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Tony Scott
Tony Scott
(brother)

Sir Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
(born 30 November 1937) is an English film director and producer. Following his commercial breakthrough with the science-fiction horror film Alien (1979), further works include the neo-noir dystopian science fiction film Blade Runner, historical drama Gladiator (which won the Academy Award for Best Picture), and science fiction film The Martian. Scott's work has an atmospheric, highly concentrated visual style.[1][2] Though his films range widely in setting and period, they frequently showcase memorable imagery of urban environments, whether 2nd century Rome (Gladiator), 12th century Jerusalem
Jerusalem
(Kingdom of Heaven), Medieval England (Robin Hood), contemporary Mogadishu
Mogadishu
(Black Hawk Down), the future cityscapes of Blade Runner, or the distant planets in Alien, Prometheus, The Martian and Alien: Covenant. His films are also known for their strong female characters.[3] Scott has been nominated for three Academy Awards
Academy Awards
for Directing (for Thelma & Louise, Gladiator and Black Hawk Down).[1] In 1995, both Ridley and his brother Tony received a BAFTA for Outstanding British Contribution To Cinema.[4] In 2003, Scott was knighted for his "services to the British film industry".[5] In a 2004 BBC
BBC
poll Scott was named the tenth most influential person in British culture.[6] In 2015 he received an honorary doctorate from the Royal College of Art in London. In 2018 Scott received the BAFTA Fellowship for lifetime achievement.[7]

Contents

1 Early life and career 2 Early films

2.1 The Duellists 2.2 Alien 2.3 Blade Runner 2.4 "1984" Apple Macintosh
Apple Macintosh
commercial 2.5 Legend

3 Subsequent films

3.1 1987–1992 3.2 1993–1999 3.3 2000–2005

4 Recent and upcoming films

4.1 2006–2011 4.2 2012–present 4.3 Future projects

5 Television projects 6 Personal life 7 Approach and style 8 DVD format and director's cut 9 Selected filmography 10 Accolades 11 Box office performance 12 References 13 External links

Early life and career[edit]

"My mum brought three boys up: my dad was in the army and so he was frequently away. During the war (World War II) and post-war, we tended to travel following him around so my mum was the boss. She laid down the law and the law was God. We just said 'Yup, okay' – we didn't argue. I think that's where the respect has come from, because she was tough."

— A supporter of heroines in his work, Scott credits his mother Elizabeth as his first feminist role model.[8]

Scott was born in South Shields, County Durham, North East England,[9] to Elizabeth (Williams) and Colonel Francis Percy Scott.[10][11] Born shortly before the Second World War, he was brought up in an army family. His father – an officer in the Royal Engineers – was absent for most of his early life. His elder brother, Frank, joined the British Merchant Navy
British Merchant Navy
when he was still young, and the pair had little contact.[12] During this time the family moved around, living in (among other areas) Cumberland
Cumberland
in North West England, Wales and Germany. He had a younger brother, Tony, who also became a film director. After World War II, the Scott family moved back to their native North East, eventually settling on Greens Beck Road in Hartburn, County Durham, whose industrial landscape would later inspire similar scenes in Blade Runner.[13] His interest in science fiction began by reading the works of H. G. Wells
H. G. Wells
as a child.[14] He studied at Grangefield Grammar School
Grangefield Grammar School
and West Hartlepool College of Art from 1954 to 1958, obtaining a diploma in design.[15]

"I use everything I learned every day at art school. It's all about white sheets of paper, pens and drawing."

— Scott speaking on the influence the Royal College of Art
Royal College of Art
has had in designing the visuals for his films.[16]

Scott went on to study at the Royal College of Art
Royal College of Art
in London, contributing to college magazine ARK and helping to establish the college film department. For his final show, he made a black and white short film, Boy and Bicycle, starring both his younger brother and his father (the film was later released on the "Extras" section of The Duellists DVD). In February 1963 Scott was named in title credits as "Designer" for the BBC
BBC
television programme Tonight, about the severe winter of 1963. After graduation in 1963, he secured a job as a trainee set designer with the BBC, leading to work on the popular television police series Z-Cars and science fiction series Out of the Unknown. He was originally assigned to design the second Doctor Who serial, The Daleks, which would have entailed realising the serial's eponymous alien creatures. However, shortly before Scott was due to start work, a schedule conflict meant he was replaced by Raymond Cusick.[17] In 1965, he began directing episodes of television series for the BBC, only one of which, an episode of Adam Adamant Lives!, is available commercially.[18]

Gold Hill, Shaftesbury
Gold Hill, Shaftesbury
in the English county of Dorset where Scott filmed the 1973 Hovis
Hovis
television commercial

In 1968, Ridley and Tony Scott
Tony Scott
founded Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
Associates (RSA), a film and commercial production company.[19] Working alongside Alan Parker, Hugh Hudson and cinematographer Hugh Johnson, Ridley Scott made many commercials at RSA during the 1970s, including a notable 1973 Hovis
Hovis
advertisement, "Bike Round" (underscored by the slow movement of Dvořák's "New World" symphony rearranged for brass), set in the north of England but filmed in Gold Hill, Shaftesbury, Dorset.[20][21] A nostalgia themed television advertisement that captured the public imagination, it was voted the UK's all-time favourite commercial in a 2006 poll.[22][23] In the 1970s the Chanel No. 5 brand needed revitalisation having run the risk of being labelled as mass market and passé.[24] Directed by Scott in the 1970s and 1980s, Chanel television commercials were inventive mini-films with production values of surreal fantasy and seduction, which "played on the same visual imagery, with the same silhouette of the bottle."[24] Five members of the Scott family are directors, and all have worked for RSA.[25] His brother Tony was a successful film director whose career spanned more than two decades; his sons Jake and Luke are both acclaimed directors of commercials, as is his daughter, Jordan Scott. Jake and Jordan both work from Los Angeles; Luke is based in London. In 1995, Shepperton Studios
Shepperton Studios
was purchased by a consortium headed by Ridley and Tony Scott, which extensively renovated the studios while also expanding and improving its grounds.[26] Early films[edit] The Duellists[edit] Main article: The Duellists The Duellists
The Duellists
(1977) marked Ridley Scott's first feature film as director. Shot in Europe, it was nominated for the main prize at the Cannes Film Festival, and won an award for Best Debut Film. The Duellists had limited commercial impact internationally. Set during the Napoleonic Wars, it follows two French Hussar
Hussar
officers, D'Hubert and Feraud ( Keith Carradine
Keith Carradine
and Harvey Keitel) whose quarrel over an initially minor incident turns into a bitter extended feud spanning fifteen years, interwoven with the larger conflict that provides its backdrop. The film has been acclaimed for providing a historically authentic portrayal of Napoleonic uniforms and military conduct.[27][28] The 2013 release of the film on Blu-ray coincided with the publication of an essay on the film in a collection of scholarly essays on Scott.[29] Alien[edit] Main article: Alien (film) Scott had originally planned next to adapt a version of Tristan and Iseult, but after seeing Star Wars, he became convinced of the potential of large scale, effects-driven films. He accepted the job of directing Alien, the 1979 horror/science-fiction film that would win him international success. Scott made the decision to switch Ellen Ripley from the standard male action hero to a heroine.[30] Ripley (played by Sigourney Weaver), who appeared in the first four Alien films, would become a cinematic icon.[30] The final scene of John Hurt's character has been named by a number of publications as one of the most memorable in cinematic history.[31] Filmed at Shepperton Studios in England, Alien was the sixth highest-grossing film of 1979, earning over $104 million worldwide.[32] Scott was involved in the 2003 restoration and re-release of the original film. In promotional interviews at the time, Scott indicated he had been in discussions to make a fifth film in the Alien franchise. However, in a 2006 interview, Scott remarked that he had been unhappy about Alien: The Director's Cut, feeling that the original was "pretty flawless" and that the additions were merely a marketing tool.[33] Scott later returned to Alien-related projects when he directed Prometheus and Alien: Covenant three decades after the original film's release.[34] Blade Runner[edit] Main article: Blade Runner

"Outside Star Wars, no sci-fi universe has been etched into cinematic consciousness more thoroughly than Blade Runner. Ridley Scott's definitive 1982 neo-noir offered an immersive dystopia of rain-soaked windows and shadowy buildings adorned with animated neon billboards, where flying cars hum through the endless night."

— Eric Kohn, IndieWire, 2017.[35]

After a year working on the film adaptation of Dune, and following the sudden death of his brother Frank, Scott signed to direct the film version of Philip K. Dick's novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? Re-titled Blade Runner
Blade Runner
and starring Harrison Ford, the film was a commercial disappointment in cinemas in 1982, but is now regarded as a classic.[36][37] In 1991, Scott's notes were used by Warner Brothers to create a rushed director's cut which removed the main character's voiceover and made a number of other small changes, including to the ending. Later Scott personally supervised a digital restoration of Blade Runner
Blade Runner
and approved what was called The Final Cut. This version was released in Los Angeles, New York City and Toronto
Toronto
cinemas on 5 October 2007, and as an elaborate DVD release in December 2007.[38] Today, Blade Runner
Blade Runner
is ranked by many critics as one of the most important and influential science fiction films ever made,[39] partly thanks to its much imitated portraits of a future cityscape.[40] It is often discussed along with William Gibson's novel Neuromancer
Neuromancer
as initiating the cyberpunk genre. Scott has described Blade Runner
Blade Runner
as his "most complete and personal film".[41] "1984" Apple Macintosh
Apple Macintosh
commercial[edit] Main article: 1984 (advertisement) In 1984, Scott directed a big-budget ($900,000) television commercial, "1984", to launch Apple's Macintosh computer.[42] Scott filmed the advertisement in England for about $370,000;[43] which was given a showcase airing in the US on 22 January 1984, during Super Bowl XVIII, alongside screenings in cinemas.[44] Some consider this advertisement a "watershed event" in advertising[45] and a "masterpiece".[46] Advertising Age placed it top of its list of the 50 greatest commercials.[47] Set in a dystopian future modelled after George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four, Scott's advertisement used its heroine (portrayed by English athlete Anya Major) to represent the coming of the Macintosh (indicated by her white tank top adorned with a picture of the Apple Macintosh computer) as a means of saving humanity from "conformity" (Big Brother), an allusion to IBM, at that time the dominant force in computing.[48] Legend[edit] Main article: Legend (1985 film) In 1985, Scott directed Legend, a fantasy film produced by Arnon Milchan. Scott decided to create a "once upon a time" tale set in a world of princesses, unicorns and goblins, filming almost entirely inside the studio. Scott cast Tom Cruise
Tom Cruise
as the film's hero, Jack, Mia Sara as Princess Lili and Tim Curry
Tim Curry
as the Satan-horned Lord of Darkness.[49] Scott had a forest set built on the 007 Stage
007 Stage
at Pinewood Studios
Pinewood Studios
in Buckinghamshire, with trees 60 feet high and trunks 30 feet in diameter.[50] In the final stages of filming, the forest set was destroyed by fire; Jerry Goldsmith's original score was used for European release, but replaced in North America with a score by Tangerine Dream. Rob Bottin provided the film's Academy Award-nominated make-up effects, most notably Curry's red-coloured Satan
Satan
figure. Though a major commercial failure on release, the film has gone on to become a cult classic. The 2002 Director's Cut restored Goldsmith's original score.[51] Subsequent films[edit] 1987–1992[edit] Scott made Someone to Watch Over Me, a romantic thriller starring Tom Berenger and Mimi Rogers
Mimi Rogers
in 1987, and Black Rain (1989), a police drama starring Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
and Andy García, shot partially in Japan. Both achieved mild success at the box office. Black Rain was the first of Scott's six collaborations with the composer Hans Zimmer.[52][53] Road film Thelma & Louise (1991) starring Geena Davis
Geena Davis
as Thelma, Susan Sarandon
Susan Sarandon
as Louise, in addition to the breakthrough role for Brad Pitt
Brad Pitt
as J.D, proved to be one of Scott's biggest critical successes, helping revive the director's reputation and receiving his first nomination for the Academy Award for Best Director.[54][55] His next project, independently-funded historical epic 1492: Conquest of Paradise, was a box office failure. The film recounts the expeditions to the Americas by Christopher Columbus
Christopher Columbus
(French star Gérard Depardieu). Scott did not release another film for four years. 1993–1999[edit] In 1995, Ridley and his brother Tony formed a production company, Scott Free Productions, in Los Angeles. All Ridley's subsequent feature films, starting with White Squall and G.I. Jane, have been produced under the Scott Free banner. In 1995 the two brothers purchased a controlling interest in the British film studio Shepperton Studios. In 2001, Shepperton merged with Pinewood Studios
Pinewood Studios
to become The Pinewood Studios
Pinewood Studios
Group, which is headquartered in Buckinghamshire, England.[56] 2000–2005[edit] Scott's historical drama Gladiator (2000) proved to be one of his biggest critical and commercial successes. It won five Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Actor for the film's star Russell Crowe, and saw Scott nominated for the Academy Award for Best Director.[1] Scott worked with British visual effects company The Mill for the film's computer-generated imagery, and the film was dedicated to Oliver Reed
Oliver Reed
who died during filming – The Mill created a digital body double for Reed's remaining scenes. Some have credited Gladiator with reviving the nearly defunct "sword and sandal" historical genre. The film was named the fifth best action film of all time in the ABC special Best in Film: The Greatest Movies of Our Time.[57] Scott then turned to Hannibal (2001) starring Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
as Hannibal Lecter. The film was commercially successful despite receiving mixed reviews. Scott's next film, Black Hawk Down (2001), based on a group of stranded US soldiers fighting for their lives in Somalia, saw him receive a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Director.[1] In 2003, Scott directed a smaller scale project, Matchstick Men, adapted from the novel by Eric Garcia and starring Nicolas Cage, Sam Rockwell
Sam Rockwell
and Alison Lohman. It received mostly positive reviews, but performed moderately at the box office. In 2005, he made the modestly successful Kingdom of Heaven, a film about the Crusades. The film starred Orlando Bloom, and marked Scott's first collaboration with the composer Harry Gregson-Williams.[58] The Moroccan government sent the Moroccan cavalry as extras for some battle scenes.[59] Unhappy with the theatrical version of Kingdom of Heaven (which he blamed on paying too much attention to the opinions of preview audiences in addition to relenting when Fox wanted 45 minutes shaved off), Scott supervised a director's cut of the film, the true version of what he wanted, which was released on DVD in 2006.[60] The director's cut of Kingdom of Heaven has been met with critical acclaim, with Empire magazine calling the film an "epic", adding: "The added 45 minutes in the director’s cut are like pieces missing from a beautiful but incomplete puzzle."[61] "This is the one that should have gone out" reflected Scott.[61] Asked if he was against previewing in general in 2006, Scott stated: "It depends who's in the driving seat. If you've got a lunatic doing my job, then you need to preview. But a good director should be experienced enough to judge what he thinks is the correct version to go out into the cinema."[62] Recent and upcoming films[edit] 2006–2011[edit] Scott teamed up again with Gladiator star Russell Crowe, for A Good Year, based on the best-selling book by Peter Mayle about an investment banker who finds a new life in Provence. The film was released on 10 November 2006. A few days later Rupert Murdoch, chairman of studio 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
(who backed the film) dismissed A Good Year as "a flop" at a shareholders' meeting.[63] Scott's next film was American Gangster, based on the story of real-life drug kingpin Frank Lucas. Scott took over the project in early 2006, and had screenwriter Steven Zaillian rewrite his script to focus on the dynamic between Frank Lucas and Richie Roberts. Denzel Washington signed on to the project as Lucas, with Russell Crowe co-starring. The film premiered in November 2007 to positive reviews and box office success, and Scott was nominated for a Golden Globe for Best Director.[1] In late 2008, Scott's espionage thriller Body of Lies, starring Leonardo DiCaprio
Leonardo DiCaprio
and Russell Crowe, opened to lukewarm ticket-sales and mixed reviews. Scott directed a revisionist adaptation of Robin Hood, which starred Russell Crowe
Russell Crowe
as Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
as Maid Marian. It was released in May 2010 to mixed reviews, but a respectable box-office.

Scott speaking with Prometheus stars Charlize Theron
Charlize Theron
and Michael Fassbender at Wondercon 2012 in Anaheim, California on 17 March 2012

On 31 July 2009, news surfaced of a two-part prequel to Alien with Scott attached to direct.[34][64] The project, ultimately reduced to a single film called Prometheus, which Scott described as sharing "strands of Alien's DNA" while not being a direct prequel, was released in June 2012. The film starred Charlize Theron
Charlize Theron
and Michael Fassbender, with Noomi Rapace
Noomi Rapace
playing the leading role of the scientist named Elizabeth Shaw. The film received mostly positive reviews and grossed $403 million at the box office.[65][66] In August 2009, Scott planned to direct an adaptation of Aldous Huxley's Brave New World
Brave New World
set in a dystopian London with Leonardo DiCaprio.[67] In 2009, the TV Series The Good Wife
The Good Wife
premiered with Ridley and his brother Tony credited as executive producers. On 6 July 2010, YouTube announced the launch of Life in a Day, an experimental documentary executive produced by Scott. Released at the Sundance Film Festival on 27 January 2011, it incorporates footage shot on 24 July 2010 submitted by YouTube users from around the world.[68] As part of the buildup to the 2012 London Olympics, Scott produced Britain in a Day, a documentary film consisting of footage shot by the British public on 12 November 2011.[69] 2012–present[edit] In 2012, Scott produced the commercial for Lady Gaga's fragrance, "Fame." It was touted as the first ever black Eau de Parfum, in the informal credits attached to the trailer for this advertisement. On 24 June 2013, Scott's series Crimes of the Century debuted on CNN.[70] In November 2012 it was announced that Scott would produce the documentary, Springsteen & I directed by Baillie Walsh and inspired by Life in a Day, which Scott also produced. The film featured fan footage from throughout the world on what musician Bruce Springsteen meant to them and how he impacted their lives.[71] The film was released for one day only in 50 countries and on over 2000 film screens on 22 July 2013.[71] Scott directed The Counselor
The Counselor
(2013), with a screenplay by author Cormac McCarthy.[72][73] On 25 October 2013, Indiewire reported that "Before McCarthy sold his first spec script for Scott's (Counselor) film, the director was heavily involved in developing an adaptation of the author's 1985 novel Blood Meridian
Blood Meridian
with screenwriter Bill Monahan (The Departed). But as Scott said in a Time Out interview, '[Studios] didn't want to make it. The book is so uncompromising, which is what's great about it.' Described as an 'anti-western'..."[74] Scott directed the biblically-inspired epic film Exodus: Gods and Kings, released in December 2014 which received mixed-to-negative reviews from critics while earning $268 million on a $140 million budget. Filmed at Pinewood Studios
Pinewood Studios
in Buckinghamshire, the film starred Christian Bale in the lead role.[75]

Scott participates in a question and answer session about NASA’s journey to Mars and his film The Martian, 18 August 2015

In May 2014, Scott began negotiations to direct The Martian, starring Matt Damon
Matt Damon
as Mark Watney.[76] Like many of Scott's previous works, The Martian features a heroine in the form of Jessica Chastain's character who is the mission commander.[77] The film was originally scheduled for release on 25 November 2015, but Fox later switched its release date with that of Victor Frankenstein, and thus The Martian was released on 2 October 2015.[78][79] The Martian was a critical and commercial success, grossed over $630 million worldwide, becoming Scott's highest-grossing film to date.[80][81][82] A sequel to Prometheus, Alien: Covenant, started filming in 2016, premiered in London on 4 May 2017, and received general release on 19 May 2017.[83] The film received generally positive reviews from critics, with many praising Michael Fassbender's dual performance and calling the film a return to form for both director Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
and the franchise.[84][85] In August 2011, information leaked about production of a sequel to Blade Runner
Blade Runner
by Alcon Entertainment, with Alcon partners Broderick Johnson and Andrew Kosove.[86] Scott informed the Variety publication in November 2014 that he was no longer the director for the film and would only fulfill a producer's role. Scott also revealed that filming would begin sometime within 2015, and that Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
has signed on to reprise his role from the original film but his character should only appear in "the third act" of the sequel.[87] On 26 February 2015, the sequel was officially confirmed, with Denis Villeneuve
Denis Villeneuve
hired to direct the film, and Scott being an executive producer.[88] The sequel, Blade Runner
Blade Runner
2049, was released on 6 October 2017.[89] From May to August 2017, Scott filmed All the Money in the World, a drama about the kidnapping of John Paul Getty III, starring Mark Wahlberg and Michelle Williams.[90][91] Kevin Spacey
Kevin Spacey
originally portrayed Getty Sr. However, after multiple sexual assault allegations against the actor, Scott made the decision to replace him with Christopher Plummer, saying "You can't condone that kind of behaviour in any shape or form. We cannot let one person's action affect the good work of all these other people. It's that simple."[92] Scott began re-shooting Spacey's scenes with Plummer on 20 November, which included filming at Elveden Hall
Elveden Hall
in west Suffolk, England.[92] With a release date of 25 December 2017, the film studio had its doubts that Scott would manage it, saying: "They were like, 'You'll never do it. God be with you.'"[92][93] Future projects[edit] In January 2016, Scott was in early negotiations to direct the screen version of the 1968 British TV series The Prisoner.[94] In May 2016, it was announced that Scott and Drew Goddard
Drew Goddard
(who had worked together on The Martian) would be reteaming to adapt the book Wraiths of the Broken Land by S. Craig Zahler. It is described as a piece of fiction that combines elements of "horror, noir, and Asian ultra-violence."[95] In April 2017, 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
lined up Scott to direct a film about the Battle of Britain
Battle of Britain
from WWII, where the Royal Air Force defended the country from German Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
attacks, which is described as a "passion project" for the director.[96] Scott has said that a sequel to Alien: Covenant would film 14 months from May 2017. It will be the final film in his prequel series to his original film, Alien.[97] On 4 January 2018, it was reported that Scott is in talks to direct a Disney
Disney
film adaptation of The Merlin Saga, which is based on a 12-book series written by T. A. Barron, with a screenplay from Philippa Boyens.[98] On 15 March it was reported that Scott is in talks to adapt Greg Rucka's graphic novel Queen & Country for 20th Century Fox.[99] Television projects[edit] Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
and his brother Tony produced CBS
CBS
series Numb3rs (2005–10), a crime drama about a genius mathematician who helps the FBI
FBI
solve crimes; and The Good Wife
The Good Wife
(2009–2016), a legal drama about an attorney balancing her job with her husband, a former state attorney trying to rebuild his political career after a major scandal. The two Scotts also produced a 2010 film adaptation of 1980s television show The A-Team, directed by Joe Carnahan.[100][101] Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
was an executive producer of the first season of Amazon's The Man in the High Castle (2015–16).[102] Through Scott Free Productions, he is an executive producer on the dark comic science-fiction series BrainDead which debuted on CBS
CBS
in 2016.[103][104][105] On 20 November 2017, Amazon struck a deal with AMC Studios for a worldwide release of The Terror, Scott's series adaptation of Dan Simmons' novel, a speculative retelling of British explorer Sir John Franklin's lost expedition
Franklin's lost expedition
of HMS Erebus and HMS Terror to the Arctic in 1845–1848 to force the Northwest Passage, with elements of horror and supernatural fiction), with the series set for release in 2018.[106][107] Personal life[edit]

Scott with his partner Giannina Facio
Giannina Facio
at the world premiere of The Martian held at the Toronto
Toronto
International Film Festival on 11 September 2015

Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
was married to Felicity Heywood from 1964 to 1975. The couple had two sons, Jake and Luke, both of whom work as directors on Scott's production company, Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
Associates. Scott later married advertising executive Sandy Watson in 1979, with whom he had a daughter, Jordan Scott, and divorced in 1989.[108] His current partner is actress Giannina Facio, whom he has cast in all his films since White Squall except American Gangster and The Martian.[109] He divides his time between homes in London, France, and Los Angeles.[75] His eldest brother Frank died, aged 45, of skin cancer in 1980.[110] His younger brother Tony, who was also his business partner in their company Scott Free, died on 19 August 2012 at the age of 68 after jumping from the Vincent Thomas Bridge
Vincent Thomas Bridge
which spans Los Angeles Harbor, after an originally disputed long struggle with cancer.[111] Before Tony's death, he and Ridley collaborated on a miniseries based on Robin Cook's novel, Coma for A&E. The two-part miniseries premiered on A&E on 3 September 2012, to mixed reviews.[112] In 2013, Ridley stated that he is an atheist.[113] Ridley has dedicated several of his films in memory of his family: Blade Runner
Blade Runner
to his brother Frank, Black Hawk Down to his mother, and The Counselor
The Counselor
and Exodus: Gods and Kings to his brother Tony.[114] Ridley also paid tribute to his late brother Tony at the 2016 Golden Globes, after his film, The Martian, won Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy.[115] When asked by the BBC
BBC
in a September 2014 interview if he believes in God, Scott replied:

I'm not sure. I think there's all kinds of questions raised... that's such an exotic question. If we looked at the whole thing practically speaking, the big bang occurred and then we go through this evolution of millions, billions of years where, by coincidence, all the right biological accidents came out the right way. To an extent, that doesn't make sense unless there was a controlling decider or mediator in all of that. So who was that? Or what was that? Are we one big grand experiment in the basic overall blink of the universe, or the galaxy? In which case, who is behind it? Maybe we're an experiment which can last a billion years, but which is a blink in their terms and they can then say: 'Right that didn't work, let's blow them up!'[116]

Approach and style[edit] Appearing in the lead role in Scott's Gladiator and Robin Hood, Russell Crowe
Russell Crowe
commented, "I like being on Ridley's set because actors can perform [...] and the focus is on the performers."[117] Paul M. Sammon, in his book Future Noir: The Making of Blade Runner, commented in an interview with Brmovie.com that Scott's relationship with his actors has improved considerably over the years.[118] More recently during the filming of Scott's 2012 film, Prometheus, Charlize Theron praised the director's willingness to listen to suggestions from the cast for improvements in the way their characters are portrayed on screen. Theron worked alongside the writers and Scott to give more depth to her character during filming.[119] Scott's work is identified for its striking visuals, with heroines also a common theme.[1][3][8][120] His visual style, incorporating a detailed approach to production design and innovative, atmospheric lighting, has been influential on a subsequent generation of filmmakers.[1][2] Scott commonly uses slow pacing until the action sequences. Examples include Alien and Blade Runner; the LA Times critic Sheila Benson, for example, would call the latter "Blade Crawler" "because it's so damn slow". Another technique he employs is use of sound or music to build tension, as heard in Alien, with hissing steam, beeping computers and the noise of the machinery in the space ship. Scott claims to have an eidetic memory, which he says aids him in visualising and storyboarding the scenes in his films.[121] Scott has developed a method for filming intricate shots as swiftly as possible: "I like working, always, with a minimum of three cameras. [...] So those 50 set-ups [a day] might only be 25 set-ups except I'm covering in the set-up. So you're finished. I mean, if you take a little bit more time to prep on three cameras, or if it's a big stunt, eleven cameras, and – whilst it may take 45 minutes to set up – then when you're ready you say 'Action!', and you do three takes, two takes and is everybody happy? You say, 'Yeah, that's it.' So you move on."[117] Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
is a unifying theme throughout Scott's career as a director, particularly in Blade Runner, Alien, and Prometheus.[122] The recent book The Culture and Philosophy of Ridley Scott identifies Alan Turing
Alan Turing
and John Searle, a professor at the University of California, as presenting relevant models of testing artificial intelligence known as the Turing test
Turing test
and the Chinese Room Thought Experiment, respectively, in the chapter titled "What's Wrong with Building Replicants," which has been a recurring theme for many of Scott's films.[123] The chapter titled "Artificial Intelligence in Blade Runner, Alien, and Prometheus," concludes by citing the writings of John Stuart Mill
John Stuart Mill
in the context of Scott's Nexus-6 Replicants in Blade Runner
Blade Runner
(Rutger Hauer), the android Ash (Ian Holm) in Alien, and the android David 8
David 8
(Michael Fassbender) in Prometheus, where Mill is applied to assert that measures and tests of intelligence must also assess actions and moral behaviour in androids to effectively address the themes which Scott explores in these films.[124] DVD format and director's cut[edit] Scott is known for his enthusiasm for the DVD format, providing audio commentaries and interviews for all his films where possible. In the July 2006 issue of Total Film magazine, he stated: "After all the work we go through, to have it run in the cinema and then disappear forever is a great pity. To give the film added life is really cool for both those who missed it and those who really loved it."[62] Running alongside his enthusiasm for DVD, Scott is known for his use of the director's cut.[61] The positive reaction to the Blade Runner Director's Cut encouraged Scott to re-cut several movies that were a disappointment at the time of their release (including Legend and Kingdom of Heaven), which have been met with acclaim.[61] Today the practice of alternative cuts is more commonplace, though often as a way to make a film stand out in the DVD marketplace by adding new material. Selected filmography[edit] Main article: Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
filmography

The Duellists
The Duellists
(1977) Alien (1979) Blade Runner
Blade Runner
(1982) Legend (1985) Someone to Watch Over Me (1987) Black Rain (1989) Thelma & Louise (1991) 1492: Conquest of Paradise (1992) White Squall (1996) G.I. Jane
G.I. Jane
(1997) Gladiator (2000) Hannibal (2001) Black Hawk Down (2001) Matchstick Men
Matchstick Men
(2003) Kingdom of Heaven (2005) A Good Year
A Good Year
(2006) American Gangster (2007) Body of Lies (2008) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(2010) Prometheus (2012) The Counselor
The Counselor
(2013) Exodus: Gods and Kings (2014) The Martian (2015) Alien: Covenant (2017) All the Money in the World
All the Money in the World
(2017)

Accolades[edit]

Sir Ridley Scott, Honorary Doctor, at the Royal College of Art, July 2015

Scott was made a Knight Bachelor
Knight Bachelor
in the 2003 New Year Honours for his substantial contribution to the British film industry.[5][125] He received his accolade from Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
at Buckingham Palace
Buckingham Palace
on 8 July 2003.[5] Scott admitted feeling "stunned and truly humbled" after the ceremony, saying, "As a boy growing up in South Shields, I could never have imagined that I would receive such a special recognition. I am truly humbled to receive this treasured award and believe it also further recognises the excellence of the British film industry."[126] He has been nominated for three Academy Awards
Academy Awards
for Directing—Thelma & Louise, Gladiator and Black Hawk Down—as well as a Golden Globe, BAFTA and 2 Primetime Emmy Awards. In 1995, Ridley and his brother Tony received the BAFTA for Outstanding British Contribution To Cinema.[4] In 2018 he received the highest accolade from BAFTA, the BAFTA Fellowship, for lifetime achievement.[7] Scott was inducted into the Science Fiction Hall of Fame in 2007.[127] In 2017 the German newspaper FAZ compared Scott's influence on the science fiction film genre to Sir Alfred Hitchcock's on thrillers and John Ford's on Westerns.[128] In 2011, he received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.[129] In 2012, Scott was among the British cultural icons selected by artist Sir Peter Blake to appear in a new version of his most famous artwork – the Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
album cover – to celebrate the British cultural figures of his life that he most admires to mark his 80th birthday.[130] On 3 July 2015, he was awarded an honorary doctorate by the Royal College of Art
Royal College of Art
in a ceremony at the Royal Albert Hall
Royal Albert Hall
in London at which he described how he still keeps on his office wall his school report placing him 31st out of 31 in his class, and how his teacher encouraged him to pursue what became his passion at art school.[131][132]

Association Year Category Nominated work Result

Academy Awards 1992 Best Director Thelma & Louise Nominated

2001 Gladiator Nominated

2002 Black Hawk Down Nominated

2016 Best Picture The Martian Nominated

American Film Institute 2002 Director of the Year Black Hawk Down Nominated

Movie of the Year Nominated

BAFTA 1992 Best Director Thelma & Louise Nominated

2001 Gladiator Nominated

2016 The Martian Nominated

1992 Best Film Thelma & Louise Nominated

2008 American Gangster Nominated

1995 Outstanding British Contribution To Cinema

Won

2018 BAFTA Fellowship

Won

Cannes 1977 Best Debut Film Award The Duellists Won

Palme d'Or Nominated

Directors Guild of America 1992 Best Director – Motion Picture Thelma & Louise Nominated

2001 Gladiator Nominated

2002 Black Hawk Down Nominated

2016 The Martian Nominated

2017 Lifetime Achievement Award

Won

Emmy Awards 2000 Outstanding Made for Television Movie RKO 281 Nominated

2002 The Gathering Storm Won

2008 Outstanding Miniseries The Andromeda Strain Nominated

2009 Outstanding Made for Television Movie Into the Storm Nominated

2010 Outstanding Drama Series The Good Wife Nominated

2011 Nominated

Outstanding Miniseries or Movie The Pillars of the Earth Nominated

Outstanding Nonfiction Special Gettysburg Won

2014 Outstanding Television Movie Killing Kennedy Nominated

2015 Killing Jesus Nominated

Golden Globe Awards 2001 Best Director – Motion Picture Gladiator Nominated

2008 American Gangster Nominated

2016 The Martian Nominated

2018 All the Money in the World Nominated

2016 Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy The Martian Won

National Board of Review 2015 Best Director The Martian Won

Saturn Awards 1980 Best Director Alien Won

Best Science Fiction film Won

1983 Best Director Blade Runner Nominated

2001 Gladiator Nominated

2004 The George Pal Memorial Award

Won

2016 Best Director The Martian Won

Satellite Awards 2001 Best Director Gladiator Nominated

2016 The Martian Nominated

Visual Effects Society 2016 Lifetime Achievement Award

Won

Box office performance[edit]

Date Movie Studio United States gross[80] Worldwide gross[80] Theatres[80] Opening weekend[80] Opening theatres Budget

1977 The Duellists Par.

$900,000

1979 Alien Fox $80,931,801 $104,931,801 757 $3,527,881 91 $11,000,000

1982 Blade Runner WB $32,768,670 $33,139,618 1,325 $6,150,002 1,295 $28,000,000

1985 Legend Uni. $15,502,112 $23,506,237 1,187 $4,261,154 1,187 $24,500,000

1987 Someone to Watch Over Me Col. $10,278,549 $10,278,549 894 $2,908,796 892 $17,000,000

1989 Black Rain Par. $46,212,055 $134,212,055 1,760 $9,677,102 1,610 $30,000,000

1991 Thelma & Louise MGM $45,360,915 – 1,180 $6,101,297 1,179 $16,500,000

1992 1492: Conquest of Paradise Par. $7,191,399 $59,000,000 1,008 $3,002,680 1,008 $47,000,000

1996 White Squall BV $10,292,300 $10,292,300 1,524 $3,908,514 1,524 $38,000,000

1997 G.I. Jane BV $48,169,156 $97,169,156 2,043 $11,094,241 1,945 $50,000,000

2000 Gladiator DW $187,705,427 $457,640,427 3,188 $34,819,017 2,938 $103,000,000

2001 Hannibal MGM $165,092,268 $351,692,268 3,292 $58,003,121 3,230 $87,000,000

2001 Black Hawk Down Col. $108,638,745 $172,989,651 3,143 $179,823 4 $92,000,000

2003 Matchstick Men WB $36,906,460 $65,565,672 2,711 $13,087,307 2,711 $65,000,000

2005 Kingdom of Heaven Fox $47,398,413 $211,652,051 3,219 $19,635,996 3,216 $130,000,000

2006 A Good Year Fox $7,459,300 $42,056,466 2,067 $3,721,526 2,066 $35,000,000

2007 American Gangster Uni. $130,164,645 $265,697,825 3,110 $43,565,115 3,054 $100,000,000

2008 Body of Lies WB $39,394,666 $115,321,950 2,714 $12,884,416 2,710 $70,000,000

2010 Robin Hood Uni. $105,269,730 $321,669,730 3,505 $36,063,385 3,503 $200,000,000

2012 Prometheus Fox $126,477,084 $403,354,469 3,442 $51,050,101 3,396 $130,000,000

2013 The Counselor Fox $16,973,715 $70,237,649 3,044 $7,842,930 3,044 $25,000,000

2014 Exodus: Gods and Kings Fox $65,014,513 $268,031,828 3,503 $24,115,934 3,503 $140,000,000

2015 The Martian Fox $228,433,663 $630,161,890 3,854 $54,308,575 3,831 $108,000,000

2017 Alien: Covenant Fox $74,262,031 $240,745,764 3,772 $36,160,621 3,761 $97,000,000

2017 All the Money in the World TriS $25,113,707 $53,913,707 2,123 $5,584,684 2,074 $50,000,000

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g "Ridley Scott". Encyclopædia Britannica.  ^ a b Matthews, Jack (4 October 1992). "Regarding Ridley : For 15 years, Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
has dazzled us with expressive imagery. 'Every time you make a film, really you're making a novel,' says the director". Los Angeles Times.  ^ a b "Ridley Scott's History of Directing Strong Women". Newsweek. 17 December 2016.  ^ a b "Outstanding British Contribution To Cinema". BAFTA. 12 October 2015.  ^ a b c "Queen knights Gladiator director". BBC
BBC
News. 8 July 2003. Retrieved 6 March 2010.  ^ "iPod's low-profile creator tops cultural chart". The Independent. 18 March 2017.  ^ a b "Sir Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
gets top Bafta honour". BBC
BBC
News. 31 January 2018. Retrieved 18 February 2018.  ^ a b "Ridley Scott: Sexism is real, take it seriously". Daily Life. 18 December 2016.  ^ "Sir Ridley Scott". Monsters-movies.com. Retrieved 20 December 2010.  ^ "How Winston helped save the nation". Scotsman.com Living. 6 July 2002. Retrieved 20 December 2010.  ^ "Ridley Scott: England and Wales Birth Registration Index". Family Search.org. ^ "Ten Things About... Ridley Scott". Digital Spy. 19 December 2016.  ^ "The Blade Runner
Blade Runner
Connection". BBC. Retrieved 26 November 2014 ^ "Ridley Scott: 'Why the hell would I want to go to Mars?". The Telegraph. 10 October 2017.  ^ "Film fans can watch Sir Ridley Scott's first movie for free". Hartlepool Mail. 13 January 2016.  ^ Ridley Scott
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– Hollywood's Best Film Directors. Sky Arts. 2012. Retrieved 2 February 2016 ^ Howe, David J.; Mark Stammers, Stephen James Walker (1994). The Handbook: The First Doctor — The William Hartnell Years 1963–1966. Virgin Books. p. 61. ISBN 0-426-20430-1.  ^ "Adam Adamant Lives!". BBC. Retrieved 19 October 2016 ^ Dutta, Kunal (30 November 2007). "Great Scott – Forty years of RSA". Campaign. [permanent dead link] ^ "Jets, jeans and Hovis". The Guardian. 13 June 2015.  ^ Iain Sinclair
Iain Sinclair
(20 January 2011). "The Raging Peloton". 33 (2). London Review of Books: 3–8. Retrieved 11 April 2016. As proudly as the freshly baked loaves in Ridley Scott's celebrated [Hovis] commercial, shot in 1973, on the picturesque slopes of Shaftesbury.  ^ "Ridley Scott's Hovis
Hovis
advert is voted all-time favourite" (2 May 2006). The Independent. 13 June 2015.  ^ "Hovis: 120 years of Goodness" (PDF). 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 December 2014. Retrieved 13 January 2015.  ^ a b Mazzeo, Tilar J. (2010). The Secret of Chanel No. 5. HarperCollins. pp. 197, 199.  ^ " Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
Associates (RSA)". Rsafilms.com. Retrieved 6 March 2010.  ^ "History of Shepperton Studios" (PDF). pinewoodgroup.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 April 2008.  ^ Adam Barkman, Ashley Barkman, Nancy Kang (2013). "The Culture and Philosophy of Ridley Scott". Chapter 10. Celebrating Historical Accuracy in The Duellists. p.171-178. Lexington Books ^ "The Duellists: it takes two to tangle". The Guardian. 10 January 2015.  ^ "A Double-Edged Sword: Honor in The Duellists", in The Culture and Philosophy of Ridley Scott, eds. Adam Barkman, Ashley Barkman, and Jim McRae (Lexington Books, 2013), 45–60. ^ a b "Great Female Roles That Were Originally Written for Men". Vanity Fair. 17 December 2016.  ^ Sources that refer to the final scene of Hurt's character in Alien as one of the most memorable in cinematic history include these:

BBC
BBC
News (26 April 2007). " Alien named as top 18-rated scene". British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 31 May 2010.  "The 100 Scariest Movie Moments". Bravo. Archived from the original on 30 October 2007. Retrieved 29 May 2010.  "The making of Alien's chestburster scene". The Guardian. 13 October 2009. Retrieved 18 January 2010. 

^ "Box Office Information for Alien". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 11 June 2010.  ^ "A good year ahead for Ridley". BBC
BBC
News. 20 October 2006. Retrieved 6 March 2010.  ^ a b Child, Ben (27 April 2010). " Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
plans two-part Alien prequel". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 22 May 2010.  ^ Kohn, Eric (29 September 2017). " Blade Runner
Blade Runner
2049 review – Denis Villeneuve's Neo-Noir Sequel Is Mind-Blowing Sci-Fi Storytelling". Indiewire. Retrieved 4 September 2017.  ^ " Blade Runner
Blade Runner
tops scientist poll", BBC
BBC
News, 26 August 2004, retrieved 9 January 2015  ^ "How Ridley Scott's sci-fi classic, Blade Runner, foresaw the way we live today". The Spectator. 10 January 2016.  ^ " Blade Runner
Blade Runner
Final Cut Due", SciFi Wire, 26 May 2006 Archived 2 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Top 10 sci-fi films". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved 6 March 2010.  ^ "Impeccably cool ' Blade Runner
Blade Runner
2049' is a ravishing visual feast: EW review". 29 September 2017. Retrieved 4 September 2017.  ^ Barber, Lynn (2 January 2002). "Scott's Corner". The Observer. London. Archived from the original on 20 July 2008. Retrieved 22 February 2007.  ^ Friedman, Ted (2005). "Chapter 5: 1984". Electric Dreams: Computers in American Culture. New York University Press. ISBN 0-8147-2740-9. Retrieved 6 October 2011.  ^ Burnham, David (4 March 1984). "The Computer, the Consumer and Privacy". Washington DC: The New York Times. Retrieved 24 January 2014.  ^ "Apple's 1984: The Introduction of the Macintosh in the Cultural History of Personal Computers". Duke.edu. Archived from the original on 5 October 1999. Retrieved 6 March 2010.  ^ "Apple's '1984' Super Bowl commercial still stands as watershed event". USA Today. 28 January 2004. Retrieved 6 March 2010.  ^ Leopold, Todd (3 February 2006). "Why 2006 isn't like '1984'". CNN. Retrieved 10 May 2008.  ^ Elliott, Stuart (14 March 1995). "The Media Business: Advertising; A new ranking of the '50 best' television commercials ever made". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 January 2014. The choice for the greatest commercial ever was the spectacular spot by Chiat/Day, evocative of the George Orwell
George Orwell
novel 1984, that introduced the Apple Macintosh computer during Super Bowl XVIII
Super Bowl XVIII
in 1984.  ^ Cellini, Adelia (January 2004). "The Story Behind Apple's '1984' TV commercial: Big Brother at 20". MacWorld
MacWorld
21.1, page 18. Archived from the original on 2009-06-28. Retrieved 9 May 2008.  ^ "Ridley Scott's beautiful dark twisted fantasy: the making of Legend". The Telegraph. 17 November 2015.  ^ Pirani, Adam (December 1985). "Ridley Scott: SF's Visual Magician". Starlog. p. 64. ^ "5 Fractured Fairy Tale Movies Worth Watching After 'Snow White and the Huntsman'". Blogs.indiewire.com. Retrieved 24 August 2014.  ^ " Hans Zimmer
Hans Zimmer
career interview". Empire magazine. 21 October 2015.  ^ "Orchestral manoeuvres in the dark". GQ. 21 October 2015. Archived from the original on 18 October 2014.  ^ Russell Smith (19 October 1993). " Brad Pitt
Brad Pitt
Only Does Interesting Movie Roles". Deseret News. p. EV6. It was in 1991, when he hitched his ride with Geena Davis
Geena Davis
and Susan Sarandon
Susan Sarandon
in Thelma & Louise, that Pitt's star began to twinkle in earnest.  ^ "Brad Pitt's epic journey". BBC
BBC
News. 13 May 2004. Retrieved 3 January 2015.  ^ "Ridley Scott: 'I'm doing pretty good, if you think about it'". The Independent. 21 October 2015.  ^ "Best in Film: The Greatest Movies of Our Time". ABC. 4 October 2017.  ^ Gajewski, Ryan (3 October 2015). "'The Martian' Composer on Creating Matt Damon's Theme, Ridley Scott's 'Prometheus' Plans". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 5 January 2016.  ^ "Mooviess.com Kingdom of Heaven production notes".  ^ "Kingdom of Heaven: Director's Cut DVD official website".  ^ a b c d "Directors Cuts, the Good, the Bad, and the Unnecessary". Empire. 10 January 2015.  ^ a b Total Film magazine, July 2006: 'Three hours, eight minutes. It's beautiful.' (Interview to promote Kingdom of Heaven: The Director's Cut) ^ " A Good Year
A Good Year
is a 'flop', Murdoch admits". The Guardian. UK. 16 November 2006. Retrieved 24 February 2007.  ^ " Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
Talks 'Alien' Prequel and Timeline". Bloody-disgusting.com. Retrieved 6 March 2010.  ^ "Prometheus Box Office". boxofficemojo.com. Amazon.com. Retrieved 26 December 2015.  ^ "Prometheus 2 synopsis reveals Ridley Scott's Alien: Covenant will feature Michael Fassbender
Michael Fassbender
but not another main character". The Independent. 28 December 2015.  ^ "Brave move for DiCaprio and Scott". BBC
BBC
News. 5 January 2015.  ^ "Life in a Day". The Official YouTube Blog. 6 July 2010. Retrieved 7 July 2010.  ^ "London 2012 Britain in a Day
Britain in a Day
project launched" Archived 1 November 2011 at WebCite. BBC. Retrieved 9 January 2015 ^ "CNN's Newest Series Brings Filmmaker Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
To Sundays". Variety. 3 June 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2010.  ^ a b "Springsteen & I: fans tell their stories of The Boss". The Telegraph. 28 December 2015.  ^ Fleming, Mike. " Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
in Talks For Cormac McCarthy's 'The Counselor'". Deadline.  ^ "First Looks at Michael Fassbender
Michael Fassbender
and Brad Pitt
Brad Pitt
Filming 'The Counselor'". INeedMyFix.com. 1 August 2012. Archived from the original on 3 August 2012. Retrieved 2 August 2012.  ^ Indiewire, 25 October 2013. ^ a b " Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
on the future of Prometheus". The Telegraph (UK). 14 January 2015.  ^ " Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
in Talks to Direct Matt Damon
Matt Damon
in 'The Martian' (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. 13 May 2014. Retrieved 14 May 2014.  ^ " Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
on 'The Martian,' His Groundbreaking '1984' Apple Commercial, and 'Prometheus 2'". Daily Beast. 18 December 2016.  ^ Anderton, Ethan (1 August 2014). "Fox Shifts Release Dates for 'The Martian,' 'Miss Peregrine' & More". firstshowing.net. Retrieved 2 August 2014.  ^ Busch, Anita (10 June 2015). "Fox Switches 'The Martian' and 'Victor Frankenstein' Release Dates". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 12 September 2015.  ^ a b c d e " Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
Movie Box Office". boxofficemojo.com. Amazon.com. Retrieved 13 October 2015.  ^ Driscoll, Molly (14 September 2015). " Toronto
Toronto
Film Festival: 'The Martian,' 'Room' get critics talking". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 5 January 2016.  ^ Lang, Brent (29 September 2015). "Box Office: 'The Martian' to Blast Off With $45 Million". Variety. Retrieved 5 January 2016.  ^ "'Prometheus 2' Lands 'Green Lantern' Writer; May Feature Multiple Michael Fassbenders (Exclusive)". TheWrap. 24 March 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2014.  ^ Chang, Justin (2017-05-17). "Ridley Scott's 'Alien: Covenant' is a sleek, suspenseful return to form". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2017-05-19.  ^ ""Alien: Covenant" Film Review: Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
Returns to Form With Chest-Bursting Thrills". The Tracking Board. 2017-05-07. Retrieved 2017-05-19.  ^ " Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
To Direct New 'Blade Runner' Installment For Alcon Entertainment". Deadline New York. 19 August 2011. Archived from the original on 18 April 2014. Retrieved 19 August 2011.  ^ Kastrenakes, Jacob (25 November 2014). " Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
won't direct 'Blade Runner' sequel". The Verge. Vox Media, Inc. Retrieved 26 November 2014.  ^ "'Blade Runner' sequel concept art: See a first look". EW.com. 15 June 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2017.  ^ Busch, Anita (October 6, 2016). "'Blade Runner' Sequel Finally Has A Title, Will Offer VR Experiences For Film Through Oculus – Update". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved October 6, 2016.  ^ Fleming Jr, Mike (13 March 2017). " Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
To Next Helm Getty Kidnap Drama; Natalie Portman Courted". Deadline. Retrieved 13 March 2017.  ^ Fleming Jr, Mike (31 March 2017). "Michelle Williams, Kevin Spacey, Mark Wahlberg
Mark Wahlberg
Circling Ridley Scott's Getty Kidnap Film". Deadline. Retrieved 31 March 2017.  ^ a b c "Director Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
talks about replacing Kevin Spacey
Kevin Spacey
in new film". BBC. 1 December 2017.  ^ " All the Money in the World
All the Money in the World
(2017)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 15, 2017.  ^ Fleming, Mike (8 January 2016). " Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
Captivated By 'The Prisoner', Film Version of Patrick McGoohan TV Series". Retrieved 9 January 2016.  ^ " Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
Reteaming with Drew Goddard
Drew Goddard
for Western ‘Wraiths of the Broken Land’ ". Collider. Retrieved 10 May 2016 ^ " Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
to direct Battle of Britain
Battle of Britain
'passion project' movie". The Guardian. 5 April 2017.  ^ Hicks, Corporal. "Alien: Covenant 2 to Start Shooting in 14 Months?".  ^ Galuppo, Mia (4 January 2018). " Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
in Talks to Direct a 'Merlin' Movie for Disney". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 5 January 2018.  ^ " Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
in Talks to Direct 'Queen & Country' for Fox". Hollywood Reporter. 15 March 2018. Retrieved 15 March 2018.  ^ " Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
to remake The A-Team". BBC
BBC
News Online. 28 January 2009. Retrieved 13 January 2015.  ^ Fleming, Michael (27 January 2009). "Fox assembles 'A-Team'". Variety. Retrieved 13 January 2015.  ^ "Watch The Man in the High Castle Season 1 Episode – Amazon Video". www.amazon.com. Retrieved 25 March 2016.  ^ "BrainDead". Backstage. Retrieved 18 August 2016.  ^ "Ridley Scott". Hollywood.com. Retrieved 18 August 2016.  ^ Lloyd, Robert (13 June 2016). "'The Good Wife's' creators are back with the imperfect but fun 'Braindead' mixing D.C politics ... and bugs from space". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 18 August 2016.  ^ Andreeva, Nellie (March 2, 2016). "AMC Orders 'The Terror' Anthology Drama Series From Scott Free". Deadline. Retrieved September 13, 2016.  ^ Andreeva, Nellie (February 13, 2013). "AMC Developing 'Terror' Drama Produced By Scott Free, TV 360 & Alexandra Milchan". Deadline. Retrieved September 13, 2016.  ^ "Ridley Scott: Interviews". p. xviii. University Press of Mississippi, 2005 ^ "Sir Ridley Scott: Hollywood visionary". BBC. Retrieved 8 December 2012. ^ Harper, Tom; Jury, Louise (20 August 2012). "Hollywood pays tribute to Top Gun director Tony Scott
Tony Scott
following suicide leap". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 5 September 2012.  ^ " Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
breaks silence on brother Tony Scott's death". 28 November 2014. Retrieved September 3, 2017.  ^ "Coma – Reviews, Ratings, Credits and More". Metacritic. 31 August 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2012.  ^ Sternbergh, Adam (25 October 2013). "Ridley Scott: 'Most Novelists Are Desperate to Do What I Do'". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 October 2013.  ^ "Tony Scott's Spirit Possesses Ridley Scott's The Counselor". Roger Ebert. 4 January 2015.  ^ "Golden Globes 2016 ceremony – in pictures". The Guardian. 30 January 2016.  ^ Carnevale, Rob (September 24, 2014). "Calling the Shots No.41: Ridley Scott". BBC. Retrieved July 22, 2017.  ^ a b American Gangster DVD, Fallen Empire: The Making of American Gangster documentary ^ Caldwell, David. "Paul M. Sammon interview". BRmovie.com. Retrieved 6 March 2010.  ^ ""Prometheus" Crew: On A Mission Collision". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 29 April 2012. Archived from the original on 14 June 2012. Retrieved 7 May 2012.  ^ "Yahoo! Movies: Ridley Scott". Yahoo!. 30 November 1937. Retrieved 6 March 2010.  ^ "Ridley Scott: 'Magic comes over the horizon every day' Hero Complex – movies, comics, pop culture". Los Angeles Times. 26 April 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2014.  ^ The Culture and Philosophy of Ridley Scott, p. 121-142, Lexington Books, 2013. ^ The Culture and Philosophy of Ridley Scott, p. 136-142, Lexington Books, 2013. ^ The Culture and Philosophy of Ridley Scott, p. 140-142, Lexington Books, 2013. ^ "New Year's Honours List". London Gazette (56797 Supplement 1): 1. 30 December 2002. Retrieved 4 October 2015.  ^ "Queen knights Gladiator director". BBC
BBC
News. 8 July 2003. Retrieved 2017-08-07.  ^ "Science Fiction Hall of Fame to Induct Ed Emshwiller, Gene Roddenberry, Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
and Gene Wolfe". Retrieved 26 April 2015. [dead link]. Press release March/April/May 2007. Experience Music Project and Science Fiction Museum and Hall of Fame (empsfm.org). Archived 14 October 2007. Retrieved 19 March 2013 ^ "RIDLEY SCOTT ZUM ACHTZIGSTEN :Der selbstleuchtende Sehnerv". Frankfurter Allgemeine - FAZ.net. 30 November 2017.  ^ Hollywood stars for Simon Fuller and Sir Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
BBC
BBC
News. Retrieved 20 June 2010. ^ "New faces on Sgt Pepper album cover for artist Peter Blake's 80th birthday". The Guardian. 5 October 2016.  ^ "RCA Convocation 2015". RCA [view from 13:55 and 31:45]. Retrieved 13 July 2015.  ^ "Honorary Doctors". RCA. Archived from the original on 15 March 2015. Retrieved 13 July 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Ridley Scott

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ridley Scott.

Film portal Speculative fiction portal England portal

" Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
biography". Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame.  Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
on IMDb Scott Free Productions
Scott Free Productions
on IMDbPro (subscription required) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
at AllMovie Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
at Rotten Tomatoes Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
Associates (RSA) They Shoot Pictures, Don't They? Lauchlan, Grant. "Interview". STV. Archived from the original (Video) on 25 October 2008. Discussing Kingdom of Heaven and Blade Runner  Sullivan, Chris (5 Oct 2006). " Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
uncut: exclusive online interview". Times. Archived from the original on 5 July 2008.  "Total Film: Interview with Ridley Scott". 15 Jul 2007. Archived from the original on 26 September 2007. 

v t e

Films directed by Ridley Scott

Feature films

The Duellists
The Duellists
(1977) Alien (1979) Blade Runner
Blade Runner
(1982) Legend (1985) Someone to Watch Over Me (1987) Black Rain (1989) Thelma & Louise (1991) 1492: Conquest of Paradise (1992) White Squall (1996) G.I. Jane
G.I. Jane
(1997) Gladiator (2000) Hannibal (2001) Black Hawk Down (2001) Matchstick Men
Matchstick Men
(2003) Kingdom of Heaven (2005) A Good Year
A Good Year
(2006) American Gangster (2007) Body of Lies (2008) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(2010) Prometheus (2012) The Counselor
The Counselor
(2013) Exodus: Gods and Kings (2014) The Martian (2015) Alien: Covenant (2017) All the Money in the World
All the Money in the World
(2017)

Other work

Boy and Bicycle (short film, 1965) 1984 (advertisement, 1984) Unrealized projects

Awards for Ridley Scott

v t e

BAFTA Fellowship recipients

1971–2000

Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1971) Freddie Young (1972) Grace Wyndham Goldie (1973) David Lean
David Lean
(1974) Jacques Cousteau
Jacques Cousteau
(1975) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1976) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1976) Denis Forman (1977) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1978) Lew Grade
Lew Grade
(1979) Huw Wheldon
Huw Wheldon
(1979) David Attenborough
David Attenborough
(1980) John Huston
John Huston
(1980) Abel Gance
Abel Gance
(1981) Michael Powell
Michael Powell
& Emeric Pressburger
Emeric Pressburger
(1981) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1982) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1983) Hugh Greene (1984) Sam Spiegel
Sam Spiegel
(1984) Jeremy Isaacs (1985) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1986) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1987) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1988) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1989) Paul Fox (1990) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1991) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1992) David Plowright (1992) Sydney Samuelson (1993) Colin Young (1993) Michael Grade
Michael Grade
(1994) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1995) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1996) Ronald Neame
Ronald Neame
(1996) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1996) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1996) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1997) Steven Bochco
Steven Bochco
(1997) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
(1997) Oswald Morris (1997) Harold Pinter
Harold Pinter
(1997) David Rose (1997) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1998) Bill Cotton
Bill Cotton
(1998) Eric Morecambe
Eric Morecambe
& Ernie Wise
Ernie Wise
(1999) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1999) Michael Caine
Michael Caine
(2000) Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(2000) Peter Bazalgette
Peter Bazalgette
(2000)

2001–present

Albert Finney
Albert Finney
(2001) John Thaw
John Thaw
(2001) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(2001) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2002) Merchant Ivory Productions (2002) Andrew Davies (2002) John Mills
John Mills
(2002) Saul Zaentz
Saul Zaentz
(2003) David Jason (2003) John Boorman
John Boorman
(2004) Roger Graef (2004) John Barry (2005) David Frost
David Frost
(2005) David Puttnam
David Puttnam
(2006) Ken Loach
Ken Loach
(2006) Anne V. Coates (2007) Richard Curtis
Richard Curtis
(2007) Will Wright (2007) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(2008) Bruce Forsyth
Bruce Forsyth
(2008) Dawn French
Dawn French
& Jennifer Saunders
Jennifer Saunders
(2009) Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
(2009) Nolan Bushnell
Nolan Bushnell
(2009) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(2010) Shigeru Miyamoto
Shigeru Miyamoto
(2010) Melvyn Bragg
Melvyn Bragg
(2010) Christopher Lee
Christopher Lee
(2011) Peter Molyneux
Peter Molyneux
(2011) Trevor McDonald (2011) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2012) Rolf Harris
Rolf Harris
(2012) Alan Parker
Alan Parker
(2013) Gabe Newell
Gabe Newell
(2013) Michael Palin
Michael Palin
(2013) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2014) Rockstar Games
Rockstar Games
(2014) Julie Walters
Julie Walters
(2014) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2015) David Braben (2015) Jon Snow (2015) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(2016) John Carmack
John Carmack
(2016) Ray Galton & Alan Simpson (2016) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(2017) Joanna Lumley
Joanna Lumley
(2017) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
(2018)

v t e

Britannia Awards

Excellence in Film

Albert R. Broccoli
Albert R. Broccoli
(1989) Michael Caine
Michael Caine
(1990) Peter Ustinov
Peter Ustinov
(1992) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1993) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(1995) Bob Weinstein and Harvey Weinstein
Harvey Weinstein
(1996) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1997) John Travolta
John Travolta
(1998) Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(1999) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2000) George Lucas
George Lucas
(2002) Hugh Grant
Hugh Grant
(2003) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(2004) Tom Cruise
Tom Cruise
(2005) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2006) Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(2007) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2008) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2009) Jeff Bridges
Jeff Bridges
(2010) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2011) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2012) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2013) Robert Downey Jr.
Robert Downey Jr.
(2014) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2015) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(2016) Matt Damon
Matt Damon
(2017)

Excellence in Directing

Peter Weir
Peter Weir
(2003) Jim Sheridan (2004) Mike Newell (2005) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(2006) Martin Campbell
Martin Campbell
(2007) Stephen Frears
Stephen Frears
(2008) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2009) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2010) David Yates
David Yates
(2011) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2012) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2013) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2014) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(2015) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2016) Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
(2017)

Worldwide Contribution to Entertainment

Howard Stringer
Howard Stringer
(2003) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(2009) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
& Tony Scott
Tony Scott
(2010) John Lasseter
John Lasseter
(2011) Will Wright (2012) Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
(2013) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(2014) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2015) Samuel L. Jackson
Samuel L. Jackson
(2016) Kenneth Branagh
Kenneth Branagh
(2017)

British Artist of the Year

Rachel Weisz
Rachel Weisz
(2006) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2007) Tilda Swinton
Tilda Swinton
(2008) Emily Blunt
Emily Blunt
(2009) Michael Sheen
Michael Sheen
(2010) Helena Bonham Carter
Helena Bonham Carter
(2011) Daniel Craig
Daniel Craig
(2012) Benedict Cumberbatch
Benedict Cumberbatch
(2013) Emma Watson
Emma Watson
(2014) James Corden
James Corden
(2015) Felicity Jones
Felicity Jones
(2016) Claire Foy (2017)

Excellence in Comedy

Betty White
Betty White
(2010) Ben Stiller
Ben Stiller
(2011) Trey Parker
Trey Parker
and Matt Stone
Matt Stone
(2012) Sacha Baron Cohen
Sacha Baron Cohen
(2013) Julia Louis-Dreyfus
Julia Louis-Dreyfus
(2014) Amy Schumer
Amy Schumer
(2015) Ricky Gervais
Ricky Gervais
(2016) Aziz Ansari
Aziz Ansari
(2017)

Excellence in Television

Aaron Spelling
Aaron Spelling
(1999) HBO
HBO
Original Programming (2002) Dick Van Dyke
Dick Van Dyke
(2017)

Humanitarian Award

Richard Curtis
Richard Curtis
(2007) Don Cheadle
Don Cheadle
(2008) Colin Firth
Colin Firth
(2009) Idris Elba
Idris Elba
(2013) Mark Ruffalo
Mark Ruffalo
(2014) Orlando Bloom
Orlando Bloom
(2015) Ewan McGregor
Ewan McGregor
(2016)

Retired Awards

BBC
BBC
(1999) Tarsem Singh
Tarsem Singh
(1999) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(2003) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2004) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(2005) Ronald Neame
Ronald Neame
(2005) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(2006) Bob Shaye and Michael Lynne (2007)

v t e

London Film Critics' Circle Award for Director of the Year

Nicolas Roeg
Nicolas Roeg
(1980) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1981) Costa-Gavras
Costa-Gavras
(1982) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1983) Neil Jordan
Neil Jordan
(1984) Roland Joffé
Roland Joffé
(1985) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1986) Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(1987) John Huston
John Huston
(1988) Terence Davies (1989) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1990) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
(1991) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(1992) James Ivory
James Ivory
(1993) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1994) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(1995) Joel Coen (1996) Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
(1997) Peter Weir
Peter Weir
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Spike Jonze
Spike Jonze
(2000) Alejandro González Iñárritu
Alejandro González Iñárritu
(2001) Phillip Noyce
Phillip Noyce
(2002) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2003) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Paul Greengrass
Paul Greengrass
(2006) Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2007) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) George Miller (2015) László Nemes
László Nemes
(2016) Sean Baker (2017)

v t e

Saturn Award for Best Director

Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(1974/75) Dan Curtis (1976) George Lucas/ Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1977) Philip Kaufman
Philip Kaufman
(1978) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
(1979) Irvin Kershner
Irvin Kershner
(1980) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1981) Nicholas Meyer
Nicholas Meyer
(1982) John Badham (1983) Joe Dante
Joe Dante
(1984) Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(1985) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1986) Paul Verhoeven
Paul Verhoeven
(1987) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1988) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1989/90) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1991) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1994) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(1995) Roland Emmerich
Roland Emmerich
(1996) John Woo
John Woo
(1997) Michael Bay
Michael Bay
(1998) Andy Wachowski and Larry Wachowski (1999) Bryan Singer
Bryan Singer
(2000) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2001) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Sam Raimi
Sam Raimi
(2004) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2005) Bryan Singer
Bryan Singer
(2006) Zack Snyder
Zack Snyder
(2007) Jon Favreau
Jon Favreau
(2008) James Cameron
James Cameron
(2009) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2010) J. J. Abrams
J. J. Abrams
(2011) Joss Whedon
Joss Whedon
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) James Gunn
James Gunn
(2014) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
(2015) Gareth Edwards (2016)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 95126970 LCCN: no91006599 ISNI: 0000 0001 1689 9928 GND: 119070405 SELIBR: 283696 SUDOC: 034990275 BNF: cb12568266z (data) BIBSYS: 90782001 NDL: 00867104 NKC: js20050516009 ICCU: ITICCUTO0V74955 BNE: XX901

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