SALVATORE ANTONIO "RINO" GAETANO (29 October 1950 – 2 June 1981) was an Italian musician and singer-songwriter . He is famous for his satirical songs and oblique yet incisive political commentary. He is remembered for his rough voice, the biting irony of his songs and social protest hidden behind seemingly light lyrics. While he avoided taking any sides politically and refused to be labelled, his songs are full of political commentary. He died in a car accident at the age of thirty. His songs, however, are still widely sung and played, and he is still a popular and influential figure.
* 1 Biography
* 2 Discography
* 2.1 Studio albums * 2.2 Live albums * 2.3 Compilations * 2.4 Singles
* 3 In popular culture * 4 Sources * 5 Further reading * 6 External links
Salvatore Antonio Gaetano was born in
In March 1960, at the age of nine, his family moved to
In 1969, Rino approached
Folkstudio , a well-known club in
"When I sang at Folkstudio, it was the centre of discussions....in fact they did not want me to do many of my pieces because they thought I wanted to make fun of everyone."
However, Rino was a multi-talented performer and during the early
1970s, in addition to gigging, he performed in cabarets and took part
in several plays including playing the role of
Gaetano was an accomplished actor and it was through his theatre experience that he developed much of his subsequent stage style and writing technique. He was inspired by German kabarett , a form of theatre that excels in political satire. describes this as "unlike comedians who make fun of all kind of things, Kabarett artists (German: Kabarettisten) pride themselves as dedicated almost completely to political and social topics of more serious nature which they criticize using techniques like cynicism , sarcasm and irony ." They were able to deal with social themes and political developments through their acts, something that inspired Gaetano and can be seen in many of his concepts and staging, for example, in his song Aida/Spendi spandi effendi (it) regarding the oil crisis of the 1970s. It enabled him to make political observations while avoiding censorship. Gaetano cited Ionesco as his favourite playwright, one of the foremost writers of Theatre of the Absurd , saying that he explored the usual problem of the inability to truly communicate, isolation and exclusion. He developed a comedy act with his friend Bruno Francelleschi, 'Ad esempio a me piace...' (For example, I like...), as a mixture of theatre and music.
In addition to his performing, Rino studied accountancy, encouraged
by his father to pursue a secure career in banking. Rino asked for one
more year to break into music and in 1972, he recorded his first 45
rpm record with the Milan-based
Produttori Associati containing the
songs Jacqueline and La ballata di Renzo, the song with famously
features lyrics that echo details of Gaetano's death. The disc was not
printed and Rino signed with Vincenzo Micocci, releasing his first
single in 1973, I love you Maryanna/Jaqueline (it) (with "Jaqueline"
on the B-side) produced by RosVeMon, the surnames of Aurelio Rossitto,
"He considered himself a writer, not a singer. He believed he didn't have a good voice, so that after the release of I Love You Marianna, when the time came to record his first album, he came and told me that it would be better to get someone else to sing the songs. I, of course, I laughed and sent him in the studio."
In 1974, he published his first album, Ingresso libero (it). The LP
featured many of the themes that would characterise his work, such as
issues of isolation, marginalisation and exclusion, as well as his
lively style and intelligent, witty lyrics. His songs began to be
played on radio stations and in the same year, through record company
Success for Gaetano came the following year with the 45 rpm hit record Ma il cielo è sempre più blu (it) (But the sky is always bluer), perhaps now the most famous and instantly recognisable of all his songs. Unusually, the 45 contained only one song, but it was split into two. In this song Rino, offers several pictures of everyday life, between irony, clichés and contradictions. In September 1975, the singer explained some of this thinking in an article in the weekly Italian music magazine, Ciao 2001 (it): "These pictures are sad, never happy, because I wanted to emphasise that nowadays there are few cheerful things and it is for this reason that I take into account those who die at work. Even the verse "who plays Sanremo" is sad and negative, because anyone who plays Sanremo, doesn't think of those who "live in barracks".
MIO FRATELLO è FIGLIO UNICO AND AIDA
In 1976 Rino recorded his second album, Mio fratello è figlio unico (My Brother is an Only Child). With this album, the Calabrian singer tries to capture the listener's attention with dramatic narratives, especially loneliness and alienation, the main themes of the album. On the album, Rino began to explore new sounds and instruments including the sitar , the banjo and the mandolin , enabling him to obtain a more complex and mature album. In a review published by Ciao 2001 shortly after the album's release, it states that:
"His second album, Mio fratello è figlio unico, already widely programmed by radio stations, is much more mature and personal than his previous album. Rino is an atypical figure: there is the difficulty of finding genres to fit him into, trends in which to place him, which is the best compliment that you can give. The music, made a few chords, is built intelligently and pleasantly. The voice is aggressive, deliberately crude words are fun, the lyrics have allegories, the visual images are faster, like photography." (Enzo Caffarelli)
The following year Rino recorded his third album,
SANREMO MUSIC FESTIVAL
Although not generally recognised outside of Italy, the Sanremo Music
Festival is a popular annual song contest. Due to its pop music roots
and pop culture positioning, it was not felt to be a route for a
serious musician. However, pressure from
Later discussing his performance at Sanremo, Gaetano remarked: "The festival is a walkway and like all walkways, it gives you three minutes to make a speech that you would normally do in a two hour show. So you have to find a way. For my part, I have chosen the way of paradox, a bit like Carmelo Bene." (Rino vive - Ma il cielo è sempre più blu, RAI 2, 2007)
Bruno Franceschelli recalls the event: "The performance in Sanremo, from my point of view, was a demonstration of his talent as an artist. He brought a new air, funny and irreverent, and once again demonstrated his free spirit, free to laugh and joke on the 'sacred soil' of Sanremo."
The song went on to dominate the charts for several weeks. It remained in the Top Ten for 14 weeks and sold over 600,000 copies. A version of the song in German was released by Wolfgang Petry .
NUNTEREGGAE PIù AND CONTROVERSY
In the same year Rino appeared on Rai Radio 1 radio programme Canzone d'Autore (Songwriters). During the programme, emerging musicians are invited to comment on their own songs. The programme was called "E cantava le canzoni", a title taken from the fourth album of the singer.
On the same album is the now notorious Nuntereggae più, and Gaetano was asked to discuss it because of the numerous political references and the long list of names in the lyrics. He replied, "The songs are not political texts and I do not make speeches. This is just teasing. So, for me, "Nuntereggae più" is the lightest song I've ever done ".
Some verses of the song contain lists of names of people who at that
time were prominent on the radio, television and newspapers. Some of
the names included in the first version were deleted or replaced. For
example, in the original version, written before his kidnapping,
appeared the name of
In that year Rino participated in a tour and some evening events, the most famous of these is definitely Discomare '78 and specifically the final night held in the Valley of the Temples in Agrigento on 23 August 1978. The singer was supposed to sing Nuntereggae more, but Rai tries to stop him and Rino in protest leaves the event. In October Rino goes to Madrid to record the Spanish version of the 45 Nuntereggae more. The title chosen is Short and roll ya (From a cut) and singer adapts the text by inserting characters of Spanish politics and entertainment as Carrillo , Pirri and Susan Estrada . The album will be released in the spring and get some success.
1979 sees the release of Gaetano's fifth studio album, Resta vile maschio, dove vai? (it) and his first with RCA. Rino took part in his first Festivalbar and then, in October, he attended the Discoestate in Rieti . On this occasion, in protest at having to sing along to playback, when the music starts, instead of pretending to sing, he decides to act indifferent and smokes a cigarette.
Also in 1979, during a concert on the beach in Capocotta (in fact also mentioned in the lyrics), before singing Nuntereggae più, Rino is said: "There's someone who wants to put a gag on me! I do not fear them! They will not succeed! I feel that, in the future, my songs will be sung by future generations, that, thanks to mass communication, they will understand what I mean tonight! They will understand and open their eyes, rather than having them full of salt! And you wonder what happened on the beach Capocotta." Gaetano was referring to the murder of Wilma Montesi .
In 1980, he recorded his final album E io ci sto (it) noted for its
serious tone and rock sound. In 1981,
On 31 May 1981 Rino made his last appearance on TV singing E io ci sto.
The career and life of
Rino had finally decided to buy a new Volvo 343 in metallic gray. On
2 June, at about 3 am, Rino was returning home alone in his car. At
3.55 am, while along Rome's
Via Nomentana , at the intersection of
Viale XXI Aprile, he was in collision with a van. The front and right
side of the Volvo were destroyed. When help arrived, Rino was already
in a coma and at the hospital, an x-ray showed a fracture at the base
of the skull, various wounds to the forehead, a fractured right molar
and a suspected fracture of the sternum. However, the clinic did not
have a department for cranial injuries and the doctor on duty, Dr.
Novelli, tried in vain to contact another hospital with a cranial
trauma department. He contacted by phone St. John, St. Camillus, the
CTO of Garbatella, the Policlinico Gemelli and San Filippo Neri, but
could not get any assistance. At 6am,
On 4 June his funeral was held in the Church of the Sacred Heart of
Jesus, in which Rino had planned to get married. His funeral was a big
event, attended by many relatives, friends, members of the music
In recent years, the lyrics of the unpublished song La ballata di
Renzo (The Ballad of Renzo) has drawn a lot of attention - a song
written by Rino more than ten years before his death. This song tells
the story of a boy named Renzo, who died under similar circumstances.
Renzo is hit by a car and dies after being rejected by many hospitals
The first book on his life, also the first official biography, was published in 2001, 20 years after his death.
* Ingresso libero (it) (1974)
* Mio fratello è figlio unico (album) (it) (1976)
* Q Concert (it) (1981, with
* Gianna e le altre... (it) (1990; includes the previously
unreleased "Solo con io" and "Le beatitudini")
* I Love You Maryanna/Jaqueline (it) (1973) * Tu, forse non essenzialmente tu/E la vecchia salta con l\'asta (it) (1974) * Ma il cielo è sempre più blu (it) (1975) * Mio fratello è figlio unico/Sfiorivano le viole (it) (1976) * Berta filava/Mio fratello è figlio unico (it) (1976) * Aida/Escluso il cane (it) (1977) * Aida/Spendi spandi effendi (it) (1977) * Gianna/Visto che mi vuoi lasciare (it) (1978) * Nuntereggae più/E cantava le canzoni (it) (1978) * Resta vile maschio, dove vai?/Ahi Maria (it) (1979) * E io ci sto/Metà Africa metà Europa (it) (1980) * Solo con io (1980) * Le beatitudini (1981)
IN POPULAR CULTURE
* Rino Gaetano. Ma il cielo è sempre più blu - Raifiction, 2007 * My Brother is an Only Child (Mio fratello è figlio unico) - Italian film directed by Daniele Luchetti. The title of the film is taken from the famous Gaetano hit song of the same name.
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* ^ Gaetano, Rino (2004). Ma il cielo è sempre più blu. Pensieri, racconti e canzoni inedite. Milan: Mondadori. p. 55. ISBN 88-04-52794-3 . * ^ Gaetano, Rino (2004). Ma il cielo è sempre più blu. Milan: Mondadori. ISBN 88-04-52794-3 . * ^ Scoppetta, Andrea (2009). Sereno su gran parte del paese: una favola per Rino Gaetano. Padova: BeccoGiallo. ISBN 88-85-83260-1 . * ^ Gaetano, Rino (2004). Ma il cielo è sempre più blu. Milan: Mondadori. ISBN 88-04-52794-3 . * ^ Gaetano, Rino (2004). Ma il cielo è sempre più blu. Milan: Mondadori. ISBN 88-04-52794-3 . * ^ Cotto, Rino Gaetano. A cura di Massimo (2004). Ma il cielo è sempre più blu : pensieri, racconti e canzoni inedite (1. ed.). Milano: Mondadori. p. 13. ISBN 88-04-52794-3 . * ^ D'Ortenzi, Sylvia (2007). Rare tracce: ironie e canzoni di Rino Gaetano. Rome: Arcana. ISBN 88-79-66444-1 . * ^ D'Orentzi, Sylvia (2007). Rare tracce: ironie e canzoni di Rino Gaetano. Rome: Arcana. ISBN 88-79-66444-1 . * ^ D'Ortenzi, Sylvia (2007). Rare tracce: ironie e canzoni di Rino Gaetano. Rome: Arcana. * ^ Gaetano, Rino (2007). Ma il cielo è sempre più blu. Milan: Mondadori. p. 180. ISBN 88-04-52794-3 . * ^ Vulpio, Charles (25 June 2001). "Rino Gaetano, inedito a 20 anni dalla morte". Corriere della Sera.