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Brazil
Brazil

* Antônio Carlos * Santa Maria do Herval

LANGUAGE CODES

ISO 639-3 hrx

GLOTTOLOG riog1239

RIOGRANDENSER HUNSRüCKISCH (Portuguese : hunsriqueano riograndense, pronounced , , English: HUNSRIK, Hunsriker or Rio Grande Hunsriker), spoken in parts of Brazil
Brazil
, is a Moselle Franconian variety derived primarily from the Hunsrückisch dialect of West Central German .

Riograndenser Hunsrückisch developed from the Hunsrückisch dialect when immigrants from the Hunsrück
Hunsrück
region of Germany ( Rhineland-Palatinate ) settled in southern regions such as Rio Grande do Sul , starting by imperial designs in 1824 (these later became projects controlled by states and finally by private European investment enterprises).

While primarily based on the Hunsrückisch branch of the German language it has also been greatly influenced by other German dialects such as East Pomeranian and Plautdietsch and by Portuguese , the national language of Brazil
Brazil
and, to a lesser extent, by indigenous languages such as Kaingang and Guarani and by immigrant languages such as Italian and Talian .

Portuguese expressions and words are commonly imported into Riograndenser Hunsrückisch, particularly in reference to fauna and flora (which are different from that of Germany) and to technological innovations that did not exist when the original immigrants came to Brazil, leading to words like Aviong for airplane (Portuguese avião) instead of Flugzeug, Kamiong (Pt. caminhão, truck), Televisong (Pt. televisão), etc. Daily expressions are often calques (literal translations) of Portuguese, such as Alles gut? (literally "everything good?", modeled after the Portuguese "tudo bem?", instead of the German "wie geht's?").

Also common are the use of German suffixes attached to Portuguese words, such as Canecache, "little mug", from Portuguese caneca, "mug", and German diminutive suffix chen (che in Riograndenser Hunsrückisch); hybrid forms such as Schuhloja, "shoe shop", from German Schuh and Portuguese loja, and Germanized forms of Portuguese verbs: lembreere, "to remember"; namoreere "to flirt"; respondeere, "to answer" (Portuguese lembrar, namorar, and responder). However, regardless of these borrowings, its grammar and vocabulary are still largely German.

Although Riograndenser Hunsrückisch is the most common German dialect in south Brazil, the use of this language—particularly in the last three to four generations—continues to decrease.

CONTENTS

* 1 Notable speakers

* 2 Phonology

* 2.1 Vowels * 2.2 Consonants

* 3 Sample * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links

NOTABLE SPEAKERS

Recent Roman Catholic papal candidate Odilo Scherer of Cerro Largo , located in the northwest of Rio Grande do Sul, like many from his native region grew up with this language, side-by-side with Portuguese, the national language.

Roman Catholic Cardinal Cláudio Hummes of Montenegro , Rio Grande do Sul (in the Altkolonie region of the state), grew up speaking Portuguese together with this regional variety of German.

According to the famous world model Gisele Bündchen
Gisele Bündchen
her parents and siblings still speak this Brazilian regional variety of German, although, also according to her, she has forgotten everything herself.

During an interview in 2011, renowned Brazilian writer, translator and international relations professor Aldyr Schlee talked in detail about having been an eyewitness to the repression of the German language in his native state of Rio Grande do Sul during World War II .

Approximate distribution of native speakers of German or a German variety outside Europe (according to Ethnologue 2016 unless referenced otherwise) Numbers of speakers should not be summed up per country, as they most likely overlap considerably. Table includes varieties with disputed statuses as separate language.

STANDARD GERMAN HUNSRIK/HUNSRüCKISCH LOW GERMAN  ">

* ^ Hunsrik, Ethnologue (2016). * ^ Instituto de Investigação e Desenvolvimento em Política Linguística - List of Brazilian municipalities with co-official languages, including Standard German
Standard German
as well as its dialects Hunsrückisch Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Riograndenser Hunsrückisch". Glottolog 3.0 . Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. * ^ BBC BRASIL: Aldeira de antepassados alemães torce para Scherer ser papa March 11, 2013. * ^ Kardinal Hummes kehrt in den Hunsrück
Hunsrück
zurück. Newspaper Rhein-Zeitung: Buch, Hunsrück, 07/05/2012 * ^ "Gisele Bündchen: " Brazil
Brazil
Should Become World Champion"". DW-World. 27 May 2006. Archived from the original on 13 October 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2016. * ^ Ethnologue 19th Edition (2016) * ^ U.S. Department of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration - Language Use in the United States: 2007 * ^ A B C Wiesemann, U. 2008. Contribuição ao desenvolvimento de uma ortografia da língua Hunsrik falada na América do Sul. Associação Internacional de Linguística—SIL Brasil, Cuiabá. * ^ A B Altenhofen, C. V.; Frey, J.; Käfer, M. L.; Klassmann, M. S.; Neumann, G. R.; Spinassé, K. P. 2007. Fundamentos para uma escrita do Hunsrückisch falado no Brasil. Revista Contingentia, 2: 73-87. * ^ https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Lucas+23%3A1-49;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Languages of Brazil
Brazil

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE

* Portuguese

REGIONAL LANGUAGES

* German

* Pomeranian * Riograndenser Hunsrückisch

* Italian

* Talian

Indigenous languages

ARAWAKAN

* Atorada * Barawana * Mapidian * Mehinaku * Palikúr * Paresi * Terêna * Wapishana * Warekena * Waurá

ARAWAN

* Deni * Jamamadí * Kulina * Paumarí * Zuruahá

CARIBAN

* Amonap * Apalaí * Bakairi * Carib * Hixkaryana * Ikpeng * Macushi * Pará Arára * Salumá * Sikiana * Waiwai

PANOAN

* Amawaka * Kashinawa * Shipibo * Yaminawa

MACRO-Jê

* Apinayé * Bororo * Kaingang * Karajá * Kayapo * Krenak * Ofayé * Panara * Rikbaktsa * Suyá * Timbira * Xavante * Xerénte

NADAHUP

* Dâw * Hup * Kakwa * Nadëb

TUPIAN

* Akwáwa * Jurúna * Kagwahiva * Kaiwá * Munduruku * Nheengatu * Omagua * Tapirapé * Tenetehara * Xeta * Xipaya * Zo\'é

OTHERS

* Aikanã * Arutani * Cubeo * Ewarhuyana * Guató * Irantxe * Kadiwéu * Kanamarí * Katawixi * Kwaza * Mamaindê * Nambikwara * Ninam * Oro Win * Pirahã * Ticuna * Tuyuca * Wanano * Wari’ * Xukuru

INTERLANGUAGES

* Cafundó * Lanc-Patuá * Macarrônico * Portunhol Fronteiriço

SIGN LANGUAGES

* Brazilian Sign * Ka\'apor Sign

* v * t * e

Varieties of German spoken outside Europe

AFRICA

* Namibia: Namibian German , Namibian Black German * South Africa: Nataler Deutsch

NORTH AMERICA

* Amana German * Alsatian German * Bernese German * Hutterite German * Pennsylvania German * Texas German * Wisconsin German

SOUTH AMERICA

* Alemán Coloniero * Argentinian Swiss German * Belgranodeutsch * Brazilian German (Ostpommersch , Paraná Volga German and Riograndenser Hunsrückisch )

OCEANIA

* Barossa German * Unserdeutsch

* v * t * e

Modern Germanic languages
Germanic languages
and dialects

North Germanic

West Scandinavian

* Bergensk * Elfdalian

* Faroese

* Gøtudanskt

* Icelandic * Jamtlandic

* Norwegian

* Bokmål
Bokmål
* Nynorsk

* Sognamål * Trøndersk * Valdris
Valdris
* Vestlandsk * Vikværsk

East Scandinavian

* Bornholmsk * Dalecarlian * Danish * Insular Danish

* Jutlandic

* South

* Perkerdansk * Gutnish * Kalix * Kebabnorsk * Kiruna * Luleå * Norrland * Småländska

* South Swedish

* Scanian

* Stockholm

* Rinkeby

* Uppländska * Västgötska * Westrobothnian

* Swedish

* Åland * Estonia * Finland * Ostrobothnia

West Germanic

Anglo- Frisian

* English

* English dialects

* North Frisian * Saterland Frisian * Scots * West Frisian

Low Franconian

* Dutch

* Hollandic * West Flemish Zeelandic
Zeelandic
* East Flemish Brabantian * Limburgish

* Meuse-Rhenish * Afrikaans
Afrikaans

Low German/ Low Saxon

* Dutch Low Saxon * Northern Low Saxon * Westphalian * Eastphalian * Mecklenburgisch-Vorpommersch * Brandenburgisch * East Pomeranian * Central Pomeranian * Low Prussian * Prague German

High German

Standard German

* German * Swiss * Austrian

Central German

* Ripuarian * Moselle Franconian * Luxembourgish * Transylvanian Saxon * Lorraine Franconian * Rhine Franconian * Hessian * Thuringian * Upper Saxon * High Prussian * Lausitzisch-neumärkisch * Silesian

Upper German

* East Franconian * South Franconian * Northern Bavarian * Central Bavarian
Central Bavarian
* Southern Bavarian * Cimbrian * Mòcheno * Swabian * Low Alemannic * Central Alemannic * High Alemannic * Highest Alemannic * Swiss German

YIDDISH

*

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