RheinEnergieStadion
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RheinEnergieStadion, formerly Müngersdorfer Stadion or Müngersdorfer Stadium (), is a German
football Football is a family of team sport A team is a [group (disambiguation), group of individuals (human or non-human) working together to achieve their goal. As defined by Professor Leigh Thompson (academic), Leigh Thompson of the Kellogg Sch ...
stadium in
Cologne Cologne ( ; german: Köln ; ksh, Kölle ) is the largest city of most populous of (NRW) and the and one of the oldest in Germany. With 3.6 million people in the and 1.1 million inhabitants within its , Cologne is the largest city on the ...

Cologne
. It was built on the site of the two previous Müngersdorfer stadiums. It is the home of the local Bundesliga team, 1. FC Köln. The stadium was one of five stadiums hosting both the 2005 FIFA Confederations Cup and
2006 FIFA World Cup The 2006 FIFA World Cup was the 18th FIFA World Cup The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football Association football, more commonly known as simply football or soccer, is a te ...

2006 FIFA World Cup
, and hosted the
2020 UEFA Europa League Final The 2020 UEFA Europa League Final was the final match of the 2019–20 UEFA Europa League, the 49th season of Europe Europe is a continent A continent is one of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), con ...
behind closed doors. Local energy company RheinEnergie AG currently holds the naming rights to the stadium, hence it was known as the Stadion Köln for the final.


History

Under the terms of the
Treaty of Versailles The Treaty of Versailles (french: Traité de Versailles; german: Versailler Vertrag, ) was the most important of the peace treaties A peace treaty is an agreement between two or more hostile parties, usually countries or government ...
(1919), the fortifications of
Cologne Cologne ( ; german: Köln ; ksh, Kölle ) is the largest city of most populous of (NRW) and the and one of the oldest in Germany. With 3.6 million people in the and 1.1 million inhabitants within its , Cologne is the largest city on the ...

Cologne
were removed, thus allowing for the building of a new structure in the surrounding area. The new construction enabled the city to create 15,000 jobs. The new stadium was called the Müngersdorfer Stadion. This allowed Cologne not only to help stabilize the country but also to gain prestige and economic benefits for the city. The cost was tallied at 47.4 million
Deutsche Mark The Deutsche Mark (, "German mark"), abbreviated "DM" or "D-Mark" (), was the official currency A currency, "in circulation", from la, currens, -entis, literally meaning "running" or "traversing" in the most specific sense is money Ima ...

Deutsche Mark
. Following the completion of the stadium, the city began to gain prominence in the domestic sports world. Many major football matches were held at the stadium in front of huge crowds. The first international match was held on 20 November 1927, when the
German national football team The Germany national football team (german: Deutsche Fußballnationalmannschaft or ''Die Mannschaft'') represents Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px , capital = Berlin , coordinates = , largest_city = ...
drew 2–2 with
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. Since then, the German team has played 19 times at the stadium, and only one of those matches resulted in a loss. Another notable match was the first post-war game, which saw 1. FC Nürnberg beat
1. FC Kaiserslautern 1. Fußball-Club Kaiserslautern e. V., also known as 1. FCK, FCK or 1. FC Kaiserslautern (), is a sports club based in Kaiserslautern, Rhineland-Palatinate. In addition to football Football is a family of team sport A team is a
FIFA Confederations Cup The FIFA Confederations Cup was an international association football Association football, more commonly known as simply football or soccer, is a team sport played with a sphere, spherical Ball (association football), ball between two tea ...
, including the opening match between Argentina national football team, Argentina and Tunisia national football team, Tunisia. The game was won by Argentina 2–1. The Müngersdorfer has been host to many important UEFA Europa League, UEFA Cup matches. Bayer 04 Leverkusen, Bayer Leverkusen played against FC Barcelona, Barcelona, and Galatasaray S.K. (football), Galatasaray against AS Monaco FC, Monaco in the 1988–89 European Cup. Borussia Mönchengladbach played both Arsenal F.C., Arsenal and Monaco in the 1996–97 UEFA Cup. The stadium also functioned as the home ground to second-tier Alemannia Aachen in their 2004–05 UEFA Cup campaign. Following the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe, the
2020 UEFA Europa League Final The 2020 UEFA Europa League Final was the final match of the 2019–20 UEFA Europa League, the 49th season of Europe Europe is a continent A continent is one of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), con ...
was moved from the Stadion Energa Gdańsk in Gdańsk, Poland to the RheinEnergieStadion, to be played behind closed doors. Sevilla FC, Sevilla won the match, defeating Inter Milan 3–2.


Awards

In July 2004, the RheinEnergieStadion was awarded a bronze medal for distinguished sporting and leisure facilities by the International Olympic Committee.


Renovation

There have been two renovations, from 1972 to 1975 and from 2002 to 2004. In 1974, the 1974 FIFA World Cup, World Cup was held in West Germany, and
Cologne Cologne ( ; german: Köln ; ksh, Kölle ) is the largest city of most populous of (NRW) and the and one of the oldest in Germany. With 3.6 million people in the and 1.1 million inhabitants within its , Cologne is the largest city on the ...

Cologne
had wanted to be a host city. The city's bid was approved and it soon began work on a new stadium that was to replace the now outdated Müngersdorfer Stadion. However, the city was unable to raise the money needed for a stadium of the desired size. The original plan was for an 80,000-seat arena, which was planned to have cost 23.5 million Deutsche Mark. But the total kept growing. In the end, if the stadium had been completed, the cost would have amounted to 93.5 million. At the time, the city was able to provide only an extra 6 million Deutsche Mark. Following the World Cup, Cologne still wanted the stadium completed. Hence, on 12 November 1975, a 61,000-seat arena was inaugurated with a match between 1. FC Köln and SC Fortuna Köln, 1. FC Köln winning 1–0. In this configuration the stadium hosted the UEFA Euro 1988. With the news of the prospect of bringing the World Cup back to Germany, the city reacted and started renovation of the stadium, which was completed in 2003. Unlike previous configurations, there are Soccer-specific stadium, no track-and-field facilities, allowing spectators to be much closer to the pitch than they might have been in a traditional continental multi-purpose stadium.


Facilities

The List of association football stadiums by capacity, capacity is about 50,000 people during club matches and 45,965 for international games, when Terrace (stadium), terracing is not allowed. The entire field is lit with a floodlight system. In the north grandstand there is a museum dedicated to 1. FC Köln.


External dimensions


2006 FIFA World Cup

The stadium was one of the venues for the
2006 FIFA World Cup The 2006 FIFA World Cup was the 18th FIFA World Cup The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football Association football, more commonly known as simply football or soccer, is a te ...

2006 FIFA World Cup
. However, due to sponsorship contracts, the arena was called "FIFA World Cup Stadium Cologne" during the World Cup. The following games were played at the stadium during the World Cup of 2006:


Transportation

The stadion is part of Sportpark Müngersdorf, adjacent to Aachener Straße. It is accessible by car via the Cologne Beltway, only some 1200 m off the Bundesautobahn 1. The Cologne Stadtbahn provides service at .


Concerts

Queen (band), Queen performed at the stadium on the 19th of July 1986 during their European Magic Tour (Queen), Magic Tour and on the 27th of May 2016 as Queen + Adam Lambert on their Queen + Adam Lambert 2016 Summer Festival Tour, Summer Festival Tour. Van Halen performed at the stadium in August 9, 1988 as part of their OU812 tour. Michael Jackson performed at the stadium three times. The first was on 3 July 1988 during the Bad (tour), Bad Tour, the second on July 11, 1992, during the Dangerous World Tour and the third was on 3 June 1997 during the History World Tour, ''HIS''tory World Tour. The singer performed for over 150 000 fans at this stadium. Only Billie Jean was leaked on the internet as an pro footage for July 11, 1992 and as an audio for June 3, 1997. Pink Floyd played at the stadium two times. The first was on 18 June 1989 as part of their A Momentary Lapse of Reason Tour, the second was on 2 August 1994 as part of their The Division Bell Tour. The Rolling Stones played a concert at the venue on 4–5 July 1982 on The Rolling Stones European Tour 1982. The band played with Peter Maffey and also the J. Geils Band. American hard rock band Guns N’ Roses played at the stadium in both May 1992 and June 1993 during its two and a half year long Use Your Illusion Tour. Tina Turner played a sold-out (60,288 / 60,288) concert at the stadium on 28 July 2000 as part of her Twenty Four Seven Tour. Bon Jovi performed at the stadium on June 20, 2001, during the One Wild Night Tour and on June 23, 2013, as part of the Because We Can Tour. AC/DC performed at the venue on July 8, 2001, during the Stiff Upper Lip World Tour and on May 19, 2009, as part of the Black Ice World Tour. Robbie Williams performed the venue's last show at the old Müngersdorfer Stadion on August 11, 2001, during the Weddings, Barmitzvahs & Stadiums Tour. The pop rock singer P!nk performed on May 29, 2010, during her Funhouse Summer Carnival. Bruce Springsteen performed on May 27, 2012, during his Wrecking Ball World Tour in front of a sold-out crowd of 40,417 fans. Coldplay played a concert at the stadium on September 4, 2012, as part of their Mylo Xyloto Tour. German Rock Band Unheilig performed their final concert at the stadium on September 10, 2016. Rihanna performed here on 28 July 2016 for her Anti World Tour. Red Hot Chili Peppers will perform here on 5 July 2022 as part of their Red Hot Chili Peppers 2022 Global Stadium Tour, 2022 Global Stadium Tour.


References


External links


A 3-D model of the stadiumThe stadium's Web site
{{Authority control 1. FC Köln 2006 FIFA World Cup stadiums 2005 FIFA Confederations Cup stadiums Football venues in Germany Sports venues in Cologne Multi-purpose stadiums in Germany Gerkan, Marg and Partners buildings UEFA Euro 1988 stadiums UEFA Euro 2024 stadiums 1923 establishments in Germany Sports venues completed in 1923 American football venues in Germany