Restoration of Pre-War Practices Act 1919
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The Restoration of Pre-War Practices Act 1919 was a British
Act of Parliament Acts of parliament, sometimes referred to as primary legislation, are texts of law passed by the Legislature, legislative body of a jurisdiction (often a parliament or council). In most countries, acts of parliament begin as a Bill (law), bill, whi ...
passed on 2 June 1919, which gave soldiers returning from
World War I World War I or the First World War, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously known as the Great War or "The war to end war, the war ...

World War I
their pre-war jobs back. The Restoration of Pre-War Practices (no. 3) Bill (UK) had its second reading in Parliament on 2 June 1919. The
Minister of LabourMinister of Labour (in British English) or Labor (in American English) is typically a cabinet-level position with portfolio responsibility for setting national labour standards, labour dispute mechanisms, employment, workforce participation, trainin ...
, Sir Robert Horne described it as "designed to ensure to the
trade unions A trade union (or a labor union in American English), often simply referred to as a union, is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve common goals, such as protecting the integrity of their trade, improving safety standards ...
of the country the right to have restored certain trade union customs and practices which they gave up during the War in order to bring about the greatest possible production of war material." One of the consequences of the Act was that women were no longer eligible to work in many of the roles they were employed to fill during the war. By 1920, a million fewer women were in employment. The act caused over 25 percent of working women to return from factories to domestic service as they were dismissed to make way for returning soldiers, whilst others established societies to support women to stay in the careers they had entered during the war. The Act gave employers up to two months to return to pre-war practices and then required them to be maintained for at least a year. The removal of women from employment combined with the economic downturn of late 1920 reinforced employer and trade union hostility to their return.Wrigley, Chris (ed) (2008), ''A Companion to Early Twentieth Century Britain'', John Wiley & Sons, London, p.509


See also

* History of women in engineering in the United Kingdom


References

United Kingdom Acts of Parliament 1919 1919 in law Women in the United Kingdom {{UK-statute-stub