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Reprise Records
Reprise Records
(/rəˈpriːz/) is an American major record label, founded in 1960 by Frank Sinatra. It was mostly inactive from 1976 to 1987. It is owned by Warner Music Group, and operates through Warner Bros. Records.[1] Artists currently signed to Reprise Records
Reprise Records
include but are not limited to Enya, Michael Bublé, Eric Clapton, Green Day, Stevie Nicks, Neil Young, Deftones, Mastodon, Josh Groban, Disturbed, Idina Menzel, Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers, Gerard Way, Dwight Yoakam, and Never Shout Never.

Contents

1 Company history

1.1 Beginnings 1.2 Sold to Warner Bros. 1.3 Dormancy 1.4 Revival and Reprise today (1985-present)

2 Reprise Records
Reprise Records
artists 3 Labels 4 Parent organizations 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Company history[edit] Beginnings[edit]

"Tricolor" label, used by Reprise until 1968. (Label to the Kinks' Something Else.)

Reprise Records
Reprise Records
was formed in 1960[2] by Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
in order to allow more artistic freedom for his own recordings. Hence, he garnered the nickname "The Chairman of the Board".[3] Having left Capitol/EMI, and after trying to buy Norman Granz's Verve Records,[4] the first album Sinatra released on Reprise was Ring-a-Ding-Ding! As CEO of Reprise, Sinatra recruited several artists for the fledgling label, such as fellow Rat Pack
Rat Pack
members Dean Martin
Dean Martin
and Sammy Davis, Jr. The original roster from 1961 to 1963 included Bing Crosby, Jo Stafford, Rosemary Clooney, Nancy Sinatra, Esquivel and stand-up comedian Redd Foxx. The original Reprise LP label had four different logos, depending on the genre: a steamship for Pop records (pictured), a cherub for Jazz records, an owl for Spoken Word/Comedy records, and a picture of Sinatra for his records.

"Two-tone orange" label used by Reprise during the Warner Bros.-Seven Arts merger from 1968 to 1969. (Label to Jimi Hendrix's Smash Hits.) After the Kinney National Company took over Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
in 1969, the orange tone at the top of the label was changed to the same tone as on the rest of the label, the W7 box logo was removed and the circled :r logo became a boxed logo without the "Reprise" designation.

One of the label's founding principles under Sinatra's leadership was that each artist would have full creative freedom, and at some point complete ownership of their work, including publishing rights. This is the reason why recordings of early Reprise artists (Dean Martin, Jimi Hendrix, the Kinks, etc.) are (in most cases) currently distributed through other labels. In Martin's case, his Reprise recordings were out of print for nearly 20 years before a deal was struck with Capitol Records. Reprise continued to reissue the Sinatra catalog until 2013 when it was sold to Capitol. Sold to Warner Bros.[edit] In 1963, as part of a film deal, Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
purchased Reprise (which had been losing money) from Sinatra, who nonetheless retained a 20% interest in the label.[4] Many of the older artists on the label were dropped by Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Records. Reprise president Mo Ostin was retained as the head of the label and he went on to play a very significant role in the history of the Warner group of labels over the next four decades. Warner-Reprise executives began targeting younger acts, beginning by securing the American distribution rights to the Pye Records recordings by the Kinks in 1964. Reprise would soon add teen-oriented pop acts like Dino, Desi & Billy to the roster. As well, Frank's own daughter Nancy Sinatra
Nancy Sinatra
(who had started recording for the label in 1961) would be retained by Ostin, becoming a major pop star starting in late 1965. The label moved almost exclusively to rock-oriented music in the late 1960s, although Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
would continue to record for the label until the 1980s. Through direct signings or distribution deals, by the 1970s the Reprise roster grew to include Lee Hazlewood, Jill Jackson, Jimi Hendrix, the early Joni Mitchell
Joni Mitchell
recordings, Neil Young, the Electric Prunes, Donna Loren, Arlo Guthrie, Norman Greenbaum, Tom Lehrer, Tiny Tim, Ry Cooder, Captain Beefheart, Family, the early 1970s recordings by Frank Zappa
Frank Zappa
and the Mothers, Gram Parsons, Emmylou Harris, Nico's Desertshore, the Fugs, Jethro Tull, Pentangle, T. Rex, the Meters, John Cale, Gordon Lightfoot, Michael Franks, Richard Pryor, Al Jarreau, Fleetwood Mac, Fanny, and the Beach Boys. Dormancy[edit]

Red label, used by Reprise throughout the late 1970s. (Label to Neil Young's Decade.)

In 1976, the Reprise label was deactivated by Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
and all of its roster (except Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
and Neil Young) was moved to the main Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
label.[4] An unconfirmed explanation for this move is that Sinatra wanted to be the only artist on Reprise, and Young is said to have been the only Reprise act who refused to agree to a change in labels.[citation needed] Although older catalog albums continued to be manufactured with the Reprise logo, and albums by the Beach Boys on Brother Records were issued in the Reprise catalog numbering sequence, aside from Sinatra and Young (and the Sylvia Syms album Syms by Sinatra, which Sinatra conducted and co-produced) there were no new releases on Reprise for years. Revival and Reprise today (1985-present)[edit] In late 1985, some copies of the Dream Academy's hit single Life in a Northern Town were pressed with Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
labels bearing a Reprise logo.[5] 1986 saw releases bearing Reprise labels from the Dream Academy as well as Dwight Yoakam.[6] In the summer of 1987, Warner Bros. Records chairman Mo Ostin and label president Lenny Waronker officially announced the reactivation of Reprise, including its own separate promotions department, and former Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Vice President of Promotion Rich Fitzgerald was appointed as label Vice-President.[7] In the time since, Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
has often elevated the stature of Reprise to the rank of secondary parent label, as many of its subsidiary labels (such as Straight and Kinetic) have had their records released in conjunction with Reprise. As of 2017, it is home to such artists as Enya, Michael Bublé, Eric Clapton, Green Day, Stevie Nicks, Neil Young, Deftones, Josh Groban, Disturbed, Idina Menzel, Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers, Gerard Way and Never Shout Never. It was formerly home to the Jimi Hendrix
Jimi Hendrix
and the Barenaked Ladies' catalogs in the U.S.. When the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
back catalog was remastered by Rhino Records
Rhino Records
in the 2000s, their CDs were issued under the Reprise label (they appeared on sister labels Atco and Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
in the past). Neil Young
Neil Young
stated in a documentary about his life that Marilyn Manson was turned down by Reprise. In 2010, Reprise opened a country music division, operating as part of Warner Music Group
Warner Music Group
Nashville, featuring Blake Shelton, the JaneDear Girls, Michelle Branch
Michelle Branch
and Frankie Ballard
Frankie Ballard
as part of its roster.[8] In September 2011, several layoffs took place at Reprise Records
Reprise Records
and other Warner labels.[9] In 2017, Reprise released Enya's albums on vinyl. Some of them were pressed on this format for the very first time. Reprise Records
Reprise Records
artists[edit] Main article: List of current Reprise Records
Reprise Records
artists Main article: List of former Reprise Records
Reprise Records
artists Labels[edit]

143 Records (1999–present) Bizarre Records (1968–1972) Big Brother Records (2008–present) BME Recordings
BME Recordings
(2004–present) Brother Records (1970-1977) Chrysalis Records
Chrysalis Records
(1969–1972) Cold Chillin' Records
Cold Chillin' Records
(1988–1993; select releases) DiscReet Records (1973–1979) Elementree Records
Elementree Records
(1995–2000) Giant Records (1990–2000; select releases) Grand Jury Records (1990–1993) In Bloom Records (1998–2000) Kinetic Records (1992–2000) Straight Records
Straight Records
(1968–1972) Sire Records (1977–2000: select releases) Vapor Records (1995–present; current status unknown)

Parent organizations[edit]

(1960–1963) Independent (1963-1968) Warner Bros. (1968–1969) Warner Bros.-Seven Arts (1969–1972) Kinney National Company (1972–1990) Warner Communications (1990–2001) Time Warner (2001–2003) AOL Time Warner (2003–2004) Time Warner (2004–present) Warner Music Group

See also[edit]

List of record labels Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Records

References[edit]

^ Edwards, David. " Reprise Records
Reprise Records
Story". Retrieved May 21, 2013.  ^ Reprise Records
Reprise Records
story. ^ John Ward (December 11, 1990). "The Chairman of the Board hits another quarter century". The Tech.  ^ a b c Giles, Jeff. "To Play and Play Again: How Frank Sinatra's Thirst for Creative Freedom Led to Some of Classic Rock's Greatest Records". ultimateclassicrock.com. Diffuser Network. Retrieved 2016-08-02.  ^ " The Dream Academy
The Dream Academy
- Life In A Northern Town".  ^ "Reprise Label Discography - USA - Page 27 - 45cat".  ^ "Reprise Recs".  ^ "Warner Music Nashville Official Website". Warner Music Nashville Official Website. Retrieved May 8, 2016.  ^ "Updated: Layoffs At Warner Bros./Reprise". 

External links[edit]

Official website A discography of American Reprise singles from 1961 to 1970

v t e

Warner Music Group

Atlantic Records
Atlantic Records
Group

1st & 15th Entertainment Asylum Records Atlantic Records Big Beat Records Big Tree Records Cat Records Chopper City Records Cotillion Records CTE World Custard Records Eardrum Records/Little David Records Elektra Records F-Stop Music Fort Knocks Entertainment Fueled by Ramen Full Surface Records LaSalle Records Maybach Music Group OWSLA Photo Finish Records Poe Boy Entertainment Roadrunner Records Stone Flower Records TAG Recordings UpFront Records Vortex Records

Alternative Distribution Alliance

Cordless Recordings East West Records Rykodisc

Parlophone
Parlophone
Label Group

Ensign Records Parlophone Roulette Records Stateside Records Zonophone

Rhino Entertainment

Atco Records Del-Fi Records Rhino Records X5 Music Group

Spinnin' Records

Spinnin' Deep Spinnin' Records

Warner Bros. Records
Warner Bros. Records
Group

Festival Mushroom Records Helium 3 Loma Records Machine Shop Records Maverick Records Nonesuch Records OVO Sound Reprise Records Sire Records Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Records

Warner Music Nashville

Atlantic Records
Atlantic Records
Nashville Fervent Records Reprise Records
Reprise Records
Nashville Warner Bros. Records
Warner Bros. Records
Nashville

Warner Classics

Erato Records Teldec
Teldec
Records Warner Classics

Distribution

Alternative Distribution Alliance Vevo Warner Music Vision WEA International

Warner Music Australasia Warner Music Canada Warner Music Latina Warner Music Poland Warner Music Sweden

Music publishing and licensing

Warner/Chappell Music ( Warner/Chappell Music v. Fullscreen) Warner Strategic Marketing

Management

Stephen Cooper Mike Caren Jac Holzman John Janick Craig Kal

.