Robert Lopez (born February 23, 1975) is an American songwriter of musicals, best known for co-creating The Book of Mormon and Avenue Q, and for composing the songs featured in the Disney animated films Frozen and Coco. He is the youngest of only twelve people who have won an Emmy, a Grammy, an Oscar and a Tony Award, the quickest (10 years) to win all four, and, as of 2018, is the only person to have won all four awards more than once.[1]

Early life

Robert Lopez was born in Manhattan, to Katherine (Lowe) and Frank Lopez.[2][3] He is partly of Filipino descent through his father (born on a ship docked in Elliott Bay, Seattle); his paternal grandfather was Filipino, and his paternal grandmother was half Filipino and half Scottish-American (both originally resided in Manila).[4] His father was director of publications for NYU Langone Medical Center.[2]

Lopez spent much of his childhood in Greenwich Village, except for one year in Massachusetts while his father was working for Clark University.[2] Upon their return to New York City when he was six years old, "it was a fluke" that he started piano lessons at Greenwich House Music School.[2] The apartment they were subletting at the time happened to have a piano; his mother asked if he was interested in taking lessons, and he said yes.[2] At age seven, his parents bought a piano for him,[2] he saw his first Broadway show,[5] and he wrote his first song.[6] At age 11, he wrote his first opening number.[5] At around age 12, he briefly drifted away from the piano and tried playing the saxophone, as well as taking courses in musical composition at other music schools.[2]

Lopez went on to Hunter College High School and then to Yale University where he graduated in 1997 with a B.A. in English (the type of academic degree expressly discussed in the second song of Avenue Q).[2][5] While at Yale, he wrote three plays (of which two were musicals) and was a member of the Yale Spizzwinks(?) a cappella group, and was influenced by professors such as Vincent Scully, John Hollander and Harold Bloom.[7] During his time at Yale, he vaguely hoped to make a living writing musicals and "had no [other] career options"; towards that end, he avoided courses that would prepare him for a career in something more secure like law or medicine.[2][5]


Upon graduating from Yale, Lopez moved back in with his parents and brother in Greenwich Village, where he lived for four years until he was able to earn enough money writing songs for Theatreworks USA to rent an apartment of his own.[2] During this period, he took temporary jobs at companies like Pfizer[8] and worked as a weekend receptionist for his old music school, Greenwich House.[2]

In 1998, while participating in the BMI Lehman Engel Musical Theater Workshop, he met another aspiring songwriter, Jeff Marx. Their first project together, Kermit, Prince of Denmark, a Muppet parody of Hamlet, won the Kleban Award for lyrics, though The Jim Henson Company rejected the script, saying it did not have enough "kid appeal."[6] The story was considered for the next Muppet film by Chris Curtin in 2004, until Curtin left the Disney Company. Highlights from the unproduced musical were performed by Rick Lyon, Rebecca Jones, and Susan Blackwell at the BMI Workshop.

In 1999, Lopez and Marx, who collaborated on both music and lyrics, began work on Avenue Q, a stage musical which, using puppet characters, similar to those on Sesame Street, dealt with adult themes and ideas. The show, for which Lopez also provided the animated segments, was his first professional experience.[9] After playing Off-Broadway, the show transferred in July 2003 to Broadway's John Golden Theatre, where it proved both a critical and popular success, winning the 2004 Tony Award for Best Musical, and earning Lopez and Marx the Tony Award for Best Original Score. The Original Cast Recording was nominated for a Grammy Award in 2004.

In 2005, Lopez began working on a new musical project with his musical partner Jeff Marx, and with Matt Stone and Trey Parker, the creators of South Park,[9] a series which, in 2003, Lopez had mentioned as a partial inspiration for Avenue Q.[6] The Book of Mormon premiered on Broadway at the Eugene O'Neill Theatre on March 24, 2011, following previews from February 24. The show received numerous theater accolades, including the 2011 Tony for Best Musical, as well as two more Tony Awards for Lopez: Best Original Score and Best Book of a Musical. The production's original cast recording also earned Lopez the Grammy Award for Best Musical Theater Album.

In early 2006, Lopez collaborated with his brother, Billy, on several episodes of the Nickelodeon series Wonder Pets, for which they shared a Daytime Emmy award with the series' other composers and Music Director, Jeffrey Lesser, in 2008. In January 2007, a musical adaptation of the Disney/Pixar film Finding Nemo, which Lopez co-wrote with his wife, Kristen Anderson-Lopez, opened at Disney's Animal Kingdom theme park.

On January 18, 2007, Lopez and Marx again collaborated to write four of the songs for the hit TV show Scrubs on the show's 123rd episode titled "My Musical." TV Guide named the episode one of the best 100 TV show episodes of all time in 2009. Lopez, along with Jeff Marx, was recognized with an Emmy nomination for the song "Everything Comes Down to Poo" from the above-mentioned episode.[10] Stephanie D'Abruzzo, who originated the roles of Kate Monster and Lucy the Slut in Avenue Q, guest-starred in the episode.

In 2011, Lopez again worked with Matt Stone and Trey Parker on the South Park episode "Broadway Bro Down".

Lopez also co-wrote two songs for the Disney Channel animated series Phineas and Ferb: "Aerial Area Rug" for the episode "Magic Carpet Ride" and "Fly On the Wall," for an episode of the same name.[11]

Lopez composed a song for The Simpsons episode "A Totally Fun Thing That Bart Will Never Do Again" titled "Enjoy It While You Can" which aired on April 29, 2012.

Lopez and his wife Kristen also wrote seven songs for Winnie the Pooh, released in 2011 by Walt Disney Animation Studios.[12] They also wrote an original song for Wreck-It Ralph before it was cut out.[13]

In 2013, Lopez and his wife Kristen wrote songs for Disney Animation's feature film Frozen. The song "Let It Go" won the Academy Award for Best Original Song, making Lopez the 12th person to win all four major annual American entertainment awards (the Emmy, Grammy, Oscar, and Tony).[14] On February 8, 2015, they won another Grammy for their work on Frozen: The Grammy Award for Best Song Written for Visual Media for "Let It Go".[15]

In development for several years by Lopez and his wife, their romantic-comedy musical Up Here officially debuted August 9, 2015, at the La Jolla Playhouse in San Diego.[16][17] Lopez describes Up Here as "It's kind of like Annie Hall meets Cirque du Soleil. It's a romantic comedy with a huge theatrical twist."

Lopez and his wife wrote the musical number "Moving Pictures" for the 87th Academy Awards.[18]

It was announced in late 2015 that Lopez would be writing original songs for the revival of the cult comedy series Mystery Science Theater 3000.

Lopez and his wife were attached to write the music for the Disney film Gigantic. The film is an animated retelling of "Jack and the Beanstalk". In October 2017, it was announced that the film had been shelved.[19]

The Disney/Pixar film Coco, released in November 2017, heavily features his and his wife’s song, “Remember Me.” Lopez won the Oscar for Best Original Song, "Remember Me", making him the first ever double EGOT winner.

Personal life

During his participation in the 1998 Lehman Engel's Workshop, Robert Lopez met and began dating lyricist Kristen Anderson. As described in a 2003 The New York Times profile, the pair, struggling in a cash-strapped post-college period that recalls the storyline of Avenue Q's Princeton and Kate Monster, "live[d] in Astoria, Queens, [drove] a 1989 Buick and survive[d] on fast food".[20]

The couple married in 2003 and they have two daughters; Katie and Annie, who both had voice parts in Frozen.[21] They currently reside in the Park Slope neighborhood of Brooklyn.[22]

Awards and nominations

Academy Awards

Year Category Nominated work Result
2014 Best Original Song "Let It Go" Won
2018 "Remember Me" Won

Annie Awards

Year Category Nominated work Result
2012 Music in an Animated Feature Production Winnie the Pooh Nominated
2014 Frozen Won
2018 Coco Won

Critics' Choice Awards

Year Category Nominated work Result
2014 Best Original Song "Let It Go" Won
2018 Best Original Song "Remember Me" Won

Daytime Emmy Award

Year Category Nominated work Result
2008 Outstanding Music Direction and Composition The Wonder Pets Won
2010 Won

Drama Desk Award

Year Category Nominated work Result
2003 Outstanding Lyrics Avenue Q Nominated
Outstanding Music Nominated
2011 Outstanding Lyrics The Book of Mormon Won
Outstanding Music Won
Outstanding Book of a Musical Nominated

Golden Globe Award

Year Category Nominated work Result
2013 Best Original Song "Let It Go" Nominated
2017 Best Original Song "Remember Me" Nominated

Grammy Awards

Year Category Nominated work Result
2005 Best Musical Theater Album Avenue Q Nominated
2012 The Book of Mormon Won
2015 Best Compilation Soundtrack for Visual Media Frozen Won
Best Song Written for Visual Media "Let It Go" Won

Primetime Emmy Award

Year Category Nominated work Result
2007 Outstanding Music and Lyrics Scrubs Nominated
2015 The Comedians Nominated
87th Academy Awards Nominated

Tony Awards

Year Category Nominated work Result
2004 Best Original Score Avenue Q Won
2011 Best Book of a Musical The Book of Mormon Won
Best Original Score Won


  1. ^ Schwartz, Dana (March 5, 2018). "Oscars 2018: Robert Lopez becomes the first person in history to double EGOT". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 5, 2018. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Salamon, Julie (June 22, 2005). "Student Who Made Good on 'Avenue Q' Gives Back". New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved October 4, 2014. 
  3. ^ http://www.legacy.com/obituaries/nytimes/obituary.aspx?pid=186429624
  4. ^ Nepales, Ruben V. (November 7, 2013). "Fun, music-filled morning with Fil-Am Tony, Grammy winner and wife". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved October 4, 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c d Benson, Barbara (October 12, 2012). "Where is Robert Lopez now?". Crain's New York Business. Crain Communications Inc. Retrieved October 3, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c Mandell, Jonathan (March 16, 2003). "THEATER: Puppets Not Suitable For Children". New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved October 3, 2014. 
  7. ^ Fuhrer, Zachary (February 25, 2011). "Robert Lopez '97: composer, lyricist, beatbox enthusiast". Yale Daily News. Retrieved October 3, 2014. 
  8. ^ Boroff, Philip (June 8, 2011). "Yale Composer Lopez Wins Broadway Gamble With 'Book of Mormon'". Bloomberg. Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved October 3, 2014. 
  9. ^ a b Maupin, Elizabeth (November 26, 2006). "Swimming with big fish". Orlando Sentinel. Archived from the original on January 8, 2008. Retrieved March 22, 2007. 
  10. ^ "Stage Stars Nab 2007 Emmy Nominations, Broadway.com Buzz". Broadway.com. July 19, 2007. Retrieved January 23, 2018. 
  11. ^ Lopez, Robert (January 12, 2013). "Twitter Status". Twitter. Retrieved March 2, 2014. 
  12. ^ De Brito, Deia (August 19, 2011). "Successful Disney writer 'knew what she wanted'". Charlotte Observer. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved September 22, 2014. 
  13. ^ Lang, Derrik J. (February 22, 2013). "Best Animated Feature: 'Brave,' 'Wreck-It Ralph' Battle For Oscar". Huffington Post.
  14. ^ Lily Rothman (March 2, 2014). "EGOT! Frozen's Robert Lopez on Scoring His Oscar". Time. Retrieved March 2, 2014. 
  15. ^ Christopher Rosen (February 8, 2015). "Grammy Winners List For 2015 Includes Sam Smith, Pharrell, Beyoncé & More". The Huffington Post. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  16. ^ "2015-2016 Season: Up Here". La Jolla Playhouse. Retrieved January 23, 2018. 
  17. ^ Herbert, James (July 31, 2015). "'Frozen' songwriters unveil 'Up Here,' the musical they couldn't let go". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 23, 2018. 
  18. ^ Battersby, Matilda (February 23, 2015). "Neil Patrick Harris' best and worst jokes as Oscars 2015 host". The Independent. Retrieved January 23, 2018. 
  19. ^ Busch, Jenna (October 10, 2017). "Gigantic: Jack and the Beanstalk Film Dead at Disney". ComingSoon.net. Retrieved October 10, 2017. 
  20. ^ Lee, Linda (August 3, 2003). "A Night Out With Robert Lopez and Jeff Marx; When Puppets Go to Town". The New York Times. Retrieved March 24, 2008. 
  21. ^ Alexander, Bryan (November 25, 2013). "'Frozen': Family affair for married songwriters". USA Today. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  22. ^ Ryzik, Melena (February 19, 2014). "The Nominees Are Blockbusters: Oscar-Nominated Songs With Familiar Composers". The New York Times. Retrieved February 20, 2014. 

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