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Reykjavík
Reykjavík
(/ˈreɪkjəvɪk, -viːk/ RAYK-yə-vik, -veek; Icelandic: [ˈreiːcaˌviːk] ( listen))[4][5] is the capital and largest city of Iceland. It is located in southwestern Iceland, on the southern shore of Faxa Bay. Its latitude is 64°08' N, making it the world's northernmost capital of a sovereign state. With a population of around 123,300 (and over 216,940 in the Capital Region),[3] it is the heart of Iceland's cultural, economic and governmental activity, and is a popular tourist destination.[6] Reykjavík
Reykjavík
is believed to be the location of the first permanent settlement in Iceland, which, according to Ingólfur Arnarson, was established in AD 874. Until the 19th century, there was no urban development in the city location. The city was founded in 1786 as an official trading town and grew steadily over the next decades, as it transformed into a regional and later national centre of commerce, population, and governmental activities. It is among the cleanest, greenest, and safest cities in the world.[7][8][9]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Rise of nationalism 1.2 World War II 1.3 Post-war development

2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Cityscape 4 City administration

4.1 Political control 4.2 Mayor

5 Demographics

5.1 Districts

6 Economy 7 Infrastructure

7.1 Roads 7.2 Airports and seaports 7.3 Railways 7.4 District heating

8 Cultural heritage 9 Lifestyle

9.1 Nightlife 9.2 Live music 9.3 New Year's Eve

10 Main sights 11 Recreation 12 Education

12.1 Secondary schools 12.2 Universities 12.3 International schools

13 Sports teams

13.1 Football

13.1.1 Úrvalsdeild 13.1.2 1. deild karla

13.2 Other

14 Twin towns and sister cities 15 Notable people 16 See also 17 Notes 18 References 19 External links

History[edit] See also: Timeline of Reykjavík
Timeline of Reykjavík
and History of Iceland

A painting by Johan Peter Raadsig
Johan Peter Raadsig
of Ingólfur commanding his high seat pillars to be erected

Reykjavík
Reykjavík
in the 1860s

The first permanent settlement in Iceland
Iceland
by Norsemen
Norsemen
is believed to have been established at Reykjavík
Reykjavík
by Ingólfur Arnarson
Ingólfur Arnarson
from Norway around AD 870; this is described in Landnámabók, or the Book of Settlement. Ingólfur Arnarson
Ingólfur Arnarson
is said to have decided the location of his settlement using a traditional Norse method; he cast his high seat pillars (Öndvegissúlur) into the ocean when he saw the coastline, then settled where the pillars came to shore. The story about the pillars of course to many people is a bite hard to swallow. He obviously settled near the hot springs to keep warm in the winter and wouldn't have allowed it to be determined by happenstance. Furthermore the probability of the pillars drifting to that location from where they were said to have been thrown from the boat seems improbable. Nevertheless that is what the Landnamabok says and says furthermore that Ingolf's pillars are still to be found in a house there in town. Steam from hot springs in the region is said to have inspired Reykjavík's name, which loosely translates to Smoke Cove (the city is sometimes referred to as Bay of Smoke or Smoky Bay in English language travel guides).[10][11] In the modern language, as in English, the word for 'smoke' and the word for fog or steamy vapour are not commonly confused but this is believed to have been the case in the old language. The original name was Reykjarvík with an additional "r" that had vanished around 1800.[12] Reykjavík
Reykjavík
is not mentioned in any medieval sources except as being covered by farmland, but the 18th century saw the beginning of urban concentration. The Danish rulers of Iceland
Iceland
backed the idea of domestic industry in Iceland
Iceland
that would stimulate much-needed development on the island.[citation needed] In 1752, the King of Denmark, Frederik V, donated the estate of Reykjavík
Reykjavík
to the Innréttingar Corporation; the name comes from the Danish language word indretninger, meaning institution. The leader of this movement was Skúli Magnússon (is). In the 1750s several houses were built to house the wool industry that was to be Reykjavík's most important employer for a few decades and the original reason for its existence. Other crafts were also practised by the Innréttingar, such as fisheries, sulphur mining, agriculture, and shipbuilding.[13] The Danish Crown abolished monopoly trading in 1786 and granted six communities around the country an exclusive trading charter. Reykjavík
Reykjavík
was one of them and the only one to hold on to the charter permanently. The year 1786 is regarded as the date of the city's founding; its 200th anniversary was celebrated in 1986. Trading rights were still limited to the subjects of the Danish Crown, and Danish traders continued to dominate trade in Iceland. Over the following decades, their business in Iceland
Iceland
expanded. After 1880, free trade was expanded to all nationalities and the influence of Icelandic merchants started to grow. Rise of nationalism[edit]

Reykjavík
Reykjavík
in 1881

Icelandic nationalist sentiment gained influence in the 19th century and the idea of Icelandic independence became widespread. Reykjavík, as Iceland's only city, was central to such ideas. Advocates of an independent Iceland
Iceland
realized that a strong Reykjavík
Reykjavík
was fundamental to that objective. All the important events in the history of the independence struggle were important to Reykjavík
Reykjavík
as well. In 1845 Alþingi, the general assembly formed in 930 AD, was re-established in Reykjavík; it had been suspended a few decades earlier when it was located at Þingvellir. At the time it functioned only as an advisory assembly, advising the King about Icelandic affairs. The location of Alþingi
Alþingi
in Reykjavík
Reykjavík
effectively established the city as the capital of Iceland. In 1874, Iceland
Iceland
was given a constitution; with it, Alþingi
Alþingi
gained some limited legislative powers and in essence became the institution that it is today. The next step was to move most of the executive power to Iceland: Home Rule was granted in 1904 when the office of Minister For Iceland
Iceland
was established in Reykjavík. The biggest step towards an independent Iceland
Iceland
was taken on 1 December 1918 when Iceland
Iceland
became a sovereign country under the Crown of Denmark, the Kingdom of Iceland. By the 1920s and 1930s most of the growing Icelandic fishing trawler fleet sailed from Reykjavík
Reykjavík
and salt-cod production was its main industry, but the Great Depression
Great Depression
hit Reykjavík
Reykjavík
hard with unemployment and labour union struggles occurring that sometimes became violent. World War II[edit] On the morning of 10 May 1940, following the German occupation of Denmark
Denmark
and Norway
Norway
on 9 April 1940, four British warships approached Reykjavík
Reykjavík
and anchored in the harbour. In a few hours, the allied occupation of Reykjavík
Reykjavík
was complete. There was no armed resistance, and taxi and truck drivers even assisted the invasion force, which initially had no motor vehicles. The Icelandic government had received many requests from the British government to consent to the occupation, but it always declined on the basis of the Neutrality Policy. For the remaining years of World War II, British and later American soldiers occupied camps in Reykjavík, and the number of foreign soldiers in Reykjavík
Reykjavík
became about the same as the local population of the city. The Royal Regiment of Canada
The Royal Regiment of Canada
(RREGTC) formed part of the garrison in Iceland
Iceland
during the early part of the war. The economic effects of the occupation were positive for Reykjavík: the unemployment of the Depression years vanished and construction work began. The British built Reykjavík
Reykjavík
Airport, which is still in service today, mostly serving domestic flights. The Americans, meanwhile, built Keflavík
Keflavík
Airport, situated 50 km (31 mi) west of Reykjavík, which would become Iceland's primary international airport. In 1944, the Republic of Iceland
Iceland
was founded and a president, elected by the people, replaced the King; the office of the president was placed in Reykjavík. Post-war development[edit] In the post-war years the growth of Reykjavík
Reykjavík
accelerated. An exodus from the rural countryside began, largely due to improved technology in agriculture that reduced the need for manpower, and because of a population boom resulting from better living conditions in the country. A once primitive village was rapidly transformed into a modern city. Private cars became common and modern apartment complexes rose in the expanding suburbs. Much of Reykjavík
Reykjavík
lost its village feel. In 1972, Reykjavík
Reykjavík
hosted the world chess championship between Bobby Fischer
Bobby Fischer
and Boris Spassky. The 1986 Reykjavík Summit
Reykjavík Summit
between Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
and Mikhail Gorbachev
Mikhail Gorbachev
underlined Reykjavík's international status. Deregulation
Deregulation
in the financial sector and the computer revolution of the 1990s again transformed Reykjavík. The financial and IT sectors are now significant employers in the city. The city has fostered some world-famous talents in recent decades, such as Björk, Ólafur Arnalds
Ólafur Arnalds
and bands Múm, Sigur Rós
Sigur Rós
and Of Monsters and Men, poet Sjón
Sjón
and visual artist Ragnar Kjartansson. Geography[edit]

Reykjavík
Reykjavík
seen from above

Esja, the mountain range to the north of Reykjavík

Reykjavík
Reykjavík
is located in southwest Iceland. The Reykjavík
Reykjavík
area coastline is characterized by peninsulas, coves, straits, and islands. During the Ice Age (up to 10,000 years ago) a large glacier covered parts of the city area, reaching as far out as Álftanes. Other parts of the city area were covered by sea water. In the warm periods and at the end of the Ice Age, some hills like Öskjuhlíð were islands. The former sea level is indicated by sediments (with clams) reaching (at Öskjuhlíð, for example) as far as 43 m (141 ft) above the current sea level. The hills of Öskjuhlíð and Skólavörðuholt appear to be the remains of former shield volcanoes which were active during the warm periods of the Ice Age. After the Ice Age the land rose as the heavy load of the glaciers fell away, and began to look as it does today. The capital city area continued to be shaped by earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, like the one 4,500 years ago in the mountain range Bláfjöll, when the lava coming down the Elliðaá
Elliðaá
valley reached the sea at the bay of Elliðavogur. The largest river to run through Reykjavík
Reykjavík
is the Elliðaá
Elliðaá
River, which is non-navigable. It is one of the best salmon fishing rivers in the country. Mount Esja, at 914 m (2,999 ft), is the highest mountain in the vicinity of Reykjavík. The city of Reykjavík
Reykjavík
is mostly located on the Seltjarnarnes peninsula, but the suburbs reach far out to the south and east. Reykjavík
Reykjavík
is a spread-out city: most of its urban area consists of low-density suburbs, and houses are usually widely spaced. The outer residential neighbourhoods are also widely spaced from each other; in between them are the main traffic arteries and a lot of empty space.

Panorama of Reykjavík
Reykjavík
seen from Perlan
Perlan
with the mountains Akrafjall (middle) and Esja
Esja
(right) in the background

Panorama of Reykjavík
Reykjavík
seen from Perlan
Perlan
in summer during sunset. As seen in the picture Reykjavík
Reykjavík
is mild enough to permit the growing of trees.

Climate[edit] Using the −3 °C isotherm and 1961–1990 climate data Reykjavík
Reykjavík
has a subpolar oceanic climate (Köppen Cfc), that can be classified as a subarctic climate (Dfc) using the 0 °C isotherm. The city also very closely borders a tundra climate (ET). A warming climate has led to Reykjavík
Reykjavík
falling firmly into the subpolar oceanic climate (Köppen Cfc) when considering climate data from 2000-2014. Despite its northern latitude, temperatures very rarely drop below −15 °C (5 °F) in the winter. This is because the Icelandic coastal weather in winter is moderated by the North Atlantic Current, itself an extension of the Gulf Stream
Gulf Stream
(see also Extratropical cyclone). The city's coastal location does make it prone to wind, however, and gales are common in winter. Summers are cool, with temperatures fluctuating between 10 and 15 °C (50 and 59 °F), rarely exceeding 20 °C (68 °F). Reykjavík averages 147 days[14] with measurable precipitation every year. Droughts are uncommon although they occur in some summers. In the summer of 2007, no rain was measured for one month. Summer tends to be the sunniest season, although May receives the most sunshine of any individual month. Overall, the city receives around 1,200 annual hours of sunshine,[15] which is comparable with other places in Northern and North-Western Europe. Nonetheless, Reykjavik is one of the cloudiest and coldest capitals of any nation in the world. The highest ever recorded temperature in Reykjavík
Reykjavík
was 25.7 °C (78 °F), recorded on July 30, 2008,[16] while the lowest ever recorded temperature was −19.7 °C (−3 °F), recorded on January 30, 1971.[17]

Climate data for Reykjavík, 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1949–present

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 10.7 (51.3) 10.2 (50.4) 13.0 (55.4) 14.7 (58.5) 20.6 (69.1) 22.4 (72.3) 25.7 (78.3) 24.8 (76.6) 18.5 (65.3) 15.7 (60.3) 12.6 (54.7) 12.0 (53.6) 25.7 (78.3)

Average high °C (°F) 2.5 (36.5) 2.8 (37) 3.4 (38.1) 6.1 (43) 9.7 (49.5) 12.4 (54.3) 14.2 (57.6) 13.6 (56.5) 10.9 (51.6) 7.0 (44.6) 4.2 (39.6) 3.1 (37.6) 7.5 (45.5)

Daily mean °C (°F) 0.0 (32) 0.1 (32.2) 0.6 (33.1) 3.0 (37.4) 6.6 (43.9) 9.5 (49.1) 11.2 (52.2) 10.7 (51.3) 8.0 (46.4) 4.4 (39.9) 1.9 (35.4) 0.6 (33.1) 4.7 (40.5)

Average low °C (°F) −2.4 (27.7) −2.4 (27.7) −1.9 (28.6) 0.5 (32.9) 3.8 (38.8) 7.0 (44.6) 8.8 (47.8) 8.4 (47.1) 5.7 (42.3) 2.2 (36) −0.5 (31.1) −1.8 (28.8) 2.3 (36.1)

Record low °C (°F) −19.7 (−3.5) −17.6 (0.3) −16.4 (2.5) −16.4 (2.5) −7.7 (18.1) −0.7 (30.7) 1.4 (34.5) −0.4 (31.3) −4.4 (24.1) −10.6 (12.9) −15.1 (4.8) −16.8 (1.8) −19.7 (−3.5)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 83.0 (3.268) 85.9 (3.382) 81.4 (3.205) 56.0 (2.205) 52.8 (2.079) 43.8 (1.724) 52.3 (2.059) 67.3 (2.65) 73.5 (2.894) 74.4 (2.929) 78.8 (3.102) 94.1 (3.705) 843.3 (33.201)

Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 13.3 12.5 14.4 12.2 9.8 10.7 10.0 11.7 12.4 14.5 12.5 13.9 148.3

Average relative humidity (%) 78.1 77.1 76.2 74.4 74.9 77.9 80.3 81.6 79.0 78.0 77.7 77.7 77.8

Mean monthly sunshine hours 20.0 56.7 109.5 162.5 199.2 176.7 172.5 154.1 119.4 90.8 38.5 12.0 1,311.9

Source: Icelandic Met Office (precipitation days 1961-1990)[18][19][20]

Cityscape[edit]

Colourful rooftops line Reykjavík.

Central Reykjavík
Reykjavík
seen from Hallgrímskirkja.

Menntaskólinn (high school) of Reykjavík
Reykjavík
or MR.

Looking southeast from Hallgrímskirkja.

Another view of Reykjavík
Reykjavík
from Hallgrímskirkja.

Þjóðmenningarhúsið

View from Skólavörðustígur.

Tjörnin
Tjörnin
(The Pond) in Central Reykjavík.

Austurvöllur on a sunny day.

View from Perlan.

Reykjavík
Reykjavík
Cathedral.

Reykjavik from Hallgrimskirkja

Panorama of the northern seashore of Reykjavík, as seen from Örfirisey.

City administration[edit] The Reykjavík City Council
Reykjavík City Council
governs the city of Reykjavík
Reykjavík
according to law number 45/1998[21] and is directly elected by those aged over 18 domiciled in the city. The council has 15 members who are elected using the open list method for four year terms. The council selects members of boards, and each board controls a different field under the city council's authority. The most important board is the City Board that wields the executive rights along with the City Mayor. The City Mayor is the senior public official and also the director of city operations. Other public officials control city institutions under the mayor's authority. Thus, the administration consists of two different parts:

The political power of City Council cascading down to other boards Public officials under the authority of the city mayor who administer and manage implementation of policy.

Political control[edit] The Independence Party was traditionally the ruling party for the city, having an overall majority from its establishment in 1929 until 1978, when it was narrowly lost. From 1978 to 1982, a three party coalition composed of the People's Alliance, the Social Democratic Party, and the Progressive Party formed the majority of the council. In 1982, the Independence Party regained an overall majority of the seats which it held for three consecutive terms. In 1994, Icelandic socialist parties formed an alliance called the Reykjavíkurlistinn (R-list) which was led by Ingibjörg Sólrún Gísladóttir
Ingibjörg Sólrún Gísladóttir
to victory. The alliance stood for election for three consecutive city council elections and won a majority in all of them, until it was dissolved for the city council election of 2006 when five different parties were on the ballot. The Independence Party obtained seven members of the council, and thus failed to gain overall control, but together with the Progressive Party, and its one council member, they were able to form a new majority in the council which took over in June 2006. In October 2007 a new majority was formed on the council, consisting of members of the Progressive Party (1), the Social Democratic Alliance (4), the Left-Greens
Left-Greens
(2) and the F-list (1) (liberals and independents), after controversy regarding REI, a subsidiary of OR, the city's energy company. However three months later the leader of the F-list formed a new majority together with the Independence Party. Ólafur F. Magnússon, the leader of the F-list, was elected mayor on 24 January 2008, and in March 2009 the Independence Party was due to appoint a new mayor. This changed once again on 14 August 2008 when the fourth majority of the term was formed, when the Independence Party and the Social Democratic Alliance
Social Democratic Alliance
formed a majority, with Hanna Birna Kristjánsdóttir becoming mayor. The City Council election in May 2010 saw a new political party, The Best Party, win six of 15 seats and they formed a coalition with the Social Democratic Alliance
Social Democratic Alliance
with comedian Jón Gnarr
Jón Gnarr
becoming mayor.[22] At the 2014 election, the Social Democratic Alliance
Social Democratic Alliance
had its best showing yet gaining five seats in the council, while Bright future (successor to the Best Party) received two seats and the two parties formed a coalition with the Left-Green movement
Left-Green movement
and the Pirate party both of which received one councilor each. The Independence Party received its worst election with only four seats in the council.

Reykjavik: northeast aerial panorama

Mayor[edit] Main article: Mayor of Reykjavik City The mayor is appointed by the city council; usually one of the council members is chosen but they may also appoint a mayor who is not a member of the council. The post was created in 1907 and advertised in 1908. Two applications were received, from Páll Einarsson, sheriff and town mayor of Hafnarfjörður
Hafnarfjörður
and from Knud Zimsen, town councillor in Reykjavík. Páll was appointed on 7 May and was mayor for six years. At that time the city mayor received a salary of 4500 ISK per year and 1500 ISK for office expenses. The current mayor is Dagur B. Eggertsson.[23] Demographics[edit] Reykjavík
Reykjavík
is the largest and most populous settlement in Iceland. Present-day Reykjavík
Reykjavík
is a city with people from at least 100 countries. The most common ethnic minorities are Poles, Lithuanians, and Danes. In 2009, foreign-born individuals made up 8% of the total population.[24] Children of foreign origin, many of whom are adopted, form a more considerable minority in the city's schools: as many as a third in places.[25] The city is also visited by thousands of tourists, students, and other temporary residents, at times outnumbering natives in the city centre.[26]

Historical population of Reykjavík.

Districts[edit]

Districts of Reykjavík

Reykjavík
Reykjavík
is divided into 10 districts:

Vesturbær
Vesturbær
(District 1) Miðborg
Miðborg
(District 2, city centre) Hlíðar
Hlíðar
(District 3) Laugardalur
Laugardalur
(District 4) Háaleiti og Bústaðir
Háaleiti og Bústaðir
(District 5) Breiðholt
Breiðholt
(District 6) Árbær
Árbær
(District 7) Grafarvogur
Grafarvogur
(District 8) Kjalarnes
Kjalarnes
(District 9) (in the north-east) Grafarholt og Úlfarsárdalur
Grafarholt og Úlfarsárdalur
(District 10)

Economy[edit] Borgartún
Borgartún
is the financial centre of Reykjavík, hosting a large number of companies and three investment banks.

Old whaling ships Hvalur 6, 7, 8 and 9

Reykjavík
Reykjavík
has been at the centre of Iceland's economic growth and subsequent economic contraction over the last decade,[which?] a period referred to in foreign media as the "Nordic Tiger" years,[27][28] or "Iceland's Boom Years".[29] The economic boom led to a sharp increase in construction, with large redevelopment projects such as Harpa concert hall and conference centre and others. Many of these projects came to a screeching halt in the following economic crash of 2008. In 2009, Reykjavík
Reykjavík
was listed as the richest city in the world in 2007 by The Economist Group.[citation needed] Infrastructure[edit] Roads[edit] Per capita car ownership in Iceland
Iceland
is among the highest in the world at roughly 522 vehicles per 1,000 residents,[30] though Reykjavík
Reykjavík
is not severely affected by congestion. Several multi-lane highways (mainly dual carriageways) run between the most heavily populated areas and most frequently driven routes. Parking spaces are also plentiful in most areas. Public transportation consists of a bus system called Strætó bs. Route 1 (the Ring Road) runs through the city outskirts and connects the city to the rest of Iceland. Airports and seaports[edit] Reykjavík
Reykjavík
Airport, the second largest airport in the country (after Keflavík
Keflavík
International Airport), is positioned inside the city, just south of the city centre. It is mainly used for domestic flights, as well as flights to Greenland
Greenland
and the Faroe Islands. It was built there by the British occupation force during World War II, when it was on the outskirts of the then much smaller Reykjavík. Since 1962, there has been some controversy regarding the location of the airport, since it takes up a lot of valuable space in central Reykjavík. Reykjavík
Reykjavík
has two seaports, the old harbour near the city centre which is mainly used by fishermen and cruise ships and Sundahöfn in the east city which is the largest cargo port in the country.

Old Harbor

Railways[edit]

Two steam locomotives were used to build the harbour Reykjavík
Reykjavík
Docks railway; both are now on display in Reykjavík.

There are no public railways in Iceland, due to its sparse population, but the locomotives used to build the docks are on display. District heating[edit] See also: Geothermal power in Iceland Volcanic activity provides Reykjavík
Reykjavík
with geothermal heating systems for both residential and industrial districts. In 2008, natural hot water was used to heat roughly 90% of all buildings in Iceland.[31] Of total annual use of geothermal energy of 39 PJ, space heating accounted for 48%. Most of the district heating in Iceland
Iceland
comes from three main geothermal power plants:[32]

Svartsengi combined heat and power plant (CHP) Nesjavellir
Nesjavellir
CHP plant Hellisheiði CHP plant

Cultural heritage[edit] Safnahúsið
Safnahúsið
(the Culture House) was opened in 1909 and has a number of important exhibits. Originally built to house the National Library and National Archives and also previously the location of the National Museum and Natural History Museum, in 2000 it was re-modeled to promote the Icelandic national heritage. Many of Iceland's national treasures are on display, such as the Poetic Edda, and the Sagas in their original manuscripts. There are also changing exhibitions of various topics.[33] Lifestyle[edit] Nightlife[edit]

Laugavegur main street in downtown Reykjavík

Reykjavík
Reykjavík
is famous for its weekend nightlife. Icelanders tend to go out late, so bars that look rather quiet can fill up suddenly—usually after midnight on a weekend. Alcohol is expensive at bars. People tend to drink at home before going out. Beer was banned in Iceland
Iceland
until 1 March 1989, but has since become popular among many Icelanders as their alcoholic drink of choice.[34] There are over 100 different bars and clubs in Reykjavík;[citation needed] most of them are located on Laugavegur and its side streets. It is very common for an establishment that is a café before dinner to turn into a bar in the evening. Closing time is usually around 4:30 am at weekends and 1 am during the week at the most well known hospitality venues. Live music[edit] The Iceland
Iceland
Airwaves music festival is annually staged in November. This festival takes place all over the city and the concert venue Harpa is one of the main locations. Other venues that frequently organise live music events are Kex, Húrra, Gaukurinn (grunge, metal, punk), Mengi (centre for contemporary music, avant-garde music and experimental music), the Icelandic Opera and the National Theatre of Iceland
Iceland
for classical music. New Year's Eve[edit] The arrival of the new year is a particular cause for celebration to the people of Reykjavík. Icelandic law states that anyone may purchase and use fireworks during a certain period around New Year's Eve. As a result, every New Year's Eve the city is lit up with fireworks displays. Main sights[edit]

Blue Lagoon, a geothermal spa located near Reykjavík

Austurstræti street

Alþingishúsið
Alþingishúsið
— the Icelandic parliament building Austurvöllur — a park in central Reykjavík
Reykjavík
surrounded by restaurants and bars Árbæjarsafn
Árbæjarsafn
( Reykjavík
Reykjavík
Open Air Museum) — Reykjavík's Municipal Museum Blue Lagoon — geothermal spa located near Reykjavík CIA.IS - Center for Icelandic Art — general information on Icelandic visual art Hallgrímskirkja
Hallgrímskirkja
— the largest church in Iceland Harpa Reykjavík
Reykjavík
- Reykjavík
Reykjavík
Concert & Conference Center Heiðmörk
Heiðmörk
— the largest forest and nature reserve in the area Höfði
Höfði
— the house in which Gorbachev and Reagan met in 1986 for the Iceland
Iceland
Summit Kringlan — the second largest mall in Iceland Laugardalslaug
Laugardalslaug
— swimming pool Laugavegur — main shopping street National and University Library of Iceland
Iceland
(Þjóðarbókhlaðan) National Museum of Iceland
Iceland
(Þjóðminjasafnið) Nauthólsvík
Nauthólsvík
— a geothermally heated beach Perlan
Perlan
— a glass dome resting on five water tanks Ráðhús Reykjavíkur — city hall Rauðhólar
Rauðhólar
— a cluster of red volcanic craters Reykjavík 871±2
Reykjavík 871±2
— exhibition of an archaeological excavation of a Viking age longhouse, from about AD 930 Reykjavík Art Museum
Reykjavík Art Museum
— the largest visual art institution in Iceland Safnahúsið, culture House, National Centre for Cultural Heritage (Þjóðmenningarhúsið) Tjörnin
Tjörnin
— the pond University of Iceland Vikin Maritime Museum - a maritime museum located by the old harbour

Recreation[edit] Reykjavik Golf Club was established in 1934. It is the oldest and largest golf club in Iceland. It consists of two 18-hole courses - one at Grafarholt
Grafarholt
and the other at Korpa. The Grafarholt
Grafarholt
golf course opened in 1963, which makes it the oldest 18-hole golf course in Iceland. The Korpa golf course opened in 1997.[35] Education[edit] Secondary schools[edit]

Borgarholtsskóli (Borgó) Fjölbrautaskólinn í Breiðholti
Fjölbrautaskólinn í Breiðholti
(FB) Fjölbrautaskólinn við Ármúla (FÁ) Kvennaskólinn í Reykjavík
Reykjavík
(Kvennó) Menntaskólinn Hraðbraut Menntaskólinn í Reykjavík
Menntaskólinn í Reykjavík
(MR) Menntaskólinn við Hamrahlíð
Menntaskólinn við Hamrahlíð
(MH) Menntaskólinn við Sund (MS) Tækniskólinn Verzlunarskóli Íslands
Verzlunarskóli Íslands
(Verzló)

Universities[edit]

Iceland
Iceland
Academy of the Arts Reykjavík
Reykjavík
University The University of Iceland

International schools[edit]

Reykjavik International School

Sports teams[edit] Football[edit]

Úrvalsdeild[edit]

Fjölnir KR Valur Víkingur

1. deild karla[edit]

Fram Fylkir ÍR Leiknir R. Þróttur Reykjavík

Other[edit]

Glímufélagið Ármann (Sports club) Skautafélag Reykjavíkur
Skautafélag Reykjavíkur
(Hockey) Skylmingafélag Reykjavíkur (Fencing)

Skotfélag Reykjavíkur (Shooting) Íþróttafélag fatlaðra í Reykjavík
Reykjavík
(Disabled sports club in Reykjavik)

Twin towns and sister cities[edit] Further information: List of twin towns and sister cities in Iceland

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Reykjavík
Reykjavík
is twinned with:

Baku, Azerbaijan Caracas, Venezuela Copenhagen, Denmark Helsinki, Finland Kingston upon Hull, United Kingdom[36] La Paz, Bolivia Mexico
Mexico
City, Mexico[37] Moscow, Russia[38]

Nuuk, Greenland Oslo, Norway Saint Petersburg, Russia Seattle, United States
United States
(since 1986)[39] Stockholm, Sweden Strumica, Macedonia Tórshavn, Faroe Islands[40] Vilnius, Lithuania Winnipeg, Canada Wrocław, Poland[41]

In July 2013, mayor Jón Gnarr
Jón Gnarr
filed a motion before the city council to terminate the city's relationship with Moscow, in response to a trend of anti-gay legislation in Russia.[42] According to The Daily Telegraph, "Mr Gnarr has long been an advocate for gay rights, appearing in Gay Pride parades in drag"; in 2009, Iceland
Iceland
was the first modern country to have an openly LGBT head of government (Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir, who is a lesbian), and the Alþingi unanimously legalized same-sex marriage in 2010. Notable people[edit] Main article: List of people from Reykjavík See also[edit]

Althing Beer Day (Iceland) Kringlan Menningarnótt Rail transport in Iceland Reykjavík
Reykjavík
Green Days

Notes[edit]

^ "Vísindavefurinn: Af hverju varð Reykjavík
Reykjavík
höfuðstaður Íslands?". Vísindavefurinn.  ^ "Vísindavefurinn: Hvað er Reykjavík
Reykjavík
margir metrar?". Vísindavefurinn.  ^ a b "Mannfjöldi eftir sveitarfélögum, kyni, ríkisfangi og ársfjórðungum 2010-2016". Hagstofa Íslands. Hagstofa Íslands. Retrieved 30 March 2017.  ^ "Reykjavik - definition of Reykjavik in English from the Oxford dictionary". www.oxforddictionaries.com. Retrieved 2016-03-29.  ^ "How to say or pronounce Reykjavik - PronounceNames.com". www.pronouncenames.com. Retrieved 2016-03-29.  ^ "Things to do in Reykjavík". Guide to Iceland. Retrieved 7 November 2014.  ^ Yunlong, Sun (2007-12-23). " Reykjavík
Reykjavík
rated cleanest city in Nordic and Baltic countries". Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved 2013-09-29.  ^ "15 Green Cities". Grist. 2007-07-20. Retrieved 2013-09-29.  ^ " Iceland
Iceland
among Top 10 safest countries and Reykjavík
Reykjavík
is the winner of Tripadvisor Awards". TRAVELIO.net. 2010-05-20. Retrieved 2013-09-29.  ^ "Google.com". Google.com. Retrieved 2012-07-25.  ^ "Google.com". Google.com. Retrieved 2012-07-25.  ^ Er eitthvert örnefni á höfuðborgarsvæðinu eða vík eða vogur, sem heitir Reykjavík?. Vísindavefur. (in Icelandic) ^ Hvaðan kemur nafnið "Innréttingarnar" á fyrirtækinu sem starfaði hér á á 18. öld?. Vísindavefur. (in Icelandic) ^ "Weather statistics for Reykjavik". yr.no.  ^ The weather of 2010 in Iceland
Iceland
Icelandic Met Office ^ "Reykjavik sees record summer temperature". Agence France-Presse. July 31, 2008. ^ "Nokkur íslensk veðurmet". Archived from the original on 2008-11-18. Retrieved 2008-07-17.  ^ "Montly Averages for Reykjavík". Icelandic Meteorological Office. Retrieved 9 September 2017.  ^ "Annual Averages for Reykjavík". Icelandic Met Office. Retrieved 14 February 2016.  ^ " Reykjavík
Reykjavík
1961-1990 Averages". Icelandic Meteorological Office. Retrieved 14 February 2016.  ^ "1998 nr. 45 3. júní/ Sveitarstjórnarlög". Althingi.is. Retrieved 2009-07-08.  ^ "Best Party wins polls in Iceland's Reykjavík". BBC News Online. 2010-05-30. Retrieved 2010-05-30.  ^ Jón Glarr is no longer mayor of Reykjavík. Reykjavík
Reykjavík
Grapevine. ^ Foreign citizens in Reykjavík
Reykjavík
by districts 2002-2010 Reference Icelandic Statistical Bureau ^ " Reykjavík
Reykjavík
– fjölmenningarborg barna" (PDF). 18 January 2008. Retrieved 2014-07-07.  ^ "Vísir - Breskir ferðamenn fjölmennastir sem fyrr". Visir.is. Retrieved 2011-09-15.  ^ Surowiecki, James (2008-04-21). "Iceland's Deep Freeze". The New Yorker.  ^ Kvam, Berit (2009-06-19). "Iceland: light at the end of the tunnel?". Nordic Labour Journal.  ^ "Iceland: the boom years". The Telegraph. 2009-08-18.  ^ "Motor vehicles (most recent) by country". United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook. nationmaster.com. Retrieved 2010-03-29.  ^ "NEA.is". NEA.is. Retrieved 2012-07-25.  ^ "Mannvit". Mannvit. Retrieved 2012-07-25.  ^ Guide leaflet to the Culture House 2008, published by the National Centre for Cultural Heritage. ^ "The Dynamics of Shifts in Alcoholic Beverage Preference: Effects of the Legalization of Beer in Iceland". Questia.com. Archived from the original on September 1, 2008. Retrieved 2009-07-08.  ^ "Reykjavik Golf Club".  ^ "Christmas around the world". Hull in print. Hull City Council. December 2006.  ^ "Convenio de amistad entre Ciudad de México y Reykjavík" (in Spanish). SEGOB.  ^ Irvine, Chris (2013-07-15). "Reykjavik mayor proposes cutting ties with Moscow
Moscow
over gay law". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2013-07-24.  ^ "Reykjavík, Iceland
Iceland
- Sister Cities". Retrieved 4 March 2015.  ^ "Vinarbýir - Tórshavnar kommuna". torshavn.fo.  ^ " Wrocław
Wrocław
będzie miał nowe miasto partnerskie". tuwroclaw.com.  ^ "Sister Cities Ramp Up Russia
Russia
Boycott Over Antigay Law". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved 2014-04-30. 

References[edit]

Hermannsdóttir, Edda (2006-07-03). "Consumption of alcoholic beverages 2005". Prices and consumption. Reykjavík: Hagstofa Íslands. Retrieved 2007-02-01. 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Reykjavík.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Reykjavík.

Listen to this article (info/dl)

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Official website (in Icelandic)

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Districts of Reykjavik City

Vesturbær Miðborg Hlíðar Laugardalur Háaleiti og Bústaðir Breiðholt Árbær Grafarvogur Kjalarnes Grafarholt
Grafarholt
og Úlfarsárdalur

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Cities and towns in Iceland

Álftanes Akranes Akureyri Blönduós Bolungarvík Borgarnes Dalvík Egilsstaðir Eskifjörður Eyrarbakki Fáskrúðsfjörður Garðabær Garður Grindavík Grundarfjörður Hafnarfjörður Hella Höfn Húsavík Hvammstangi Hveragerði Hvolsvöllur Ísafjörður Keflavík Kópavogur Mosfellsbær Neskaupstaður Njarðvík Ólafsfjörður Ólafsvík Patreksfjörður Reyðarfjörður Reykjavík Sandgerði Sauðárkrókur Selfoss Seltjarnarnes Seyðisfjörður Siglufjörður Skagaströnd Stokkseyri Stykkishólmur Þorlákshöfn Vestmannaeyjar Vík í Mýrdal Vogar Vopnafjörður

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Municipalities of Iceland

Capital Region

Garðabær Hafnarfjarðarkaupstaður Kjósarhreppur Kópavogsbær Mosfellsbær Reykjavíkurborg Seltjarnarneskaupstaður

Southern Peninsula

Grindavíkurbær Reykjanesbær Sandgerðisbær Sveitarfélagið Garður Sveitarfélagið Vogar

Western Region

Akraneskaupstaður Borgarbyggð Dalabyggð Eyja- og Miklaholtshreppur Grundarfjarðarbær Helgafellssveit Hvalfjarðarsveit Skorradalshreppur Snæfellsbær Stykkishólmsbær

Westfjords

Árneshreppur Bolungarvíkurkaupstaður Ísafjarðarbær Kaldrananeshreppur Reykhólahreppur Strandabyggð Súðavíkurhreppur Tálknafjarðarhreppur Vesturbyggð

Northwestern Region

Akrahreppur Blönduósbær Húnavatnshreppur Húnaþing vestra Skagabyggð Sveitarfélagið Skagafjörður Sveitarfélagið Skagaströnd

Northeastern Region

Akureyrarkaupstaður Dalvíkurbyggð Eyjafjarðarsveit Fjallabyggð Grýtubakkahreppur Hörgársveit Langanesbyggð Norðurþing Skútustaðahreppur Svalbarðshreppur Svalbarðsstrandarhreppur Tjörneshreppur Þingeyjarsveit

Eastern Region

Borgarfjarðarhreppur Breiðdalshreppur Djúpavogshreppur Fjarðabyggð Fljótsdalshérað Fljótsdalshreppur Seyðisfjarðarkaupstaður Vopnafjarðarhreppur

Southern Region

Ásahreppur Bláskógabyggð Flóahreppur Grímsnes- og Grafningshreppur Hrunamannahreppur Hveragerðisbær Mýrdalshreppur Rangárþing eystra Rangárþing ytra Skaftárhreppur Skeiða- og Gnúpverjahreppur Sveitarfélagið Árborg Sveitarfélagið Hornafjörður Sveitarfélagið Ölfus Vestmannaeyjabær

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50 most populous urban areas in the Nordic countries

 Denmark  Finland  Iceland  Norway  Sweden

1. Stockholm 1,372,565

2. Copenhagen 1,263,698

3. Helsinki 1,214,210

4. Oslo 958,378

5. Gothenburg 549,839

6. Tampere 325,025

7. Malmö 280,415

8. Aarhus 261,570

9. Turku 260,367

10. Bergen 250,420

11. Stavanger 210,874

12. Reykjavík 209,510

13. Oulu 193,817

14. Trondheim 175,068

15. Odense 173,814

16. Uppsala 140,454

17. Aalborg 132,578

18. Jyväskylä 120,306

19. Lahti 117,424

20. Drammen 113,534

21. Västerås 110,877

22. Fredrikstad-Sarpsborg 108,636

23. Örebro 107,038

24. Linköping 104,232

25. Helsingborg 97,122

26. Porsgrunn-Skien 91,737

27. Jönköping 89,396

28. Norrköping 87,247

29. Kuopio 86,034

30. Pori 84,509

31. Lund 82,800

32. Umeå 79,594

33. Esbjerg 72,060

34. Gävle 71,033

35. Vaasa 66,911

36. Borås 66,273

37. Joensuu 65,686

38. Eskilstuna 64,679

39. Södertälje 64,619

40. Karlstad 61,685

41. Randers 61,664

42. Täby 61,272

43. Växjö 60,887

44. Kristiansand 60,583

45. Kolding 58,757

46. Halmstad 58,577

47. Horsens 56,536

48. Lappeenranta 55,429

49. Vejle 53,975

50. Kotka 52,600

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Capitals of European states and territories

Capitals of dependent territories and states whose sovereignty is disputed shown in italics.

Western

Amsterdam, Netherlands1 Andorra la Vella, Andorra Bern, Switzerland Brussels, Belgium2 Douglas, Isle of Man (UK) Dublin, Ireland London, United Kingdom Luxembourg, Luxembourg Paris, France Saint Helier, Jersey (UK) Saint Peter Port, Guernsey (UK)

Northern

Copenhagen, Denmark Helsinki, Finland Longyearbyen, Svalbard (Norway) Mariehamn, Åland Islands (Finland) Nuuk, Greenland (Denmark) Olonkinbyen, Jan Mayen (Norway) Oslo, Norway Reykjavík, Iceland Stockholm, Sweden Tórshavn, Faroe Islands (Denmark)

Central

Berlin, Germany Bratislava, Slovakia Budapest, Hungary Ljubljana, Slovenia Prague, Czech Republic Vaduz, Liechtenstein Vienna, Austria Warsaw, Poland

Southern

Ankara, Turkey3 Athens, Greece Belgrade, Serbia Bucharest, Romania Gibraltar, Gibraltar (UK) Lisbon, Portugal Madrid, Spain Monaco, Monaco Nicosia, Cyprus4 North Nicosia, Northern Cyprus4, 5 Podgorica, Montenegro Pristina, Kosovo5 Rome, Italy San Marino, San Marino Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina Skopje, Macedonia Sofia, Bulgaria Tirana, Albania Valletta, Malta Vatican City, Vatican City Zagreb, Croatia

Eastern

Astana, Kazakhstan3 Baku, Azerbaijan3 Chișinău, Moldova Kiev, Ukraine Minsk, Belarus Moscow, Russia3 Riga, Latvia Stepanakert, Artsakh4, 5 Sukhumi, Abkhazia3, 5 Tallinn, Estonia Tbilisi, Georgia3 Tiraspol, Transnistria5 Tskhinvali, South Ossetia3, 5 Vilnius, Lithuania Yerevan, Armenia3

1 Also the capital of the Kingdom of the Netherlands 2 Also the seat of the European Union, see Institutional seats of the European Union
European Union
and Brussels
Brussels
and the European Union 3 Transcontinental country 4 Entirely in Southwest Asia but having socio-political connections with Europe 5 Partially recognised country

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European Capitals of Culture

1985 Athens 1986 Florence 1987 Amsterdam 1988 West Berlin 1989 Paris 1990 Glasgow 1991 Dublin 1992 Madrid 1993 Antwerp 1994 Lisbon 1995 Luxembourg City 1996 Copenhagen 1997 Thessaloniki 1998 Stockholm 1999 Weimar 2000 Reykjavík Bergen Helsinki Brussels Prague Kraków Santiago de Compostela Avignon Bologna 2001 Rotterdam Porto 2002 Bruges Salamanca 2003 Graz Plovdiv 2004 Genoa Lille 2005 Cork 2006 Patras 2007 Luxembourg City
Luxembourg City
and Greater Region Sibiu 2008 Liverpool Stavanger 2009 Linz Vilnius 2010 Ruhr Istanbul Pécs 2011 Turku Tallinn 2012 Maribor Guimarães 2013 Košice Marseille 2014 Umeå Riga 2015 Mons Plzeň 2016 San Sebastián Wrocław 2017 Aarhus Paphos 2018 Valletta Leeuwarden 2019 Plovdiv Matera 2020 Rijeka Galway 2021 Timișoara Elefsina Novi Sad 2022 Kaunas Esch-sur-Alzette

Coordinates: 64°08′00″N 21°56′00″W / 64.13333°N 21.93333°W / 64.13333; -21.93333

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 146514002 LCCN: n80045964 ISNI: 0000 0004 0643 6825 GND: 4049708-2 SELIBR: 158121 BNF:

.