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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Roanne
Roanne
(French pronunciation: ​[ʁɔan] ; Rouana in Arpitan) is a commune in the Loire department in central France. It is located 90 km (56 mi) northwest of Lyon
Lyon
on the Loire River. It has an important Museum, the Musée de Beaux-arts et d'Archéologie Joseph Déchelette (French), with many Egyptian artifacts.

Contents

1 Economy 2 History 3 Sports 4 Notable people 5 Twin towns - sister cities 6 References 7 Sources 8 External links

Economy[edit] Roanne
Roanne
is known for gastronomy (largely because of the famous Troisgros family), textiles, agriculture and manufacturing tanks. History[edit]

Tourism office.

The toponomy is Gaulish, Rod-Onna ("flowing water") which became Rodumna, then Rouhanne and Roanne. The town was sited at a strategic point, the head of navigation on the Loire, below its narrow gorges. As a trans-shipping point, its importance declined with the collapse of long-distance trade after the fourth century. In the twelfth century, the site passed to the comte du Forez, under whose care it began to recover. An overland route led to Lyon
Lyon
and the Rhône, thus Roanne
Roanne
developed as a transshipping point between Paris
Paris
and the Mediterranean in early modern France, when waterways were at least as important as roads. The renewed navigation on the Loire encouraged the export of local products— wines, including casks of Beaujolais
Beaujolais
that had been shipped overland, ceramics, textiles—and after 1785, coal from Saint-Étienne, which had formerly been onloaded upstream at Saint-Rambert, since river improvements at the beginning of the century. Sturdy goods were rafted downriver on sapinières that were dismantled after use. Half the population of seventeenth and eighteenth-century Roanne
Roanne
depended in some way on this transportation economy: merchants and factors, carriers, carpenters and coopers, master-boatmen and their journeymen and oarsmen, and waterfront laborers (Braudel p360f). Roanne
Roanne
was one of the first towns served by railroad, with the opening, 15 March 1833, of the terminal on the right bank at the port of Varennes of the third line, from Andrézieux. Following came the opening of the canal from Roanne
Roanne
to Digoin
Digoin
(1838), which placed the city in the forefront of the French Industrial Revolution. In 1917 the arsenal was established at Roanne, and from 1940 a new industry developed, producing rayon and other new fibers. In the post-industrial phase that set in during the 1970s, Roanne
Roanne
struggled to find new industry and attract tourism. The 18th-century actor, playwright and revolutionary Antoine Dorfeuille (1754–1795) was murdered in Roanne. Sports[edit] The city is home to Chorale Roanne
Roanne
Basket, two-time champion of France's top basketball league LNB Pro A. The team plays its home games at the Halle André Vacheresse. Notable people[edit] Roanne
Roanne
was the birthplace of:

Édouard Carpentier, (1926-2010) professional wrestler Laurent Chabry (1855-1894), biologist who worked in the flying mechanisms of birds and insects Jean-Baptiste Nompère de Champagny
Jean-Baptiste Nompère de Champagny
(1756–1834) was a French politician Joseph Déchelette (fr) (1862-1914), archaeologist Henri Dentz (1881-1945), French Army officer and collaborator Pierre Étaix
Pierre Étaix
(born 1928), film director Jean-Pierre Jeunet
Jean-Pierre Jeunet
(born 1953), film director René Leriche
René Leriche
(1870–1955), surgeon David Ramseyer, basketball player

Twin towns - sister cities[edit] Roanne
Roanne
is twinned with:

Guadalajara, Spain Nuneaton and Bedworth, United Kingdom Reutlingen, Germany Montevarchi, Italy Piatra Neamţ, Romania[1] Legnica, Poland

References[edit]

^ " Piatra Neamţ
Piatra Neamţ
- Twin Towns". © 2007-2008 piatra-neamt.net. Archived from the original on 2009-11-16. Retrieved 2009-09-27. 

Sources[edit]

Braudel, Fernand, 1982. The Wheels of Commerce, vol. II of Civilization and Capitalism p. 360.

External links[edit] Media related to Roanne
Roanne
at Wikimedia Commons

Official website

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Communes of the Loire department

Aboën Ailleux Ambierle Amions Andrézieux-Bouthéon Apinac Arcinges Arcon Arthun Aveizieux Balbigny Bard Bellegarde-en-Forez Belleroche Belmont-de-la-Loire La Bénisson-Dieu Le Bessat Bessey Boën-sur-Lignon Boisset-lès-Montrond Boisset-Saint-Priest Bonson Bourg-Argental Boyer Briennon Bully Burdignes Bussières Bussy-Albieux Çaloire Cellieu Le Cergne Cervières Cezay Chagnon Chalain-d'Uzore Chalain-le-Comtal Chalmazel La Chamba Chambéon Chambles Chambœuf Le Chambon-Feugerolles La Chambonie Champdieu Champoly Chandon Changy La Chapelle-en-Lafaye La Chapelle-Villars Charlieu Châteauneuf Châtelneuf Châtelus Chausseterre Chavanay Chazelles-sur-Lavieu Chazelles-sur-Lyon Chenereilles Cherier Chevrières Chirassimont Chuyer Civens Cleppé Colombier Combre Commelle-Vernay Cordelle La Côte-en-Couzan Le Coteau Cottance Coutouvre Craintilleux Cremeaux Croizet-sur-Gand Le Crozet Cuinzier Cuzieu Dancé Dargoire Débats-Rivière-d'Orpra Doizieux Écoche Écotay-l'Olme Épercieux-Saint-Paul Essertines-en-Châtelneuf Essertines-en-Donzy Estivareilles L'Étrat Farnay Feurs Firminy Fontanès La Fouillouse Fourneaux Fraisses Genilac La Gimond Graix Grammond La Grand-Croix La Gresle Grézieux-le-Fromental Grézolles Gumières L'Hôpital-le-Grand L'Hôpital-sous-Rochefort L'Horme Jarnosse Jas Jeansagnière Jonzieux Juré Lavieu Lay Leigneux Lentigny Lérigneux Lézigneux Lorette Lupé Luré Luriecq Mably Machézal Maclas Magneux-Haute-Rive Maizilly Malleval Marcenod Marcilly-le-Châtel Marclopt Marcoux Margerie-Chantagret Maringes Marlhes Marols Mars Merle-Leignec Mizérieux Montagny Montarcher Montbrison Montchal Montrond-les-Bains Montverdun Mornand-en-Forez Nandax Neaux Néronde Nervieux Neulise Noailly Les Noës Noirétable Nollieux Notre-Dame-de-Boisset Ouches Palogneux Panissières Parigny Pavezin La Pacaudière Pélussin Périgneux Perreux Pinay Planfoy Pommiers Poncins Pouilly-lès-Feurs Pouilly-les-Nonains Pouilly-sous-Charlieu Pradines Pralong Précieux Régny Renaison La Ricamarie Riorges Rivas Rive-de-Gier Roanne Roche Roche-la-Molière Roisey Rozier-Côtes-d'Aurec Rozier-en-Donzy Sail-les-Bains Sail-sous-Couzan Saint-Alban-les-Eaux Saint-André-d'Apchon Saint-André-le-Puy Saint-Appolinard Saint-Barthélemy-Lestra Saint-Bonnet-des-Quarts Saint-Bonnet-le-Château Saint-Bonnet-le-Courreau Saint-Bonnet-les-Oules Saint-Chamond Saint-Christo-en-Jarez Saint-Cyprien Saint-Cyr-de-Favières Saint-Cyr-de-Valorges Saint-Cyr-les-Vignes Saint-Denis-de-Cabanne Saint-Denis-sur-Coise Saint-Didier-sur-Rochefort Sainte-Agathe-en-Donzy Sainte-Agathe-la-Bouteresse Sainte-Colombe-sur-Gand Sainte-Croix-en-Jarez Sainte-Foy-Saint-Sulpice Saint-Étienne Saint-Étienne-le-Molard Saint-Forgeux-Lespinasse Saint-Galmier Saint-Genest-Lerpt Saint-Genest-Malifaux Saint-Georges-de-Baroille Saint-Georges-en-Couzan Saint-Georges-Haute-Ville Saint-Germain-la-Montagne Saint-Germain-Laval Saint-Germain-Lespinasse Saint-Haon-le-Châtel Saint-Haon-le-Vieux Saint-Héand Saint-Hilaire-Cusson-la-Valmitte Saint-Hilaire-sous-Charlieu Saint-Jean-Bonnefonds Saint-Jean-la-Vêtre Saint-Jean-Saint-Maurice-sur-Loire Saint-Jean-Soleymieux Saint-Jodard Saint-Joseph Saint-Julien-d'Oddes Saint-Julien-la-Vêtre Saint-Julien-Molin-Molette Saint-Just-en-Bas Saint-Just-en-Chevalet Saint-Just-la-Pendue Saint-Just-Saint-Rambert Saint-Laurent-la-Conche Saint-Laurent-Rochefort Saint-Léger-sur-Roanne Saint-Marcel-de-Félines Saint-Marcel-d'Urfé Saint-Marcellin-en-Forez Saint-Martin-d'Estréaux Saint-Martin-la-Plaine Saint-Martin-la-Sauveté Saint-Martin-Lestra Saint-Maurice-en-Gourgois Saint-Médard-en-Forez Saint-Michel-sur-Rhône Saint-Nizier-de-Fornas Saint-Nizier-sous-Charlieu Saint-Paul-de-Vézelin Saint-Paul-d'Uzore Saint-Paul-en-Cornillon Saint-Paul-en-Jarez Saint-Pierre-de-Bœuf Saint-Pierre-la-Noaille Saint-Polgues Saint-Priest-en-Jarez Saint-Priest-la-Prugne Saint-Priest-la-Roche Saint-Priest-la-Vêtre Saint-Régis-du-Coin Saint-Rirand Saint-Romain-d'Urfé Saint-Romain-en-Jarez Saint-Romain-la-Motte Saint-Romain-le-Puy Saint-Romain-les-Atheux Saint-Sauveur-en-Rue Saint-Sixte Saint-Symphorien-de-Lay Saint-Thomas-la-Garde Saint-Thurin Saint-Victor-sur-Rhins Saint-Vincent-de-Boisset Les Salles Salt-en-Donzy Salvizinet Sauvain Savigneux Sevelinges Soleymieux Sorbiers Souternon Sury-le-Comtal La Talaudière Tarentaise Tartaras La Terrasse-sur-Dorlay Thélis-la-Combe La Tour-en-Jarez La Tourette Trelins La Tuilière Unias Unieux Urbise Usson-en-Forez Valeille Valfleury La Valla-en-Gier La Valla-sur-Rochefort Veauche Veauchette Vendranges Véranne Vérin Verrières-en-Forez La Versanne Villars Villemontais Villerest Villers Violay Viricelles Viri

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