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Reunification Day (Ngày Thống nhất), Victory Day (Ngày Chiến thắng) or Liberation Day (Ngày Giải phóng or Ngày Giải phóng miền Nam) or the official name of Day of liberating the South for national reunification (Giải phóng miền Nam, thống nhất đất nước)[2] is a public holiday in Vietnam that marks the event when Viet Cong and North Vietnamese troops captured Saigon (now Ho Chi Minh City) on April 30, 1975. This signalled the end of the Vietnam War, known in Vietnamese as Chiến tranh Việt Nam (Vietnam War) or Kháng chiến chống Mỹ cứu nước ("Resistance War Against American invasion"). It was the start of the transition period toward reunification, which occurred in the national election for national reunification on July 2, 1976, when the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam and Democratic Republic of Vietnam merged to form the modern-day Vietnam or the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.[3]

The anniversary is marked by several festivals around the date.

In the Overseas Vietnamese community, the day is remembered as the "Fall of Saigon", "Black April" (Tháng Tư Đen),[4][5][6][7][8][9] National Day of Shame (Ngày Quốc Nhục) or National Day of Resentment (Ngày Quốc Hận).[5][10][11][12][13] This is a commemorative day for exiled Vietnamese who served, were affected, and displaced in those overseas communities, and as such is a day of reflection.

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See also

References

  1. ^ http://thuvienphapluat.vn/van-ban/Lao-dong-Tien-luong/Bo-Luat-lao-dong-2012-142187.aspx
  2. ^ http://hanoimoi.com.vn/Tin-tuc/Xa-hoi/833086/nhieu-hoat-dong-ky-niem-41-nam-ngay-giai-phong-mien-nam-thong-nhat-dat-nuoc-3041975---3042016
  3. ^ http://dangcongsan.vn/tu-lieu-van-kien/tu-lieu-ve-dang/sach-chinh-tri/books-010220154344256/index-2102201541308568.html
  4. ^ "Black April". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 7, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "Black April". UNAVSA Knowledge. UNAVSA. Retrieved December 7, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Black April". VNAFMAMN. Retrieved December 7, 2013. 
  7. ^ Secretary of State. "Assembly Concurrent Resolution No. 220 CHAPTER 74 Relative to Black April Memorial Week". LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST. CALIFORNIA LEGISLATIVE INFORMATION. Retrieved December 7, 2013. 
  8. ^ Kurhi, Eric. "Black April ceremony honors Vietnam War soldiers in San Jose". Mercury News. San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved December 7, 2013. 
  9. ^ BHARATH, DEEPA (April 29, 2011). "O.C. Black April events commemorate fall of Saigon". Orange County Register. Retrieved December 7, 2013. 
  10. ^ Deepa Bharath (April 25, 2008). "Black April events commemorate fall of Saigon". The Orange County Register. Archived from the original on May 18, 2009. Retrieved May 28, 2009. 
  11. ^ "Audio Slideshow: Black April". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 28, 2009. 
  12. ^ My-Thuan Tran (April 30, 2009). "Orange County's Vietnamese immigrants reflect on historic moment". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 28, 2009. 
  13. ^ Đỗ Dzũng (April 30, 2009). "Tưởng niệm Tháng Tư Đen ở Quận Cam". Báo Người Việt. Archived from the original on May 2, 2009. Retrieved May 28, 2009.