RICHARD COSWAY RA (5 November 1742 – 4 July 1821) was a leading
English portrait painter of the
Regency era , noted for his miniatures
. He was a contemporary of
John Smart ,
George Engleheart , William
Richard Crosse . His wife was the Italian-born painter Maria
Cosway , a close friend of
* 1 Early years * 2 Career in art * 3 Personal life * 4 Examples of Cosway\'s work * 5 References * 6 Further reading * 7 External links
He was one of the first group of associate members of the Royal
Academy, elected in August 1770, and was elected a full member the
following March, on the casting vote of the academy's president, Sir
CAREER IN ART
He painted the future King George IV in 1780 and was appointed
Painter to the
Prince of Wales
Cosway's pupils included Andrew Plimer (1763–1837).
A SMUGGLING MACHINE or a Convenient Cos(au)way for a Man in Miniature. A 1782 etching satirising the relationship between Cosway and his wife. Published by Hannah Humphrey .
On 18 January 1781, Cosway married the Anglo-Italian artist Maria
Hadfield . Maria was a composer, musician and authority on girls\'
education and was much admired by
The Cosways' marriage is thought to be an arranged marriage and later
a marriage of convenience due to his being 20 years her senior.
Richard was "well known as a libertine and commonly described as
resembling a monkey." The film
Jefferson in Paris depicts Maria
Cosway's romance with
In 1784, the Cosways moved into Schomberg House, Pall Mall , which
became a fashionable salon for
In later life, Cosway also suffered from mental disorders and spent
some time in various institutions. He died in
EXAMPLES OF COSWAY\'S WORK
John Evan Hodgson and
Frederick Alexis Eaton , The Royal
Academy and its Members 1768-1830. London: John Murray, 1905; pg. 113.
* ^ "Johan Zoffany: Finding the founders". RA Magazine. Archived
from the original on 8 November 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
* ^ A B C "How
* Gerald Barnett, Richard and Maria Cosway: A Biography. Tiverton, Devon, UK: Westcountry Books, 1995. * Philippe Bordes, "Richard and Maria Cosway, Edinburgh," Burlington Magazine, vol. 137, no. 1111 (Oct. 1995), pp. 700–702. In JSTOR. * Daphne Foskett, Miniatures: Dictionary and Guide. London: Antique Collectors' Club, 1987. * Duncan MacMillan, "The Cosways," RSA Journal, vol. 143, no. 5464 (Nov. 1995), pp. 65–66. In JSTOR. * "Richard Cosway, 'The Macaroni Miniature Painter,'" The Art Amateur, vol. 8, no. 2 (Jan. 1883), pg. 38. In JSTOR. * Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Cosway, Richard". Encyclopædia Britannica . 7 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. * Fagan, Louis Alexander (1887). "Cosway, Richard". In Stephen, Leslie . Dictionary of National Biography . 12. London: Smith, Elder & Co. * Lloyd, Stephen. "Cosway, Richard (bap. 1742, d. 1821)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi :10.1093/ref:odnb/6383 . (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)