Richard Meier (born October 12, 1934) is an American abstract artist
and architect, whose geometric designs make prominent use of the color
white. A winner of the
Pritzker Architecture Prize
Pritzker Architecture Prize in 1984, Meier
has designed several iconic buildings including the Barcelona Museum
of Contemporary Art, the
Getty Center in Los Angeles, and The Hague
1 Early life
4 Sexual harassment allegations
7 Further reading
8 External links
Meier was born to a Jewish family, the oldest of three sons
of Carolyn (Kaltenbacher) and Jerome Meier, a wholesale wine and
liquor salesman, in Newark, New Jersey. He grew up in nearby
Maplewood, where he attended Columbia High School. He earned a
Bachelor of Architecture degree from
Cornell University in 1957.
After graduation, Meier traveled to Israel, Greece, Germany, France,
Denmark, Finland, and Italy, among other places, to network with
Meier is also the second cousin of Peter Eisenman, an architect,
theorist, and fellow member of The New York Five.
Richard Meier (1986)
In New York City, Meier worked for Skidmore, Owings and Merrill
briefly in 1959, and then for
Marcel Breuer for three years, prior to
starting his own practice in 1963. In 1972, he was identified as one
of The New York Five, a group of modernist architects: Meier, Peter
Eisenman, Michael Graves, Charles Gwathmey, and John Hejduk. Early in
his career, Meier worked with artists such as painter
Frank Stella and
favored structures that were white and geometric.
Meier first gained significant recognition for his designs of various
residences in addition to The Atheneum in
New Harmony, Indiana
New Harmony, Indiana (1979)
High Museum of Art
High Museum of Art in
Atlanta, Georgia (1983).
Though Meier was an acclaimed architect for many years, his design of
the Getty Center, a massive museum complex in Los Angeles, California,
which opened in 1997, catapulted his popularity into the mainstream.
Some of his other notable commissions include museums such as the
Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art
Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art in
Spain (1995) and the Paley
Center for Media in
Beverly Hills, California
Beverly Hills, California (1996); city halls in
The Hague, The Netherlands (1995) and
San Jose City Hall
San Jose City Hall (2007);
commercial buildings including the reconstruction of City Tower in
Prague, Czech Republic
Prague, Czech Republic (2008); and residential buildings such as 173
and 176 Perry Street in the
West Village of Manhattan (2002) and Meier
on Rothschild in Tel Aviv,
Richard Meier & Partners Architects has offices in New York
Los Angeles with current projects ranging from China and Tel Aviv
to Paris and Hamburg.
Much of Meier's work builds on the work of architects of the early to
mid-20th century, especially that of
Le Corbusier and, in particular,
Le Corbusier's early phase. Meier has built more using Corbusier's
ideas than anyone, including
Le Corbusier himself. Meier expanded
many ideas evident in Le Corbusier's work, particularly the Villa
Savoye and the Swiss Pavilion.
His work also reflects the influences of other designers such as Mies
Van der Rohe and, in some instances,
Frank Lloyd Wright
Frank Lloyd Wright and Luis
Barragán (without the colour). White has been used
in many architectural landmark buildings throughout history, including
cathedrals and the white-washed villages of the Mediterranean region,
in Spain, southern
Italy and Greece.
The Mayor of Rome
Gianni Alemanno included in his campaign platform a
promise to tear down the big travertine wall of Meier's Ara Pacis.
Mayor Alemmano has since changed his stance on the building and has
agreed with Meier to modifications including drastically reducing the
height of the wall between an open-air space outside the museum and a
busy road along the Tiber river. The city plans to build a wide
pedestrian area along the river and run the road underneath it. "It's
an improvement," says Meier, adding that "the reason that wall was
there has to do with traffic and noise. Once that is eliminated, the
idea of opening the piazza to the river is a good one." The mayor’s
office said Alemanno hopes to complete the project before the end of
his term in 2013.
In 1984, Meier was awarded the Pritzker Prize. The jury citation
declared that Meier has "created structures which are personal,
vigorous, original." In 2008, he won the gold medal in
architecture from the Academy of Arts and Letters and his work
Jesolo Lido Village was awarded the Dedalo Minosse International Prize
for commissioning a building. Meier is a Senior Fellow of the
Design Futures Council. He was awarded the
AIA Gold Medal
AIA Gold Medal in
1997. In 2013
Richard Meier was awarded the A+ Lifetime
Achievement Award In 2010, Cornell established a new professorship
named for Meier.
Paying tribute Meier on the occasion of his firm's 50th anniversary,
the Fondazione Bisazza presented the exhibition 'Richard Meier:
Architecture and Design' in Vicenza, Italy.
In 2014, Meier opened a 15,000-square-foot exhibition space museum at
Mana Contemporary in Jersey City. The space gathers much of his
life’s work under one roof, and replaces a much smaller version that
opened in 2007 in Long Island City, Queens, and that until 2013 was
open only by appointment to students and tour groups. The new venue
provides room to show his own sculptures, architectural drawings and
collages for the first time, and is planned to include a research
Sexual harassment allegations
On March 13, 2018,
The New York Times
The New York Times detailed allegations from five
women that Meier had sexually harassed or assaulted them. Meier
responded by saying he would take a leave of six months from his
firm. In response to the allegations and Meier's apology his alma
Cornell University has declined his intended endowment of the
institution and a review of his previous donations. On April 6,
2018, an additional four women who formerly worked at Meier's
architecture firm came came forward with allegations against him. The
most recent allegations dated to 2009.
Main article: List of works by Richard Meier
Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art
The Atheneum in New Harmony, Indiana, United States.
Museum of Television and Radio, Beverly Hills, California
High Museum of Art
High Museum of Art in Atlanta
Major works by Meier include the High Museum in Atlanta, Meier on
Rothschild, and On Prospect Park.
^ a b Jodidio, Philip (2005). Architecture: Art. New York: Prestel
Verlag. p. 138. ISBN 3-7913-3279-1.
^ Jewish Daily Forward: "
Architect Richard Meier’s Jewish
Inspirations" By Benjamin Ivry October 2, 2009
^ Architectural Digest: "Q+A: ARCHITECT RICHARD MEIER" Interview by
Henry Urbach - May 2013
^ Jewish Currents: "A Golden Age of Jewish Architects" by Abbott Gorin
^ a b Pranay Gupte (November 17, 2005), Lunch at The Four Seasons
Richard Meier New York Sun.
^ Tempest, Rone. "America's Designs on Europe Top quality U.S.
architectural firms, feeling the pinch at home, are finding work in
Europe-and are snapping up some of the most sought-after projects.",
Los Angeles Times, August 25, 1992. Accessed September 19, 2008. "When
the Canal Plus building was under construction, Meier said he had 17
American staffers on the ground supervising the work. But the lopsided
European proportion of his recent workload has concerned the
silver-haired, Newark, N.J.-born architect."
^ a b c Hilarie M. Sheets (January 24, 2014),
Architect Goes Home, to
Recall and to Work New York Times.
Richard Meier American architect". Encyclopedia Britannica.
^ Editorial, Reuters. "Rome mayor aims to tear down Richard Meier
museum". U.K. Retrieved 2018-02-01.
Richard Meier - The Pritzker Architecture Prize".
^ "Jury Citation:
Richard Meier - The Pritzker Architecture
^ "Academy of Arts and Letters Announces Award Winners", Artinfo,
April 17, 2008. accessdate=2008-05-19
^ Dedalo Minosse International Prize 2008 Archived March 23, 2010, at
the Wayback Machine.
Design Futures Council
Design Futures Council Senior Fellows
^ "Gold Medal". www.aia.org. Retrieved 2018-02-01.
^ "Richard Meier: Architizer Lifetime Achievement Award Winner".
Richard Meier Professor of Architecture established - Cornell
^ Ellie Stathaki (May 17, 2013),
Richard Meier exhibition and
installation at Fondazione Bisazza Wallpaper.
^ Robin Pogrebin (March 13, 2018). "5 Women Accuse the Architect
Richard Meier of Sexual Harassment". The New York Times.
^ Robin Pogrebin, Women Say Richard Meier's Conduct Was Widely Known
Yet Went Unchecked,
New York Times
New York Times (April 5, 2018).
Frampton, Kenneth, Rykwert, Joseph: Richard Meier, Architect, Rizzoli,
Frampton, Kenneth: Richard Meier, Phaidon, 2012
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Richard Meier.
Richard Meier official website
Richard Meier in the National Gallery of Australia's Kenneth Tyler
Official "Meier Tower" website
Ara Pacis Museum, Rome
Burda Museum website
Rachofsky House website
An appreciation of the Hague City Hall
Collages by Richard Meier
Over 100 photographs of the
Richard Meier designed Rachofsky House
which received AIA honor award in 2002
Official "Bodrum Houses" website
"The Surf Club" website
Richard Meier video at Web of Stories
"Big Red/Meier white," Cornell 50th reunion video on YouTube
"The Surf Club Miami Beach" video on YouTube
Richard Meier Architecture on Google Maps
Pritzker Architecture Prize
Pritzker Architecture Prize laureates
Philip Johnson (1979)
Luis Barragán (1980)
James Stirling (1981)
Kevin Roche (1982)
I. M. Pei
I. M. Pei (1983)
Richard Meier (1984)
Hans Hollein (1985)
Gottfried Böhm (1986)
Kenzo Tange (1987)
Gordon Bunshaft and
Oscar Niemeyer (1988)
Frank Gehry (1989)
Aldo Rossi (1990)
Robert Venturi (1991)
Álvaro Siza Vieira
Álvaro Siza Vieira (1992)
Fumihiko Maki (1993)
Christian de Portzamparc
Christian de Portzamparc (1994)
Tadao Ando (1995)
Rafael Moneo (1996)
Sverre Fehn (1997)
Renzo Piano (1998)
Norman Foster (1999)
Rem Koolhaas (2000)
Herzog & de Meuron (2001)
Glenn Murcutt (2002)
Jørn Utzon (2003)
Zaha Hadid (2004)
Thom Mayne (2005)
Paulo Mendes da Rocha
Paulo Mendes da Rocha (2006)
Richard Rogers (2007)
Jean Nouvel (2008)
Peter Zumthor (2009)
Kazuyo Sejima and
Ryue Nishizawa /
Eduardo Souto de Moura
Eduardo Souto de Moura (2011)
Wang Shu (2012)
Toyo Ito (2013)
Shigeru Ban (2014)
Frei Otto (2015)
Alejandro Aravena (2016)
Rafael Aranda, Carme Pigem, and Ramón Vilalta / RCR Arquitectes
B. V. Doshi
B. V. Doshi (2018)
ISNI: 0000 0001 0928 0991
BNF: cb13193061j (data)