HOME
        TheInfoList






Sir Robert Philip Andrew Hurd (29 July 1905 – 17 September 1963) was an influential conservation architect. His original aim was to be an architectural author specialising in traditional forms. He came to Scotland in 1930 and worked at the Edinburgh College of Art for two years as assistant to the architect and planner Frank Mears. He was an early and highly respected conservation architect and wrote and broadcast on Scottish architecture, planning and reconstruction.[1][2][3][4][5]

Life

Hurd was of Anglo-Scottish parentage, the son of Sir Percy Angler Hurd MP and Hannah Swan Cox. He suffered from polio in early life and walked his whole life with a limp. He was educated at Marlborough College and then the LCC Central School of Arts. Thereafter he studied at Emmanuel College, Cambridge becoming a close friend of Raymond McGrath and Mansfield Forbes. He came to Scotland in 1930 and completed his architectural studies at Edinburgh College of Art. As a student he lived in a house at 49 George Square. While working with Frank Mears, he met his mother's former tutor, the pioneering biologist and planner, Patrick Geddes, who was to be an abiding influence on his work.

He was an early member of the National Trust for Scotland and author of one of its first major publications, Scotland Under Trust (1938).[6] In the same year he began campaigning to save historic buildings, his first coup being to temporarily rescue Tailors Hall on the Cowgate from demolition.

As an ironic twist, although Hurd was declared unfit for overseas service he served as an officer in the Royal Engineers (1940–46) and was put in charge of removing Edinburgh’s cast-iron railings for the war effort. During this time he also became president of the Saltire Society, a role he continued until 1948.[7] He also served on the Councils of the Edinburgh Architectural Association and the Edinburgh Film Guild. Politically, he was a Scottish nationalist.

Work

The grave of Robert Hurd, Canongate Kirkyard, Edinburgh

In 1932 he went into partnership with Norman Neil (b. 1899) who was deeply influenced by German and Scandinavian architecture. Hurd himself quickly developed a love of conservation but also displayed a commitment to the modern in several projects.

Early projects included the rebuilding of Eaglescarnie, near Haddington and the restoration of Acheson House in Edinburgh. He restored Lambs House in Leith and Hamilton House in East Lothian in 1937.[8] His firm also undertook work in Old Aberdeen and in the West Highlands. During the Second World War, Hurd worked with fellow architect Alan Reiach on a book for the Saltire Society entitled Building Scotland - Past and Future, a pictorial appeal for post-war Scotland to be planned and designed bravely.[9] In 1952 he received a major commission to replan and rebuild Edinburgh’s Canongate, largely demolishing buildings and setting back the rebuilt facades to a new wider and straighter building line. Less care was taken over the rear elevations. The scale of the work required him to take on Ian Begg as a junior partner in 1953. He campaigned against the loss of George Square and in 1959 he was commissioned to restore the west side for University use. He was strongly interested in the arts and also helped found the Scottish Georgian Society, was an advisor to the BBC in Scotland, and helped to set up the Edinburgh Festival. His only noteworthy project of contemporary rather than historic idiom is a scheme of modernist flats at Ravelston Gardens, Edinburgh.

Hurd's passion for housing which took account of Scottish tradition and fitted the Scottish landscape led in 1937 to the foundation of the Saltire Society housing awards which continue today.

Also an outsider in other senses Hurd never joined the RIBA. Hurd was gay and had a single lifelong partner from around 1935.

Hurd died whilst on holiday in Switzerland but in honour of his work his body was flown home. In honour of his contribution to the area he was the last full interment within the otherwise closed-to-burial Canongate Kirkyard.

Principal Works

  • Ravelston Gardens (modernist flats), Edinburgh (1935)
  • Restoration of Acheson House, Canongate, Edinburgh (1936)
  • Restoration of Hamilton House, East Lothian (1937)
  • Restoration of Lamb’s House in Leith (1937)
  • Restoration of Loudoun Hall near Ayr (1939)
  • Restoration of Culzean Castle (1946-8)
  • Restoration of tenements on Bank Street, Edinburgh (1950)
  • Rebuilding of Chessel’s Court and Morocco Land, Canongate Edinburgh (1952)
  • Rebuilding of numerous tenements on Canongate Edinburgh (1952-5)
  • Restoration of Culross Abbey House (1954)
  • Restoration of Bible Land and Shoemaker Land, Canongate Edinburgh (1956)
  • Library and Village Centre, Skelmorlie (1956)
  • Extensions to his Alma Mater Emmanuel College, Cambridge (1957) (criticised by the Anti Ugly action group in 1959)
  • Further restoration at Chessel’s Court (1958)

References

  1. ^ Hurd, Robert (1932), Building Scotland, in Cleghorn Thomson, David (Ed.), Scotland in Quest of Her Youth, Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh, pp. 172 - 190
  2. ^ Hurd, Robert (1939), The Face of Modern Edinburgh, in the Quarterly Illustrated of the Royal Incorporation of Architects in Scotland, No. 61, July 1939, pp. 11 - 17
  3. ^ Hurd, Robert (1942), Planning and Building: An Architectural Survey, in The New Scotland: 17 Chapters on Scottish Reconstruction, The London Scots Self-Government Committee, pp. 59 - 73
  4. ^ Hurd, Robert (1951), Architecture, in Reid, J.M. (Ed.), Some Scottish Arts, Serif Books Ltd., Edinburgh, pp. 5 - 12
  5. ^ Hurd, Robert (1952), Gladstone's Land: The Story of an Old Edinburgh House, The Saltire Society
  6. ^ Hurd, Robert (1938), Scotland Under Trust, Adam & Charles Black, London
  7. ^ Hurd, Robert (1952), Architecture and the Saltire Society, in the Quarterly Journal of the Royal Incorporation of Architects in Scotland, No. 88, May 1952, pp. 42 - 44
  8. ^ Dictionary of Scottish Architects
  9. ^ Hurd, Robert & Reiach, Alan, (1942), Building Scotland - Past and Future, The Saltire Society
  • Dictionary of Scottish Architects: Robert Hurd