on an episode of Extreme Makeover: Home Edition that aired on January 30, 2006.[88] At the time of his death in 2014, Williams had appeared in four movies not yet released: Night at the Museum: Secret of the Tomb, A Merry Friggin' Christmas, Boulevard and Absolutely Anything.[89] Theatre actor[edit]

Williams performing at the 2008 USO World Gala in Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
on October 1, 2008

Williams appeared opposite Steve Martin
Steve Martin
at Lincoln Center in an off-Broadway production of Waiting for Godot
Waiting for Godot
in 1988.[90][91] He made his Broadway acting debut in Rajiv Joseph's Bengal Tiger at the Baghdad Zoo, which opened at the Richard Rodgers Theatre
Richard Rodgers Theatre
on March 31, 2011.[92] He headlined his own one-man show, Robin Williams: Live on Broadway, that played at the Broadway theatre
Broadway theatre
in July 2002.[93] Personal life[edit] Marriages and children[edit]

Williams and Garces at the 61st Academy Awards
61st Academy Awards
in 1989

Williams married his first wife Valerie Velardi in June 1978, following a live-in relationship with comedian Elayne Boosler.[94] Velardi and Williams met in 1976 while he was working as a bartender at a tavern in San Francisco. Their son Zachary Pym "Zak" Williams was born in 1983.[95] Williams and Velardi divorced in 1988.[96] On April 30, 1989, he married Marsha Garces, Zachary's nanny, who was pregnant with his child. They had two children, Zelda Rae Williams (born 1989) and Cody Alan Williams (born 1991). In March 2008, Garces filed for divorce from Williams, citing irreconcilable differences.[97][98] Their divorce was finalized in 2010.[99] Williams married his third wife, graphic designer Susan Schneider, on October 22, 2011, in St. Helena, California.[100] The two lived at their house in Sea Cliff, San Francisco, California.[97] Williams stated, "My children give me a great sense of wonder. Just to see them develop into these extraordinary human beings."[101] Other interests[edit]

Williams speaking at the 2008 BBC
BBC
World Debate

Williams was a member of the Episcopal Church (United States).[102] He described his denomination in a comedy routine as "Catholic Lite—same rituals, half the guilt."[103] He has also described himself as an "honorary Jew,"[104] and on Israel's 60th Independence Day in 2008, he appeared in Times Square, along with several other celebrities to wish Israel
Israel
a happy birthday.[105] Williams was an enthusiast of both pen-and-paper role-playing games and video games.[106][107][108] His daughter Zelda was named after the title character from The Legend of Zelda, a family favorite video game series, and he sometimes performed at consumer entertainment trade shows.[109][110][111] His favorite books were the Foundation trilogy by Isaac Asimov,[112] with his favorite book as a child being The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe, which he later shared with his children.[113] Williams became a devoted cycling enthusiast, having taken up the sport partly as a substitute for drugs. Eventually, he accumulated a large bicycle collection of his own and became a fan of professional road cycling, often traveling to racing events, such as the Tour de France.[114][115] In 2016, his children donated 87 of his bicycles in support of the Challenged Athletes Foundation and Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation.[116] Philanthropy[edit] In 1986, Williams teamed up with Whoopi Goldberg
Whoopi Goldberg
and Billy Crystal
Billy Crystal
to found Comic Relief USA. This annual HBO
HBO
television benefit devoted to the homeless has raised $80 million as of 2014[update].[117] Bob Zmuda, creator of Comic Relief, explains that Williams felt blessed because he came from a wealthy home, but wanted to do something to help those less fortunate.[118] Williams made benefit appearances to support literacy and women's rights, along with appearing at benefits for veterans. He was a regular on the USO circuit, where he traveled to 13 countries and performed to approximately 100,000 troops.[119] After his death, the USO thanked him "for all he did for the men and women of our armed forces."[120] Williams and his second wife Marsha founded a philanthropic organization called the Windfall Foundation to raise money for many charities. In December 1999, he sang in French on the BBC-inspired music video of international celebrities doing a cover of The Rolling Stones single "It's Only Rock 'n Roll (But I Like It)" for the charity Children's Promise.[121] In response to the 2010 Canterbury earthquake, he donated all proceeds of his "Weapons of Self Destruction" Christchurch performance to help rebuild the New Zealand
New Zealand
city. Half the proceeds were donated to the Red Cross and half to the mayoral building fund.[122] Williams performed with the USO for U.S. troops stationed in Iraq
Iraq
and Afghanistan.[123]

Williams performing at an all-hands gathering at Naval Support Activity Bahrain on December 19, 2003.

For several years, Williams supported St. Jude Children's Research Hospital.[124] Addiction and health problems[edit] During the late 1970s and early 1980s, Williams had an addiction to cocaine.[51][125] He was a casual friend of John Belushi,[43] and the sudden death of Belushi in 1982 due to a drug overdose which happened the morning after the two had partied together, along with the birth of his own son Zak, prompted him to quit drugs and alcohol: "Was it a wake-up call? Oh yeah, on a huge level. The grand jury helped, too."[51] Williams later referring to this event said, "It sobered the shit out of me."[126] Williams turned to exercise and cycling to help alleviate his depression shortly after Belushi's death; according to bicycle shop owner Tony Tom, Williams said, "cycling saved my life."[127][128][129] In 2003, Williams started drinking alcohol again while working on a film in Alaska.[125] In 2006, he checked himself in to a substance-abuse rehabilitation center in Newberg, Oregon, saying he was an alcoholic.[130][131] Years afterward, Williams acknowledged his failure to maintain sobriety, but said he never returned to using cocaine, declaring in a 2010 interview:

No. Cocaine
Cocaine
– paranoid and impotent, what fun. There was no bit of me thinking, ooh, let's go back to that. Useless conversations until midnight, waking up at dawn feeling like a vampire on a day pass. No.[125]

In March 2009, he was hospitalized due to heart problems. He postponed his one-man tour for surgery to replace his aortic valve.[132][133] The surgery was completed on March 13, 2009, at the Cleveland Clinic.[134] In mid–2014, Williams admitted himself into the Hazelden Foundation Addiction Treatment Center in Lindstrom, Minnesota
Lindstrom, Minnesota
for treatment for alcoholism.[135] His publicist Mara Buxbaum commented that he was suffering from severe depression prior to his death.[136] His wife Susan Schneider stated that in the period before his death, Williams had been sober, but was diagnosed with early stage Parkinson's disease, which was information he was "not yet ready to share publicly."[137][138] An autopsy revealed that Williams had been suffering from Lewy body dementia, which had been misdiagnosed as Parkinson's. This may have contributed to his depression.[137][139][140] In an essay published in the journal Neurology two years after his death, Susan Schneider revealed that the pathology of Lewy body dementia in Williams was described by several doctors as among the worst pathologies they had seen. She described the early symptoms of his disease as beginning in October 2013. It included a sudden and prolonged spike in fear and anxiety, constipation, urinary difficulty, heartburn, sleeplessness and insomnia, a poor sense of smell, stress, and a slight tremor in his left hand. Eventually, she said, he suffered from paranoia, delusions, severe insomnia, memory loss, and high cortisol levels, indicating stress. According to Schneider, "Robin was losing his mind and he was aware of it ... He kept saying, 'I just want to reboot my brain.'"[9] Death[edit] On August 11, 2014, Williams died by suicide at his home in Paradise Cay, California.[8] In the initial report released on August 12, the Marin County
Marin County
Sheriff's Office deputy coroner stated Williams had hanged himself with a belt and died from asphyxiation.[141][142][143] The final autopsy report, released in November 2014, affirmed that Williams had committed suicide as initially described; neither alcohol nor illegal drugs were involved, while all prescription drugs present in his body were at "therapeutic" levels. The report also noted that Williams had been suffering "a recent increase in paranoia".[144] An examination of his brain tissue revealed the presence of "diffuse Lewy body dementia", which had been misdiagnosed as Parkinson's disease.[139] Describing the disease as "the terrorist inside my husband's brain", his wife Susan Schneider stated, "however you look at it—the presence of Lewy bodies took his life," referring to his previous diagnosis of Parkinson's.[9] His body was cremated and his ashes were scattered in San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
on August 12.[145][146] Tributes[edit]

One of several fan-made tributes to Williams, this at the steps of the San Francisco
San Francisco
Pacific Heights
Pacific Heights
home used for Mrs. Doubtfire

Williams's death instantly became global news. The entertainment world, friends, and fans responded to his death through social and other media outlets.[147] His wife, Susan Schneider, said: "I lost my husband and my best friend, while the world lost one of its most beloved artists and beautiful human beings. I am utterly heartbroken."[148] His daughter Zelda Williams
Zelda Williams
responded to his death by stating that the "world is forever a little darker, less colorful and less full of laughter in his absence".[149] U.S. President Barack Obama said of Williams: "He was one of a kind. He arrived in our lives as an alien – but he ended up touching every element of the human spirit."[150][151] In honor of his theater work, the lights of Broadway were dimmed for the evening of August 14, 2014.[152] That night, the cast of the Aladdin musical honored Williams by having the audience join them in a sing-along of "Friend Like Me", an Oscar-nominated song originally sung by Williams in the 1992 film Aladdin.[153] Fans of Williams created makeshift memorials at his star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame[154] and at locations from his television and film career, such as the bench in Boston's Public Garden featured in Good Will Hunting;[155] the Pacific Heights, San Francisco, home used in Mrs. Doubtfire;[156] the sign for Parrish Shoes in Keene, New Hampshire, where parts of Jumanji
Jumanji
were filmed;[157] and the Boulder, Colorado, home used for Mork & Mindy.[158] A book biography was reportedly in development, to be written by New York Times writer David Itzkoff.[159] In addition, a tunnel on Highway 101 north of the Golden Gate Bridge was officially named the " Robin Williams
Robin Williams
Tunnel" on February 29, 2016.[160] On television, during the 66th Primetime Emmy Awards
66th Primetime Emmy Awards
on August 25, 2014, Billy Crystal
Billy Crystal
presented a tribute to Williams, referring to him as "the brightest star in our comedy galaxy".[161][162] On September 9, 2014, PBS
PBS
aired a one-hour special devoted to his career,[163] and on September 27, 2014, dozens of leading stars and celebrities held a tribute in San Francisco
San Francisco
to celebrate his life and career.[164] From the 2015 album The Book of Souls, Iron Maiden
Iron Maiden
dedicated a song titled "Tears of a Clown" to him because of his depression and suicide.[165] Shortly after his death, Disney Channel, Disney XD, and Disney Junior all aired the original Aladdin commercial-free over the course of a week, with a dedicated drawing of the genie at the end of each airing before the credits.[166] On social media in August 2014, several fans paid tribute to Williams with photo and video reenactments of the 1989 film Dead Poets Society's "O Captain! My Captain!" scene.[167][168]

Legacy and influence[edit]

The star of Robin Williams
Robin Williams
on the Hollywood Walk of Fame

You can't look at any modern comic and say, 'That's the descendant of Robin Williams', because it's not possible to be a Robin Williams rip-off. ... He raised the bar for what it's possible to do, and made an enormous amount of us want to be comedians."

Judd Apatow[169]

Although Williams was first recognized as a stand-up comedian and television star, he later became known for acting in film roles of substance and serious drama. He was considered a "national treasure" by many in the entertainment industry and by the public.[43][170] His on-stage energy and improvisational skill became a model for a new generation of stand-up comedians. Many comedians valued the way he worked highly personal issues into his comedy routines, especially his honesty about drug and alcohol addiction, along with depression.[171] According to media scholar Derek A. Burrill, because of the openness with which Williams spoke about his own life, "probably the most important contribution he made to pop culture, across so many different media, was as Robin Williams
Robin Williams
the person."[171] Williams created a signature free-form persona in comedy, in a style that was so widely and uniquely identified with him, that new comedians imitated Williams personally. Jim Carrey
Jim Carrey
impersonated his Mork character early in his own career.[172] This high-spirited persona has been generally credited with paving the way for the growing comedy scene which developed in San Francisco. Young comedians felt more liberated on stage by seeing his spontaneously diverse range: "one moment acting as a bright, mischievous child, then as a wise philosopher or alien from outer space."[173] According to Judd Apatow, the eclectic performer's rapid-fire improvisational style was an inspiration as well as an influence for other comedians, but that his talent was so extremely unusual that no one else could possibly attempt to copy it.[169] His film performances often influenced other actors, both in and out of the film industry. Director Chris Columbus, who directed Williams in Mrs. Doubtfire, says that watching him work "was a magical and special privilege. His performances were unlike anything any of us had ever seen, they came from some spiritual and otherworldly place."[174] Looking over most of his filmography, Alyssa Rosenberg at The Washington Post was "struck by the breadth" and radical diversity of most of his roles, writing that "Williams helped us grow up."[81] Janet Hirshenson later revealed in an interview that Robin Williams had expressed interest in portraying Rubeus Hagrid
Rubeus Hagrid
in the Harry Potter films, but was rejected by Chris Columbus due to the "British-only edict."[175] Filmography[edit] Main article: Robin Williams
Robin Williams
filmography Awards[edit] Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Robin Williams Won:

1978 – Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Actor – Television Series Musical or Comedy, Mork & Mindy[176] 1980 – Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Actor – Television Series Musical or Comedy, Mork & Mindy[177] 1980 – Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Comedy Album, Reality... What a Concept[177] 1987 – Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy, Good Morning, Vietnam[176] 1987 – Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Comedy Album, A Night at the Met[177] 1987 – Emmy Award: Outstanding Individual Performance In A Variety Or Music Program, " Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
Special: Carol, Carl, Whoopi & Robin"[176][178] 1988 – Emmy Award: Outstanding Individual Performance In A Variety Or Music Program, "ABC Presents a Royal Gala"[176][178] 1989 – Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Comedy Album, Good Morning Vietnam[177] 1991 – Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy, The Fisher King[176] 1992 – Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
Special
Special
Achievement, Aladdin[179] 1993 – Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy, Mrs. Doubtfire[176] 1996 – Screen Actors Guild Award
Screen Actors Guild Award
for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture, The Birdcage[180] 1997 – Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, Good Will Hunting[176] 1997 – Screen Actors Guild Award
Screen Actors Guild Award
for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Supporting Role, Good Will Hunting[180] 2003 – Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Comedy Album, Robin Williams
Robin Williams
Live - 2002[177] 2005 – Golden Globe
Golden Globe
Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
Award[181]

References[edit] Footnotes[edit]

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Rolling Stone
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Jim Carrey
and Robin Williams, among others, dead at 87". National Post. April 12, 2013. Archived from the original on August 13, 2014. Retrieved August 13, 2014.  ^ Williams, Robin (November 14, 2006). "Late Night with Conan O'Brien" (Interview). Interview with Conan O'Brien. Retrieved August 12, 2014.  ^ a b c Williams, Robin. "Robin Williams, Parkinson interview 2002" (Interview). Interview with Michael Parkinson. Retrieved August 12, 2014.  ^ a b c d e f g Nachman, Gerald. Seriously Funny: The Rebel Comedians of the 1950s and 1960s, Pantheon, N.Y. (2003) ^ Kahn, Mattie (August 12, 2014). "When Norm Macdonald Met Robin Williams - 'The Funniest Man in The World'". ABC News. Archived from the original on 2014-08-13. Retrieved 2014-10-19.  ^ Raab, Lauren; Parker, Ryan; Loomis, Nicky (August 11, 2014). "Robin Williams, 'funniest man alive,' dead at 63". The Bradenton Herald. Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on October 20, 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-19.  ^ a b Martin, Nick (August 13, 2014). " San Francisco
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Neighbours Mourn Robin Williams". Sky News. Archived from the original on August 13, 2014. Retrieved August 13, 2014.  ^ a b c Schneider Williams, Susan (September 27, 2016). "The terrorist inside my husband's brain". Neurology. 87 (13): 1308–1311. doi:10.1212/WNL.0000000000003162. Retrieved October 1, 2016.  ^ " Chicago
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Scrapbook also gives a birth year as 1952, as does Encyclopædia Britannica. Williams refers to himself as being "55" in an interview published July 4, 2007. Monk, Katherine (July 4, 2007). "Marriage 101 with Robin Williams". Canada.com.  He also verifies his date of birth as July 21, 1951 in a fansite interview: Stuurman, Linda. RWF talks with Robin Williams: Proost!, May 25, 2008. ^ a b c d e Kornbluth, Jesse (November 22, 1993). "Robin Williams' Change Of Life: Fighting For His Family In His New Film, 'Mrs. Doubtfire,' And In Real Life". New York Magazine. K-III Magazine Corporation. pp. 34–41. Retrieved August 20, 2014.  ^ Shipman, Robert (August 13, 2014). "Genealogy buffs find Williams' roots in Evansville". Washington Times. Archived from the original on August 14, 2014. Retrieved August 15, 2014.  ^ Rubenstein, Steve (September 8, 2001). "Laurie Williams – comedian's mother". San Francisco
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Raised $80 Million For Homeless". blackenterprise.com. Retrieved October 24, 2014.  ^ Finn, Natalie (August 12, 2014). " Billy Crystal
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News Online. December 10, 1999.  ^ Greenhill, Marc (November 16, 2010). "Robin Williams' quake donation". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved August 11, 2014.  ^ Bronstein, Phil (February 9, 2005). "Good Morning, Iraq". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved September 4, 2009.  ^ "Celebrity Involvement at St. Jude". St. Jude. Retrieved July 7, 2012.  ^ a b c Aitkenhead, Decca (September 20, 2010). "Robin Williams: 'I was shameful, did stuff that caused disgust – that's hard to recover from'". The Guardian. Retrieved August 12, 2014.  ^ "Sundance 2018: Five Revelations From New Robin Williams Documentary". 21 January 2018.  ^ "(video) Robin Williams
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Comes Clean on 'GMA'". ABC News. October 2, 2006. Retrieved August 29, 2010.  ^ Duke, Alan (March 4, 2009). "Robin Williams, short of breath, takes a break". CNN. Retrieved August 12, 2014.  ^ " Robin Williams
Robin Williams
to undergo heart surgery". Today. Associated Press. March 5, 2009. Retrieved October 29, 2014.  ^ Jones, Kenneth."Robin Williams' Spring Broadway Bow Postponed Due to Heart Surgery" Archived March 9, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., playbill.com, March 5, 2009 ^ "Robin Williams' heart surgery goes 'extremely well'". CNN. March 23, 2009. Archived from the original on October 30, 2014. Retrieved May 22, 2010.  ^ Errico, Marcus (August 11, 2014). " Robin Williams
Robin Williams
Dead of Apparent Suicide
Suicide
at 63". Yahoo!. Retrieved August 12, 2014.  ^ Duke, Alan (August 12, 2014). " Robin Williams
Robin Williams
dead; family, friends and fans are 'totally devastated'". CNN. Retrieved August 16, 2014.  ^ a b " Robin Williams
Robin Williams
'had Parkinson's'". BBC
BBC
News. August 14, 2014. Retrieved August 14, 2014.  ^ Ryder, Taryn (August 15, 2014). "Wife: Robin Williams
Robin Williams
Had Parkinson's Disease, His Sobriety Intact Before Death". Yahoo!. Archived from the original on August 16, 2014. Retrieved August 15, 2014.  ^ a b " Robin Williams
Robin Williams
coroner's report finds no illegal drugs or alcohol in system". New York Daily News. Retrieved November 11, 2014.  ^ Cooper, Marta (October 2, 2016). " Robin Williams
Robin Williams
suffered from a common form of dementia that many people don't know about". Qz.com. Retrieved October 6, 2016.  ^ Itzkoff, Dave; Fitzsimmons, Emma G.; Weber, Bruce (August 11, 2014). "Robin Williams, Oscar-Winning Comedian, Dies at 63". The New York Times. Retrieved August 11, 2014.  ^ Nordyke, Kimberly; Byrge, Duane (August 11, 2014). "Robin Williams Dies of Suspected Suicide". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved August 11, 2014.  ^ Messer, Lesley (August 12, 2014). " Robin Williams
Robin Williams
Died in an Apparent Suicide
Suicide
by Hanging". ABC News.  ^ Stucker, Matthew (November 7, 2014). "Robin Williams' death ruled suicide". CNN. Retrieved November 7, 2014.  ^ Ford, Dana (August 21, 2014). "Robin Williams' ashes scattered in San Francisco
San Francisco
Bay". CNN. Retrieved August 21, 2014.  ^ "Death Certificate Indicates Robin Williams
Robin Williams
Cremated, Ashes Scattered In San Francisco
San Francisco
Bay". sanfrancisco.cbslocal.com. August 21, 2014. Retrieved September 16, 2014.  ^ Derschowitz, Jessica (August 12, 2014). " Robin Williams
Robin Williams
tributes pour in from Hollywood". CBS
CBS
News. Retrieved October 29, 2014.  ^ "Beloved Comic, Actor Robin Williams
Robin Williams
Dead at 63". NBC. August 12, 2014. Retrieved October 29, 2014.  ^ "Robin Williams' Family: 'The World is Forever a Little Darker'". Variety. August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 12, 2014.  ^ Alman, Ashley (August 11, 2014). "Obama Responds To Robin Williams' Death: 'He Was One Of A Kind'". Huffington Post. Archived from the original on October 30, 2014. Retrieved October 29, 2014.  ^ " Barack Obama
Barack Obama
Calls Actor Robin Williams
Robin Williams
'One of a Kind'". NBC
NBC
News. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 17, 2014.  ^ " Robin Williams
Robin Williams
honored on Broadway with dimmed lights, 'Aladdin' tribute". NBC
NBC
News. Retrieved January 28, 2018.  ^ Simakis, Andrea (August 14, 2014). "Broadway's 'Aladdin' cast honors Robin Williams
Robin Williams
with song". Cleveland.com. The Plain Dealer. Retrieved October 29, 2014.  ^ "Fans mourn Robin Williams
Robin Williams
at Hollywood Walk of Fame
Hollywood Walk of Fame
star, autopsy pending". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Daily News. City News Service. August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 16, 2014.  ^ MacQuarrie, Brian; Crimaldi, Laura (August 12, 2014). "Boston fans remember Robin Williams". The Boston Globe. Retrieved August 15, 2014.  ^ Rocha, Veronica (August 13, 2014). " Robin Williams
Robin Williams
memorial grows outside 'Mrs. Doubtfire' house". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Retrieved August 16, 2014.  ^ "Keene theater to host free 'Jumanji' screening after star's death". August 15, 2014. Retrieved March 19, 2018.  ^ Bacle, Ariana (August 12, 2014). "Fans remember Robin Williams
Robin Williams
at 'Mork and Mindy' house". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 15, 2014.  ^ " Robin Williams
Robin Williams
Bio in the Works", The Hollywood Reporter, Aug. 27, 2014 ^ " Robin Williams
Robin Williams
tunnel officially gets new signs". sfgate.com. Retrieved January 2, 2017.  ^ " Billy Crystal
Billy Crystal
Emmys Tribute to Robin Williams
Robin Williams
Expected to Honor Humor", Guardianlv, August 22, 2014 ^ Sacks, Ethan (August 25, 2014). "Emmys 2014: Robin Williams
Robin Williams
given emotional tribute by good friend Billy Crystal". New York Daily News. Retrieved August 26, 2014.  ^ " Robin Williams
Robin Williams
Tribute Special
Special
to Air on PBS", Variety, Sept. 2, 2014 ^ "Robin Williams' Life Celebrated at San Francisco
San Francisco
Tribute Attended by Family, Industry Friends", The Hollywood Reporter, Sept. 27, 2014 ^ Morgan Britton, Luke (24 August 2015). " Iron Maiden
Iron Maiden
dedicate new song 'Tears Of A Clown' to Robin Williams". NME. Retrieved 24 August 2015.  ^ Disney Networks to Air 'Aladdin' in Honor of Robin Williams, The Hollywood Reporter, Aug. 14, 2014 ^ "'#O Captain, My Captain': Robin Williams' fans take over social media with tributes and memorials dedicated to the legendary comic". Retrieved 2014-11-15.  ^ " Robin Williams
Robin Williams
death: Jimmy Fallon fights tears, pays tribute with 'Oh Captain, My Captain'". Retrieved 2014-11-15.  ^ a b Browne, David (September 11, 2014). "Robin Williams, 1951-2014". Rolling Stone: 38–47. Retrieved August 26, 2016.  ^ "Glenn Close on Friend and Colleague: ' Robin Williams
Robin Williams
Was a World Treasure'" Archived May 25, 2017, at the Wayback Machine., Showbiz411, August 13, 2014 ^ a b "Robin Williams: His unscripted riffs were not merely funny, but observant",(+video), Christian Science
Christian Science
Monitor, August 12, 2014 ^ " Jim Carrey
Jim Carrey
Impersonates Robin Williams" on YouTube ^ Rappoport, Leon. Punchlines: The Case for Racial, Ethnic, and Gender Humor, Greenwood Publishing (2005) p. 136 ^ "Valley native Chris Columbus speaks about life with Robin Williams". vindy.com. August 13, 2014. Retrieved October 24, 2014.  ^ "'He really wanted to be in the movie'".  ^ a b c d e f g "Did Robin Williams
Robin Williams
Ever Win an Emmy? Of Course He Did — He Was Ridiculously Talented, After All", Bustle, August 2014 ^ a b c d e " Robin Williams
Robin Williams
Dies", Grammy.com, August 11, 2014 ^ a b Robin Williams
Robin Williams
Emmys, Emmys ^ "Aladdin". Golden Globe
Golden Globe
Awards. Retrieved March 7, 2017.  ^ a b "SAG-AFTRA Statement on the Loss of Robin Williams", SAG-AFTRA, August 11, 2014 ^ "Emmy Awards Remember Robin Williams", Guardianlv, August 27, 2014

Sources[edit]

David, Jay (1999). The Life and Humor of Robin Williams: A Biography. New York: Quill. ISBN 978-0-688-15245-1.  Dougan, Andy (1999). Robin Williams: A Biography. Thunder's Mouth Press. ISBN 978-1-56025-213-9.  Spignesi, Stephen J. (1997). The Robin Williams
Robin Williams
Scrapbook. S ecaucus, NJ: Carol Pub. ISBN 978-0-8065-1891-6. 

Further reading[edit]

"The Life and Death of Robin Williams". ABC News. 2020. August 12, 2014.  Travers, Peter. "Peter Travers on 9 of His Favorite Robin Williams Performances – Rolling Stone's film critic weighs in on the late actor and comedian's best work". Rolling Stone.  Weisman, Aly (August 13, 2014). " Robin Williams
Robin Williams
set up a 3-part trust fund for his kids amid money troubles before death". Business Insider. 

External links[edit]

Find more aboutRobin Williamsat's sister projects

Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote

Robin Williams
Robin Williams
at Find a Grave Robin Williams
Robin Williams
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Robin Williams
Robin Williams
on IMDb Robin Williams
Robin Williams
at the TCM Movie Database

Awards for Robin Williams

v t e

Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor

1936–1950

Walter Brennan
Walter Brennan
(1936) Joseph Schildkraut
Joseph Schildkraut
(1937) Walter Brennan
Walter Brennan
(1938) Thomas Mitchell (1939) Walter Brennan
Walter Brennan
(1940) Donald Crisp
Donald Crisp
(1941) Van Heflin
Van Heflin
(1942) Charles Coburn
Charles Coburn
(1943) Barry Fitzgerald
Barry Fitzgerald
(1944) James Dunn (1945) Harold Russell
Harold Russell
(1946) Edmund Gwenn
Edmund Gwenn
(1947) Walter Huston
Walter Huston
(1948) Dean Jagger
Dean Jagger
(1949) George Sanders
George Sanders
(1950)

1951–1975

Karl Malden
Karl Malden
(1951) Anthony Quinn
Anthony Quinn
(1952) Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1953) Edmond O'Brien
Edmond O'Brien
(1954) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1955) Anthony Quinn
Anthony Quinn
(1956) Red Buttons
Red Buttons
(1957) Burl Ives
Burl Ives
(1958) Hugh Griffith
Hugh Griffith
(1959) Peter Ustinov
Peter Ustinov
(1960) George Chakiris
George Chakiris
(1961) Ed Begley
Ed Begley
(1962) Melvyn Douglas
Melvyn Douglas
(1963) Peter Ustinov
Peter Ustinov
(1964) Martin Balsam
Martin Balsam
(1965) Walter Matthau
Walter Matthau
(1966) George Kennedy
George Kennedy
(1967) Jack Albertson
Jack Albertson
(1968) Gig Young
Gig Young
(1969) John Mills
John Mills
(1970) Ben Johnson (1971) Joel Grey
Joel Grey
(1972) John Houseman
John Houseman
(1973) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(1974) George Burns
George Burns
(1975)

1976–2000

Jason Robards
Jason Robards
(1976) Jason Robards
Jason Robards
(1977) Christopher Walken
Christopher Walken
(1978) Melvyn Douglas
Melvyn Douglas
(1979) Timothy Hutton
Timothy Hutton
(1980) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1981) Louis Gossett Jr.
Louis Gossett Jr.
(1982) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1983) Haing S. Ngor
Haing S. Ngor
(1984) Don Ameche
Don Ameche
(1985) Michael Caine
Michael Caine
(1986) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1987) Kevin Kline
Kevin Kline
(1988) Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(1989) Joe Pesci
Joe Pesci
(1990) Jack Palance
Jack Palance
(1991) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(1992) Tommy Lee Jones
Tommy Lee Jones
(1993) Martin Landau
Martin Landau
(1994) Kevin Spacey
Kevin Spacey
(1995) Cuba Gooding Jr.
Cuba Gooding Jr.
(1996) Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(1997) James Coburn
James Coburn
(1998) Michael Caine
Michael Caine
(1999) Benicio del Toro
Benicio del Toro
(2000)

2001–present

Jim Broadbent
Jim Broadbent
(2001) Chris Cooper
Chris Cooper
(2002) Tim Robbins
Tim Robbins
(2003) Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(2004) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2005) Alan Arkin
Alan Arkin
(2006) Javier Bardem
Javier Bardem
(2007) Heath Ledger
Heath Ledger
(2008) Christoph Waltz
Christoph Waltz
(2009) Christian Bale
Christian Bale
(2010) Christopher Plummer
Christopher Plummer
(2011) Christoph Waltz
Christoph Waltz
(2012) Jared Leto
Jared Leto
(2013) J. K. Simmons
J. K. Simmons
(2014) Mark Rylance
Mark Rylance
(2015) Mahershala Ali
Mahershala Ali
(2016) Sam Rockwell
Sam Rockwell
(2017)

v t e

Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
Award

Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
(1952) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1953) Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1954) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
(1955) Jack L. Warner
Jack L. Warner
(1956) Mervyn LeRoy
Mervyn LeRoy
(1957) Buddy Adler (1958) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1959) Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
(1960) Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1961) Judy Garland
Judy Garland
(1962) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1963) Joseph E. Levine
Joseph E. Levine
(1964) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1965) John Wayne
John Wayne
(1966) Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
(1967) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1968) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1969) Joan Crawford
Joan Crawford
(1970) Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1971) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1972) Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
(1973) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1974) Hal B. Wallis
Hal B. Wallis
(1975) Walter Mirisch (1977) Red Skelton
Red Skelton
(1978) Lucille Ball
Lucille Ball
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
(1981) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(1982) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1983) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1984) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1985) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1986) Anthony Quinn
Anthony Quinn
(1987) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1988) Doris Day
Doris Day
(1989) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1990) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1991) Robert Mitchum
Robert Mitchum
(1992) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1993) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1994) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1995) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1996) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1997) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1998) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1999) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(2000) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(2001) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2002) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(2003) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2004) Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(2005) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(2006) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2007) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2009) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2010) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2011) Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(2012) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(2013) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(2014) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2015) Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(2016) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2017) Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey
(2018)

v t e

Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Individual Performance in a Variety or Music Program

Perry Como
Perry Como
/ Dinah Shore
Dinah Shore
(1959) Harry Belafonte
Harry Belafonte
(1960) Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1961) Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
(1962) Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
(1963) Danny Kaye
Danny Kaye
(1964) Art Carney
Art Carney
(1967) Art Carney
Art Carney
/ Pat Paulsen
Pat Paulsen
(1968) Arte Johnson
Arte Johnson
/ Harvey Korman
Harvey Korman
(1969) Harvey Korman
Harvey Korman
(1971) Harvey Korman
Harvey Korman
(1972) Tim Conway
Tim Conway
(1973) Harvey Korman
Harvey Korman
/ Brenda Vaccaro
Brenda Vaccaro
(1974) Jack Albertson
Jack Albertson
/ Cloris Leachman
Cloris Leachman
(1975) Chevy Chase
Chevy Chase
/ Vicki Lawrence
Vicki Lawrence
(1976) Tim Conway
Tim Conway
/ Rita Moreno
Rita Moreno
(1977) Tim Conway
Tim Conway
/ Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
(1978) Sarah Vaughan
Sarah Vaughan
(1981) Nell Carter
Nell Carter
/ André De Shields
André De Shields
(1982) Leontyne Price
Leontyne Price
(1983) Cloris Leachman
Cloris Leachman
(1984) George Hearn (1985) Whitney Houston
Whitney Houston
(1986) Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(1987) Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(1988) Linda Ronstadt
Linda Ronstadt
(1989) Tracey Ullman
Tracey Ullman
(1990) Billy Crystal
Billy Crystal
(1991) Bette Midler
Bette Midler
(1992) Dana Carvey (1993) Tracey Ullman
Tracey Ullman
(1994) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1995) Tony Bennett
Tony Bennett
(1996) Bette Midler
Bette Midler
(1997) Billy Crystal
Billy Crystal
(1998) John Leguizamo
John Leguizamo
(1999) Eddie Izzard
Eddie Izzard
(2000) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(2001) Sting (2002) Wayne Brady
Wayne Brady
(2003) Elaine Stritch
Elaine Stritch
(2004) Hugh Jackman
Hugh Jackman
(2005) Barry Manilow
Barry Manilow
(2006) Tony Bennett
Tony Bennett
(2007) Don Rickles
Don Rickles
(2008)

v t e

Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy

1950–1975

Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1950) Danny Kaye
Danny Kaye
(1951) Donald O'Connor
Donald O'Connor
(1952) David Niven
David Niven
(1953) James Mason
James Mason
(1954) Tom Ewell
Tom Ewell
(1955) Mario Moreno (1956) Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1957) Danny Kaye
Danny Kaye
(1958) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1959) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1960) Glenn Ford
Glenn Ford
(1961) Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
(1962) Alberto Sordi
Alberto Sordi
(1963) Rex Harrison
Rex Harrison
(1964) Lee Marvin
Lee Marvin
(1965) Alan Arkin
Alan Arkin
(1966) Richard Harris
Richard Harris
(1967) Ron Moody
Ron Moody
(1968) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(1969) Albert Finney
Albert Finney
(1970) Chaim Topol
Chaim Topol
(1971) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1972) George Segal
George Segal
(1973) Art Carney
Art Carney
(1974) Walter Matthau
Walter Matthau
/ George Burns
George Burns
(1975)

1976–2000

Kris Kristofferson
Kris Kristofferson
(1976) Richard Dreyfuss
Richard Dreyfuss
(1977) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1978) Peter Sellers
Peter Sellers
(1979) Ray Sharkey
Ray Sharkey
(1980) Dudley Moore
Dudley Moore
(1981) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1982) Michael Caine
Michael Caine
(1983) Dudley Moore
Dudley Moore
(1984) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1985) Paul Hogan
Paul Hogan
(1986) Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(1987) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(1988) Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(1989) Gérard Depardieu
Gérard Depardieu
(1990) Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(1991) Tim Robbins
Tim Robbins
(1992) Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(1993) Hugh Grant
Hugh Grant
(1994) John Travolta
John Travolta
(1995) Tom Cruise
Tom Cruise
(1996) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1997) Michael Caine
Michael Caine
(1998) Jim Carrey
Jim Carrey
(1999) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2000)

2001–present

Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(2001) Richard Gere
Richard Gere
(2002) Bill Murray
Bill Murray
(2003) Jamie Foxx
Jamie Foxx
(2004) Joaquin Phoenix
Joaquin Phoenix
(2005) Sacha Baron Cohen
Sacha Baron Cohen
(2006) Johnny Depp
Johnny Depp
(2007) Colin Farrell
Colin Farrell
(2008) Robert Downey Jr.
Robert Downey Jr.
(2009) Paul Giamatti
Paul Giamatti
(2010) Jean Dujardin
Jean Dujardin
(2011) Hugh Jackman
Hugh Jackman
(2012) Leonardo DiCaprio
Leonardo DiCaprio
(2013) Michael Keaton
Michael Keaton
(2014) Matt Damon
Matt Damon
(2015) Ryan Gosling
Ryan Gosling
(2016) James Franco
James Franco
(2017)

v t e

Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Actor – Television Series Musical or Comedy

1970–2000

Flip Wilson
Flip Wilson
(1970) Carroll O'Connor
Carroll O'Connor
(1971) Redd Foxx
Redd Foxx
(1972) Jack Klugman
Jack Klugman
(1973) Alan Alda
Alan Alda
(1974) Alan Alda
Alan Alda
(1975) Henry Winkler
Henry Winkler
(1976) Ron Howard/ Henry Winkler
Henry Winkler
(1977) Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(1978) Alan Alda
Alan Alda
(1979) Alan Alda
Alan Alda
(1980) Alan Alda
Alan Alda
(1981) Alan Alda
Alan Alda
(1982) John Ritter
John Ritter
(1983) Bill Cosby
Bill Cosby
(1984) Bill Cosby
Bill Cosby
(1985) Bruce Willis
Bruce Willis
(1986) Dabney Coleman
Dabney Coleman
(1987) Michael J. Fox/Judd Hirsch/ Richard Mulligan
Richard Mulligan
(1988) Ted Danson
Ted Danson
(1989) Ted Danson
Ted Danson
(1990) Burt Reynolds
Burt Reynolds
(1991) John Goodman
John Goodman
(1992) Jerry Seinfeld
Jerry Seinfeld
(1993) Tim Allen
Tim Allen
(1994) Kelsey Grammer
Kelsey Grammer
(1995) John Lithgow
John Lithgow
(1996) Michael J. Fox
Michael J. Fox
(1997) Michael J. Fox
Michael J. Fox
(1998) Michael J. Fox
Michael J. Fox
(1999) Kelsey Grammer
Kelsey Grammer
(2000)

2001–present

Charlie Sheen
Charlie Sheen
(2001) Tony Shalhoub
Tony Shalhoub
(2002) Ricky Gervais
Ricky Gervais
(2003) Jason Bateman
Jason Bateman
(2004) Steve Carell
Steve Carell
(2005) Alec Baldwin
Alec Baldwin
(2006) David Duchovny
David Duchovny
(2007) Alec Baldwin
Alec Baldwin
(2008) Alec Baldwin
Alec Baldwin
(2009) Jim Parsons
Jim Parsons
(2010) Matt LeBlanc
Matt LeBlanc
(2011) Don Cheadle
Don Cheadle
(2012) Andy Samberg
Andy Samberg
(2013) Jeffrey Tambor
Jeffrey Tambor
(2014) Gael García Bernal
Gael García Bernal
(2015) Donald Glover
Donald Glover
(2016) Aziz Ansari
Aziz Ansari
(2017)

v t e

Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Spoken Word Album

1959−1980

Stan Freberg
Stan Freberg
– The Best of the Stan Freberg
Stan Freberg
Shows (1959) Carl Sandburg
Carl Sandburg
Lincoln Portrait (1960) Robert Bialek (producer) – FDR Speaks (1961) Leonard Bernstein
Leonard Bernstein
– Humor in Music (1962) Charles Laughton
Charles Laughton
– The Story-Teller: A Session With Charles Laughton (1963) Edward Albee
Edward Albee
(playwright) – Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
(1964) That Was the Week That Was
That Was the Week That Was
BBC
BBC
Tribute to John F. Kennedy (1965) Goddard Lieberson
Goddard Lieberson
(producer) – John F. Kennedy - As We Remember Him (1966) Edward R. Murrow
Edward R. Murrow
Edward R. Murrow
Edward R. Murrow
- A Reporter Remembers, Vol. I The War Years (1967) Everett Dirksen
Everett Dirksen
– Gallant Men (1968) Rod McKuen
Rod McKuen
– Lonesome Cities (1969) Art Linkletter
Art Linkletter
& Diane Linkletter – We Love You Call Collect (1970) Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
– Why I Oppose the War in Vietnam (1971) Les Crane
Les Crane
– Desiderata (1972) Bruce Botnick (producer) – Lenny performed by the original Broadway cast (1973) Richard Harris
Richard Harris
Jonathan Livingston Seagull (1974) Peter Cook
Peter Cook
and Dudley Moore
Dudley Moore
– Good Evening (1975) James Whitmore
James Whitmore
Give 'em Hell, Harry!
Give 'em Hell, Harry!
(1976) Henry Fonda, Helen Hayes, James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
and Orson Welles
Orson Welles
- Great American Documents (1977) Julie Harris – The Belle of Amherst
The Belle of Amherst
(1978) Orson Welles
Orson Welles
Citizen Kane
Citizen Kane
Original Motion Picture Soundtrack (1979) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
– Ages of Man - Readings From Shakespeare
Shakespeare
(1980)

1981−2000

Pat Carroll – Gertrude Stein, Gertrude Stein, Gertrude Stein
Gertrude Stein
(1981) Orson Welles
Orson Welles
Donovan's Brain
Donovan's Brain
(1982) Tom Voegeli (producer) – Raiders of the Lost Ark
Raiders of the Lost Ark
- The Movie on Record performed by Various Artists (1983) William Warfield
William Warfield
Lincoln Portrait (1984) Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
– The Words of Gandhi (1985) Mike Berniker (producer) & the original Broadway cast – Ma Rainey's Black Bottom (1986) Johnny Cash, Jerry Lee Lewis, Chips Moman, Ricky Nelson, Roy Orbison, Carl Perkins
Carl Perkins
and Sam Phillips
Sam Phillips
– Interviews From the Class of '55 Recording Sessions (1987) Garrison Keillor
Garrison Keillor
Lake Wobegon Days (1988) Jesse Jackson
Jesse Jackson
– Speech by Rev. Jesse Jackson
Jesse Jackson
(1989) Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
– It's Always Something (1990) George Burns
George Burns
– Gracie: A Love Story (1991) Ken Burns
Ken Burns
– The Civil War (1992) Earvin "Magic" Johnson and Robert O'Keefe – What You Can Do to Avoid AIDS (1993) Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou
On the Pulse of Morning
On the Pulse of Morning
(1994) Henry Rollins
Henry Rollins
– Get in the Van (1995) Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou
– Phenomenal Woman (1996) Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
It Takes a Village (1997) Charles Kuralt
Charles Kuralt
– Charles Kuralt's Spring (1998) Christopher Reeve
Christopher Reeve
Still Me
Still Me
(1999) LeVar Burton
LeVar Burton
– The Autobiography of Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
(2000)

2001−present

Sidney Poitier, Rick Harris & John Runnette (producers) – The Measure of a Man: A Spiritual Autobiography (2001) Quincy Jones, Jeffrey S. Thomas, Steven Strassman (engineers) and Elisa Shokoff (producer) – Q: The Autobiography of Quincy Jones (2002) Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou
and Charles B. Potter (producer) – A Song Flung Up to Heaven / Robin Williams, Nathaniel Kunkel (engineer/mixer) and Peter Asher (producer) – Live 2002 (2003) Al Franken
Al Franken
and Paul Ruben (producer) – Lies and the Lying Liars Who Tell Them (2004) Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
– My Life (2005) Barack Obama
Barack Obama
Dreams from My Father
Dreams from My Father
(2006) Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
– Our Endangered Values: America's Moral Crisis / Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee
Ruby Dee
- With Ossie and Ruby (2007) Barack Obama
Barack Obama
and Jacob Bronstein (producer) – The Audacity of Hope (2008) Beau Bridges, Cynthia Nixon
Cynthia Nixon
and Blair Underwood
Blair Underwood
– An Inconvenient Truth by Al Gore
Al Gore
(2009) Michael J. Fox
Michael J. Fox
– Always Looking Up (2010) Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
– The Daily Show with Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
Presents Earth (The Audiobook) (2011) Betty White
Betty White
– If You Ask Me (And Of Course You Won't) (2012) Janis Ian
Janis Ian
– Society's Child (2013) Stephen Colbert
Stephen Colbert
– America Again: Re-becoming The Greatness We Never Weren't (2014) Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
– Diary of a Mad Diva (2015) Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
– A Full Life: Reflections at 90 (2016) Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
– In Such Good Company: Eleven Years of Laughter, Mayhem, and Fun in the Sandbox (2017) Carrie Fisher
Carrie Fisher
The Princess Diarist
The Princess Diarist
(2018)

v t e

Hasty Pudding Men of the Year

Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1967) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1968) Bill Cosby
Bill Cosby
(1969) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1970) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1971) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1972) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1973) Peter Falk
Peter Falk
(1974) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1975) Robert Blake (1976) Johnny Carson
Johnny Carson
(1977) Richard Dreyfuss
Richard Dreyfuss
(1978) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(1979) Alan Alda
Alan Alda
(1980) John Travolta
John Travolta
(1981) James Cagney
James Cagney
(1982) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1983) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1984) Bill Murray
Bill Murray
(1985) Sylvester Stallone
Sylvester Stallone
(1986) Mikhail Baryshnikov
Mikhail Baryshnikov
(1987) Steve Martin
Steve Martin
(1988) Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1991) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(1992) Chevy Chase
Chevy Chase
(1993) Tom Cruise
Tom Cruise
(1994) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(1995) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(1996) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1997) Kevin Kline
Kevin Kline
(1998) Samuel L. Jackson
Samuel L. Jackson
(1999) Billy Crystal
Billy Crystal
(2000) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(2001) Bruce Willis
Bruce Willis
(2002) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2003) Robert Downey Jr.
Robert Downey Jr.
(2004) Tim Robbins
Tim Robbins
(2005) Richard Gere
Richard Gere
(2006) Ben Stiller
Ben Stiller
(2007) Christopher Walken
Christopher Walken
(2008) James Franco
James Franco
(2009) Justin Timberlake
Justin Timberlake
(2010) Jay Leno
Jay Leno
(2011) Jason Segel
Jason Segel
(2012) Kiefer Sutherland
Kiefer Sutherland
(2013) Neil Patrick Harris
Neil Patrick Harris
(2014) Chris Pratt
Chris Pratt
(2015) Joseph Gordon-Levitt
Joseph Gordon-Levitt
(2016) Ryan Reynolds
Ryan Reynolds
(2017) Paul Rudd
Paul Rudd
(2018)

v t e

MTV Movie Award for Best Comedic Performance

Billy Crystal
Billy Crystal
(1992) Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(1993) Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(1994) Jim Carrey
Jim Carrey
(1995) Jim Carrey
Jim Carrey
(1996) Jim Carrey
Jim Carrey
(1997) Jim Carrey
Jim Carrey
(1998) Adam Sandler
Adam Sandler
(1999) Adam Sandler
Adam Sandler
(2000) Ben Stiller
Ben Stiller
(2001) Reese Witherspoon
Reese Witherspoon
(2002) Mike Myers
Mike Myers
(2003) Jack Black
Jack Black
(2004) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(2005) Steve Carell
Steve Carell
(2006) Sacha Baron Cohen
Sacha Baron Cohen
(2007) Johnny Depp
Johnny Depp
(2008) Jim Carrey
Jim Carrey
(2009) Zach Galifianakis
Zach Galifianakis
(2010) Emma Stone
Emma Stone
(2011) Melissa McCarthy
Melissa McCarthy
(2012) Jonah Hill
Jonah Hill
(2014) Channing Tatum
Channing Tatum
(2015) Ryan Reynolds
Ryan Reynolds
(2016) Lil Rel Howery
Lil Rel Howery
(2017)

v t e

National Board of Review Award for Best Actor

Ray Milland
Ray Milland
(1945) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1946) Michael Redgrave
Michael Redgrave
(1947) Walter Huston
Walter Huston
(1948) Ralph Richardson
Ralph Richardson
(1949) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1950) Richard Basehart
Richard Basehart
(1951) Ralph Richardson
Ralph Richardson
(1952) James Mason
James Mason
(1953) Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
(1954) Ernest Borgnine
Ernest Borgnine
(1955) Yul Brynner
Yul Brynner
(1956) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1957) Spencer Tracy
Spencer Tracy
(1958) Victor Sjöström
Victor Sjöström
(1959) Robert Mitchum
Robert Mitchum
(1960) Albert Finney
Albert Finney
(1961) Jason Robards
Jason Robards
(1962) Rex Harrison
Rex Harrison
(1963) Anthony Quinn
Anthony Quinn
(1964) Lee Marvin
Lee Marvin
(1965) Paul Scofield
Paul Scofield
(1966) Peter Finch
Peter Finch
(1967) Cliff Robertson
Cliff Robertson
(1968) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(1969) George C. Scott
George C. Scott
(1970) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(1971) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(1972) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
/ Robert Ryan
Robert Ryan
(1973) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(1974) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1975) David Carradine
David Carradine
(1976) John Travolta
John Travolta
(1977) Jon Voight
Jon Voight
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1978) Peter Sellers
Peter Sellers
(1979) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(1980) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1981) Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
(1982) Tom Conti
Tom Conti
(1983) Victor Banerjee
Victor Banerjee
(1984) William Hurt
William Hurt
/ Raúl Juliá
Raúl Juliá
(1985) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1986) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(1987) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(1988) Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(1989) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
/ Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(1990) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1991) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1992) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(1993) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(1994) Nicolas Cage
Nicolas Cage
(1995) Tom Cruise
Tom Cruise
(1996) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1997) Ian McKellen
Ian McKellen
(1998) Russell Crowe
Russell Crowe
(1999) Javier Bardem
Javier Bardem
(2000) Billy Bob Thornton
Billy Bob Thornton
(2001) Campbell Scott
Campbell Scott
(2002) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2003) Jamie Foxx
Jamie Foxx
(2004) Philip Seymour Hoffman
Philip Seymour Hoffman
(2005) Forest Whitaker
Forest Whitaker
(2006) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2007) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2008) George Clooney
George Clooney
/ Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(2009) Jesse Eisenberg
Jesse Eisenberg
(2010) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2011) Bradley Cooper
Bradley Cooper
(2012) Bruce Dern
Bruce Dern
(2013) Michael Keaton
Michael Keaton
/ Oscar Isaac
Oscar Isaac
(2014) Matt Damon
Matt Damon
(2015) Casey Affleck
Casey Affleck
(2016) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(2017)

v t e

Saturn Award for Best Actor

James Caan/ Don Johnson
Don Johnson
(1974/75) David Bowie/ Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1976) George Burns
George Burns
(1977) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1978) George Hamilton (1979) Mark Hamill
Mark Hamill
(1980) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(1981) William Shatner
William Shatner
(1982) Mark Hamill
Mark Hamill
(1983) Jeff Bridges
Jeff Bridges
(1984) Michael J. Fox
Michael J. Fox
(1985) Jeff Goldblum
Jeff Goldblum
(1986) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1987) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(1988) Jeff Daniels
Jeff Daniels
(1989/90) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(1991) Gary Oldman
Gary Oldman
(1992) Robert Downey Jr.
Robert Downey Jr.
(1993) Martin Landau
Martin Landau
(1994) George Clooney
George Clooney
(1995) Eddie Murphy
Eddie Murphy
(1996) Pierce Brosnan
Pierce Brosnan
(1997) James Woods
James Woods
(1998) Tim Allen
Tim Allen
(1999) Hugh Jackman
Hugh Jackman
(2000) Tom Cruise
Tom Cruise
(2001) Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(2002) Elijah Wood
Elijah Wood
(2003) Tobey Maguire
Tobey Maguire
(2004) Christian Bale
Christian Bale
(2005) Brandon Routh
Brandon Routh
(2006) Will Smith
Will Smith
(2007) Robert Downey Jr.
Robert Downey Jr.
(2008) Sam Worthington
Sam Worthington
(2009) Jeff Bridges
Jeff Bridges
(2010) Michael Shannon
Michael Shannon
(2011) Matthew McConaughey
Matthew McConaughey
(2012) Robert Downey Jr.
Robert Downey Jr.
(2013) Chris Pratt
Chris Pratt
(2014) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2015) Ryan Reynolds
Ryan Reynolds
(2016)

v t e

Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actor

Marty Feldman
Marty Feldman
(1974/75) Jay Robinson
Jay Robinson
(1976) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1977) Burgess Meredith
Burgess Meredith
(1978) Arte Johnson
Arte Johnson
(1979) Scatman Crothers
Scatman Crothers
(1980) Burgess Meredith
Burgess Meredith
(1981) Richard Lynch
Richard Lynch
(1982) John Lithgow
John Lithgow
(1983) Tracey Walter
Tracey Walter
(1984) Roddy McDowall
Roddy McDowall
(1985) Bill Paxton
Bill Paxton
(1986) Richard Dawson
Richard Dawson
(1987) Robert Loggia
Robert Loggia
(1988) Thomas F. Wilson
Thomas F. Wilson
(1989/90) William Sadler (1991) Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(1992) Lance Henriksen
Lance Henriksen
(1993) Gary Sinise
Gary Sinise
(1994) Brad Pitt
Brad Pitt
(1995) Brent Spiner
Brent Spiner
(1996) Vincent D'Onofrio
Vincent D'Onofrio
(1997) Ian McKellen
Ian McKellen
(1998) Michael Clarke Duncan
Michael Clarke Duncan
(1999) Willem Dafoe
Willem Dafoe
(2000) Ian McKellen
Ian McKellen
(2001) Andy Serkis
Andy Serkis
(2002) Sean Astin
Sean Astin
(2003) David Carradine
David Carradine
(2004) Mickey Rourke
Mickey Rourke
(2005) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2006) Javier Bardem
Javier Bardem
(2007) Heath Ledger
Heath Ledger
(2008) Stephen Lang
Stephen Lang
(2009) Andrew Garfield
Andrew Garfield
(2010) Andy Serkis
Andy Serkis
(2011) Clark Gregg
Clark Gregg
(2012) Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
(2013) Richard Armitage (2014) Adam Driver
Adam Driver
(2015) John Goodman
John Goodman
(2016)

v t e

Screen Actors Guild Award
Screen Actors Guild Award
for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Supporting Role

Martin Landau
Martin Landau
(1994) Ed Harris
Ed Harris
(1995) Cuba Gooding Jr.
Cuba Gooding Jr.
(1996) Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(1997) Robert Duvall
Robert Duvall
(1998) Michael Caine
Michael Caine
(1999) Albert Finney
Albert Finney
(2000) Ian McKellen
Ian McKellen
(2001) Christopher Walken
Christopher Walken
(2002) Tim Robbins
Tim Robbins
(2003) Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(2004) Paul Giamatti
Paul Giamatti
(2005) Eddie Murphy
Eddie Murphy
(2006) Javier Bardem
Javier Bardem
(2007) Heath Ledger
Heath Ledger
(2008) Christoph Waltz
Christoph Waltz
(2009) Christian Bale
Christian Bale
(2010) Christopher Plummer
Christopher Plummer
(2011) Tommy Lee Jones
Tommy Lee Jones
(2012) Jared Leto
Jared Leto
(2013) J. K. Simmons
J. K. Simmons
(2014) Idris Elba
Idris Elba
(2015) Mahershala Ali
Mahershala Ali
(2016) Sam Rockwell
Sam Rockwell
(2017)

‹ The template below (ScreenActorsGuildAward CastMotionPicture 1995–2000) is being considered for merging. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. ›

v t e

Screen Actors Guild Award
Screen Actors Guild Award
for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture

1995

Apollo 13 Kevin Bacon, Tom Hanks, Ed Harris, Bill Paxton, Kathleen Quinlan, Gary Sinise

1996

The Birdcage Hank Azaria, Christine Baranski, Dan Futterman, Gene Hackman, Nathan Lane, Dianne Wiest, Robin Williams

1997

The Full Monty Mark Addy, Paul Barber, Robert Carlyle, Deirdre Costello, Steve Huison, Bruce Jones, Lesley Sharp, William Snape, Hugo Speer, Tom Wilkinson, Emily Woof

1998

Shakespeare
Shakespeare
in Love Ben Affleck, Simon Callow, Jim Carter, Martin Clunes, Judi Dench, Joseph Fiennes, Colin Firth, Gwyneth Paltrow, Geoffrey Rush, Antony Sher, Imelda Staunton

1999

American Beauty Annette Bening, Wes Bentley, Thora Birch, Chris Cooper, Peter Gallagher, Allison Janney, Kevin Spacey, Mena Suvari

2000

Traffic Steven Bauer, Benjamin Bratt, James Brolin, Don Cheadle, Erika Christensen, Clifton Collins Jr., Benicio del Toro, Michael Douglas, Miguel Ferrer, Albert Finney, Topher Grace, Luis Guzmán, Amy Irving, Tomas Milian, D. W. Moffett, Dennis Quaid, Peter Riegert, Jacob Vargas, Catherine Zeta-Jones

Complete list (1995–2000) (2001–2010) (2011–2020)

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portal

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 93723961 LCCN: n99250620 ISNI: 0000 0001 1879 5962 GND: 119040468 SELIBR: 377300 SUDOC: 055391710 BNF: cb139544843 (data) BIBSYS: 97017041 MusicBrainz: 536e8e61-8040-40a1-8b35-a2c6996dc44f NLA: 40056117 NDL: 001193690 NKC: xx0023542 ICCU: ITICCUMILV105349 BNE: XX1296

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