Reno ( ) is a
city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. It can be defined as a pe ...
in the northwest section of the U.S. state of
Nevada Nevada (, ) is a U.S. state, state in the Western United States, Western region of the United States. It is bordered by Oregon to the northwest, Idaho to the northeast, California to the west, Arizona to the southeast, and Utah to the east. Ne ...
, along the Nevada-California border, about from Lake Tahoe, known as "The Biggest Little City in the World". Known for its casino and tourism industry, Reno is the
county seat A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or Parish (administrative division), civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Hungary and the United States. County towns have a similar fu ...
and largest city of Washoe County and sits in the High Sierra foothills, in the Truckee River valley, at the eastern side of the Sierra Nevada. Reno metro area (along with the neighboring city Sparks) occupies a valley colloquially known as the Truckee Meadows, which because of large-scale investments from Greater Seattle and
San Francisco Bay Area The San Francisco Bay Area, popularly referred to as the Bay Area or simply the Bay, is a populous region surrounding the San Francisco Bay, San Francisco, San Pablo Bay, San Pablo, and Suisun Bay estuary, estuaries in Northern California. Alth ...
companies such as Amazon, Tesla,
Panasonic formerly known as , founded by Kōnosuke Matsushita in 1918 as a lightbulb socket manufacturer, is a major Japanese multinational corporation, multinational electronics company, headquartered in Kadoma, Osaka, Kadoma, Osaka Prefecture, Osaka. I ...
Microsoft Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational corporation, multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington. It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports, and sells Software, computer software, consumer electroni ...

, Apple, and
Google Google LLC is an American Multinational corporation, multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising, online advertising technologies, a search engine, cloud comp ...
has become a new major technology center in the United States. The city is named after Civil War Union Major General Jesse L. Reno, who was killed in action during the American Civil War at the Battle of South Mountain, on Fox's Gap. Reno is part of the Reno, NV Metropolitan Statistical Area, Reno–Sparks metropolitan area, the second-most populous metropolitan area in Nevada after the Las Vegas Valley. Known as Greater Reno, it includes Washoe, Storey County, Nevada, Storey, and Lyon County, Nevada, Lyon Counties, as well as the state capital, Carson City.


Archaeological finds place the eastern border for the prehistoric Martis people in the Reno area. As early as the mid-1850s, a few pioneers settled in the Truckee Meadows, a relatively fertile valley through which the Truckee River made its way from Lake Tahoe to Pyramid Lake (Nevada), Pyramid Lake. In addition to subsistence farming, these early residents could pick up business from travelers along the California Trail, which followed the Truckee westward, before branching off towards Donner Lake, where the formidable obstacle of the Sierra Nevada began. Gold was discovered in the vicinity of Virginia City, Nevada, Virginia City in 1850, and a modest mining community developed, but the discovery of silver in 1859 at the Comstock Lode led to a silver rush, mining rush, and thousands of emigrants left their homes, bound for the West, hoping to find a fortune. To provide the necessary connection between Virginia City and the California Trail, Charles W. Fuller built a log toll bridge across the Truckee River in 1859. A small community that served travelers soon grew near the bridge. After two years, Fuller sold the bridge to Myron C. Lake, who continued to develop the community by adding a grist mill, kiln, and livery stable to the hotel and eating house. He renamed it "Lake's Crossing". Most of what is present-day western Nevada was formed as the Nevada Territory from part of Utah Territory in 1861. By January 1863, the Central Pacific Railroad (CPRR) had begun laying tracks east from Sacramento, California, eventually connecting with the Union Pacific Railroad at Promontory, Utah, to form the First Transcontinental Railroad. Lake deeded land to the CPRR in exchange for its promise to build a depot at Lake's Crossing. In 1864, Washoe County was consolidated with Roop County, Nevada, Roop County, and Lake's Crossing became the county's largest town. Lake had earned himself the title "founder of Reno". Once the railroad station was established, the town of Reno officially came into being on May 9, 1868. CPRR construction superintendent Charles Crocker named the community after Major General Jesse L. Reno, Jesse Lee Reno, a Union officer killed in the Civil War at the Battle of South Mountain. In 1871, Reno became the county seat of the newly expanded Washoe County, replacing the county seat in Washoe City, Nevada, Washoe City. However, political power in Nevada remained with the mining communities, first Virginia City and later Tonopah, Nevada, Tonopah and Goldfield, Nevada, Goldfield. The extension of the Virginia and Truckee Railroad to Reno in 1872 provided a boost to the new city's economy. In the following decades, Reno continued to grow and prosper as a business and agricultural center and became the principal settlement on the transcontinental railroad between Sacramento and Salt Lake City. As the mining boom waned early in the 20th century, Nevada's centers of political and business activity shifted to the nonmining communities, especially Reno and Las Vegas, Nevada, Las Vegas, and today, the former mining metropoles stand as little more than ghost towns. Despite this, Nevada is still the third-largest gold producer in the world, after South Africa and Australia; the state yielded 6.9% of the world's supply in 2005 world gold production. The Reno Arch was erected on Virginia Street in 1926 to promote the upcoming Transcontinental Highways Exposition of 1927. The arch included the words "Nevada's Transcontinental Highways Exposition" and the dates of the exposition. After the exposition, the Reno City Council decided to keep the arch as a permanent downtown gateway, and Mayor E.E. Roberts asked the citizens of Reno to suggest a slogan for the arch. No acceptable slogan was received until a $100 prize was offered, and G.A. Burns of Sacramento was declared the winner on March 14, 1929, with "Reno, the Biggest Little City in the World". Reno took a leap forward when the state of Nevada legalized open gambling on March 19, 1931, along with the passage of even more liberal divorce laws than places such as Hot Springs, Arkansas, offered. The statewide push for legal Nevada gaming was led by Reno entrepreneur Bill Graham, who owned the Bank Club Casino in Reno, which was on Center Street. No other state offered legalized casino gaming like Nevada had in the 1930s, and casinos such as the Bank Club and Palace were popular. A few states had legal Parimutuel betting, pari mutuel horse racing, but no other state had legal casino gambling. The new Nevada divorce laws, passed in 1927, allowed people to divorce each other after six weeks of residency, instead of six months. People wishing to divorce stayed in hotels, houses, and/or dude ranches. Most divorcees left Nevada when their divorces were finalized, while some stayed. Within a few years, the Bank Club, owned by George Wingfield, Bill Graham, and Jim McKay, was the state's largest employer and the largest casino in the world. Wingfield owned most of the buildings in town that housed gaming and took a percentage of the profits, along with his rent. Ernie Pyle once wrote in one of his columns, "All the people you saw on the streets in Reno were obviously there to get divorces." In Ayn Rand's novel ''The Fountainhead'', published in 1943, the New York-based female protagonist tells a friend, "I am going to Reno," which is taken as a different way of saying "I am going to divorce my husband." Among others, Belgian-French writer Georges Simenon, at the time living in the U.S., came to Reno in 1950 to divorce his first wife. The divorce business eventually died after about 1970, as the other states fell in line by passing their own laws easing the requirements for divorce, but gambling continued as a major Reno industry. While gaming pioneers such as "Pappy" and Harold Smith of Harold's Club and Bill Harrah of the soon-to-dominate Harrah's Casino set up shop in the 1930s, the war years of the 1940s cemented Reno as the place to play for two decades. Beginning in the 1950s, the need for economic diversification beyond gaming fueled a movement for more lenient business taxation. A disaster occurred on the afternoon of February 5, 1957, when an explosion ripped through the heart of downtown. At 1:03 pm, two explosions, caused by natural gas leaking into the maze of pipes and ditches under the city, and an ensuing fire, destroyed five buildings in the vicinity of Sierra and First Streets along the Truckee River. The disaster killed two people and injured 49. The first explosion hit under the block of shops on the west side of Sierra Street (now the site of the Century Riverside), the second, across Sierra Street, now the site of the Palladio. The presence of a main east–west rail line, the emerging interstate highway system, favorable state tax climate, and relatively inexpensive land created good conditions for warehousing and distribution of goods. In the 1980s, Indian gaming rules were relaxed, and starting in 2000, Californian Native casinos began to cut into Reno casino revenues. Major new construction projects have been completed in the Reno and Sparks areas. A few new luxury communities were built in Truckee, California, about west of Reno on Interstate 80 in Nevada, Interstate 80. Reno also is an outdoor recreation destination, due to its proximity to the Sierra Nevada, Lake Tahoe, and numerous ski resorts in the region. In 2018, the city officially changed its flag after a local contest was held. Image:Flag of Reno, Nevada (1959–2018).svg, The flag that was used by Reno from 1959 up to the flag change


Environmental considerations

Wetlands are an important part of the Reno/Tahoe area. They act as a natural filter for the solids that come out of the water treatment plant. Plant roots absorb nutrients from the water and naturally filter it. Wetlands are home to over 75% of the species in the Great Basin. However, the area's wetlands are at risk of being destroyed due to development around the city. While developers build on top of the wetlands they fill them with soil, destroying the habitat they create for the plants and animals. Washoe County has devised a plan that will help protect these ecosystems: mitigation. In the future, when developers try to build over a wetland, they will be responsible for creating another wetland near Washoe Lake. The Truckee River is Reno's primary source of drinking water. It supplies Reno with of water a day during the summer, and of water per day in the winter. Before the water goes to the homes around the Reno area, it must go to one of two water treatment plants, Chalk Bluff or Glendale Water Treatment Plant. To help save water, golf courses in Reno have been using treated effluent sewer, effluent water rather than treated water from one of Reno's water plants. The Reno-Sparks Sewage treatment, wastewater treatment plant discharges tertiary-treated effluent to the Truckee River. In the 1990s, this capacity was increased from 20 to 30 million U.S. gallons (70 to 110 million liters) per day. While treated, the effluent contains suspended solids, nitrogen, and phosphorus, aggravating water-quality concerns of the river and its receiving waters of Pyramid Lake (Nevada), Pyramid Lake. Local agencies working with the United States Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Protection Agency have developed several watershed management strategies to accommodate this expanded discharge. To accomplish this successful outcome, the DSSAM model was developed and calibrated for the Truckee River to analyze the most cost-effective available management strategy set. The resulting management strategies included measures such as land use controls in the Lake Tahoe basin, urban surface runoff, runoff controls in Reno and Sparks, and best management practice for water pollution, best management practices for wastewater discharge. The Reno area is often subject to wildfires that cause property damage and sometimes loss of life. In August 1960, the Donner Ridge fire resulted in a loss of electricity to the city for four days. In November 2011, arcing from powerlines caused a fire in Caughlin in southwest Reno that destroyed 26 homes and killed one man. Just two months later, a fire in Washoe Drive sparked by fireplace ashes destroyed 29 homes and killed one woman. Around 10,000 residents were evacuated, and a state of emergency was declared. The fires came at the end of Reno's longest recorded dry spell.


Reno is just east of the Sierra Nevada, on the western edge of the Great Basin at an elevation of about Above mean sea level, above sea level. Numerous fault (geology), faults exist throughout the region. Most of these are Dip-slip faults, normal (vertical motion) faults associated with the uplift of the various mountain ranges, including the Sierra Nevada. In February 2008, an earthquake swarm began to occur, lasting for several months, with the largest quake registering at 4.9 on the Richter magnitude scale, although some geologic estimates put it at 5.0. The earthquakes were centered on the Somersett community in western Reno near Mogul, Nevada, Mogul and Verdi, Nevada, Verdi. Many homes in these areas were damaged.


Reno sits in the rain shadow of the Sierra Nevada mountain range. Annual rainfall averages . Reno features a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification, Köppen: ''BSk'') due to its low evapotranspiration. The city experiences cool to cold winters, and hot summers. Annual precipitation has ranged from in 1947 to in 1983. The most precipitation in one month was in December 1955 and the most precipitation in 24 hours was on January 21, 1943. Winter snowfall is usually light to moderate, but can be heavy some days, averaging annually. Snowfall varies with the lowest amounts (roughly 19–23 inches annually) at the lowest part of the valley at and east of the Reno–Tahoe International Airport at , while the foothills of the Carson Range to the west ranging from in elevation just a few miles west of downtown can receive two to three times as much annual snowfall. The mountains of the Virginia Range to the east can receive more summer thunderstorms and precipitation, and around twice as much annual snowfall above . However, snowfall increases in the Virginia Range are less dramatic as elevation climbs than in the Carson Range to the west, because the Virginia Range is well within the rain shadow of the Sierra Nevada and Carson Range. The most snowfall in the city in one year was in 1971, and the most snowfall in one month was in March 1952. Most precipitation (meteorology), rainfall occurs in winter and spring. The city has 300 days of sunshine per year. Summer thunderstorms can occur between April and October. The eastern side of town and the mountains east of Reno tend to be prone to thunderstorms more often, and these storms may be severe because an afternoon downslope west wind, called a "Washoe Zephyr", can develop in the Sierra Nevada, causing air to be pulled down in the Sierra Nevada and Reno, destroying or preventing thunderstorms, but the same wind can push air upward against the Virginia Range and other mountain ranges east of Reno, creating powerful thunderstorms. The monthly daily average temperature ranges from in December to in July, with the diurnal temperature variation reaching in summer, still lower than much of the high desert to the east. There are 3.9 days of + highs, 58 days of + highs, and 2.5 nights with sub- lows annually; the temperature does not rise above freezing on only 5.1 days. The all-time record high temperature is , which occurred on July 10 and 11, 2002, and again on July 5, 2007. The all-time record low temperature is , which occurred on January 21, 1916. In addition, the region is windy throughout the year; observers such as Mark Twain have commented about the "Washoe Zephyr", northwestern Nevada's distinctive wind.


As of the census of 2010, there were 225,221 people, 90,924 households, and 51,112 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,186.6 per square mile (844.2/km). There were 102,582 housing units at an average density of 995.9 per square mile (384.5/km). The city's racial makeup was 74.2% White (U.S. Census), White, 2.9% African American (U.S. Census), African American, 1.3% Native American (U.S. Census), Native American, 6.3% Asian (U.S. Census), Asian, 0.7% Pacific Islander (U.S. Census), Pacific Islander, 10.5% Race (United States Census), some other race, and 4.2% from two or more races. Hispanic (U.S. Census), Hispanic or Latino (U.S. Census), Latino people of any race were 24.3% of the population. Non-Hispanic Whites were 62.5% of the population in 2010, down from 88.5% in 1980. At the 2010 census, there were 90,924 households, of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.4% were headed by married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.8% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.7% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43, and the average family size was 3.10. In the city, the 2010 population was spread out, with 22.8% under the age of 18, 12.5% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.7 males. In 2011 the city's estimated median household income was $44,846, and the median family income was $53,896. Males had a median income of $42,120 versus $31,362 for females. The city's per capita income was $25,041. About 9.6% of families and 14.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.1% of those under age 18 and 12.8% of those age 65 or over. The population was 180,480 at the 2000 United States Census, 2000 census; in 2010, its population had risen to 225,221, making it the third-largest city in the state after Las Vegas, Nevada, Las Vegas and Henderson, Nevada, Henderson, and the largest outside Clark County, Nevada, Clark County. Reno lies north of the Nevada state capital, Carson City, Nevada, Carson City, and northeast of Lake Tahoe in a shrub-steppe environment. Reno shares its eastern border with the city of Sparks and is the larger of the principal cities of the Reno–Sparks metropolitan area, Reno–Sparks, Nevada Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), a United States metropolitan area, metropolitan area that covers Storey County, Nevada, Storey and Washoe counties. The MSA had a combined population of 425,417 at the 2010 United States Census, 2010 census. The MSA is combined with the Lyon County, Nevada, Fernley Micropolitan Statistical Area and the Carson City, Nevada, Carson City MSA to form the Reno metropolitan area, Reno-Carson City-Fernley Combined Statistical Area, which had a population of 477,397 at the 2010 census.


Before 1960s, Reno was the gambling capital of the United States, but Las Vegas' rapid growth, American Airlines' 2000 buyout of Reno Air, and the growth of Native American gaming in California have reduced its business. Older casinos were torn down (Mapes Hotel, Fitzgeralds Gaming, Fitzgerald's Nevada Club, Primadonna, Horseshoe Club, Harold's Club, Palace Club), or smaller casinos like the Comstock Hotel & Casino, Comstock, Sundowner (hotel and casino), Sundowner, The Montage Reno, Golden Phoenix, 3rd Street Flats, Kings Inn, Money Tree, Virginian, and Riverboat were either closed or were converted into residential units. Because of its location, Reno has traditionally drawn the majority of its California tourists and gamblers from the
San Francisco Bay Area The San Francisco Bay Area, popularly referred to as the Bay Area or simply the Bay, is a populous region surrounding the San Francisco Bay, San Francisco, San Pablo Bay, San Pablo, and Suisun Bay estuary, estuaries in Northern California. Alth ...
and Sacramento, while Las Vegas metropolitan area, Las Vegas has historically served more tourists from Southern California and the Phoenix, Arizona, Phoenix area. Several local large hotel casinos have shown significant growth and have moved gaming further away from the downtown core. These larger hotel casinos are the Atlantis Casino Resort, Atlantis, the Peppermill Reno, Peppermill and the Grand Sierra Resort. The Peppermill was chosen as the most outstanding Reno gaming/hotel property by ''Casino Player'' and ''Nevada'' magazines. In 2005, the Peppermill Reno began a $300 million Tuscany, Tuscan-themed expansion. Reno holds several events throughout the year to draw tourists to the area. They include Hot August Nights (a classic car convention), Street Vibrations (a motorcycle fan gathering and rally), The Great Reno Balloon Race, a Cinco de Mayo celebration, bowling tournaments (held in the National Bowling Stadium), and the Reno Air Races. Several large commercial developments were constructed during the mid-2000s boom, such as The Summit (Reno, Nevada), The Summit in 2007 and Outlets at Legends, Legends at Sparks Marina in 2008. Reno is the location of the corporate headquarters for several companies, including Braeburn Capital, Hamilton (company), Hamilton, Server Technology, EE Technologies, and Port of Subs. International Game Technology, Bally Technologies and GameTech have a development and manufacturing presence. Truckee Meadows, because of large-scale investments from Greater Seattle and
San Francisco Bay Area The San Francisco Bay Area, popularly referred to as the Bay Area or simply the Bay, is a populous region surrounding the San Francisco Bay, San Francisco, San Pablo Bay, San Pablo, and Suisun Bay estuary, estuaries in Northern California. Alth ...
companies such as Amazon, Tesla,
Panasonic formerly known as , founded by Kōnosuke Matsushita in 1918 as a lightbulb socket manufacturer, is a major Japanese multinational corporation, multinational electronics company, headquartered in Kadoma, Osaka, Kadoma, Osaka Prefecture, Osaka. I ...
Microsoft Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational corporation, multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington. It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports, and sells Software, computer software, consumer electroni ...

, Apple, and
Google Google LLC is an American Multinational corporation, multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising, online advertising technologies, a search engine, cloud comp ...
has become a new major technology center in the United States. Since the turn of the 21st century, greater Reno saw an influx of technology companies entering the area, following major initiatives and investments by investors from Seattle & the Bay Area. After the Great Recession, the state placed an increased focus on economic development. Thousands of new jobs were created. Tesla Inc., Tesla's Gigafactory 1, Gigafactory is at the Tahoe Reno Industrial Center in the largest building in the world. The Gigafactory purportedly covers 5.8 million square feet. The arrival of several data centers at the Tahoe Reno Industrial Center is further diversifying a region that was best known for distribution and logistics outside gaming and tourism. Switch (company), Switch 's new SuperNAP campus at the Tahoe Reno Industrial Center is shaping up to be the largest data center in the world once completed. Apple is expanding its data center at the adjacent Reno Technology Park and recently built a warehouse on land in downtown Reno. Rackspace is also building a $422 million data center next to Apple. The greater Reno area also hosts distribution facilities for Amazon.com, Amazon, Walmart, Petsmart and Zulily.

Top employers

According to Reno's 2016 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:


Reno has several healthcare facilities. Many are affiliated with the University of Nevada, Reno School of Medicine, University of Nevada Reno School of Medicine. * Northern Nevada Medical Center * Renown Regional Medical Center * Saint Mary's Regional Medical Center * University of Nevada Reno School of Medicine * Veteran's Administration Sierra Nevada Healthcare System Reno, Nevada


Reno has several museums. The Nevada Museum of Art is the only American Alliance of Museums (AAM) accredited art museum in Nevada. The National Automobile Museum contains 200 cars that were from the collection of William F. Harrah, including Elvis Presley's 1973 Cadillac Eldorado. Reno also hosts a number of music venues, such as the Pioneer Center for the Performing Arts, the Reno Philharmonic Orchestra, and the Reno Pops Orchestra. The Reno Youth Symphony Orchestra (YSO), affiliated with the Reno Philharmonic, gives talented youth the opportunity to play advanced music and perform nationwide. In 2016 they had the honor of performing at Carnegie Hall. Every July, Reno celebrates Artown, a visual and performing arts festival that lasts the entire month of July throughout the city. Along with performances, Artown partners with other institutions throughout the Reno Tahoe area to hold workshops, camps, and classes for all ages. All events are free of charge or low cost. Reno has a public library, a branch of the Washoe County Library System. The Downtown branch of the Washoe County Library was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2013.


Reno is home to the Reno Aces, the minor league baseball Triple-A (baseball), Triple-A affiliate of the Arizona Diamondbacks, playing in Greater Nevada Field, a downtown ballpark opened in 2009. Reno has hosted multiple Professional sports, professional baseball teams in the past, most under the Reno Silver Sox name. The Reno Astros, a former professional, unaffiliated baseball team, played at Moana Stadium until 2009. In basketball, the Reno Bighorns of the NBA G League played at the Reno Events Center from 2008 to 2018. They were primarily an affiliate of the Sacramento Kings throughout its existence. The Sacramento Kings bought the team in 2016 and moved the franchise to become the Stockton Kings in 2018. Reno is host to both amateur and professional combat sporting events such as mixed martial arts and boxing. The "Jack Johnson (boxer)#The "Fight of the Century", Fight of the Century" between Jack Johnson (boxer), Jack Johnson and James J. Jeffries was held in Reno in 1910. Boxer Ray Mancini fought four of his last five fights in Reno against Bobby Chacon, Livingstone Bramble, Hector Camacho, and Greg Haugen. Reno expected to be the future home of an ECHL ice hockey team, named the Reno Raiders, but construction on a suitable arena never began. The franchise was dormant since 1998, when it was named the Reno Rage, and earlier the Reno Renegades, and played in the now-defunct West Coast Hockey League (WCHL). In 2016, Reno was removed from the ECHL's Future Markets page. The Reno–Tahoe Open is northern Nevada's only PGA Tour event, held at Montrêux Golf & Country Club in Reno. As part of the FedEx Cup, the tournament follows 132 PGA Tour professionals competing for a share of the event's $3 million purse. The Reno-Tahoe Open Foundation has donated more than $1.8 million to local charities. Reno has a college sports scene, with the Nevada Wolf Pack appearing in football bowl games and an Associated Press and Coaches Poll Top Ten ranking in Nevada Wolf Pack men's basketball, basketball in 2018. In 2004, the city completed a $1.5 million whitewater park on the Truckee River in downtown Reno which hosts whitewater events throughout the year. The course runs Class 2 and 3 rapids with year-round public access. The north channel features more aggressive rapids, drop pools and "holes" for rodeo kayak-type maneuvers. The milder south channel is set up as a kayak slalom course and a beginner area. Reno is home to two roller derby teams, the Battle Born Derby Demons and the Reno Roller Girls. The Battle Born Derby Demons compete on flat tracks locally and nationally. They are the only derby team locally to compete in a national Derby league. Reno is the home of the National Bowling Stadium, which hosts the United States Bowling Congress (USBC) Open Championships every three years.

List of teams

Minor professional teams

Amateur teams

College teams


Reno is home to a variety of recreation activities including both seasonal and year-round. In the summer, Reno locals can be found near three major bodies of water: Lake Tahoe, the Truckee River, and Pyramid Lake. The Truckee River originates at Lake Tahoe and flows west to east through the center of downtown Reno before terminating at Pyramid Lake to the north. The river is a major part of Artown, held in the summer at Wingfield Park. Washoe Lake is a popular kite and windsurfing location because of its high wind speeds during the summer. Skiing and snowboarding are among the most popular winter sports and draw many tourists. There are 18 ski resorts (8 major resorts) as close as and as far as from the Reno–Tahoe International Airport, including Northstar California, Sierra-at-Tahoe, Alpine Meadows, California, Alpine Meadows, Squaw Valley Ski Resort, Squaw Valley, Sugar Bowl Ski Resort, Sugar Bowl, Diamond Peak (ski area), Diamond Peak, Heavenly Mountain Resort, Heavenly Mountain, and Mount Rose Ski Tahoe, Mount Rose. Other popular Reno winter activities include snowshoeing, ice skating, and snowmobiling. There are many bike paths to ride in the summer time. Lake Tahoe hosts international bike competitions each summer.

Air races

The Reno Air Races, also known as the National Championship Air Races, are held each September at the Reno Stead Airport.


Reno has a democratic municipal government. The city council is the core of the government, with seven members. Five of these council people represent districts of Reno, and are vetted in the primary election, primary by the citizens of each district. In general, the top two vote earners in each ward make the ballot for the citywide election. The other two council members are the at-large member, who represents the entire city, and the mayor, who is elected by the people of the city. The council has several duties, including setting priorities for the city, promoting communication with the public, planning development, and redevelopment. There is an elected city attorney who is responsible for civil and criminal cases. The City Attorney represents the city government in court, and prosecutes misdemeanors. The city's charter calls for a council-manager government, council-manager form of government, meaning the council appoints only two positions, the city manager, who implements and enforces the policies and programs the council approves, and the city clerk. The city manager is in charge of the budget and workforce for all city programs. The city clerk, who records the proceedings of the council, makes appointments for the council, and makes sure efficient copying and printing services are available. In 2010, there was a ballot question asking whether the Reno city government and the Washoe County government should explore the idea of becoming one combined governmental body. Fifty-four percent of voters approved of the ballot measure to make an inquiry into consolidating the governments.

Fire department

The city of Reno is protected by the Reno Fire Department (RFD) manning 14 fire stations. The Reno Fire Department (RFD) provides all-risk emergency service to the City of Reno residents. All-risk emergency service is the national model of municipal fire departments, providing the services needed in the most efficient way possible. The department provides paramedic-level service to the citizens and visitors of Reno. This is the highest level of emergency medical care available in the field. In addition to responding to fires, whether they occur in structures, vegetation/brush or vehicles, the fire department also provides rescue capabilities for almost any type of emergency situation. This includes quick and efficient emergency medical care for the citizens; a hazardous materials team capable of identifying unknown materials and controlling a release disaster; and preparedness and management of large-scale incidents. Maintaining this level of service requires nearly constant training of personnel. This training maintains both the skills needed to operate safely in emergency environments and the physical fitness necessary to reduce the likelihood and severity of injuries. The minimum annual-training requirement to maintain firefighting and medical skills is 240 hours per year. Special teams and company-level drills add significantly to that number of hours.


Universities and colleges

* The University of Nevada, Reno is the oldest university in Nevada and Nevada System of Higher Education. In 1886, the state university, previously only a college preparatory school, moved from Elko, Nevada, Elko in remote northeastern Nevada to north of downtown Reno, where it became a full-fledged state college. The university grew slowly over the decades, but it now has an enrollment of 21,353, with most students from within Nevada. Its specialties include mining engineering, agriculture, journalism, business, and one of only two Basque people, Basque Studies programs in the nation. It houses the National Judicial College. The university was named one of the top 200 colleges in the nation in the most recent ''U.S. News & World Report'' National Universities category index. * Truckee Meadows Community College (TMCC) is a regionally accredited, two-year institution which is part of the Nevada System of Higher Education. The college has approximately 13,000 students attending classes at a primary campus and four satellite centers. It offers a wide range of academic and university transfer programs, occupational training, career enhancement workshops, and other classes. TMCC offers associate of arts, associate of science, associate of applied science or associate of general studies degrees, one-year certificates, or certificates of completion in more than 50 career fields, including architecture, auto/diesel mechanics, criminal justice, dental hygienist, dental hygiene, graphic design, musical theatre, nursing, and welding. * Career College of Northern Nevada (CCNN) is a nationally accredited trade school that trains students in technical fields that support fast growing industries. The college is locally owned and operated. Employer advisory boards direct the college to provide skill training that is relevant to industry needs. * University of Phoenix – Northern Nevada Campus is in south Reno. The university faculty is a collection business and academic professionals from the local Reno area. * The Nevada School of Law at Old College in Reno was the first law school established in the state of Nevada. Its doors were open from 1981–1988.

Public schools

Public education is provided by the Washoe County School District. * Reno has twelve public high schools: Damonte Ranch High School, Damonte Ranch, Galena High School (Nevada), Galena, Hug High School, Hug, North Valleys High School, Robert McQueen High School, McQueen, Academy of Arts, Careers, and Technology (AACT), Reno High School, Reno, Truckee Meadows Community College High School, Innovations, and Earl Wooster High School, Wooster. * There are three public high schools in neighboring Sparks, attended by many students who live in Reno: Edward C. Reed High School, Reed, Spanish Springs, and Sparks High School. * Reno-Sparks has 14 middle schools: Billinghurst, Clayton, Cold Springs Middle School, Cold Springs, Depoali, Dilworth, Herz, Mendive, O'Brien, Pine, Shaw, Sparks, Swope, Traner, and Vaughn. * Reno-Sparks has 64 elementary schools: Allen, Anderson, Beasley, Jesse Beck, Bennett, Booth, Brown, Cannan, Caughlin Ranch, Corbett, Desert Heights, Diedrichsen, Dodson, Donner Springs, Double Diamond, Drake, Duncan, Katherine Dunn, Elmcrest, Gomes, Grace Warner, Greenbrae, Hidden Valley, Huffaker, Hunsberger, Hunter Lake, Jesse Beck, Johnson, Juniper, Lemmon Valley, Elizabeth Lenz, Lincoln Park, Echo Loder, Mathews, Maxwell, Melton, Mitchell, Moss, Mount Rose, Natchez, Palmer, Peavine, Picollo Special Education School, Pleasant Valley, Risley, Roy Gomm, Sepulveda, Sierra Vista, Silver Lake, Alice Smith, Kate Smith, Smithridge, Spanish Springs, Stead, Sun Valley, Taylor, Towles, Van Gorder, Verdi [pronounced VUR-die], Veterans Memorial, Warner, Westergard, Whitehead, and Sarah Winnemucca. (some schools included on this list are in Sparks)

Public charter schools

Reno has many charter schools, which include Academy for Career Education, serving grades 10–12, opened 2002; Alpine Academy Charter High School, serving grades 9–12, opened 2009; Bailey Charter Elementary School, serving grades K-6, opened 2001; Coral Academy of Science, serving grades K-12; Davidson Academy of Nevada, Davidson Academy, serving grades 6–12, opened 2006; High Desert Montessori School, serving grades PreK-7, opened 2002; I Can Do Anything Charter School, serving grades 9–12, opened 2000; Rainshadow Community Charter High School, serving grades 9–12, opened 2003; Sierra Nevada Academy Charter School, serving grades PreK-8, opened 1999; and TEAM A (Together Everyone Achieves More Academy), serving grades 9–12, opened 2004.

Private schools

Reno has a few private elementary schools such as Legacy Christian School, Excel Christian School, St. Nicholas Orthodox Academy, Lamplight Christian School, and Nevada Sage Waldorf School as well as private high schools, the largest of which are Bishop Manogue High School and Sage Ridge School.



File:I80downtownreno.jpg, Interstate 80 in Nevada, I-80 in Downtown Reno, alt=A 6-lane freeway passing under a series of underpasses


Reno was historically served by the Victory Highway and a branch of the Lincoln Highway. After the formation of the United States Numbered Highways, U.S. Numbered Highways system, U.S. Route 40 in Nevada, U.S. Route 40 was routed along 4th Street through downtown Reno, before being replaced by Interstate 80 in Nevada, Interstate 80. The primary north–south highway through Reno is U.S. Route 395 in Nevada, U.S. Route 395/Interstate 580 (Nevada), Interstate 580.


The Regional Transportation Commission of Washoe County (RTC) has a bus system that provides intracity buses, intercity buses to Carson City, and an on-demand shuttle service for disabled persons. The system has its main terminal on 4th Street in downtown Reno and secondary terminals in Sparks and at Meadowood Mall in south Reno. Numerous shuttle and excursion services are offered connecting the Reno–Tahoe International Airport to various destinations: * South Tahoe Express provides connecting shuttle service to South Lake Tahoe, California, South Lake Tahoe resorts. * Eastern Sierra Transit Authority provides shuttles to destinations south along the US-395 corridor in California, such as Mammoth Mountain and Lancaster, California, Lancaster * Modoc Sage Stage provides shuttles to Alturas, California, Alturas and Susanville, California, along the northern US-395 corridor. Greyhound Lines, Greyhound stops at a downtown terminal. Megabus (North America), Megabus stopped at the Silver Legacy Reno, but has since discontinued service to Reno.


Reno was historically a stopover along the First Transcontinental Railroad; the modern Overland Route (Union Pacific Railroad), Overland Route continues to run through Reno. Reno was additionally the southern terminus of the Nevada–California–Oregon Railway (NCO) and the northern terminus of the Virginia and Truckee Railroad. Using the NCO depot and right of way, the Western Pacific Railroad also provided rail service to Reno. In the early 20th century, Reno also had a modest Streetcars in Reno, streetcar system. Downtown Reno has two historic train depots, the inactive Nevada-California-Oregon Railroad Depot and the active Amtrak depot at Reno station, originally built by the Southern Pacific Railroad. Amtrak provides daily passenger service to Reno via the ''California Zephyr'' at Reno station and via multiple Amtrak Thruway Motorcoaches that connect to trains departing from Sacramento, California, Sacramento.


The city is served by Reno–Tahoe International Airport, with general aviation traffic handled by Reno Stead Airport. Reno–Tahoe International Airport is the second busiest commercial airport in the state of Nevada after McCarran International Airport in Las Vegas, Nevada, Las Vegas. Reno was the hub and headquarters of the defunct airline Reno Air.


The Truckee Meadows Water Authority provides potable water for the city. The Truckee River is the primary water source, with purification occurring at two plants, Chalk Bluff and Glendale. The Chalk Bluff plant's main intakes are west of Reno in Verdi, Nevada, Verdi, with the water flowing through a series of flumes and ditches to the plant. Alternative intakes are below the plant along the banks of the Truckee River itself. The Glendale plant is alongside the river, and is fed by a rock and concrete rubble diversion dam a short distance upstream. Sewage treatment for most of the Truckee Meadows region takes place at the Truckee Meadows Water Reclamation Facility at the eastern edge of the valley. Treated effluent returns to the Truckee River by way of Steamboat Creek. NV Energy, formerly Sierra Pacific, provides electric power and natural gas. Power comes from multiple sources, including Tracy-Clark Station to the east, and the Steamboat Springs, Nevada, Steamboat Springs binary cycle power plants at the southern end of town.

Notable people

* Mädchen Amick, actress, ''Twin Peaks'', ''Sleepwalkers (film), Sleepwalkers'', ''Dream Lover (1994 film), Dream Lover'' * Chris Ault, Hall of Fame NCAA football coach, retired head coach of University of Nevada, Reno Wolf Pack * Luke Babbitt, basketball player for Miami Heat, previously Portland Trail Blazers 2010–2013 * Ryan Bader, professional MMA artist and heavyweight champion of Bellator MMA * Shannon Bahrke, skier, silver medalist 2002 Winter Olympics, bronze medalist 2010 Winter Olympics, and 2003 FIS Freestyle Skiing World Cup, World Cup champion * Brent Boyd, pro football player of Minnesota Vikings * T. Brian Callister, physician and health care quality expert * Chris Carr (American football), Chris Carr, pro football player * Bob Cashell, former Mayor of Reno and Lieutenant Governor * Walter Van Tilburg Clark, author of ''The Ox-Bow Incident'' * Doug Clifford, Creedence Clearwater Revival drummer * Kimberley Conrad, ''Playboy'' Playmate of the Year (1989), Hugh Hefner's second ex-wife * Heidi Cortez, ''Sunset Tan'', ''The Howard Stern Show'' * David Coverdale, singer-songwriter, former frontsinger of Deep Purple and Whitesnake * Joe Flanigan, actor * Rudy Galindo, figure skating, figure skater * Matt Gallagher, author and Iraq War veteran * Bud Gaugh, drummer of the band Sublime (band), Sublime * Jim Gibbons (U.S. politician), Jim Gibbons, former Governor and United States House of Representatives, U.S. Representative * Mark Gilmartin, golfer, entrepreneur * Curtis Hanson, producer-director of films ''8 Mile (film), 8 Mile'', ''L.A. Confidential (film), L.A. Confidential'', ''The Hand That Rocks the Cradle (film), The Hand That Rocks the Cradle'', more * Sean Hamilton (Hollywood Hamilton), nationally syndicated radio personality * Jennifer Harman, professional poker player * Wilder W. Hartley (1901–70), Los Angeles City Council member, 1939–41, born in Reno * Martin Heinrich, List of United States Senators from New Mexico, U.S. Senator from New Mexico since 2013; was considered for nominee Hillary Clinton's Vice President for the 2016 United States presidential election, 2016 election * Procter Ralph Hug, Jr., federal judge * Terri Ivens, actress on ''All My Children'' * Kevin Jepsen, professional baseball player, attended Bishop Manogue High School * Colin Kaepernick, football quarterback, University of Nevada, Reno and San Francisco 49ers * Mike Krukow, MLB pitcher and broadcaster, Reno resident * Mills Lane, boxing referee, district judge, television personality on ''Judge Mills Lane'' * Adam Laxalt, former Nevada Attorney General * Paul Laxalt, former Governor and United States Senate, U.S. Senator from Nevada * Greg Lemond, former professional road racing cyclist, three-time winner of the Tour de France * Greg London, entertainer * Julia Mancuso, skier, Olympic gold medalist 2006 * Rich Marotta, boxing commentator, Los Angeles radio personality * Anne Henrietta Martin, first woman to run for United States Senate, U.S. Senate * Pat McCarran, U.S. Senator, namesake of McCarran International Airport * April Meservy, singer-songwriter * Jessica Nigri, cosplay celebrity, promotional model, YouTuber, voice actress and fan convention interview correspondent * Frank Herbert Norcross, judge * Roger Norman (racing driver), Roger Norman, off-road racer and owner of Norman Motorsports * Carl Ravazza, bandleader and talent agent * Chuck Ruff (musician), Chuck Ruff, drummer, Edgar Winter Group * Brian Sandoval, former Governor * Gene Savoy, Peru explorer, discoverer of Vilcabamba, Gran Pajaten, Gran Vilaya, Gran Saposoa * Nate Schierholtz, professional baseball player, born in Reno * Hillary Schieve, Mayor of Reno * Jason-Shane Scott, soap opera actor * Ken Shamrock, mixed martial artist, UFC Hall of Famer, professional wrestler * Simons & Cameron (Gordon Simons and Lane Cameron), singers and songwriters * Shannyn Sossamon, actress of ''A Knight's Tale (film), A Knight's Tale'', ''40 Days and 40 Nights'' and ''The Rules of Attraction (film), The Rules of Attraction'' * Kevin Stadler, pro golfer, born in Reno * Inga Thompson, professional cyclist * Kyle Van Noy, professional football player, born in Reno * Gabriel Damon, actor * Willy Vlautin, novelist, lead vocalist and songwriter for Alt-Country band Richmond Fontaine * J. Buzz Von Ornsteiner, forensic psychologist, television personality * Michael Weiss (swimmer), Michael Weiss, competitive swimmer * Dawn Wells, Miss Nevada 1959, actress on TV series ''Gilligan's Island'' * Joe Wieland, professional baseball player * Taylor Wilson, nuclear scientist; previously held record for being youngest person to achieve nuclear fusion * David Wise (freestyle skier), David Wise, five-time World Cup medalist and Olympic gold medalist in half pipe skiing * Dolora Zajick, dramatic mezzo-soprano

In popular culture

The young adult author Ellen Hopkins has written a series of novels called ''Crank (novel), Crank'' set in Reno. Many of the short stories included in Claire Vaye Watkins' collection ''Battleborn (short story collection), Battleborn'' are set in the city. Songwriter Richard Fariña composed a song named "Reno Nevada"; it was first released on Richard & Mimi Fariña's debut album ''Celebrations For A Grey Day'' in 1965. The song was covered by Fairport Convention in 1968 and by Iain Matthews in 1971. Thomas Dolby composed a song named "Road to Reno" as part of his ''A Map of the Floating City'' album, released in 2011. Doug Supernaw performed the song Reno_(Doug_Supernaw_song), Reno which went to number 4 on the Billboard Country chart in 1993. The lyrics to the R.E.M. song All the Way to Reno (You're Gonna Be a Star) describe someone who believes they can get famous if they go to Reno. The comedy TV series ''Reno 911!'' takes place in Reno. The videogame ''Fallout 2'' features the fictional city of New Reno, based upon the real-world location. Movies filmed in Reno include: * ''The Cooler'' * ''Magnolia (film), Magnolia'' * ''Hard Eight (film), Hard Eight'' * ''Charley Varrick'' * ''Into the Wild (film), Into the Wild'' * ''Desert Hearts'' * ''The Wizard (1989 film), The Wizard'' * ''Jinxed!'' * ''The Misfits (1961 film), The Misfits'' * ''Kingpin (1996 film), Kingpin'' * ''...All the Marbles'' * ''Pink Cadillac (film), Pink Cadillac'' * ''Diamonds (1999 film), Diamonds'' * ''Sister Act'' * ''Fathers' Day (1997 film), Father's Day'' * ''Waking Up in Reno'' * ''Austin Powers in Goldmember'' * ''Jane Austen's Mafia!'' * ''40 Pounds of Trouble'' * ''California Split'' * ''Up Close & Personal''DuVal.(2002) p.177 * ''The Pledge (film), The Pledge'' * ''Kill Me Again'' * ''The Last Don'' * ''Ocean's Eleven (1960 film), Ocean's Eleven'' * ''Andy Hardy's Blonde Trouble'' * ''Blind Fury'' * ''Melvin and Howard'' * ''Mr. Belvedere Goes to College'' * ''Scarecrow (1973 film), Scarecrow'' * ''Wild Is the Wind'' * ''Born to Kill (1947 film), Born to Kill'' * ''The Muppets (film), The Muppets'' * ''Promised Land (1987 film), Promised Land'' * ''The Motel Life (film), The Motel Life'' * ''5 Against the House'' Music videos filmed in Reno include: * "Drive Slow" – Kanye West * "Little Motel" – Modest Mouse * "Take Me Home Tonight (song), Take Me Home Tonight" – Eddie Money * "Send The Pain Below" - Chevelle (band), Chevelle

Twin towns – sister cities

Reno's sister cities are: * Hatzor HaGlilit, Israel * San Sebastián, Spain * Taichung, Taiwan * Udon Thani, Thailand * Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, Wirral, England, United Kingdom

See also



External links

City of Reno official website

Reno Historical app (Nevada Humanities)
* {{Authority control Reno, Nevada, 1868 establishments in Nevada Articles containing video clips Cities in Nevada Cities in Washoe County, Nevada County seats in Nevada Gambling in Nevada Populated places established in 1868 Populated riverside places in the United States Reno, NV Metropolitan Statistical Area, .