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Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
(Welsh: Rhiwbeina) is a suburb and community in the north of Cardiff, the capital of Wales. Formerly a small hamlet within the parish of Whitchurch, Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
was developed throughout the twentieth century, and is now a separate ward. It retains aspects of its former character, however, and is given a Welsh village appearance by Beulah United Reformed Church (originally Capel Beulah) at the village crossroads. Modern Rhiwbina, which includes the Garden Village, Wenallt Hill, Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
Hill, Rhydwaedlyd and the Llanishen
Llanishen
Fach and Pantmawr developments, is bordered by the suburbs of Whitchurch (Yr Eglwys Newydd) to the west, Llanishen
Llanishen
to the east, and Birchgrove (Llwynbedw) to the south. To the north is the border with Caerphilly. The area is served by Rhiwbina railway station
Rhiwbina railway station
on the Coryton Line.

Contents

1 History 2 Amenities 3 The Welsh language 4 Governance 5 Transport 6 Sport and leisure 7 Notable people 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] Near the summit of the Wenallt, to the north of Rhiwbina, are the remains of an oval encampment probably dating from the Iron Age, the earliest evidence of settlement in the area.[1] At the base of the hill is a Norman motte called the Twmpath.[2] The last native Welsh Prince of Morgannwg
Morgannwg
(Glamorgan), Iestyn ap Gwrgant, may have been killed in a battle north of Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
towards the end of the 11th century, near the present-day Butchers Arms public house.[3] The stream nearby is still called Rhyd Waedlyd, which means 'Bloody Ford'. Rhydwaedlyd was the title given to housing developments to Rhiwbina's east in the latter half of the 20th century. This area has since come to be considered part of Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
itself and the name 'Rhydwaedlyd' has fallen out of use entirely.

Garden village housing

Until the 20th century the area remained rural, with few houses. The railway station opened in 1911, and the following year development began of a new garden suburb, based on a masterplan by Sir Raymond Unwin, one of the leading architects of the Garden city movement. The first 34 houses were built in 1913 and more were built from 1919 to 1923, occupying an area between Pen-y-dre and Lon Isa which became known as Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
Garden Village. It was designated as a Conservation Area in 1976.[4] A focal point in Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
in the early twentieth century was the " Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
Tea Gardens". Owned by the Smart family, it later became " Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
Motor Garages" in response to the rise of the motor car and subsequently the area's first video rental outlet in the early 1980s.[citation needed] The business was closed on the retirement of Cliff Smart in 1989 and the site is now occupied by the development of Clos Yr Ardd. This translates as Garden Close, in memory of the Tea Gardens, but there is little greenery left. Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
village centre is small compared to nearby Whitchurch and Birchgrove, but has in recent years undergone a revival, and is now a popular shopping destination for gifts and art. Amenities[edit]

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Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
Library

There are three schools within the ward – Rhiwbeina Primary School, Llanishen
Llanishen
Fach Primary School and Greenhill School. Llanishen
Llanishen
Fach is the only school in Cardiff
Cardiff
which sends its Year 6 pupils to two main secondary schools, Whitchurch High, and Llanishen
Llanishen
High. Rhiwbina currently has no Welsh-medium school. As a result, some local children travel to the nearby Ysgol y Wern and Ysgol Melin Griffith to receive their education.

Beulah United Reformed Church, Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
village

The area has a large number of churches and chapels including All Saints (Church in Wales), Beulah (URC), Bethesda (Independent), Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
Baptist
Baptist
Church, Bethany (Baptist), Bethel (Methodist) and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). To the north of Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
is a parade of shops on Heol Llanishen
Llanishen
Fach, built in the 1960s to serve an extensive area of new housing. Also to the north of Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
village is the Deri Stores, a family run shop on the corner of Wenallt Road and Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
Hill which used to be a post office, and before that a cafe. Another parade of shops was built further north at Pantmawr, but has since been demolished and replaced by houses. Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
has been the home of many noted Welsh artists including the authors Jack Jones and Kate Roberts, musician Howard Jones, dramatist Tom Richards and the actress Rachel Thomas, who worked together. Since 1997 the 'Deri' community quarterly newsletter has been published by the Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
Civic Society. Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
also has a quarterly magazine launched on 15 November 2007, called Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
Living. A similar publication, "Wenallt", was published between 1972 and 1980 but failed due to a lack of local advertising. A hyperlocal news and information website Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
Info has operated since 2013. The Welsh language[edit] The number of Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
residents over the age of three who speak Welsh increased slightly from 1,409 (12.8%) in the 2001 UK Census
2001 UK Census
to 1,433 (12.9%) in the 2011 UK Census.[5] Beulah United Reformed Church was originally a Welsh-speaking congregationalist chapel, but the services turned to English in 1898.[6] Bethel Methodist Church continues to hold Welsh-language services. Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
has been the home of many notable figures in Welsh-language culture, including W. J. Gruffydd, R. T. Jenkins, Iorwerth Peate and Kate Roberts.[citation needed] Governance[edit] Main article: Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
(electoral ward) The electoral ward of Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
falls within the parliamentary constituency of Cardiff
Cardiff
North. It is bounded by the wards of Lisvane and Llanishen
Llanishen
to the east; Heath to the southeast; and Whitchurch & Tongwynlais
Tongwynlais
to the west.

Cardiff
Cardiff
Council: The ward returns three councillors to Cardiff Council. Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
is represented by Jayne Cowan (Conservative), Adrian Robson (Conservative) and Oliver Owen (Conservative). Welsh Assembly: Part of the Cardiff
Cardiff
North constituency within the Welsh Assembly, it is represented by Julie Morgan
Julie Morgan
AM (Welsh Labour). Westminster: Part of the Cardiff
Cardiff
North constituency within the Parliament, it is represented by Anna McMorrin
Anna McMorrin
MP Welsh Labour, who has held the seat since 2017, taking it from the former Welsh Conservative Party MP Craig Williams.

Transport[edit]

Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
railway station

There are three railway stations located within Rhiwbina. The principal station is Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
railway station, located behind the library in the heart of the village. The other two stations are Birchgrove railway station, located in the east of the ward, and Whitchurch railway station, Cardiff
Cardiff
in the west. These two stations were built (as their names suggest) to service other adjacent areas, but the expansion of Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
and its clear demarcation from Whitchurch has meant that all three stations are now located within the boundaries of the ward. All of the stations are on the Cardiff Central to Coryton Line, and were built by the Cardiff
Cardiff
Railway Company. Presently, services continue through west Cardiff
Cardiff
via the City Line to Radyr. Cardiff
Cardiff
Bus services 21 (Central Station - Gabalfa
Gabalfa
- Birchgrove - Whitchurch - Coryton - Rhiwbina) and 23 (Central Station - Gabalfa
Gabalfa
- Birchgrove - Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
- Coryton - Whitchurch) frequently run through the area. Crossgates Coaches
Crossgates Coaches
also ran service 22 (Heath Hospital – Rhiwbina) but this route ceased running in 2013. Heol-y-Deri is the main road leading through the district. Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
is situated between the A470 ( Cardiff
Cardiff
City Centre to M4 J32) and A469 ( Cardiff
Cardiff
city centre to Caerphilly). Sport and leisure[edit] Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
Recreational Club forms the centre of activities within the community, and is home to both male and female Bowls teams, a Chess Club, Tennis and Squash Clubs and the Highfields Amateur Radio Club. Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
RFC, the local rugby union club operates sides from Under 7 to Under 16, plus a youth and three senior teams. The First XV was promoted to Division 4 East after an unbeaten League run in Season 2006/07. The club operates from the Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
Recreational Club. Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
Squash Club has men's teams playing in the Premier, South Wales
Wales
and South Glamorgan
Glamorgan
Leagues. The club also has a Junior and Ladies section. Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
Squash Club were the 2011 South Wales
Wales
Premier League Champions. Notable people[edit]

Andrew Davies, (born 1936), author and screenwriter, was born in Rhiwbina.[7] Gerald Davies, (born 1945), Welsh rugby player in the 1970s, lived in Wenallt Road, Rhiwbina. Andy Fairweather Low, (born 1948), pop musician, lived in Beulah Road, Rhiwbina.[8] Howard Jones, (born 1955), pop musician, lived in Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
until the age of 13.[9] Jack Jones, (1884–1970), novelist, lived in Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
in the 1920s.[10] Rhodri Morgan, (1939-2017), politician, lived in the Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
Garden Village. Evan Roberts, (1878–1951), minister, lived on Beulah Road many years after the 1904–1905 Revival. Kate Roberts, (1891–1985), novelist, lived in Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
for several years until 1931.[11] Keith Rowlands, (born 1936), rugby player for Wales
Wales
and the British and Irish Lions, lived in Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
in retirement and was president of Rhiwbina RFC
Rhiwbina RFC
and in 2004, he became Welsh Rugby Union President. Stan Stennett, (1925–2013), entertainer, lived in Rhiwbina.[12] Sam Warburton, (born 1988), captain of the Wales
Wales
and British and Irish Lions rugby union teams. He has lived most of his life in Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
and still resides there to this day. Alan Wilkins, (born 1953), cricketer and sports commentator, was born and grew up in Rhiwbina.[13]

References[edit]

^ "Wenallt". coflein. Retrieved 14 November 2011.  ^ " Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
Twmpath". railwaybridge.co.uk. Retrieved 14 November 2011.  ^ "Rhyd Waedlyd". coflein. Retrieved 14 November 2011.  ^ " Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
Garden Village". Cardiff
Cardiff
City Council. Retrieved 14 November 2011.  ^ 'Welsh Language Commissioner: 2011 Census results by Community Archived 22 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Beulah United Reformed Church History; retrieved 5 March 2015. ^ "Andrew Davies". BBC. Retrieved 12 November 2011.  ^ "Andy Fairweather Low". walesonline. Retrieved 12 November 2011.  ^ "Howard Jones". famouswelsh.com. Retrieved 13 November 2011.  ^ "Jack Jones". writersplaques.org. Retrieved 12 November 2011.  ^ "Kate Roberts". myglyw.org.uk. Retrieved 12 November 2011.  ^ "Stan Stennett". welshicons.org.uk. Retrieved 12 November 2011.  ^ "Why I love Rhiwbina" by Alan Wilkins, Living Magazines Cardiff, 2010. Retrieved 5 August 2014.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rhiwbina.

www.railwaybridge.co.uk/twmpath : The Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
Twmpath www.rhiwbina.info : Rhiwbina
Rhiwbina
Info hyperlocal site

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