* Antônio Carlos * Santa Maria do Herval
ISO 639-3 hrx
RIOGRANDENSER HUNSRüCKISCH (Portuguese : hunsriqueano riograndense,
pronounced , , English: HUNSRIK, Hunsriker or Rio Grande Hunsriker),
spoken in parts of
Riograndenser Hunsrückisch developed from the Hunsrückisch dialect
when immigrants from the
Hunsrück region of Germany
While primarily based on the Hunsrückisch branch of the German
language it has also been greatly influenced by other German dialects
such as East Pomeranian and Plautdietsch and by Portuguese , the
national language of
Portuguese expressions and words are commonly imported into Riograndenser Hunsrückisch, particularly in reference to fauna and flora (which are different from that of Germany) and to technological innovations that did not exist when the original immigrants came to Brazil, leading to words like Aviong for airplane (Portuguese avião) instead of Flugzeug, Kamiong (Pt. caminhão, truck), Televisong (Pt. televisão), etc. Daily expressions are often calques (literal translations) of Portuguese, such as Alles gut? (literally "everything good?", modeled after the Portuguese "tudo bem?", instead of the German "wie geht's?").
Also common are the use of German suffixes attached to Portuguese words, such as Canecache, "little mug", from Portuguese caneca, "mug", and German diminutive suffix chen (che in Riograndenser Hunsrückisch); hybrid forms such as Schuhloja, "shoe shop", from German Schuh and Portuguese loja, and Germanized forms of Portuguese verbs: lembreere, "to remember"; namoreere "to flirt"; respondeere, "to answer" (Portuguese lembrar, namorar, and responder). However, regardless of these borrowings, its grammar and vocabulary are still largely German.
Although Riograndenser Hunsrückisch is the most common German dialect in south Brazil, the use of this language—particularly in the last three to four generations—continues to decrease.
* 1 Notable speakers
* 2 Phonology
* 2.1 Vowels * 2.2 Consonants
* 3 Sample * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links
Recent Roman Catholic papal candidate Odilo Scherer of Cerro Largo , located in the northwest of Rio Grande do Sul, like many from his native region grew up with this language, side-by-side with Portuguese, the national language.
Roman Catholic Cardinal Cláudio Hummes of Montenegro , Rio Grande do Sul (in the Altkolonie region of the state), grew up speaking Portuguese together with this regional variety of German.
According to the famous world model
During an interview in 2011, renowned Brazilian writer, translator
and international relations professor
Aldyr Schlee talked in detail
about having been an eyewitness to the repression of the German
language in his native state of
Rio Grande do Sul
Approximate distribution of native speakers of German or a German variety outside Europe (according to Ethnologue 2016 unless referenced otherwise) Numbers of speakers should not be summed up per country, as they most likely overlap considerably. Table includes varieties with disputed statuses as separate language.
STANDARD GERMAN HUNSRIK/HUNSRüCKISCH LOW GERMAN ">
* ^ Hunsrik, Ethnologue (2016).
* ^ Instituto de Investigação e Desenvolvimento em Política
Linguística - List of Brazilian municipalities with co-official
* t * e
* Pomeranian * Riograndenser Hunsrückisch
* Atorada * Barawana * Mapidian * Mehinaku * Palikúr * Paresi * Terêna * Wapishana * Warekena * Waurá
* Deni * Jamamadí * Kulina * Paumarí * Zuruahá
* Amonap * Apalaí * Bakairi * Carib * Hixkaryana * Ikpeng * Macushi * Pará Arára * Salumá * Sikiana * Waiwai
* Amawaka * Kashinawa * Shipibo * Yaminawa
* Apinayé * Bororo * Kaingang * Karajá * Kayapo * Krenak * Ofayé * Panara * Rikbaktsa * Suyá * Timbira * Xavante * Xerénte
* Dâw * Hup * Kakwa * Nadëb
* Akwáwa * Jurúna * Kagwahiva * Kaiwá * Munduruku * Nheengatu * Omagua * Tapirapé * Tenetehara * Xeta * Xipaya * Zo\'é
* Aikanã * Arutani * Cubeo * Ewarhuyana * Guató * Irantxe * Kadiwéu * Kanamarí * Katawixi * Kwaza * Mamaindê * Nambikwara * Ninam * Oro Win * Pirahã * Ticuna * Tuyuca * Wanano * Wari’ * Xukuru
* Cafundó * Lanc-Patuá * Macarrônico * Portunhol Fronteiriço
* Brazilian Sign * Ka\'apor Sign
* v * t * e
Varieties of German spoken outside Europe
* Namibia: Namibian German , Namibian Black German * South Africa: Nataler Deutsch
* Barossa German * Unserdeutsch
* v * t * e
* Icelandic * Jamtlandic
* Bornholmsk * Dalecarlian * Danish * Insular Danish
* South Swedish