The RIFT VALLEY LAKES are a group of lakes in the East African Rift
that runs north-south through the eastern side of the African
Rift Valley lakes
In this article, the major lakes are listed, generally in order from north to south, and more detailed articles on each lake can be accessed through the linked names.
* 1 Geology * 2 Ecology * 3 Ethiopian Rift Valley lakes
Lake Kivu's "still waters ... hide another face: dissolved within are billions of cubic meters of flammable methane and more still of carbon dioxide, the result of volcanic gases seeping in."
ETHIOPIAN RIFT VALLEY LAKES
Ethiopian Rift Valley lakes are the northernmost of the African
Rift Valley lakes. In central
The major ones are
Lake Abaya (areal extent 1,162 square kilometres (449 sq mi),
elevation 1,285 metres (4,216 ft), maximum depth 13.1 metres (43 ft)),
Ethiopian Rift Valley lake
EASTERN RIFT VALLEY LAKES (GREGORY RIFT IN KENYA AND TANZANIA)
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South of the Ethiopian highlands, the rift valley splits into two
major troughs. The Eastern Rift is home to the Kenyan Rift Valley
lakes, while most of the Central African
Rift Valley lakes
The Kenyan section of the Rift Valley is home to eight lakes, of which three are freshwater and the rest alkaline. Of the latter, the shallow soda lakes of the Eastern Rift Valley have crystallised salt turning the shores white and are famous for the large flocks of flamingo that feed on crustaceans .
* Lake Baringo : second largest of the Kenyan Rift Valley lakes.
* 80 square miles (210 km2), elevation 1,000 metres (3,300 ft), freshwater
* Lake Bogoria : shallow soda lake, a national preserve.
* 34 square kilometres (13 sq mi), elevation 990 metres (3,250 ft)
* Lake Elmenteita : shallow soda lake. * Lake Logipi : a shallow hot-spring fed soda lake in the Suguta Valley just south of Lake Turkana. * Lake Magadi : shallow soda lake near the southern border with Tanzania.
* Lake Naivasha :
* 160 square kilometres (62 sq mi) although it varies somewhat with rainfall, elevation 1,890 metres (6,200 ft), freshwater
* Lake Nakuru : shallow soda lake, has been a national park since 1968.
* 40 square kilometres (15 sq mi), elevation 1,759 metres (5,771 ft)
* 6,405 square kilometres (2,473 sq mi), elevation 360 metres (1,180 ft), freshwater
All the lakes in the Tanzanian section of this group are alkaline:
* Lake Eyasi : shallow soda lake * Lake Makati : shallow soda lake * Lake Manyara * Lake Natron : shallow soda lake that has been categorised by the World Wildlife Fund as being in the East African halophytics ecoregion .
WESTERN OR ALBERTINE RIFT VALLEY LAKES
Some of the Rift Valley lakes. From left to right they
are Lake Upemba, Lake Mweru,
The lakes of the Western or Albertine Rift , with Lake Victoria , include the largest, deepest, and oldest of the Rift Valley Lakes. They are also referred to as the Central African lakes. Lakes Albert, Victoria, and Edward are part of the Nile River basin.
Lake Victoria (elevation 1,134 metres (3,720 ft)), with an area of 68,800 square kilometres (26,600 sq mi), is the largest lake in Africa. It is not in the rift valley, instead occupying a depression between the eastern and western rifts formed by the uplift of the rifts to either side. Lakes Victoria, Tanganyika, and Malawi are sometimes collectively known as the African Great Lakes .
Rift Valley lakes
* Lake Albert (5,300 square kilometres (2,000 sq mi), elevation 615
metres (2,018 ft)) is the northernmost lake in the western rift.
Lake Edward (2,325 square kilometres (898 sq mi), elevation 912
metres (2,992 ft)) drains north into Lake Albert
Lake Kivu (2,220 square kilometres (860 sq mi), elevation 1,460
metres (4,790 ft)) empties into
SOUTHERN RIFT VALLEY LAKES (TANZANIA AND MALAWI)
Rift Valley lakes
Lake Rukwa (about 5,670 square kilometres (2,190 sq mi) but quite
OTHER LAKES OF THE GREAT RIFT VALLEY
* Lake Mweru (5,120 square kilometres (1,980 sq mi) elevation 922 m) lies in the Lake Mweru-Luapula graben , which is a branch off the Albertine rift. * Lake Mweru Wantipa (1,500 square kilometres (580 sq mi), elevation 930 metres (3,050 ft)) is a marshy lake between lakes Tanganyika and Mweru , and is endorheic but may overflow into Lake Mweru at times of very high flood.
* ^ _A_ _B_ "WWF Global 200 Ecoregions – Rift Valley Lakes (182)". www.worldwildlife.org. Archived from the original on December 22, 2004. Retrieved 16 March 2008. * ^ "What Lies Beneath". * ^ Hynes, H. B. N. "Tudorancea, C. & Taylor W.D. (Eds) Ethiopian Rift Valley Lakes". www.euronet.nl. Retrieved 16 March 2008. * ^ _A_ _B_ Smith, Anthony (1988). _The Great Rift: Africa's Changing Valley_. London: BBC Books . ISBN 0-8069-6906-7 . * ^ Plisnier P.-D., Chitamwebwa D., Mwape L., Tshibangu K., Langenberg V., Coenen E. (1999). " Limnological annual cycle inferred from physical-chemical fluctuations at three stations of Lake Tanganyika". _Hydrobiologia_. 407: 45–58. doi :10.1023/A:1003762119873 . CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link ) * ^ Bos AR, CK Kapasa and PAM van Zwieten (2006). "Update on the bathymetry of Lake Mweru (Zambia), with notes on water level fluctuations". _African Journal of Aquatic Science_. 31 (1): 145–150. doi :10.2989/16085910609503882 .