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Rizal Park
Rizal Park
(Filipino: Liwasang Rizal), also known as Luneta Park or simply Luneta, is a historical urban park in the Philippines. Located along Roxas Boulevard, Manila, adjacent to the old walled city of Intramuros, it is one of the largest urban parks in Asia. It has been a favorite leisure spot, and is frequented on Sundays and national holidays. Rizal Park
Rizal Park
is one of the major tourist attractions of Manila. Situated by the Manila
Manila
Bay, it is an important site in Philippine history. The execution of national hero José Rizal
José Rizal
on December 30, 1896 fanned the flames of the 1896 Philippine Revolution
Philippine Revolution
against the Kingdom of Spain. The area was officially renamed Rizal Park
Rizal Park
in his honor, and the monument enshrining his remains serves as the park's symbolic focal point. The Declaration of Philippine Independence from the United States
United States
was held here on July 4, 1946 as were later political rallies including those of Ferdinand Marcos
Ferdinand Marcos
and Corazon Aquino in 1986 that culminated in the EDSA Revolution.

Contents

1 Location 2 History

2.1 Spanish colonial period

2.1.1 Execution of Gómez, Burgos and Zamora

2.2 American colonial period

2.2.1 Rizal Monument 2.2.2 National Government Center

2.3 Luneta National Park 2.4 Philippine Centennial 2.5 2011 renovations

3 Notable events in the park 4 Park layout

4.1 Activities 4.2 Gardens 4.3 Event venues 4.4 Educational establishments 4.5 Artworks and monuments 4.6 Other attractions

5 Security 6 In popular culture 7 Gallery 8 Rizal Parks elsewhere 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Location[edit] Luneta is situated at the northern terminus of Roxas Boulevard. To the east of the boulevard, the park is bounded by Taft Avenue, Padre Burgos Avenue and Kalaw Avenue. To the west is the reclaimed area of the park bounded by Katigbak Drive, South Drive, and the shore of Manila
Manila
Bay. History[edit] Spanish colonial period[edit]

The Paseo de Luneta in 1899

Rizal Park's history began in 1820 when the Paseo de Luneta was completed just south of the walls of Manila
Manila
on a marshy patch of land next to the beach during the Spanish rule. Prior to the park, the marshy land was the location of a small town called Nuevo Barrio (New Town or Bagumbayan in Tagalog language) that dates back to 1601. The town and its churches, being close to the walled city, were strategically used as cover by the British during their attack. The Spanish authorities anticipated the danger posed by the settlements that immediately surrounded Intramuros
Intramuros
in terms of external attacks, yet Church officials advocated for these villages to remain. Because of the part they played during the British Invasion, they were cleared after the short rule of the British from 1762 to 1764.[1] The church of Bagumbayan originally enshrined the Black Nazarene. Because of the order to destroy the village and its church, the image was transferred first to San Nicolas de Tolentino then to Quiapo Church. This has since been commemorated by the Traslación of the relic every January 9, which is more commonly known as the Feast of the Black Nazarene. This is why the procession always start at Rizal Park.[2] After the clearing of the Bagumbayan settlement, the area later became known as Bagumbayan Field where the Cuartel la Luneta (Luneta Barracks), a Spanish Military Hospital (which was destroyed by one of the earthquakes of Manila), and a moat-surrounded outwork of the walled city of Manila, known as the Luneta (lunette) because of its crescent shape.[3][4] West of Bagumbayan Field was the Paseo de la Luneta (Plaza of the Lunette) named after the fortification, not because of the shape of the plaza which was a long 100-by-300-metre (330 ft × 980 ft) rectangle ended by two semicircles. It was also named Paseo de Alfonso XII (Plaza of Alfonso XII), after Alfonso XII, King of Spain during his reign from 1874 to 1885.[5] Paseo de la Luneta was the center of social activity for the people of Manila
Manila
in the early evening hours. This plaza was arranged with paths and lawns and surrounded by a wide driveway called "La Calzada" (The Road) where carriages circulate.[3][4] Execution of Gómez, Burgos and Zamora[edit] During the Spanish period from 1823 to 1897 most especially in the latter part, the place became notorious for public executions. A total of 158 political enemies of Spain were executed in the park.[4] On February 17, 1872, three Filipino priests, Mariano Gómez, José Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora, collectively known as Gomburza, were executed by garrote, accused of subversion arising from the 1872 Cavite
Cavite
mutiny.[6] American colonial period[edit] Rizal Monument[edit] Main article: Rizal Monument

The execution of Jose Rizal
Jose Rizal
on December 30, 1896

The bronze-and-granite Rizal monument is among the most famous sculptural landmarks in the country. It is almost protocol for visiting dignitaries to lay a wreath at the monument. Located on the monument is not merely the statue of the national hero, but also his remains.[7] On September 28, 1901, the United States
United States
Philippine Commission approved Act No. 243, which would erect a monument in Luneta to commemorate the memory of José Rizal, Filipino patriot, writer and poet.[8] The committee formed by the act held an international design competition between 1905 and 1907 and invited sculptors from Europe and the United States
United States
to submit entries with an estimated cost of ₱100,000 using local materials.[9] The first-prize winner was Carlos Nicoli of Carrara, Italy for his scaled plaster model titled “Al Martir de Bagumbayan” (To the Martyr of Bagumbayan) besting 40 other accepted entries. The contract though, was awarded to second-placer Swiss sculptor named Richard Kissling for his “Motto Stella” (Guiding Star). After more than twelve years of its approval, the shrine was finally unveiled on December 30, 1913 during Rizal’s 17th death anniversary. His poem "Mi Ultimo Adios" ("My Last Farewell") is inscribed on the memorial plaque. The site is continuously guarded by ceremonial soldiers of Philippine Marine Corps’ Marine Security and Escort Group[10] National Government Center[edit]

Play media

Proclamation of independence at Rizal Park

In 1902,[11] William Taft commissioned Daniel Burnham, architect and city planner, to do the city plan of Manila. Government buildings will have Neo-classical edifices with Greco-Roman columns. Burnham chose Luneta as the location of the new government center. A large Capitol building, which was envisioned to be the Philippine version of the Washington Capitol, was to become its core. It was to be surrounded by other government buildings, but only two of those buildings were built around Agrifina Circle, facing each other. They are the Department of Agriculture (now the National Museum of Anthropology) and the Department of Finance (now the Department of Tourism
Tourism
and soon to be the National Museum of Natural History). These two buildings were completed before the Second World War.[12] Luneta National Park[edit] In August 1954, President Ramon Magsaysay
Ramon Magsaysay
created the Jose Rizal National Centennial Commission to organize and manage the celebrations for the centennial of José Rizal’s birth.[13] Its plans include building a grand monument of José Rizal
José Rizal
and the Rizal Memorial Cultural Center that would contain a national theater, a national museum, and a national library at the Luneta.[14] The site was declared a national park on December 19, 1955 by virtue of Proclamation No. 234 signed by President Magsaysay.[15] The Luneta National Park spans an area of approximately 16.24 hectares (40.1 acres) covering the area surrounding the Rizal Monument. The Commission of Parks and Wildlife (now Biodiversity Management Bureau) managed the site upon its establishment as a protected area. In 1957, President Carlos P. Garcia
Carlos P. Garcia
issued Proclamation No. 470 transferring the administration of the national park to the Jose Rizal National Centennial Commission.[16] In 1961, in commemoration of Rizal's birth centennial, the National Library was inaugurated at the park.[14] Its management was then handed over to the National Parks Development Committee, an attached agency of the Department of Tourism, created in 1963 by President Diosdado Macapagal.[17][18] In 1967, the Luneta National Park was renamed to Rizal Park
Rizal Park
with the signing of Proclamation No. 299 by President Ferdinand Marcos.[19] Philippine Centennial[edit] On June 12, 1998, the park hosted many festivities which capped the 1998 Philippine Centennial, the event commemorating a hundred years since the Declaration of Independence from Spain and the establishment of the First Philippine Republic. The celebrations were led by then President Fidel V. Ramos.[20] 2011 renovations[edit] Rizal Park
Rizal Park
underwent renovations by the National Parks Development Committee (NPDC) aimed at restoring elements of the park. The plans included the rehabilitation of the old musical dancing fountain located on the 40 m × 100 m (130 ft × 330 ft) pool, which is the geographical center of the park. The fountain, which is set for inauguration on December 16, 2011, is handled by German-Filipino William Schaare, the same person who built the original fountain in the 1960s. Restoration also included the Flower Clock which was set for inauguration on the 113th Philippine Independence day; the Noli Me Tangere Garden and the Luzviminda Boardwalk, for the 150th birthday celebration of Jose Rizal.[21] Notable events in the park[edit]

Aerial shot of the Rizal Park
Rizal Park
during Pope Francis' concluding mass

Various mass protests were held during 1986 as opposition to the government of Ferdinand Marcos. This culminated into the People Power Revolution. January 15, 1995. The closing Mass of the X World Youth Day 1995
World Youth Day 1995
was held here attended by more than 5 million people. This is the record gathering of the Roman Catholic Church. June 12, 1998. The Philippine Centennial Celebrations featured a Grand Centennial Parade culminating in a fireworks display emanating from ships in Manila
Manila
Bay that was the most expensive ever produced in the country at the time. Rizal Park
Rizal Park
had over five million celebrating the one hundredth anniversary of the Philippine Declaration of Independence. December 31, 1999 – January 1, 2000. The turn-of-the-century celebration was held here attended by more than 5 million people. November 27, 2005. Rizal Park
Rizal Park
was the venue of the opening ceremony for the 2005 Southeast Asian Games
2005 Southeast Asian Games
at the Quirino Grandstand. It was held at an open-air park instead of a stadium, a historic first for a Southeast Asian games' opening ceremony. It was again used on December 5, 2005 for the games' closing ceremony. August 23, 2010. The park was the site of the 11-hour hostage crisis where a Hong Thai Travel Services
Hong Thai Travel Services
tour group on a coach was hijacked by Rolando Mendoza, causing casualties and injuries. August 22–26, 2013. The Million People March
Million People March
was held in the park, and other different locations, to protest against the improper use of Priority Development Assistance Fund. January 18, 2015. The concluding mass of the Papal visit of Pope Francis was held here attended by more than 6 million people, making it the largest papal gathering in history.[22]

Park layout[edit]

Panorama of the park along Roxas Boulevard

The park is divided into three sections beginning with the 16-hectare (40-acre) Agrifina Circle
Agrifina Circle
adjoining Taft Avenue, where the Department of Tourism
Tourism
and the National Museum of Anthropology
Anthropology
(formerly the Department of Agriculture and the Department of Finance respectively) are located, is the Northeastern section; followed by the 22-hectare (54-acre) park proper that extends down to Roxas Boulevard
Roxas Boulevard
is the Central Section; and terminating at Southwestern section which includes Burnham Green, a 10-hectare (25-acre) open field, the Quirino Grandstand and the Manila
Manila
Ocean Park along Manila
Manila
Bay.

Location of buildings in and around Rizal Park

N W E S

Northeastern side

Northwestern side

Southeastern side

National Museum of Anthropology

Agrifina Circle
Agrifina Circle
and the Sentinel of Freedom

National Museum of Natural History

Japanese Garden

Rizal Monument

National Library of the Philippines

Intramuros

National Historical Commission of the Philippines

Manila
Manila
Hotel

Quirino Grandstand

Museo Pambata, formerly the Manila
Manila
Elks Club

Southwestern side

Activities[edit] The park is home to various Kali/Eskrima/ Filipino Martial Arts
Filipino Martial Arts
(FMA) groups. Every morning, especially on Sundays, Eskrimadors, or Eskrima practitioners can be seen at the Luneta. Even up to the present, stickfighting duels are still very common, albeit in a friendly atmosphere. Various physical fitness groups doing aerobics at the park are also present on weekends. Like-minded individuals from all walks of life who have a knack or penchant for quizzes and trivia (any trivial or academic questions under the sun) also gravitates for graveyard Trivia Meetups at the Luneta Park on weekends, especially on Saturday from dusk till dawn along the promenade of Japanese Garden
Japanese Garden
and Chess Plaza. Kite flying is also seen in the park area. Gardens[edit]

Inside the Chinese Garden.

The Orchidarium.

Children's Playground, the section of the park built for kids, is located at the southeastern corner of the Rizal Park. The playground was also renovated in 2011.[21] Chinese Garden. An ornate Chinese-style gate, carved with swirling dragons, leads you into this whimsical garden which looks like it has been transported from old Peking. Along the lagoon constructed to simulate a small lake, are pagodas and gazebos that are set off by red pillars and green-tiled roofs and decorated with a profusion of mythical figures. Japanese Garden. The gardens were built to promote friendship between Japan and the Philippines. Inside is nice place for pleasant walks around the Japanese style gardens, lagoon and bridge. Noli me Tangere Garden, recently unveiled, It features the Heidelberg fountain where Rizal used to drink from when he was staying in Germany. It was donated as a symbol of Filipino-German friendship, The bust of Ferdinand Blumentritt can be found at the garden. Orchidarium and Butterfly Pavilion, established in 1994, was a former parking lot developed into a one-hectare rainforest-like park. The Orchidarium showcases Philippines' rich collection of orchid species and butterflies. The pavilion is also a favorite venue for weddings.

Event venues[edit]

The Open Air Auditorium.

Open-air Auditorium, Designed by National artist for architecture, Leandro Locsin,It features performances provided for free to the general public by the National Parks Development Committee, Department of Tourism
Tourism
and the National Broadcasting Network. Free entertainment are also provided elsewhere in the park.[23] Featured shows are a mix of performances from dance, theatre, to musical performances by local and foreign artists. This is also the venue for the Cinema in the Open-Air, which provides free showing of critically acclaimed films. Quirino Grandstand, Originally called grand Independence Grandstand. It was designed by architect Juan M. Arellano, in preparation for the proclamation of Independence on July 4, 1946, and to avoid overcrowding in front of the Legislative Building during the inauguration of the Third Philippine Republic. It was designed in Neoclassical style. However, in 1949 Federico Illustre, chief architect at the Bureau of Public Works, modify the some designs of Arellano. It was completed on the reclaimed area along Manila
Manila
Bay where President Elpidio Quirino
Elpidio Quirino
was sworn in after winning the presidential election. Since then, newly elected Presidents of the Philippines
Philippines
traditionally take their oath of office and deliver their inaugural address to the nation in the grandstand, which was later renamed after President Quirino. Many important political, cultural and religious events in the post war era have been held here.

Parade grounds and the Burnham Green, Parade grounds is a popular venue for fun run, races, motorcades and parades. The Burnham Green, named after American architect Daniel Burnham
Daniel Burnham
is a large open space in front of the Quirino grandstand, Designed to accommodate large crowd gatherings at the park, It also serves as picnic grounds and venue for different sports activities. The Narra tree planted by Pope Paul VI and the bronze statue of San Lorenzo Ruiz
San Lorenzo Ruiz
that was given by Pope John Paul II can be found in this area.

Valor's Hall/Bulwagan ng Kagitingan, situated at the light and sound complex, Its artistic landscape and design made it one of the top-pick venues for event and cocktail receptions.

Educational establishments[edit]

National Planetarium National Museum of Anthropology, on the building north of Agrifina Circle, are the Anthropology
Anthropology
and Archeology
Archeology
collections of the National Museum of the Philippines. National Library of the Philippines
Philippines
is the country's premier public library. The library has a history of its own and its rich Filipiniana collections are maintained by the librarians to preserve the institution as the nations fountain of local knowledge and source of information for thousands of students and everyday users in their research and studies. National Museum of Fine Arts, located on the northeastern tip of Rizal Park, is an art museum of the National Museum of the Philippines. Manila
Manila
Ocean Park is an oceanarium located in the westernmost part of Luneta behind the Quirino Grandstand
Quirino Grandstand
and along Manila
Manila
Bay. The complex opened on March 1, 2008.

Artworks and monuments[edit]

Relief map of the Philippines

Flower Clock.

La Madre Filipina

Artist's Haven/Kanllungan ng Sining, A site of artistic and natural artworks, It houses the gallery run by the Arts Association of the Philippines
Philippines
(AAP), in collaboration with the NDPC. Artworks in the Park, The Rizal park features different artworks of some renowned Filipino artists:

Dancing Rings, A replica of Joe Datuin's Dancing Rings, The original sculpture is the Grand Prize winner of the 2008 International Olympic Committee Sports and Arts Contest in Lausanne, Switzerland. The New Filipino/Ang Bagong Pinoy, A sculpture by Joe Dautin, It features intertwined rings resemble a human figure that represents a new Filipino. Ang Pagbabago (The Change) Mosaic Murals, It represents the Filipino ideals of peace, love, unity and prosperity. It serves as a call to national renewal and change.

Diorama of Rizal's Martyrdom. On an area north of Rizal monument stands a set of statues depicting Rizal's execution, situated on the spot where he was actually martyred, contrary to popular belief that the monument is the spot where he was executed. In the evenings, a Light & Sound presentation titled "The Martyrdom of Dr. Jose Rizal", features a multimedia dramatization of the last poignant minutes of the life of the national hero. Rizal's poem Mi Ultimo Adios engraved in a black granite, can be also be found here.[24] Filipino-Korean Soldier Monument. This monument of two Filipino soldiers aiding a Korean soldier is dedicated to the Filipino combat soldiers who fought with the Korean troops during the Korean War.[25]

Soul waves, It represents sea waves as a tribute to Filipino who died during the World War II, It is placed in the park by Korea, as a sign of mutual respect.

The Flower Clock, features a clock on a flower bed. A feature of the park since the 1960s, it was restored in 2011. The clock's hand was sculpted by Filipino Artist, Jose Datuin. The Gallery of Heroes, is a row of bust sculpture monuments of historical Philippine Heroes. There are 2 rows on both sides of the Central Lagoon, one row on the North Promenade and another row on the South Promenade La Madre Filipina. First unveiled in 1921, the statue was part of a set of four sculptures that depicted Filipina motherhood which adorned the pillars of Jones Bridge. After World War II, only three of these statues survived and were relocated elsewhere; the other two were relocated to the Court of Appeals complex. Relief map of the Philippines
Philippines
is a giant raised-relief map of the country, including the Scarborough Shoal, Kalayaan, and eastern part of Sabah, in the middle of a small man-made lake. Statue of the Sentinel of Freedom
Sentinel of Freedom
(or the Lapu-Lapu
Lapu-Lapu
Monument). The monument was a gift from the people of Korea as appreciation and to honor the memory of freedom-loving Filipinos who helped during the Korean War
Korean War
in the early 1950s (as inscribed in the plaque). Lapu-Lapu was a native Visayan chieftain in Mactan, Cebu
Cebu
and representative of the Sultan of Sulu, and is now known as the first native of the archipelago to resist Spanish colonization. He is retroactively regarded as the first national hero of the Philippines. On the morning of April 27, 1521, Lapu-Lapu
Lapu-Lapu
and the men of Mactan, armed with spears and kampilan, faced Spanish soldiers led by Portuguese captain Ferdinand Magellan
Ferdinand Magellan
in what would later be known as the Battle of Mactan. Magellan and several of his men were killed.

Other attractions[edit]

The Musical Dancing Fountain

Independence Flagpole, standing at 105 feet (32 m), is the highest flagpole in the Philippines. On this spot in front of Rizal Monument, at 9:15am July 4, 1946, the full independence of the Republic of the Philippines
Philippines
was proclaimed as authorized by the United States President Harry S. Truman. As of August 2013, the flagpole was restored and increased its height to 150 feet (46 m). The government is expected to spend 7.8 million pesos, in preparation for the centennial of Rizal Monument[26] Kilometre Zero
Kilometre Zero
is located within the Park on Roxas Boulevard, in front of the Rizal Monument. It serves as the point from which all road distances from Manila
Manila
are measured.[27] Musical Dancing Fountain, Deemed as the biggest and most vibrant dancing fountain in the country, The central lagoon present a show with waters soaring up to 88 feet., fireballs, exploding water rockets and peacock spray water screen.

Security[edit] In 2012, 30 high-definition closed-circuit television (CCTV) cameras were installed to make the area safer for local and foreign tourists.[28] The National Parks Development Committee have stationed police and security officers in the key places in the park for added security.[21] In popular culture[edit]

The Amazing Race 5, the fifth installment of the American Reality TV show, featured the Rizal Monument
Rizal Monument
on Leg 12 as Route Marker. The Port Malaya patch in Ragnarok Online, a massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMOPPG), features a replica of the Rizal Monument as one of the town's attractions.[29]

Gallery[edit]

The park during the 119th Rizal Day
Rizal Day
commemoration

Dancing Rings sculpture

The entrance arch to the Chinese garden

Gomburza
Gomburza
execution site

Carabao sculpture

Kilometre Zero

Independence Flagpole

Life-size statues at Rizal's execution site

Rizal Parks elsewhere[edit] Like Rizal Avenues, most Philippine towns and cities has a Rizal Park (or a Plaza Rizal), usually its central square. This is also where its Rizal monument is located. Seattle
Seattle
also has its own Rizal Park. See also[edit]

Manila
Manila
portal Philippines
Philippines
portal

Jose Rizal Rizal Monument Paco Park

References[edit]

^ Joaquin, Nick (1990). Manila
Manila
My Manila. Manila: The City of Manila.  ^ "Trivia: 11 things you didn't know about the Black Nazarene". InterAksyon.com. Retrieved 2016-11-03.  ^ a b (1911-12). "The Century Magazine", p.237-249. The Century Co., NY, 1912. ^ a b c "History - Spanish Period". Rizal Park. Retrieved on 2011-10-07. ^ " Manila
Manila
and suburbs, 1898". University of Texas in Austin Library. Retrieved on 2011-10-07. ^ Jernegan, Prescott Ford (1995). "A Short History of the Philippines", p.252. New York: D. Appleton and Company. ^ Vicente, Rafael L. (2005). "The Promise of the Foreign Nationalism and the Technics of Translation in the Spanish Philippines", p. 36. Duke University Press. ^ Division of Insular Affairs, War Department (1901). "Public Laws and Resolutions Passed by the United States
United States
Philippine Commission", p.689. Washington: Government Printing Office. ^ (1905-06). "Proposed Monuments and Monuments News", p.40. Granite, Marble and Bronze Magazine Vol. 15. ^ [1] ^ http://www.visitmyphilippines.com/index.php?title=CityofManila&func=all&pid=2557 ^ Torres, Cristina Evangelista (2014). “The Americanization of Manila, 1898 – 1921”, p.169. Quezon City: University of the Philippines
Philippines
Press. ^ "Executive Order No. 52, s. 1954". Official Gazette (Philippines). Retrieved 15 February 2017.  ^ a b "The Centenary of the Rizal Monument". Official Gazette (Philippines). Retrieved 15 February 2017.  ^ "Proclamation No. 234, s.1955". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved July 10, 2014.  ^ "Proclamation No. 470, s. 1957". Official Gazette (Philippines). Retrieved 15 February 2017.  ^ "Executive Order No. 30, s. 1963". Official Gazette (Philippines). Retrieved 15 February 2017.  ^ "National Parks Development Committee". National Parks Development Committee. Retrieved July 10, 2014.  ^ "Proclamation No. 299, s. 1967". Official Gazette (Philippines). Retrieved 15 February 2017.  ^ Alcazaren, Paolo (2010-07-10). "Grandstands and great public places". Philstar. Retrieved on 2011-02-28. ^ a b c Mejia-Acosta, Iris (2011-05-25). "Luneta Celebrates Rizal's 150th Birthday with a Fresh Look". Pinay Ads. ^ Hegina, Aries Joseph (18 January 2015). "MMDA: 6M Filipinos attended Pope Francis' Luneta Mass, papal route". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 19 January 2015.  ^ "Events". Rizal Park
Rizal Park
- NPDC. Retrieved on 2013-03-21. ^ "The Martyrdom of Dr. Jose Rizal". Rizal Park
Rizal Park
- NPDC. Retrieved on 2011-10-08. ^ The Rizal Park
Rizal Park
2012 brochure. Department of Tourism.  ^ [2] ^ Maranga, Mark Anthony (2010). "Kilometer Zero: Distance Reference of Manila". Philippines
Philippines
Travel Guide. Retrieved on 2011-02-28. ^ "CCTV cameras seen to make Manila's Luneta Park safer". Yahoo! Philippines. Retrieved February 24, 2013.  ^ Otakultura.com (2011). "Malaya Map Revealed!" Archived October 3, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved on 2011-09-01.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rizal Park.

National Parks Development Committee Photos from Flickr Photos of Luneta

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Rizal Park

Luneta National Park

Features

Memorials

Independence Flagpole Rizal Monument Statue of the Sentinel of Freedom

Museums

Museo Pambata Museum of Philippine Political History National Museum of Anthropology National Museum of Fine Arts National Museum of Natural History National Planetarium

Other features

Agrifina Circle Manila
Manila
Army and Navy Club Manila
Manila
Elks Club Manila
Manila
Ocean Park National Library of the Philippines Quirino Grandstand

Neighboring features

Buildings

Baluarte de San Diego Casino Español de Manila Central United Methodist Church Luneta Hotel Manila
Manila
Hotel Manila
Manila
South Harbor Puerta Real Santa Isabel College Torre de Manila United Nations LRT Station U.S. Embassy, Manila

Adjacent streets

Bonifacio Drive Del Pilar Street Kalaw Avenue Padre Burgos Avenue Roxas Boulevard Taft Avenue

Events

Feast of the Black Nazarene Manila
Manila
hostage crisis Million People March Pope Francis' visit to the Philippines Presidential inaugurations Rizal Day World Youth Day 1995

Miscellaneous

Centennial Tower Gomburza José Rizal Thirteen Martyrs of Bagumbayan Torre de Manila
Manila
controversy

Ermita, Manila

v t e

Parks and plazas in Metro Manila

Protected areas

La Mesa Watershed Reservation Quezon Memorial Circle Rizal Park

Urban parks

APEC Sculpture Garden Ayala Triangle Gardens Baywalk Bernardo Park Glorieta Park La Mesa Ecopark Makati Park and Garden Malabon People's Park Marikina River Park Mehan Garden Navotas Centennial Park Paco Park Pinaglabanan Shrine Salcedo Park Sucat People's Park Valenzuela People's Park Washington SyCip Park

Nature parks

Arroceros Forest Park Balara Filters Park Freedom Island Isla Pulo Manila
Manila
Zoological and Botanical Garden Ninoy Aquino Parks and Wildlife Center Pasig Rainforest Park University of the Philippines
Philippines
Arboretum

Squares and plazas

Liwasang Bonifacio Plaza de Armas Plaza Dilao Plaza de España Plaza Lacson Plaza de Mexico Plaza Miranda Plaza Moraga Plaza Moriones Plaza Rajah Sulayman Plaza de Roma Plaza San Lorenzo Ruiz

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Visitor attractions in Metro Manila

Historical sites

Coconut Palace Corregidor
Corregidor
( Manila
Manila
Bay) Intramuros

Baluarte de San Diego Fort Santiago Plaza de Roma

Malacañang Palace Manila
Manila
Central Post Office Manila
Manila
Chinese Cemetery Manila
Manila
City Hall Manila
Manila
Hotel Plaza Miranda

Religious buildings

EDSA Shrine Golden Mosque Las Piñas Church Manila
Manila
Cathedral Quiapo Church San Agustin Church San Sebastian Church Seng Guan Temple

Monuments and memorials

Arch of the Centuries Bantayog ng mga Bayani Center Bonifacio Monument Manila
Manila
American Cemetery People Power Monument Pinaglabanan Shrine Quezon Memorial Shrine Rizal Monument Statue of the Sentinel of Freedom

Integrated resorts

Entertainment City

City of Dreams Manila Okada Manila Solaire Resort & Casino

Resorts World Manila

Amusement parks

DreamPlay Enchanted Kingdom (Laguna) Kidzania Manila Sky Ranch (Cavite) SM by the Bay Star City

Parks and recreation

Baywalk La Mesa Eco Park Manila
Manila
Ocean Park Manila
Manila
Zoo Ninoy Aquino Parks and Wildlife Center Paco Park Quezon Memorial Circle Rizal Park

Museums and galleries

Ayala Museum Bahay Tsinoy Casa Manila Lopez Museum Metropolitan Museum The Mind Museum Museo Pambata National Museum of Anthropology National Museum of Fine Arts National Museum of Natural History National Planetarium Rizal Shrine

Events and traditions

Aliwan Fiesta Black Nazarene Cinemalaya Film Festival Cinemanila International Film Festival La Naval de Manila Manila
Manila
International Auto Show Metro Manila
Manila
Film Festival Philippine Fashion Week World Pyro Olympics

Events venues

Cultural Center of the Philippines
Philippines
Complex

Manila
Manila
Film Center Philippine International Convention Center Tanghalang Francisco Balagtas Tanghalang Pambansa

Kia Theater Mall of Asia Arena Meralco Theater Metropolitan Theater Smart Araneta Coliseum SMX Convention Center World Trade Center Metro Manila

Shopping

Ayala Center

Glorietta Greenbelt

Bonifacio High Street Divisoria Greenhills Shopping Center Power Plant Mall Quinta Market Robinsons Place Manila SM Mall of Asia

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Philippine Registry of Cultural Property (PRECUP)

Government cultural agencies

Cultural Center of the Philippines Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino National Archives National Commission for Culture and the Arts National Historical Commission of the Philippines National Library National Museum Sentro Rizal

Categories of cultural properties

UNESCO World Heritage Sites National Cultural Treasures Important Cultural Properties National Historical Landmarks National Shrines National Monuments National Heritage Houses Works of National Artists Marked Structures Other Cultural Properties

Related

National Cultural Heritage Act

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National parks of the Philippines

Luzon

Aurora Memorial Balbalasang-Balbalan Bangan Hill Bataan Biak-na-Bato Caramoan Cassamata Hill Fuyot Springs Hundred Islands Libmanan Caves Luneta (Rizal) Minalungao Mount Arayat Mount Data Mount Pulag Mounts Iglit–Baco Naujan Lake Northern Luzon Heroes Hill Olongapo Naval Base Perimeter National Park Pagsanjan Gorge Paoay Lake Puerto Princesa Subterranean River Quezon Memorial

Visayas

Bulabog Putian Guadalupe Mabugnao Mainit Hot Spring Kuapnit Balinsasayao MacArthur Landing Memorial

Mindanao

Lake Butig Lake Dapao Mado Hot Spring Mount Dajo Pantuwaraya Lake Rungkunan Sacred Mount

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