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The name Robert
Robert
is a Germanic given name, from Proto-Germanic *χrōþi- "fame" and *berχta- "bright".[1] Compare Old Dutch Robrecht and Old High German
Old High German
Hrodebert (a compound of hruod "fame, glory" and berht "bright"). It is also in use as a surname.[2][3] After becoming widely used in Continental Europe it entered England
England
in its Old French
Old French
form Robert, where an Old English
Old English
cognate form (Hrēodbēorht, Hrodberht, Hrēodbēorð, Hrœdbœrð, Hrœdberð) had existed before the Norman Conquest. The feminine version is Roberta. The Italian, Portuguese, and Spanish form is Roberto. Similar to the name Richard, "Robert" is also a common name in many Germanic languages, including English, German, Dutch, Norwegian, Swedish, Danish, and Icelandic. It can be used as a French, Irish, Scottish, Finnish, and Estonian name as well.

Contents

1 Variations[4] 2 Trivia 3 Notable people 4 Fictional characters 5 In different languages 6 Surname 7 See also 8 References

Variations[4]

Bert, Bertie, Berto, Bertus (also short for Albert) Beto, Betinho (Portuguese) Bo, Bob, Bobbie, Bobby Dobbie, Dobby Hob, Hopkin (Medieval English) Hopcyn (Welsh) Hrodebert, Hrodpreht (Old High German) Nobby (also short for Norbert) Rab, Rabbie (Scots) Raibeart (Scottish Gaelic) Rhobert (Welsh) Roibeárd (Irish) Rob, Robb, Robbie, Robby (also short for Robin) Robbe (Dutch, Frisian and Low German
Low German
short form) Roban Robban (Swedish) Robbert (Dutch) Robbi (Icelandic) Robercik or Robuś (Polish, "Little Robert") Robere (Old French) Ροβῆρος, Rovēros (Greek) Róbert (Hungarian, Icelandic, Slovak) Robertas (Lithuanian) Roberto (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish) Robertino (Italian, "Little Robert") Robertinho (Portuguese, "Little Robert") Ροβέρτος, Rovértos (Greek) Roberts (Latvian) Robertson (English given name) Robertus (Latin) Robetus (Medieval misspelling?) Robi (Croatian, Hungarian, Romanian, Serbian) Röbi (Swiss German)

Robin (Medieval diminutive in English, Dutch, Swedish) Robo Robrecht (Old Dutch) Rochbert Rodbeard, Rodbeart Rodbert, Rodebert, Rotbert, Roteberht, Rotebert (Germanic) Rodbertus, Rodepertus (Latin) Rodebrecht (Old German) Röpke ( Low German
Low German
diminutive form) Rotbryht (Old English) Rothbert Roopertti, Pertti, Roope (Finnish) Ropars, Ropartz, Roparzh (Breton) Roupen (Armenian) Rubert, Ruby (Old Dutch) Rudebet, Rudbert Rupert (Dutch, English, German, Polish) Ruperto (Spanish) Rupertus, Rvpertvs (Latin) Ruppert, Ruprecht (Upper German) Trebor (reversal)

Feminine forms: Bobbi, Bobbie Robbi, Robbie Roberta Robertina, Robertine Robina Robyn, Robynne Ruprette, Rupretta (archaic French)

Trivia Robert, and also the name Joseph, were in the top 10 most given boys' names in the US for 47 years, from 1925 to 1972.[5] In Italy during the Second World War, the form of the name, Roberto, briefly acquired a new meaning derived from, and referring to the Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis.[6] Notable people This section lists people commonly referred to solely by this name.

Duke of Normandy

Robert
Robert
I, Duke of Normandy, also known as Robert
Robert
the Magnificent; father of William the Conqueror Robert
Robert
Curthose, son of William the Conqueror

Franconian Babenbergers/ Robertian Capetians

Robert
Robert
II ( Robert
Robert
of Hesbaye) of Worms, Germany (a.k.a. Rutpert II, Hruodbertus II) Robert
Robert
III of Worms, Germany (a.k.a. Rutpert III, Hruodbertus III) Robert the Strong
Robert the Strong
(a.k.a. Rutpert IV, Hruodbertus IV)

Kings of France

Robert
Robert
I of France Robert
Robert
II of France

King of Naples

Robert
Robert
of Naples

Kings of Scotland

Robert I of Scotland
Robert I of Scotland
(" Robert
Robert
the Bruce") Robert
Robert
II of Scotland Robert
Robert
III of Scotland

Legendary

Robert
Robert
the Devil, supposed medieval knight fathered by the devil

Medieval

Robert
Robert
of Avesbury, English historian Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester, English noble Robert of Jumièges
Robert of Jumièges
(died c. 1053), Archbishop of Canterbury Robert
Robert
of Melun, scholastic theologian Robert
Robert
of Winchelsea, theologian and opponent of both Edward I and Edward II of England Brother Robert, 13th century translator of French works into Old Norse Robert
Robert
the Englishman

Saints

See also: Saint Robert
Robert
(other)

Saint Robert
Robert
of Molesme, founder of the Cistercian Order (d. 1111) Saint Robert
Robert
of Newminster, established the Abbey of Newminster near the castle of Ralph de Merlay, at Morpeth, Northumberland (d. 1159) Saint Robert
Robert
de Turlande, founding abbot of the Abbey of Casa Dei, also called Chaise-Dieu (d. 1067) Saint Robert
Robert
Bellarmine, Jesuit Doctor of the Church
Doctor of the Church
(d. 1621)

Fictional characters

Robert
Robert
Baratheon, a character in A Song of Ice and Fire
A Song of Ice and Fire
novels by George R. R. Martin & the 2011 TV series Game of Thrones Robert
Robert
Barone, a character from the 1996 sitcom Everybody Loves Raymond Robert
Robert
Langdon, symbologist and cryptologist in Dan Brown's novels Angels & Demons, The Da Vinci Code, The Lost Symbol & Inferno, the 2006 film The Da Vinci Code
The Da Vinci Code
& the 2009 film Angels & Demons Robert
Robert
Paulson, a character in Chuck Palahniuk's novel Fight Club
Fight Club
and the 1999 film of the same name Roberto, a handsome and suave Spix's macaw
Spix's macaw
in Rio 2 Robbie Rotten, the main villain in LazyTown
LazyTown
since the second play, Glanni Glæpur í Latabæ
Glanni Glæpur í Latabæ
( Robbie Rotten in LazyTown).

In different languages

Arabic: روبرت Armenian: Ռոբերտ (Robert) Breton: Roparzh Bulgarian: Робърт/Роберт (Robert) Catalan: Robert Chinese Simplified: 罗伯特 (Robert) Chinese Traditional: 羅伯特 (Robert) Croatian: Robert Czech: Robert Danish: Robert Dutch: Robrecht, Robbert, Robert Estonian: Robert Finnish: Roobert, Roope French: Robert Friulian: Robèrto Galician: Roberte Georgian: რობერტ (Robert) German: Robert, Ruprecht Greek: Ροβέρτος (Rovértos) Hebrew: רוברט (Robert) Hungarian: Róbert Icelandic: Róbert Irish: Roibeárd Italian: Roberto Japanese: ロバート (Robaato) Khmer: រ៉ូបឺត (Roubɨt) Korean: 로버트 (Robeoteu) Latin: Robertus Latvian: Roberts Lithuanian: Robertas Macedonian: Роберт (Robert) Norwegian: Robert Polish: Robert Portuguese: Roberto Romanian: Robert Russian: Роберт (Robert) Sardinian: Robertu Scottish Gaelic: Raibeart Serbian: Robert/Роберт Slovak: Róbert Slovene: Roberto Spanish: Roberto Swedish: Robert Welsh: Robat, Rhobert

Surname

Alain Robert, French rock and urban climber Hubert Robert, French painter Jeanne Robert (1914–2017), French Resistance member Laurent Robert, French footballer Paul Robert
Robert
(fencer), Swiss fencer Paul Robert
Robert
(lexicographer), French lexicographer Rene Robert, star National Hockey League
National Hockey League
forward for the Buffalo Sabres Robert
Robert
brothers, Anne-Jean and Nicolas-Louis, French balloonists circa 1783-4

See also

Bobby (other), nickname for Robert Roberson Roberts (surname) Robertson (surname) Robinson (name) Rodger Roger Rupert (name)

References

^ Robrecht, (Dutch) ^ Reaney & Wilson, 1997. Dictionary of English Surnames. OUP ^ Withycombe, E., 1973 edn. Oxford Dictionary of English Christian names OUP ^ "Article "Robert"". Behind the Name — the etymology and history of first names. Retrieved 3 July 2016.  ^ Frank Nuessel (1992). The Study of Names: A Guide to the Principles and Topics. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. p. 10. Retrieved 11 September 2013.   – via Questia (subscription required) ^ RoBerTo Checked, Time Magazine, October 19, 1942

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