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, officially the Province of ( tl, Lalawigan ng Rizal), is a
province A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state. The term derives from the ancient Roman '' provincia'', which was the major territorial and administrative unit of the Roman Empire's territorial possessions outs ...
in the
Philippines The Philippines (; fil, Pilipinas or ''Filipinas'' ), officially the Republic of the Philippines ( fil, Republika ng Pilipinas), * bik, Republika kan Filipinas * ceb, Republika sa Pilipinas * cbk, República de Filipinas * hil, Republik ...
located in the
Calabarzon Calabarzon (), formally known as the Southern Tagalog Mainland, is an administrative region in the Philippines The Philippines (; fil, Pilipinas or ''Filipinas'' ), officially the Republic of the Philippines ( fil, Republika ng Pilipi ...
region in
Luzon Luzon ( or ) is the largest and most populous island in the Philippines The Philippines (; fil, Pilipinas or ''Filipinas'' ), officially the Republic of the Philippines ( fil, Republika ng Pilipinas), * bik, Republika kan Filipinas * c ...
. Its capital is the city of
Antipolo , officially the ( tl, Lungsod ng ), is a and capital of the province A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state. The term derives from the ancient Roman '' provincia'', which was the major territor ...
. It is about east of
Manila Manila ( , ; fil, Maynila, ), officially the City of Manila ( fil, Lungsod ng Maynila ), is the capital city, capital of the Philippines, and its second most populous city. It is Cities of the Philippines#Independent cities, highly urbanized ...
. The province is named after
José Rizal José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda (; June 19, 1861 – December 30, 1896) was a Filipino nationalist and polymath A polymath ( el, πολυμαθής, ', "having learned much"; Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical langua ...
, one of the main national heroes of the Philippines. Rizal is bordered by
Metro Manila Metropolitan Manila (often shortened as Metro Manila; fil, Kalakhang Maynila), officially the National Capital Region (NCR; fil, Pambansang Punong Rehiyon), is the seat of government The seat of government is (as defined by ''Brewer's Poli ...
to the west,
Bulacan Bulacan, officially the Province of Bulacan ( tgl, Lalawigan ng Bulacan; pam, Lalawigan ning Bulacan) (PSGC031400000 ISO 3166-2:PH, ISO: PH-BUL) is a Provinces of the Philippines, province in the Philippines located in the Central Luzon Regions ...
to the north,
Quezon , officially the Province of ( tl, Lalawigan ng Quezon), is a province A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state. The term derives from the ancient Roman '' provincia'', which was the major territoria ...

Quezon
to the east and Laguna to the southeast. The province also lies on the northern shores of Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the country. Rizal is a mountainous province perched on the western slopes of the southern portion of the Sierra Madre mountain range.
Pasig , officially the ( tl, Lungsod ng ), is a in the of the . According to the , it has a population of people. Located along the eastern border of Metro Manila Metropolitan Manila (often shortened as Metro Manila; fil, Kalakhang Ma ...
served as its capital until 1975 when it became a part of the newly-created National Capital Region. A provincial capitol has been in Antipolo since 2009, making it the administrative center. On June 19, 2020, President
Rodrigo Duterte Rodrigo Roa Duterte ( ; born March 28, 1945), also known as Digong and Rody, is a Filipino politician who is the current president of the Philippines and the first from Mindanao to hold the office. He is the chairperson of PDP–Laban, th ...
signed Republic Act No. 11475, which designated Antipolo as the capital of Rizal. This province is a part of
Greater Manila Area The Greater Manila Area is the contiguous urbanization Urbanization (or urbanisation) refers to the population shift from Rural area, rural to urban areas, the decrease in the proportion of people living in Rural area, rural areas, and the ways ...
.


History

Tagalog settlement arrived some time in the pre-Spanish period. The provincial territory began with the organization of the Tondo province and Laguna (province), Laguna province during the Spanish administration. Some of the towns like
Pasig , officially the ( tl, Lungsod ng ), is a in the of the . According to the , it has a population of people. Located along the eastern border of Metro Manila Metropolitan Manila (often shortened as Metro Manila; fil, Kalakhang Ma ...
, Parañaque, Taytay, Rizal, Taytay and Cainta, Rizal, Cainta were already thriving. From the reports of the ''Encomiendas'' in 1582-1583, the Encomiendas of ''Moron'' (Morong) was under the jurisdiction of Laguna (province), La Laguna and, the Encomiendas of ''Passi'' (Pasig), ''Taitay'' (Taytay) and ''Tagui'' (Taguig) belonged to the Province of Tondo. It was recorded that in 1591, the Encomiendas of Moron and Taitay were under the jurisdiction of the Franciscan Order in the Province of La Laguna; and the Encomiendas of ''Nabotas'' (Navotas), ''Tambobo'' (Malabon), Tondo, Parañaque (then La Huerta, Parañaque), ''Longalo'' (Don Galo, Parañaque), Tagui and Pasig were under the jurisdiction of the Augustinians in the Province of Tondo. In 1853 a new political subdivision was formed. This consisted of the towns of
Antipolo , officially the ( tl, Lungsod ng ), is a and capital of the province A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state. The term derives from the ancient Roman '' provincia'', which was the major territor ...
(now a city), Bosoboso, Cainta and Taytay from the Province of Tondo; and the towns of Morong, Rizal, Morong, Baras, Rizal, Baras, Tanay, Rizal, Tanay, Pililla, Angono, Rizal, Angono, Binangonan, Rizal, Binangonan and Jalajala, Rizal, Jala-jala from the Province of La Laguna, with the capital at Morong. This district was changed to ''Distrito de Morong, Distrito Politico-Militar de Morong'' after four years. In 1860, by virtue of ''Circular No. 83'', dated September 2, 17854345678, the Province of Tondo became the Manila (province), Province of Manila. All its towns were placed under the administration, fiscal supervision and control of the Governor of the new province. The town of ''Mariquina'' (Marikina) became the capital of the Province of Manila during the tenure of the revolutionary government of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo. The Province of Morong had for its capital the town of Antipolo for the period 1898-1899, and the town of Tanay for 1899-1900. On February 6, the First Philippine Commission sought to establish civil government in the country through a provincial organization act after the Filipino-Spanish and Filipino-American conflicts. Therefore, on June 5, 1901, a historic meeting was held at the Pasig Catholic Church for the organization of a civil government in the Provinces of Manila and Distrito de Morong, Morong, with 221 delegates in attendance. The first Philippine Commission, headed by William Howard Taft and composed of Commissioners Luke E. Wright, Henry C. Ide, Bernard Moses and Dean Conant Worcester, Dean C. Worcester, discussed with the Assembly the issue of whether or not to write the Province of Manila with Morong Province, was not self-sufficient to operate as a separate province. Although the delegates from Morong, Hilarion Raymundo, and José Tupas, objected to the proposal, Juan Sumulong of Antipolo strongly advocated the move. After much acrimonious debate and upon the suggestion of Trinidad H. Pardo de Tavera the body agreed on the creation of a new province independent of the Province of Manila. The new province was aptly named after Jose Rizal, the country's national hero. On June 11, 1901, the province of Rizal was officially and legally created by virtue of an ''Act No. 137'' by the First Philippine Commission which during the time was acting as the unicameral legislative body in the island of Luzon. The new province was composed of 29 municipalities, 18 from the old Manila (province), Province of Manila (Cainta, Rizal, Cainta, Caloocan, Las Piñas, Marikina, Mariquina (Marikina), Rodriguez, Rizal, Montalban (Rodriguez), Muntinlupa, Navotas, Novaliches, Parañaque,
Pasig , officially the ( tl, Lungsod ng ), is a in the of the . According to the , it has a population of people. Located along the eastern border of Metro Manila Metropolitan Manila (often shortened as Metro Manila; fil, Kalakhang Ma ...
, Pateros, Pasay, Pineda (Pasay), Mandaluyong, San Felipe Neri (Mandaluyong), San Juan, Metro Manila, San Juan del Monte (San Juan), San Mateo, Rizal, San Mateo, Makati, San Pedro Macati (Makati), Taguig, Malabon, Tambobong (Malabon)); and 11 from the Politico-Militar District of Morong, (Angono, Rizal, Angono, Baras, Rizal, Baras, Binangonan, Rizal, Binangonan,
Antipolo , officially the ( tl, Lungsod ng ), is a and capital of the province A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state. The term derives from the ancient Roman '' provincia'', which was the major territor ...
, Cardona, Rizal, Cardona, Jalajala, Rizal, Jalajala, Morong, Rizal, Morong, Pililla, Rizal, Pililla, Tanay, Rizal, Tanay, Taytay, Rizal, Taytay and Teresa, Rizal, Teresa). The Manila, City of Manila from the old Province of Manila was treated as a separate entity. The seat of the provincial government was Pasig. In year 1939, Quezon City was established, which included parts of Caloocan, and later on, Novaliches and parts of Marikina and San Juan towns.


World War II

Marking's and the Hunter's ROTC Guerrillas operated in Rizal Province throughout the war.


Post-war

Through ''Presidential Decree No. 824'', Rizal was Partition (politics), partitioned on 7 November 1975 to form
Metro Manila Metropolitan Manila (often shortened as Metro Manila; fil, Kalakhang Maynila), officially the National Capital Region (NCR; fil, Pambansang Punong Rehiyon), is the seat of government The seat of government is (as defined by ''Brewer's Poli ...
. The municipalities of Las Piñas, Parañaque, Muntinlupa, Taguig, Pateros, Makati, Mandaluyong, San Juan, Metro Manila, San Juan, Malabon, Navotas,
Pasig , officially the ( tl, Lungsod ng ), is a in the of the . According to the , it has a population of people. Located along the eastern border of Metro Manila Metropolitan Manila (often shortened as Metro Manila; fil, Kalakhang Ma ...
and Marikina, and the three cities of Caloocan, Pasay and Quezon City were excised to form the new region, while the other 14 towns remained in Rizal.


Contemporary history

Rizal Governor Dr. Casimiro Ynares III announced on June 17, 2008, the transfer of the Capitol from
Pasig , officially the ( tl, Lungsod ng ), is a in the of the . According to the , it has a population of people. Located along the eastern border of Metro Manila Metropolitan Manila (often shortened as Metro Manila; fil, Kalakhang Ma ...
. Its ₱ 270-million capitol building, constructed in
Antipolo , officially the ( tl, Lungsod ng ), is a and capital of the province A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state. The term derives from the ancient Roman '' provincia'', which was the major territor ...
by Ortigas & Co., owner thereof, was completed by December of that year. Built on a five-hectare lot at the Ynares Center, it employs 2,008 employees. The New Capitol was successfully inaugurated on March 4, 2009, bringing back the Capitol Building inside the provincial territory, from which it was absent for 33 years (when Pasig was incorporated into
Metro Manila Metropolitan Manila (often shortened as Metro Manila; fil, Kalakhang Maynila), officially the National Capital Region (NCR; fil, Pambansang Punong Rehiyon), is the seat of government The seat of government is (as defined by ''Brewer's Poli ...
). On June 19, 2020, President Duterte signed Republic Act No. 11475 into law, which officially transferred the capital of the Rizal province from
Pasig , officially the ( tl, Lungsod ng ), is a in the of the . According to the , it has a population of people. Located along the eastern border of Metro Manila Metropolitan Manila (often shortened as Metro Manila; fil, Kalakhang Ma ...
to
Antipolo , officially the ( tl, Lungsod ng ), is a and capital of the province A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state. The term derives from the ancient Roman '' provincia'', which was the major territor ...
. The law was published on June 22, 2020 and took effect on July 7, 2020. The publication of the law coincided with the 159th birth anniversary of Rizal.


Geography

Rizal covers a total area of occupying the northern-central section of the
Calabarzon Calabarzon (), formally known as the Southern Tagalog Mainland, is an administrative region in the Philippines The Philippines (; fil, Pilipinas or ''Filipinas'' ), officially the Republic of the Philippines ( fil, Republika ng Pilipi ...
in
Luzon Luzon ( or ) is the largest and most populous island in the Philippines The Philippines (; fil, Pilipinas or ''Filipinas'' ), officially the Republic of the Philippines ( fil, Republika ng Pilipinas), * bik, Republika kan Filipinas * c ...
. The province is bordered on the north by
Bulacan Bulacan, officially the Province of Bulacan ( tgl, Lalawigan ng Bulacan; pam, Lalawigan ning Bulacan) (PSGC031400000 ISO 3166-2:PH, ISO: PH-BUL) is a Provinces of the Philippines, province in the Philippines located in the Central Luzon Regions ...
, east by
Quezon , officially the Province of ( tl, Lalawigan ng Quezon), is a province A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state. The term derives from the ancient Roman '' provincia'', which was the major territoria ...

Quezon
, southeast by Laguna (province), Laguna, south by the Laguna de Bay, and west by
Metro Manila Metropolitan Manila (often shortened as Metro Manila; fil, Kalakhang Maynila), officially the National Capital Region (NCR; fil, Pambansang Punong Rehiyon), is the seat of government The seat of government is (as defined by ''Brewer's Poli ...
. Located east of Manila, commuters take approximately an hour to reach the provincial seat which is in
Antipolo , officially the ( tl, Lungsod ng ), is a and capital of the province A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state. The term derives from the ancient Roman '' provincia'', which was the major territor ...
. Generally hilly and mountainous in terrain, most of the province's southern towns lie in the shores of Laguna de Bay, the country's largest inland body of water. The province has an area of . Talim Island, the largest island situated within the Laguna de Bay, is under the jurisdiction of the province.


Climate


Administrative divisions

Rizal comprises 13 Philippine municipality, municipalities and Antipolo, 1 Cities of the Philippines, city.


Demographics

The population of Rizal in the was people, with a density of . Due to its location being in the heart of the Katagalugan, almost all of the residents of Rizal mainly speak Tagalog language, Tagalog. English language in the Philippines, English and Filipino language, Filipino are used as second languages respectively.


Religion

Roman Catholicism in the Philippines, Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion with about 80 percent adherence ''(Roman Catholic Diocese of Antipolo, Diocese of Antipolo, [Catholic-Hierarchy], 2004)''. And 2% are from Members Church of God International of Bro. Eli Soriano. Various Christianity in the Philippines, Christian groups exist such as Oneness Apostolic or Pentecostalism, Pentecostal like UPC, ALJC and ACJC, Iglesia Filipina Independiente, Born-again Christians, Jesus Is Lord Church Worldwide, Iglesia ni Cristo, Jehovah's Witnesses, Baptists, Baptist, Church of Christ of Latter Day Saints, El Shaddai (movement) Methodists, Presbyterians, Seventh-day Adventist and other Evangelical Christians. Muslims, Dambana, Anitists, animists, and atheists are also present in the province.


Economy

Before the 1990s, the primary source of economy in Rizal province were the huge piggery estates owned by Manila-based families. In recent years, the province became one of the most progressive provinces in the country, owing to its proximity to
Metro Manila Metropolitan Manila (often shortened as Metro Manila; fil, Kalakhang Maynila), officially the National Capital Region (NCR; fil, Pambansang Punong Rehiyon), is the seat of government The seat of government is (as defined by ''Brewer's Poli ...
, the economic center of the
Philippines The Philippines (; fil, Pilipinas or ''Filipinas'' ), officially the Republic of the Philippines ( fil, Republika ng Pilipinas), * bik, Republika kan Filipinas * ceb, Republika sa Pilipinas * cbk, República de Filipinas * hil, Republik ...
.
Antipolo , officially the ( tl, Lungsod ng ), is a and capital of the province A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state. The term derives from the ancient Roman '' provincia'', which was the major territor ...
, Taytay, Rizal, Taytay and Cainta serve as the economic centers of the province, while Angono, Rodriguez, Rizal, Rodriguez, Morong, Rizal, Morong, San Mateo, Rizal, San Mateo, Tanay, Rizal, Tanay, Binangonan and Teresa are taking successful steps to urbanize areas within their jurisdiction. Other areas of the province are having difficulty to start the urbanization process, mainly because of the lack of main roads to connect these to economic centers. In a study recently conducted by the National Statistics Coordination Board (NSCB), Rizal province came out to be the Philippines' least poor province with a poverty incidence rate of 3.4%, even lower than that of the National Capital Region or Metro Manila. . On April 23, 2013, the National Statistics Coordination Board (NCSB) reported that Rizal, from being the least poor province in poverty incidence moved down to the 3rd Place, with Cavite taking over as the least province by 4.1% (compared to Rizal's 7.6%) and Laguna for 2nd with 6.3%. Antipolo, the province's capital city, is the center of trade and exchange, tourism, government, and economy. It is also a center of education and sports because of the availability of various educational and physical training facilities. Acclaimed of its scenic attractions, the city also produces agricultural products such as cashew nuts and rice cakes. Taytay, the province's center of garment and textile manufacturing, is also the town where the country's largest mall operator runs a store near the town center. Meanwhile, Cainta serves as the center of business-process outsourcing (BPO) businesses in the province, aside from being known for the presence of several shopping centers and delicacies such as bibingka or rice cakes.


Points of interest


Government

The provincial legislature or the Sangguniang Panlalawigan is composed of ten elected members. Four members are elected from each of the province's Legislative districts of Rizal, legislative district, while each of
Antipolo , officially the ( tl, Lungsod ng ), is a and capital of the province A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state. The term derives from the ancient Roman '' provincia'', which was the major territor ...
's Legislative districts of Antipolo City, legislative districts elect a single member.


Governors


References


External links

* *
Philippine Standard Geographic Code

Local Governance Performance Management System
{{Authority control Rizal, Provinces of the Philippines States and territories established in 1901 1901 establishments in the Philippines