Richerus or Richer of
Reims (fl. 10th century) was a monk of
Saint-Remi, just outside Reims, and a historian, an important source
for the contemporary kingdom of France.
4.1 Editions and translations
4.2 Secondary literature
4.2.1 External links
He was a son of Rodulf, a trusted councillor and captain of Louis IV
France (r. 936-954). He studied at
Reims under Gerbert, afterwards
Pope Silvester II, who taught him mathematics, history, letters and
eloquence. He was also well versed in the medical science of his time,
and in 991 travelled to
Chartres to consult the medical manuscripts
there. He was still living in 998, but there is no mention of him
after that date.
Historia congressus Gallorum
Also known as
"History of the conflicts of the Gauls"
Richer of Reims
Gerbert d'Aurillac, Archbishop of Reims
Bamberg State Library, Msc.Hist.5 (Richer's autograph)
Charles the Bald
Charles the Bald to Hugh Capet
include annals by
Flodoard and a history of the church of Reims
In the 19th century, it was thought by both French and German scholars
Richerus was an ardent supporter of the
Carolingians and French
supremacy, as opposed to the Ottonians, but this view has since been
tempered somewhat. Whatever one makes of Richer's political biases,
inaccuracies and his taste for stylistic embellishment, his Historiae
has a unique value as giving us the only tolerably full account by a
contemporary of the memorable revolution of 987, which placed the
Capets on the throne of France.
The Historiae, in four books, spans the period from 888 to 995. It
Charles the Fat
Charles the Fat and Eudes, and goes down to the year 995.
For the first two books,
Richerus made extensive use of the annals and
church history written by
Flodoard (d. 966). From 969 onwards Richerus
had no earlier history before him, and his work is the chief source
for the period.
The history survives in a single manuscript (Bamberg State Library,
Msc.Hist.5), discovered in the early part of the nineteenth century.
It was the author's autograph and showed signs of continuous revision,
probably until his death.
Editions and translations
Lake, Justin (ed. and tr.) Richer of Saint-Rémi. Histories. Dumbarton
Oaks Medieval Library, HUP. 2 vols. 2011. Facing-page English
Hoffmann, Hartmut (ed.). Richer von Saint-Remi. Historiae. MGH
Scriptores 38. Hanover, 2000. Available from digital MGH
here[permanent dead link] or here;
Latouche, Robert (ed. and tr.). Histoire de
France (888-995). 2 vols:
vol 2 (AD 954-995). Les classiques de l'histoire de
France au moyen
age 17. Paris: Belles Lettres, 1964.
Pertz, Georg Heinrich (ed.). MGH Scriptores 3. 561–657. First
printed as Richeri historiarum libri IIII. Hanover, 1839. Superseded
by Hoffmann's edition.
Osten-Sacken, Karl Freiherr von (tr.). Richers vier Bücher
Geschichte. Die Geschichtsschreiber der deutschen Vorzeit 2. vol 10.
Leipzig, 1891. German translation available from Google-USA
Poinsignon, A.M. (tr.). Richeri historiarum quatuor libri. Reims: Pub.
de l'Academie de Rheims, 1855. French translation available from
Guadet, J. (tr.). Histoire de son temps. Societé de l'histoire de
France. 2 vols. Paris, 1845. French translation available from Gallica
and from Google Books: vol 1 and vol 2.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in
the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Richerus".
Encyclopædia Britannica. 23 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
Bur, M. "Richer von Reims." In: Lexikon des Mittelalters 7. 830 ff.
Glenn, Jason. Politics and History in the Tenth Century: The Work and
World of Richer of Reims. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.
See CUP for information
Kortüm, Hans-Henning. Richer von Saint-Remi: Studien zu einem
Geschichtsschreiber des 10. Jahrhunderts. Stuttgart, 1985.
Molinier, A.. Les sources de l'histoire de
France des origines aux
guerres d'Italie. Vol 1. 1901. 284 ff.
Works by or about
Richerus at Internet Archive
Opera Omnia by Migne Patrologia Latina with analytical indexes
Medieval Sourcebook: Richer of Rheims. Journey to
Chartres (tr. M.
ISNI: 0000 0000 8016 374X
BNF: cb122921968 (data)