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Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
is a small town in south-west Hertfordshire, England, situated approximately 20 miles (32 km) northwest of central London and inside the perimeter of the M25 motorway. The town is mainly to the north of the Grand Union Canal
Grand Union Canal
(formerly the Grand Junction Canal) and the River Colne. The nearest large town is Watford, approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) to the east. Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
is the administrative seat of the Three Rivers District Council; the local authority is named from the confluence of three rivers within Rickmansworth's borders; the River Gade
River Gade
and the Grand Union Canal join the upper River Colne near Rickmansworth's eastern boundary and are joined by the River Chess
River Chess
near the town centre from where the enlarged Colne flows south to form a major tributary of the River Thames. The town is served by the Metropolitan line
Metropolitan line
of the London Underground
London Underground
and Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
from London Marylebone to Aylesbury.

Contents

1 Toponymy 2 History 3 Train 4 Motorway 5 Bus 6 Economy 7 Geography 8 Education

8.1 Primary schools 8.2 Secondary schools 8.3 Independent schools

9 Culture and sport

9.1 Aquadrome 9.2 Sports clubs

10 Public services 11 Filming 12 Politics 13 Notable residents 14 See also 15 References 16 External links

Toponymy[edit] The name Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
comes from the Saxon name Ryckmer, the local landowner, and worth meaning a farm or stockade. In the Domesday Book of 1086 it was recorded as the Manor of Prichemaresworde. Other spellings include Rykemarwurthe (1119–46), Richemaresworthe (1180), Rykemerewrthe (1248), Richemereworthe (1259), Rikesmareswrth (1287), Rikmansworth (1382), Rikmeresworth (1396)[2] & Rykemerysworth (1418).[3] History[edit] There was a settlement in this part of the Colne Valley in the Stone age. Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
was one of five manors with which the great Abbey of St Albans
St Albans
had been endowed when founded in 793 by King Offa. Local tithes supported the abbey, which provided clergy to serve the people until the dissolution of the monasteries in 1539. Around the time of the Domesday Book, the population of "Prichemareworth" may have been about 200. Cardinal Wolsey, in his capacity as Abbot of St Albans, held the Manor of le More in the valley. The manor house was replaced by the hill-top mansion Moor Park, which eventually became the residence of Admiral Lord Anson, who commissioned Capability Brown
Capability Brown
to remake the formal gardens, and in 1828 of the Barons Ebury; it is now the Golf Club House. The wider area, including Croxley Green, Moor Park, Batchworth, Mill End, West Hyde
West Hyde
and Chorleywood, formed the original parish of Rickmansworth. In 1851, the population had grown to 4,800, and the parish was divided. St Mary's Church serves the parish concentrated in the town and extending to Batchworth
Batchworth
and parts of Moor Park. The town had a population of 14,571 recorded at the 2001 census. The three rivers, the Colne, Chess and Gade, provided water for the watercress trade and power for corn milling, silk weaving, paper making and brewing, all long gone. Other industries have included leather-tanning, soft drinks, laundry, straw-plaiting and stocking production. Now there are commercial offices and commuter homes, and the rivers, canal and flooded gravel pits provide for recreation. West Mill, a water mill, existed at the time of the Domesday Survey. It was leased to the abbot and convent of St Albans
St Albans
by Ralph Bukberd for a term of years ending in 1539. In 1533, they leased it from the end of this term for twenty-six years to Richard Wilson of Watford. He was to keep in repair the mill and also two millstones, 10 inches (25 centimetres) thick, and 4 ft 8 in (142 cm) in breadth.[4] The mill was leased in 1544 to William Hutchinson, yeoman of the spicery, and Janet his wife for their lives.[5] It afterwards came to John Wilson, and was granted in 1576–77 to Richard Master.[5] There was also a water-mill called Batchworth
Batchworth
Mill, and a fishery called Blacketts Mill in Rickmansworth.[5] Batchworth
Batchworth
Mill was later used as a cotton mill, but was bought in 1820 by Messrs. John Dickinson & Co., and converted into paper mills, now the site of Affinity Water.[5] Scotsbridge Mill was also productive but now is home to a restaurant with the unusual feature of a salmon run. During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries many of the principal inhabitants were described as 'clothiers,' from which it may be inferred that the manufacture of cloth was at one time carried on in the parish, but this industry has long since ceased. There were also silk and flock mills here, described in 1808 as recently built. A long-running dispute over water levels in the Batchford area, following construction of the Grand Junction Canal, was resolved in 1825, when an 8.2-foot (2.5 m) obelisk was erected in a pond, to act as a water gauge. It records the agreement made between the canal company, John Dickinson the miller at Batchworth
Batchworth
Mill, and R. Williams of Moor Park the landowner.[6] In July 1860 Lord Ebury obtained powers to construct a 4.5-mile single-track railway line between Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
and Watford, which opened in October 1862. Rickmansworth (Church Street) station
Rickmansworth (Church Street) station
was opposite the church to the south of the town with interchange sidings with the nearby Grand Union Canal.[7] The line had stations at Watford Junction and Watford
Watford
High Street and a depot in Watford. A further Parliamentary authorisation was obtained a year later to construct an extension from Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
to connect with the Great Western Railway's Uxbridge branch, but this was never realised.[8] Despite hopes the railway would bring economic development and serve the factories and warehouses that had developed along the Grand Union Canal, it was Watford
Watford
that grew at a faster pace and drew business from Rickmansworth. The railway was dogged with financial problems and a further Act of Parliament in 1863 authorised the issue of further shares to the value of £30,000 (£40,000 worth had already been issued).[9] The service consisted of five trains each way. The line was worked from the outset by the London and North Western Railway (LNWR), which paid the WRR 50% of the gross earnings.[10] The railway was never financially successful and the official receiver was called in only four years after opening.[11] The company attempted to remedy its financial problems by opening several freight branches, the most notable being to the Croxley printers and to the Grand Union Canal at Croxley Green. The company was absorbed by the burgeoning LNWR whose station it shared at Watford
Watford
Junction in 1881. Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
grew dramatically during the Victorian era
Victorian era
and in the 1920s and 1930s as part of Metro-land, due to the extension of Metropolitan Railway, and became a commuter town. Train[edit] Diesel-express trains from Marylebone station, London – via Harrow-on-the Hill – to Aylesbury
Aylesbury
and fast, electric Metropolitan trains from the City of London – via Baker Street – to Amersham
Amersham
stop at Rickmansworth station
Rickmansworth station
on the London to Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Line. Motorway[edit] Junctions 17 and 18 of the M25 motorway
M25 motorway
are within Rickmansworth's boundaries giving access to Heathrow Airport
Heathrow Airport
and the national motorway network. Bus[edit]

320 Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
to Hemel Hempstead 324 Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
to Garston 336 between Watford
Watford
and High Wycombe, via Beaconsfield, stops at Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
station 724 between Heathrow Airport
Heathrow Airport
and Harlow, via St Albans
St Albans
and Ware, stops at Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
station

Economy[edit] The agricultural co-operative, Quality Milk Producers has its headquarters in Scotsbridge House as does the English Guernsey Cattle Society, the Jersey Cattle Society, the UK Holstein Society, the British Friesian Breeders Club, the Milk Development Council and the Centre for Dairy Information.[12] The former police station on Rectory Road was purchased by Lidl
Lidl
in 2013.[13][14] The residents association, the RDRA oppose the proposal for a new store.[15] Geography[edit] Valley Road in Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
has a frost hollow. This is caused by the local geography, notably the railway embankment which prevents the natural drainage of cold air from a specific part of the valley. The greatest daily temperature range in England
England
was recorded on 29 August 1936 in Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
when the temperature climbed from 1.1 °C at dawn to 24.9 °C within 9 hours due to this unique geographic feature.[16] Education[edit] Primary schools[edit]

Arnett Hills JMI School Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
Park JMI School Shepherds Primary School St. John's Catholic Primary School St. Mary's C of E Primary School St. Peter's C of E Voluntary Aided Primary School

Secondary schools[edit]

Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
School St. Clement Danes School St Joan of Arc Catholic School The Reach Free School

Independent schools[edit]

Northwood Prep School Royal Masonic School

Culture and sport[edit] Watersmeet is a 515-seat theatre complex owned by the Three Rivers District Council in the town centre. Its auditorium can be transformed from a raked theatre to a flat floor for performances in the round, dancing, cabaret, weddings, indoor markets and craft fairs. The Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
Players (affiliated to NODA) is a well-established amateur dramatics society that performs musicals and plays on a regular basis. Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
Historical Society meets monthly from September to June in the Cloisters Hall. Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
is sometimes shortened to "Ricky", as used in the annual Ricky Week celebrations which occur in May. The town's canal history is remembered at the end of the week with the Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
Festival organised by Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
Waterways Trust. The annual Ricky Road Run takes place with more than 500 runners. The annual Victorian Evening, held in the town centre at the end of November, was changed to Starlight Evening in 2011. Inspired by the reference to Rickmansworth on the first page of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy
The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy
by Douglas Adams: "And then, one Thursday, nearly two thousand years after one man had been nailed to a tree for saying how great it would be to be nice to people for a change, a girl sitting on her own in a small café in Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
suddenly realized what it was that had been going wrong all this time, and she finally knew how the world could be made a good and happy place. This time it was right, it would work, and no one would have to get nailed to anything." Aquadrome[edit]

Bury Lake

The Aquadrome covers 41 hectares (100 acres) and includes the Aquadrome Local Nature Reserve, Batchworth
Batchworth
and Bury Lakes, open grassland, areas of woodland, car parking, a café and a children's play area. Its boundaries are the River Colne to the north, the Grand Union Canal to the east and south and Stocker's Lake
Stocker's Lake
nature reserve to the west. In July 2009, it received a Green Flag Award
Green Flag Award
for parks and open spaces which meet high standards. The lakes are old gravel quarries filled with water and stocked with fish but only Batchworth
Batchworth
Lake is available for fishing. Some gravel from the site was used to build Wembley Stadium in 1923. Batchworth Lake is popular for water skiing events and hosts the Rickmansworth Water Ski Club. Bury Lake is home to Bury Lake Young Mariners (BLYM); a sailing club and RYA-recognised teaching establishment. Sports clubs[edit]

Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
Cricket and Sports Club

Rickmansworth Cricket Club
Rickmansworth Cricket Club
was founded in 1787 and is one of the oldest recorded clubs in England. Its clubhouse was built in 1921 by Sir William Francis Reckitt – a member of the Reckitt and Colman Mustard dynasty. Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
Sports Club runs five teams in the Saracens Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
Cricket League. Over the years, other sports clubs have moved into the grounds, including Chess Valley Rugby Football Club and Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
& Chess Valley Hockey Clubs. Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
Golf Course is adjacent to Moor Park golf course. Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
Lawn Tennis Club also hosts Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
table tennis club matches. Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
Water Ski Club is located on Batchworth Lake. Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
hosts a sub-aqua Club. The William Penn
William Penn
Leisure Centre has an indoor swimming pool and sports facilities. Public services[edit] In 1897, a police station opened in the High Street adjoining the fire station.[17] The police station is now located in Three Rivers House.[18] Filming[edit]

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The Adventures of Black Beauty
The Adventures of Black Beauty
(1972) Raiders of the Lost Ark
Raiders of the Lost Ark
(1981) Withnail and I
Withnail and I
(1986) Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade
Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade
(1989) Double X: The Name of the Game (1992) Ashes to Ashes (TV series), a spin-off from the BBC drama Life on Mars (2009) Harry and Paul (2010) The First Men in the Moon
The First Men in the Moon
(2010) Foyle's War
Foyle's War
(Lesson in Murder) Bridget Jones: The Edge of Reason (film) (Pig report scene, filmed at Stockers Farm) Dick Turpin (Starring Richard O'Sullivan, filmed at Stockers Farm) Genevieve (Genevieve 'broke down' at the top of Batchworth
Batchworth
Hill, by the gates to Moor Park) Metro-land
Metro-land
(Television documentary) (1973) Doctor Who
Doctor Who
('The Three Doctors' – 10th anniversary story 1972/1973) Lewis
Lewis
(2012) Harry Enfield's Television Programme
Harry Enfield's Television Programme
(80's) New Tricks
New Tricks
(2014) Children of Men
Children of Men
(2006) Silent Witness
Silent Witness
(2013) The Professionals (TV series)
The Professionals (TV series)
1977 – 1983 Harefield Road & Springwell Lock 28 Weeks Later
28 Weeks Later
(2007) Stockers Farm

Politics[edit] Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
is a part of the UK Parliament constituency, South West Hertfordshire. David Gauke
David Gauke
is the Member of Parliament (MP) and the current Secretary of State for Justice. Notable residents[edit]

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William Penn
William Penn
(founder of Pennsylvania) Harvey Fellows (Cricketer) David Urquhart
David Urquhart
(MP, Russophile and advocate for Turkish Baths) George Eliot
George Eliot
(pen-name of Mary Anne Evans – The Elms, 1875) Val Doonican
Val Doonican
(ex-The Drive, Rickmansworth) Guy Calthrop aka Sir Calthrop Guy Spencer Calthrop, 1st Baronet (26 March 1870 – 23 February 1919) George Orwell
George Orwell
(pen-name of Eric Blair, author, who spent some summers in Rickmansworth) Thomas Andrews
Thomas Andrews
(Designer of the Titanic, lived at Money Hill House until his death in 1912) Cardinal Wolsey
Cardinal Wolsey
(Manor of the More, 1522–1530[19] Robert Carey, 1st Earl of Monmouth
Robert Carey, 1st Earl of Monmouth
(Moor Park, 1631–1639, buried at Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
Parish Church) Francis Russell, 2nd Earl of Bedford
Francis Russell, 2nd Earl of Bedford
(Moor Park 1576) Edward Russell, 3rd Earl of Bedford (Moor Park 1585–1627) William Herbert, 3rd Earl of Pembroke
William Herbert, 3rd Earl of Pembroke
(Moor Park 1627) Franklin baronets (Bought Moor Park and Manor of Rickmansworth,1655) Henry Carey, 2nd Earl of Monmouth
Henry Carey, 2nd Earl of Monmouth
(Buried at Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
Parish Church) James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde
James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde
(Moor Park 1664) Thomas Butler, 6th Earl of Ossory
Thomas Butler, 6th Earl of Ossory
(Made Lord Butler of Moore Park in 1666) James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth
James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth
(Illegitimate son of Charles II, Moor Park 1670 – executed 1685)) George Anson, 1st Baron Anson
George Anson, 1st Baron Anson
(Admiral Lord Anson, Moor Park c1752) Sir Lawrence Dundas, 1st Baronet (Moor Park 1763) Thomas Dundas, 1st Baron Dundas
Thomas Dundas, 1st Baron Dundas
(Moor Park, sold 1785) Robert Grosvenor, 1st Marquess of Westminster
Robert Grosvenor, 1st Marquess of Westminster
(Moor Park, 1828–1845) Robert Grosvenor, 1st Baron Ebury
Baron Ebury
(Moor Park, 1846 and The Bury,1879 to 1893) Robert Grosvenor, 2nd Baron Ebury
Baron Ebury
(Moor Park, 1893–1918) Barbara Woodhouse (dog trainer, author, horse trainer and television personality)

See also[edit]

W.H. Walker and Brothers

References[edit]

^ "Town population 2011". City Populations. Retrieved 1 November 2016.  ^ Plea Rolls of the Court of Common Pleas; National Archives; CP 40/541; "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 26 June 2014.  first entry ^ Plea Rolls of the Court of Common Pleas; National Archives; CP 40/629; year 1418; http://aalt.law.uh.edu/H5/CP40no629/bCP40no629dorses/IMG_1333.htm; 6th entry, mentioned in lines 2 & 3 ^ Page, William. William Page, ed. A History of the County of Hertford: Volume II. Parishes: Rickmansworth. Institute of Historical Research.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ a b c d Page, William. William Page, ed. A History of the County of Hertford: Volume II. Parishes: Rickmansworth. Institute of Historical Research.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Historic England. "Obelisk at Moor Lane, Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
(158791)". Images of England. Retrieved 29 August 2012.  ^ Welbourn, N. (1998). Lost Lines London. Shepperton, Surrey: Ian Allan Ltd. p. 110. ISBN 0-7110-2623-8.  ^ Davies, R.; Grant, M.D. (1984). Chilterns and Cotswolds (Forgotten Railways). Newton Abbot, Devon: David St John Thomas. p. 35. ISBN 0-946537-07-0.  ^ Davies, R. and Grant, M.D. (1984), p. 35. ^ Davies, R. and Grant, M.D. (1984), p. 36. ^ Welbourn, N. (1998), p. 110. ^ http://ukcows.com/theCDI/Breed_Society.aspx?Mode=Contacts ^ http://rickmansworthweb.com/a-lidl-in-rickmansworth/ ^ http://m.watfordobserver.co.uk/news/10322117.Former_police_station_to_become_Lidl_store/ ^ http://www.rdra.org/local-issues/neighbourh d/lidl ^ https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/ice-age-returns-to-hertfordshire-1281725.html ^ http://trmt.org.uk/research-edu/three-rivers-history/rickmansworth/ ^ http://www.hertsdirect.org/your-community/comvol/law2y/lwpoli3y/polistathert/877784 ^ CastleFacts Archived 18 February 2013 at Archive.is. Castlefacts.info. Retrieved on 16 August 2013.

Population figures (PDF)

William Page (editor) (1908). "Parishes: Rickmansworth". A History of the County of Hertford: volume 2. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 31 March 2012. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rickmansworth.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Rickmansworth.

Past Times:This is Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
2005 Three Rivers Museum, Rickmansworth Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
Historical Society Historical photographs of Rickmansworth Watford
Watford
Observer Historical Tour of Rickmansworth Pictures of Rickmansworth Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
in Hertfordshire: A history George Carey Foster R.S.(1835–1919) at Find a Grave www.orwellsociety.com

v t e

Ceremonial county of Hertfordshire

Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
Portal

Boroughs or districts

Borough of Broxbourne Borough of Dacorum District of East Hertfordshire Borough of Hertsmere District of North Hertfordshire City and District of St Albans Borough of Stevenage District of Three Rivers Borough of Watford Borough of Welwyn
Welwyn
Hatfield

Major settlements

Baldock Berkhamsted Bishop's Stortford Borehamwood Broxbourne Buntingford Bushey Cheshunt Harpenden Hatfield Hemel Hempstead Hertford Hitchin Hoddesdon Letchworth Potters Bar Rickmansworth Royston Sawbridgeworth St Albans Stevenage Tring Waltham Cross Ware Watford Welwyn
Welwyn
Garden City See also: List of civil parishes in Hertfordshire

Topics

Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
County Council

Elections

Flag Parliamentary constituencies European Parliament constituency Boundary changes Places Settlements by population Lost settlements SSSIs Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings History Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs Schools Museums Windmills King George V Playing Fields

v t e

Civil parishes of Hertfordshire

Broxbourne

Unparished areas

Cheshunt Hoddesdon

Dacorum

Parishes

Aldbury Berkhamsted Bovingdon Chipperfield Flamstead Flaunden Great Gaddesden Kings Langley Little Gaddesden Markyate Nash Mills Nettleden
Nettleden
with Potten End Northchurch Tring Tring
Tring
Rural Wigginton

Unparished areas

Hemel Hempstead

East Hertfordshire

Albury Anstey Ardeley Aspenden Aston Bayford Bengeo Rural Benington Bishop's Stortford Bramfield Braughing Brent Pelham
Brent Pelham
and Meesden Brickendon
Brickendon
Liberty Buckland and Chipping Buntingford Cottered Datchworth Eastwick and Gilston Furneux Pelham Great Amwell Great Munden Hertford Hertford
Hertford
Heath Hertingfordbury High Wych Hormead Hunsdon Little Berkhamsted Little Hadham Little Munden Much Hadham Sawbridgeworth Standon Stanstead Abbots Stanstead St Margarets Stapleford Stocking Pelham Tewin Thorley Thundridge Walkern Ware Wareside Watton-at-Stone Westmill Widford Wyddial

Hertsmere

Parishes

Aldenham Elstree and Borehamwood Ridge Shenley South Mimms

Unparished areas

Bushey Potters Bar

North Hertfordshire

Parishes

Ashwell Barkway Barley Bygrave Caldecote and Newnham Clothall
Clothall
and Luffenhall Codicote Graveley Great Ashby Hexton Hinxworth Holwell Ickleford Kelshall Kimpton King's Walden Knebworth Langley Lilley Nuthampstead Offley Pirton Preston Radwell Reed Royston Rushden and Wallington Sandon St Ippolyts St Paul's Walden Therfield Weston Wymondley

Unparished areas

Baldock Hitchin Letchworth
Letchworth
Garden City

St Albans

Parishes

Colney Heath Harpenden Harpenden
Harpenden
Rural London Colney Redbourn Sandridge St Michael St Stephen Wheathampstead

Unparished areas

St Albans

Three Rivers

Parishes

Abbots Langley Chorleywood Croxley Green Sarratt Watford
Watford
Rural

Unparished areas

Rickmansworth

Welwyn
Welwyn
Hatfield

Parishes

Ayot St Lawrence Ayot St Peter Essendon Hatfield North Mymms Northaw and Cuffley Welwyn Woolmer Green

Unparished areas

Welwyn
Welwyn
Garden City

Unparished boroughs

Stevenage Watford

See also

List of places in Hertfordshire

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 154804

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