Robert Philip Andrew Hurd (29 July 1905 – 17 September 1963) was an influential conservation architect. His original aim was to be an architectural author specialising in traditional forms. He came to Scotland in 1930 and worked at the Edinburgh College of Art
for two years as assistant to the architect and planner Frank Mears
. He was an early and highly respected conservation architect and wrote and broadcast on Scottish architecture, planning and reconstruction.
Hurd was of Anglo-Scottish parentage, the son of Sir Percy Angler Hurd
MP and Hannah Swan Cox. He suffered from polio
in early life and walked his whole life with a limp. He was educated at Marlborough College
and then the LCC Central School of Arts. Thereafter he studied at Emmanuel College, Cambridge
becoming a close friend of Raymond McGrath
and Mansfield Forbes. He came to Scotland in 1930 and completed his architectural studies at Edinburgh College of Art
. As a student he lived in a house at 49 George Square
. While working with Frank Mears
, he met his mother's former tutor, the pioneering biologist and planner, Patrick Geddes
, who was to be an abiding influence on his work.
He was an early member of the National Trust for Scotland
and author of one of its first major publications, ''Scotland Under Trust'' (1938). In the same year he began campaigning to save historic buildings, his first coup being to temporarily rescue Tailors Hall
on the Cowgate from demolition.
As an ironic twist, although Hurd was declared unfit for overseas service he served as an officer in the Royal Engineers (1940–46) and was put in charge of removing Edinburgh’s cast-iron railings for the war effort. During this time he also became president of the Saltire Society
, a role he continued until 1948. He also served on the Councils of the Edinburgh Architectural Association and the Edinburgh Film Guild
. Politically, he was a Scottish nationalist.
In 1932 he went into partnership with Norman Neil (b. 1899) who was deeply influenced by German and Scandinavian architecture. Hurd himself quickly developed a love of conservation but also displayed a commitment to the modern in several projects.
Early projects included the rebuilding of Eaglescarnie, near Haddington and the restoration of Acheson House in Edinburgh. He restored Lambs House in Leith
and Hamilton House
in East Lothian in 1937. His firm also undertook work in Old Aberdeen
and in the West Highlands. During the Second World War, Hurd worked with fellow architect Alan Reiach on a book for the Saltire Society
entitled ''Building Scotland - Past and Future'', a pictorial appeal for post-war Scotland to be planned and designed bravely. In 1952 he received a major commission to replan and rebuild Edinburgh’s Canongate
, largely demolishing buildings and setting back the rebuilt facades to a new wider and straighter building line. Less care was taken over the rear elevations. The scale of the work required him to take on Ian Begg as a junior partner in 1953. He campaigned against the loss of George Square and in 1959 he was commissioned to restore the west side for University use. He was strongly interested in the arts and also helped found the Scottish Georgian Society, was an advisor to the BBC in Scotland, and helped to set up the Edinburgh Festival. His only noteworthy project of contemporary rather than historic idiom is a scheme of modernist flats at Ravelston Gardens, Edinburgh.
Hurd's passion for housing which took account of Scottish tradition and fitted the Scottish landscape led in 1937 to the foundation of the Saltire Society housing awards which continue today.
Also an outsider in other senses Hurd never joined the RIBA. Hurd was homosexual and had a single lifelong partner from around 1935.
Hurd died whilst on holiday in Switzerland, but his body was flown home and his was the last full interment within the otherwise closed-to-burial Canongate Kirkyard
A pencil sketch of Hurd by Antony Wolffe
is in the collection of National Galleries of Scotland
*Ravelston Gardens (modernist flats), Edinburgh (1935)
*Restoration of Acheson House, Canongate
, Edinburgh (1936)
*Restoration of Hamilton House, East Lothian
*Restoration of Lamb’s House in Leith
*Restoration of Loudoun Hall near Ayr (1939)
*Restoration of Culzean Castle
*Restoration of tenements on Bank Street, Edinburgh (1950)
*Rebuilding of Chessel’s Court and Morocco Land, Canongate
*Rebuilding of numerous tenements on Canongate
*Restoration of Culross
Abbey House (1954)
*Restoration of Bible Land and Shoemaker Land, Canongate
*Library and Village Centre, Skelmorlie
*Extensions to his Alma Mater Emmanuel College, Cambridge
(1957) (criticised by the Anti Ugly action group in 1959)
*Further restoration at Chessel’s Court (1958)
Category:British people of Scottish descent
Category:People educated at Marlborough College
Category:Alumni of the Central School of Art and Design
Category:Alumni of the Edinburgh College of Art
Category:Alumni of Emmanuel College, Cambridge
Category:20th-century Scottish architects