VLR # 043-0033
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966
Designated VLR January 16, 1973
Richmond National Battlefield Park
1 Richmond in the Civil War
Richmond National Battlefield Park
2.1 Tredegar Iron Works 2.2 Chimborazo Hospital
3 Campaigns affecting Richmond: protected sites
3.1 Peninsula Campaign 3.2 The Seven Days Battles 3.3 The Overland Campaign 3.4 Siege of Petersburg
4 See also 5 References 6 External links
Richmond in the Civil War
Chicakhominy Bluffs Trying to take Richmond, McClellan was halted by this natural defensive barrier with the river at spring flood-level, and parts of his army separated from each other by the mile-wide waterway.
Drewry's Bluff A sharp bend on the James River, whose defensive battery was too high for the Union Navy’s guns to engage. The fleet had to withdraw, delaying McClellan’s proposed advance on Richmond.
The Seven Days Battles (25 June - 1 July 1862) A rapid sequence of six battles (sometimes reckoned as part of the Peninsula Campaign), initiated by the newly-appointed Confederate commander Robert E. Lee. McClellan soon had to retreat, but Lee failed in his plan to cut-off the Union army.
Beaver Dam Creek Also called Mechanicsville. Lee’s partner ‘Stonewall’ Jackson arrived (untypically) late, and the Confederates took heavy casualties, though the Union army retreated downstream to a safer position.
Gaines' Mill McClellan’s defenses seemed impregnable, but Lee mounted his biggest attack of the war with 57,000 men, and McClellan retreated to the James River, abandoning his campaign to take Richmond. Walking trails, interpretive signs.
Lee saw an opportunity to cut-off McClellan’s army from the river,
but Union counter-attacks saved their line of retreat. Several Union
generals were wounded and General
George A. McCall
Malvern Hill Last of the Seven Days Battles. A tactical win for the Union, largely due to superior artillery, but their commander McClellan was absent, reconnoitring Harrison’s Landing, to where his army soon retreated. Visitor Centre, walking tour, driving tour.
The Overland Campaign (4 May - 12 June 1864) In U.S. Grant’s first campaign as General-in-Chief, he operated in the field, alongside the army commander George Meade. It started with a standoff at the Battle of the Wilderness, followed by two defeats at Spotsylvania Court House and Cold Harbor.
A failed attempt by Grant to lure Lee into open terrain. The
Confederates were securely entrenched behind the creek, and resisted
all assaults. The splendid mansion of
Cold Harbor After some early success, Grant’s massive frontal assault against Lee’s fortified positions was beaten back with huge casualties. Grant said it was his biggest regret. But it would be Lee’s last victory. Visitor centre and forest trail with interpretive displays.
Siege of Petersburg (June 14th 1864 - April 2nd 1865) After his reverses in the Overland Campaign, U.S. Grant settled into a siege, where he could bring his superior numbers to bear on Lee’s over-stretched and starving Confederates. When Petersburg fell, the early surrender of Richmond was inevitable.
Fort Harrison A key fortification in the defense of Richmond, it was captured by Benjamin Butler, causing Lee to move his whole line west. It was renamed Fort Burnham for a brigade commander killed in the action. Visitor centre, seasonal.
Howlett Line This was a defensive earthworks across the Bermuda Hundred peninsula, which enabled a small Confederate force to keep Benjamin Butler’s army at bay ‘like a cork in a bottle’, in U.S. Grant’s phrase.
Petersburg National Battlefield, covering southern portions of the
Richmond National Cemetery, located at the site of the Battle of Seven
^ a b "Park Statistics -
Richmond National Battlefield Park
The National Parks: Index 2001-2003. Washington: U.S. Department of the Interior.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Richmond National Battlefield Park.
Official NPS website: Richmond National Battlefield Park
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