1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting : residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
RENNES (French: ( listen ); French: Rennes, Gallo : Resnn, Breton :
Roazhon, Latin : Condate, Civitas Redonum) is a city in the east of
Rennes's history goes back more than 2,000 years, at a time when it
was a small Gallic village named Condate. Together with
Since the 1950s,
In 2015, the city is the tenth largest in
* 1 History
* 2 Administration
* 2.1 Mayors * 2.2 National representation
* 3 Geography
* 3.1 Climate
* 4 Population
* 5 Sights
* 5.1 Historic centre
* 5.1.1 The
Parlement de Bretagne
* 5.2 South of the Vilaine * 5.3 Other sights * 5.4 Parks and gardens
* 6 Economy
* 7 Culture
* 7.1 Concerts hall * 7.2 Museums and exhibitions places * 7.3 Media
* 7.4 Local culture
* 7.4.1 local languages * 7.4.2 Local food
* 8 Education
* 9 Sport
* 9.1 Football club * 9.2 Handball * 9.3 Road bicycle * 9.4 Rugby
* 10 Transport
* 10.1 Public transport * 10.2 Cycling * 10.3 Roads * 10.4 Railway * 10.5 Airport
* 11 Notable people
* 12 International relations
* 12.1 Twin towns – sister cities
* 13 Broadcasting facilities * 14 Cityscape * 15 See also * 16 References * 17 External links
Canton of Rennes-1 (38,672 inhabitants)
Canton of Rennes-2 (40,124 inhabitants)
Canton of Rennes-3 , which includes parts of
* Le Centre * Thabor/Saint Hélier * Bourg l'Évêque-Moulin du Comte * Saint-Martin * Maurepas-Patton-Bellangerais * Jeanne d'Arc-Longs-Champs-Beaulieu * Francisco Ferrer-Landry-Poterie * Sud Gare * Cleunay-Arsenal-Redon * Villejean-Beauregard * Le Blosne * Bréquigny
* Edmond Hervé (b. 1942), Socialist mayor from 1977 to 2008; * Henri Fréville (1905–1987), mayor MRP from 1953 to 1977; * Eugène Quessot (1882–1949), interim mayor from 15 July 1947 until 26 October 1947; * Yves Milon (1897–1987), mayor RPF from 1944 to 1953.
Among previous well-known mayors are:
* Jean Janvier (1859–1923), from 1908 to 1923; * Edgar Le Bastard (1836–1891), from 1880 to 1891; * Toussaint-François Rallier du Baty (1665–1734) from 1695 to 1734.
The mairie (city hall) is right in the centre of Rennes.
CLIMATE DATA FOR RENNES, BRITTANY
MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR
RECORD HIGH °C (°F) 16.8 (62.2) 19.8 (67.6) 23.4 (74.1) 28.7 (83.7) 30.8 (87.4) 36.3 (97.3) 38.3 (100.9) 39.5 (103.1) 34.8 (94.6) 30.0 (86) 21.4 (70.5) 17.8 (64) 39.5 (103.1)
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 8.7 (47.7) 9.6 (49.3) 12.7 (54.9) 15.2 (59.4) 18.9 (66) 22.2 (72) 24.5 (76.1) 24.3 (75.7) 21.6 (70.9) 17.0 (62.6) 12.1 (53.8) 9.1 (48.4) 16.4 (61.5)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) 3.0 (37.4) 2.6 (36.7) 4.5 (40.1) 5.9 (42.6) 9.3 (48.7) 11.9 (53.4) 13.8 (56.8) 13.7 (56.7) 11.4 (52.5) 9.1 (48.4) 5.5 (41.9) 3.3 (37.9) 7.9 (46.2)
RECORD LOW °C (°F) −14.7 (5.5) −11.2 (11.8) −7.3 (18.9) −3.2 (26.2) −1.2 (29.8) 2.2 (36) 5.5 (41.9) 4.0 (39.2) 1.9 (35.4) −4.6 (23.7) −7.5 (18.5) −12.6 (9.3) −14.7 (5.5)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 67.6 (2.661) 49.1 (1.933) 51.6 (2.031) 50.9 (2.004) 67.2 (2.646) 46.7 (1.839) 49.1 (1.933) 37.8 (1.488) 59.0 (2.323) 74.8 (2.945) 67.5 (2.657) 72.7 (2.862) 694.0 (27.323)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS 11.5 9.4 9.8 9.9 9.8 7.3 7.3 6.4 7.7 11.1 11.7 12.4 114.4
AVERAGE SNOWY DAYS 2.1 2.6 1.5 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 1.7 9.2
AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%) 87 83 79 76 77 75 75 76 80 85 87 87 80.6
MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 69.1 87.2 128.4 162.7 191.2 217.3 210.7 205.5 177.8 117.5 81.3 68.6 1,717.1
Source #1: Météo
Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity, snowy days 1961–1990)
In 2013, the inner population of the city was of 211,373 inhabitants,
The inhabitants of
YEAR POP. ±%
1770 23,143 —
1790 25,160 +8.7%
1793 30,160 +19.9%
1800 25,904 −14.1%
1806 29,225 +12.8%
1821 29,589 +1.2%
1831 27,340 −7.6%
1836 35,552 +30.0%
1841 37,895 +6.6%
1846 39,218 +3.5%
YEAR POP. ±%
1851 39,505 +0.7%
1856 45,664 +15.6%
1861 45,483 −0.4%
1866 48,283 +6.2%
1872 52,044 +7.8%
1876 57,177 +9.9%
1881 60,974 +6.6%
1886 66,139 +8.5%
1891 69,232 +4.7%
1896 69,937 +1.0%
YEAR POP. ±%
1901 74,676 +6.8%
1906 75,640 +1.3%
1911 79,372 +4.9%
1921 82,241 +3.6%
1926 83,418 +1.4%
1931 88,659 +6.3%
1936 98,538 +11.1%
1946 113,781 +15.5%
1954 124,122 +9.1%
1962 151,948 +22.4%
YEAR POP. ±%
1968 180,943 +19.1%
1975 198,305 +9.6%
1982 194,656 −1.8%
1990 197,536 +1.5%
1999 206,229 +4.4%
2009 206,604 +0.2%
2012 209,860 +1.6%
2014 213,454 +1.7%
The historic centre is located on the former plan of the ramparts. There is a difference between the northern city centre and the southern city centre due to the 1720 fire, which destroyed most of the timber framed houses in the northern part of the city. The rebuilding was done in stone, on a grid plan. The southern part, the poorest at this time, was not rebuilt.
Due to the presence of the parlement de Bretagne, many "hôtels particuliers " were built in the northern part, the richest in the 18th century. Most of the monuments historiques can be found there.
Colourful traditional half-timbered houses are situated primarily along the roads of Saint-Sauveur, Saint-Georges, de Saint-Malo, Saint-Guillaume, des Dames, du Chapitre, Vasselot, Saint-Michel, de la Psallette and around the plazas of Champ-Jacquet, des Lices, Saint-Anne and Rallier-du-Baty.
The Parlement De Bretagne And City Hall Area
Parlement de Bretagne
On the west, the Place de la Mairie (City Hall Plaza, Plasenn Ti Kêr) :
* City Hall * Opera
On the east, at the end of the Rue Saint-Georges with traditional half-timbered houses :
* 1920s Saint George Municipal Pool, with mosaics * Saint George Palace , and its garden
On the south-east :
* Saint-Germain square
* Saint-Germain Church * Saint-Germain footbridge, 20th century wood and metal construction to link the plaza with Émile Zola Quay, across the Vilaine River.
Saint Germain's church *
Saint Georges Palace *
Rennes's city hall
The Place Des Lices And Cathedral Area
The Place des Lices is lined by hôtels particuliers with the place Railler-du-Baty, is the location of the weekly big market, the marché des Lices .
Near the Rennes Cathedral (cathédrale Saint-Pierre de Rennes) is the Rue du Chapitre :
* Hôtel de Blossac * There are 16th century polychrome wooden busts on the façade of 20, Rue du Chapitre.
On this era are the former St. Yves chapel, now the tourism office
and a museum about the historical development of
Place des Lices with the roof top of Les Halles Martenot seen in on the left, and the hôtels particuliers on the right. *
Rue du Chapitre *
Gate of the Hôtel de Blossac *
Remains Of The Ramparts
Built from the 3rd to the 12th centuries, the ramparts were largely destroyed between the beginning of the 16th century and the 1860s.
Portes mordelaises. The street crossing this gate comes from the Place des Lices and ends at the cathedral *
Tour Duchesne *
Place Railler-du-Baty *
Map of the remaining ramparts in
Place Saint-Anne Area
Place Saint-Anne (Plasenn Santez-Anna)
* Saint-Aubin Church, built in the beginning of the 20th century * Location of a former 14th century hospital * Jacobite convent , the futur convention centre (2018)
South-western, La Rue Saint-Michel nicknamed Rue de La Soif (Road of Thirst) because there are bars all along this street.
South-eastern, the Champ-Jacquet square, with Renaissance buildings and a statue of mayor Jean Leperdit ripping up a conscription list.
Place Saint-Anne *
Jacobite convent, vieved from the Place Saint-Anne *
Saint-Michel street *
Medieval houses at Champ-Jacquet
East : Thabor Park Area
Area of Saint-Melaine square Notre-Dame-en-Saint-Melaine basilica,
* Tower and transept from the 11th century Benedictine abbey of Saint-Melaine * 14th century Gothic arcades * 17th century colonnade * Bell tower topped with a gilded Virgin Mary (19th century) * 17th century cloister
Jardin botanique du Thabor (formal French garden, orangerie, rose garden, aviary) a botanical garden on 10 hectares of land, built between 1860 and 1867.
17th century promenade "la Motte à Madame", and a monumental
stairway overlooking the Rue de
Notre-Dame-en-Saint-Melaine basilica, viewed from the parc du Thabor *
Main gate of the parc du Thabor *
South City Centre
The south city centre is a mix of old buildings and 19th and 20th centuries constructions.
Maison des Carmes *
Lycée Zola *
Toussaints church *
Palais du commerce
SOUTH OF THE VILAINE
The Fine Arts Museum is situated on Quai Émile Zola, by the Vilaine River.
Les Champs Libres is a building on Esplanade Charles de Gaulle, and
was designed by the architect Christian de Portzamparc. It houses the
At Place Honoré Commeurec is Les Halles Centrales, a covered market from 1922, with one part converted into contemporary art gallery.
The Mercure Hotel is located in a restored building on Rue du
Pré-Botté, which was the prior location of Ouest-Éclair, and then
There are large mills at Rue Duhamel, constructed on each side of the south branch of the Vilaine in 1895 and 1902.
To the northwest of Rennes, near Rue de
There are two halls of the printer, Oberthür, built by Marthenot
between 1870 and 1895 on Rue de
The 17th century manor of Haute-Chalais, a granite château, is situated to the south of the city in Blosne Quarter (Bréquigny).
PARKS AND GARDENS
Gayeulles parc *
Square of Motte. *
Mail Mitterrand *
Thabor parc *
Oberthur parc *
Parc du Thabor contains a compact but significant botanical garden ,
Jardin botanique du Thabor . The
University of Rennes 1
Local economy include car manufacturing, telecommunications, digital sector and agrofood.
The ITC firm Orange (ex-
In a few years,
* The MusikHall, for large shows (near the airport). (7,000 seats)
* Le Liberté, dedicated to major cultural events and touring shows.
* La Cité, dedicated to contemporary musics & locals artists.
* L'Etage (Le Liberté), dedicated to contemporary musics "> Flag
In Brittany, two regional languages are spoken: Breton and Gallo . In and around Rennes, Gallo was traditionally spoken as a local language, but Breton has always been spoken by regional migrants coming from the western part of the region.
The municipality launched a linguistic plan through Ya d\'ar brezhoneg on 24 January 2008.
In 2008, 2.87% of primary school children were enrolled in bilingual primary schools, and the number of pupils enrolled in these schools is steadily growing.
Many other Breton specialties (seafood, milk, vegetables, cheese, meat) are seen at the Marché des Lices, a weekly market held every Saturday morning (one of the most important markets in France).
The city has two main universities; Université de
There are a few École Supérieures in Rennes, like the École
Normale Supérieure de
There is also branches of École Supérieure d\'Électricité –
Supélec and Telecom Bretagne in the east of the city
The computer science and applied mathematics research institute, IRISA , is located on the campus of the Université des Sciences, nearby Cesson-Sévigné. The Délégation Générale pour l\'Armement (defence procurement agency) operates the CELAR research centre, dedicated to electronics and computing, in Bruz, a neighbouring town.
Catholic University of Rennes (Institut Catholique de Rennes) is a Catholic university founded in 1989.
The city is also home to an American study abroad program for high school students, School Year Abroad , in which students are immersed in French culture through five classes in the language and a nine-month home stay.
The École Compleméntaire Japonaise de Rennes (レンヌ補習授業校 Rennu Hoshū Jugyō Kō), a part-time Japanese supplementary school , is held in the Collège Anne de Bretagne in Rennes.
Flares of the Roazhon Celtic Kop at the Roazhon Park.
An elevated section of Metro VéloStar Rennes Airport
Local transport is based primarily on an extensive bus network (65 lines) and a metro line that was inaugurated in March 2002 and cost €500 million to build. The driverless Rennes Metro (VAL ) is 9.4 km (5.8 mi) in length and has 15 stations, including one designed by architect Norman Foster (La Poterie station). A second metro line is being planned, it should be operational by 2019, and the construction began in 2014.
The city is an important hub of Brittany's motorway network and is
surrounded by a ring road : the Rocade (national road 136). The
construction of the bypass was started in 1968 and completed in 1999.
It is 31 km (18.5 mi) long, it has 2 lanes each way (sometimes 3
lanes) and toll free. Many other expressways are connected to the
It notably operates regular or seasonal flights to Paris-Charles de
(by alphabetical order)
Soazig Aaron (born 1949), writer
* Bertrand d\'Argentré (1519–1590), jurist and historian,
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in
TWIN TOWNS – SISTER CITIES
Twinned towns inscribed on the bridge over the central canal.
(These twinned towns are inscribed on the bridge over the central canal of Rennes)
* Cork , Ireland (since 1982)
PACTS OF COOPERATION
* Vouziers , France
Horizons tower (100 metres/328 ft) *
New style city centre *
Notre-Dame en Saint-Mélaine church
Place Rallier du Baty *
Place de Bretagne *
Windows of the Hôtel Racape de La Feuillée at Place des Lices *
Marché des Lices, a market on weekly basis for local producers at Place des Lices
* ^ INSEE.fr
* ^ Décret n° 2014-177 du 18 février 2014 portant délimitation
des cantons dans le département d\'Ille-et-Vilaine
* ^ INSEE 2014 legal populations of the
* ^ "French pedophilia trial casts unsettling light on women sex
Wikimedia Commons has media related to RENNES .
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for RENNES .
Look up RENNES in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
* Official site * City council website * Parlement of Brittany
* v * t * e