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Robert Morss Lovett (December 25, 1870 – February 8, 1956) was an American academic, writer, editor, political activist, and government official.

Background

Lovett was born in Boston, Massachusetts, and graduated from Harvard University in 1892. While a student at Harvard, he joined Delta Upsilon Fraternity.

Career

After a period teaching at Harvard, Lovett came to Chicago in 1893 to teach writing and English literature at the University of Chicago. He was assistant professor of English (1894–1904); associate professor from 1904 to 1909; and full professor from 1909 onward. From 1903 to 1920 he was dean in the junior college. He was a member of the National Institute of Arts and Letters. Professor Lovett was the author of ''The History of English Literature'', with W. V. Moody (1902); ''Richard Gresham'', a novel (1904); ''The First View of English Literature'', with W. V. Moody (1905); ''A Winged Victory'', a novel (1907); and ''Cowards'', a play (1914). He served as editor of the ''Dial'' in 1917 and joined the editorial staff of ''The New Republic'' in 1921. He assisted Tarak Nath Das. Lovett was associate editor of ''The New Republic'' magazine in 1921-40, and a signer of the ''Humanist Manifesto I'' in 1933. As Government Secretary of the Virgin Islands in 1939-43, Lovett served as acting Governor from December 14, 1940 until February 3, 1941. In 1943, the Dies Committee charged him as a communist subversive, over his association with left-wing individuals and groups; through an enactment passed by both houses of Congress, he was forced out of the Secretary position and barred from federal employment. Lovett, who denied he was a Communist, challenged this action through the courts as an unconstitutional bill of attainder, and though he did not get the job back, he won a 1946 decision from the Supreme Court (''United States v. Lovett''), and received back pay.

Personal life and death

Lovett spent many years living at Hull House, where his wife was aide to Jane Addams.Dictionary of Midwestern Literature, Volume 1: The Authors
/ref> He died in St. Joseph's Hospital in Chicago in 1956.

References

*"Liberal to a Fault," ''Time'', June 21, 1948 *"Robert M. Lovett, Educator, Is Dead", ''New York Times'', February 9, 1956

External links

*
Robert Morss Lovett papers
(University of Chicago Library)

1946 U.S. Supreme Court ruling
Robert Morss Lovett materials in the South Asian American Digital Archive (SAADA)
* {{DEFAULTSORT:Lovett, Robert Morss Category:1870 births Category:1956 deaths Category:Harvard University alumni Category:Harvard University faculty Category:University of Chicago faculty Category:Governors of the United States Virgin Islands Category:20th-century American novelists Category:American male novelists Category:Writers from Boston Category:Writers from Chicago Category:20th-century American dramatists and playwrights Category:American male dramatists and playwrights Category:20th-century American male writers Category:Novelists from Illinois Category:Novelists from Massachusetts