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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Rennes
Rennes
(French pronunciation: [ʁɛn]; Breton: Roazhon, Breton pronunciation: [ˈrwaːzən]; Gallo: Resnn; Latin: Condate Redonum) is a city in the east of Brittany
Brittany
in northwestern France
France
at the confluence of the Ille
Ille
and the Vilaine. Rennes
Rennes
is the capital of the region of Brittany, as well as the Ille-et-Vilaine
Ille-et-Vilaine
department. Rennes's history goes back more than 2,000 years, at a time when it was a small Gallic village named Condate. Together with Vannes
Vannes
and Nantes, it was one of the major cities of the ancient Duchy of Brittany. From the early sixteenth century until the French Revolution, Rennes
Rennes
was a parliamentary, administrative and garrison city of the historic province of Brittany
Brittany
of the Kingdom of France. Since the 1950s, Rennes
Rennes
has grown in importance through rural flight and its modern industrial development, partly automotive. The city developed extensive building plans to accommodate upwards of 200,000 inhabitants. During the 1980s, Rennes
Rennes
became one of the main centres in telecommunication and high technology industry. It is now a significant digital innovation centre in France. In 2015, the city was the tenth largest in France, with a metropolitan area of about 720,000 inhabitants.[1] With more than 66,000 students in 2016, it is also the eighth-largest university campus of France.[2] The inhabitants of Rennes
Rennes
are called Rennais(e)(es) in French. In 2018, L'Express
L'Express
named Rennes
Rennes
as "the most liveable city in France".[3]

Contents

1 History 2 Administration

2.1 Mayors 2.2 National representation

3 Geography

3.1 Climate

4 Population 5 Sights

5.1 Historic centre

5.1.1 The Parlement de Bretagne
Parlement de Bretagne
and city hall area 5.1.2 The Place des Lices and cathedral area 5.1.3 Remains of the ramparts 5.1.4 Place Saint-Anne area 5.1.5 East: Thabor park area 5.1.6 South city centre

5.2 South of the Vilaine 5.3 Other sights 5.4 Parks and gardens

6 Economy 7 Culture

7.1 Concerts hall 7.2 Museums and exhibitions places 7.3 Media 7.4 Local culture

7.4.1 Local languages 7.4.2 Local food

8 Education 9 Sport

9.1 Football club 9.2 Handball 9.3 Road bicycle 9.4 Rugby

10 Transport

10.1 Public transport 10.2 Cycling 10.3 Roads 10.4 Railway 10.5 Airport

11 Notable people 12 International relations

12.1 Twin towns – sister cities

13 Broadcasting facilities 14 Cityscape 15 See also 16 References 17 External links

History[edit] Main articles: History of Rennes
History of Rennes
and Timeline of Rennes Administration[edit] Since 2015, Rennes
Rennes
is divided into 6 cantons (populations as of 2014):[4][5]

Canton of Rennes-1 (38,672 inhabitants) Canton of Rennes-2 (40,124 inhabitants) Canton of Rennes-3, which includes parts of Rennes
Rennes
but also the commune of Chantepie
Chantepie
(43,829 inhabitants) Canton of Rennes-4 (37,036 inhabitants) Canton of Rennes-5, which includes parts of Rennes
Rennes
but also the commune of Saint-Jacques-de-la-Lande
Saint-Jacques-de-la-Lande
(43,072 inhabitants) Canton of Rennes-6, which includes parts of Rennes
Rennes
but also the commune of Pacé (44,888 inhabitants)

Rennes
Rennes
quarters

Rennes
Rennes
is divided into 12 quarters:

Le Centre Thabor/Saint Hélier Bourg l'Évêque-Moulin du Comte Saint-Martin Maurepas-Patton-Bellangerais Jeanne d'Arc-Longs-Champs-Beaulieu Francisco Ferrer-Landry-Poterie Sud Gare Cleunay-Arsenal-Redon Villejean-Beauregard Le Blosne Bréquigny

Mayors[edit]

Nathalie Appéré, current mayor of Rennes

The current mayor of Rennes
Rennes
is Nathalie Appéré. A member of the Socialist Party, she replaced retiring Socialist incumbent Daniel Delaveau, in office from 2008 to 2014.

Edmond Hervé
Edmond Hervé
(b. 1942), Socialist mayor from 1977 to 2008; Henri Fréville (1905–1987), mayor MRP from 1953 to 1977; Eugène Quessot (1882–1949), interim mayor from 15 July 1947 until 26 October 1947; Yves Milon (1897–1987), mayor RPF from 1944 to 1953.

Among previous well-known mayors are:

Jean Janvier (1859–1923), from 1908 to 1923; Edgar Le Bastard (1836–1891), from 1880 to 1891; Toussaint-François Rallier du Baty (1665–1734) from 1695 to 1734.

The mairie (city hall) is right in the centre of Rennes. National representation[edit] The French Prison Service
French Prison Service
operates the Centre pénitentiaire de Rennes, the largest women's prison in France.[6] Geography[edit]

Green Belt
Green Belt
between Rennes
Rennes
and L'Hermitage

The ancient centre of the town is built on a hill, with the north side being more elevated than the south side. It is at the confluence of two rivers: the Ille
Ille
and the Vilaine. Rennes
Rennes
is located on the European atlantic arc, 50 km from the English Channel
English Channel
(near Saint-Malo, Dinard
Dinard
and Mont Saint-Michel). Rennes
Rennes
has the distinction of having a significant Green Belt
Green Belt
around its ring road. This Green Belt
Green Belt
is a protected area between the city proper (rather dense) and the rest of its urban area (rather rural). Climate[edit] Rennes
Rennes
features an oceanic climate. Precipitation
Precipitation
in Rennes
Rennes
is considerably less abundant than in the western parts of Brittany, reaching only half of the levels of, e.g., the city of Quimper, which makes rainfall in Rennes
Rennes
comparable to the levels of larger parts of western Germany. Sunshine hours range between 1,700 and 1,850 annually, which is about the amount of sunshine received by the city of Lausanne.

Climate data for Rennes, Brittany

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 16.8 (62.2) 19.8 (67.6) 23.4 (74.1) 28.7 (83.7) 30.8 (87.4) 36.3 (97.3) 38.3 (100.9) 39.5 (103.1) 34.8 (94.6) 30.0 (86) 21.4 (70.5) 17.8 (64) 39.5 (103.1)

Average high °C (°F) 8.7 (47.7) 9.6 (49.3) 12.7 (54.9) 15.2 (59.4) 18.9 (66) 22.2 (72) 24.5 (76.1) 24.3 (75.7) 21.6 (70.9) 17.0 (62.6) 12.1 (53.8) 9.1 (48.4) 16.4 (61.5)

Average low °C (°F) 3.0 (37.4) 2.6 (36.7) 4.5 (40.1) 5.9 (42.6) 9.3 (48.7) 11.9 (53.4) 13.8 (56.8) 13.7 (56.7) 11.4 (52.5) 9.1 (48.4) 5.5 (41.9) 3.3 (37.9) 7.9 (46.2)

Record low °C (°F) −14.7 (5.5) −11.2 (11.8) −7.3 (18.9) −3.2 (26.2) −1.2 (29.8) 2.2 (36) 5.5 (41.9) 4.0 (39.2) 1.9 (35.4) −4.6 (23.7) −7.5 (18.5) −12.6 (9.3) −14.7 (5.5)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 67.6 (2.661) 49.1 (1.933) 51.6 (2.031) 50.9 (2.004) 67.2 (2.646) 46.7 (1.839) 49.1 (1.933) 37.8 (1.488) 59.0 (2.323) 74.8 (2.945) 67.5 (2.657) 72.7 (2.862) 694.0 (27.323)

Average precipitation days 11.5 9.4 9.8 9.9 9.8 7.3 7.3 6.4 7.7 11.1 11.7 12.4 114.4

Average snowy days 2.1 2.6 1.5 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 1.7 9.2

Average relative humidity (%) 87 83 79 76 77 75 75 76 80 85 87 87 80.6

Mean monthly sunshine hours 69.1 87.2 128.4 162.7 191.2 217.3 210.7 205.5 177.8 117.5 81.3 68.6 1,717.1

Source #1: Météo France[7][8]

Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity, snowy days 1961–1990)[9]

Population[edit] In 2018, the inner population of the city was of 221,272 inhabitants, the Rennes
Rennes
intercommunal structure connecting Rennes
Rennes
with 42 nearby suburbs (named Rennes
Rennes
Métropole) counted 450,593 inhabitants and the metropolitan area counted over 72000 inhabitants. Rennes
Rennes
has the second fastest-growing metropolitan area in France after Toulouse
Toulouse
and before Montpellier, Bordeaux
Bordeaux
and Nantes. The inhabitants of Rennes
Rennes
are called Rennais in French.

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1770 23,143 —    

1790 25,160 +8.7%

1793 30,160 +19.9%

1800 25,904 −14.1%

1806 29,225 +12.8%

1821 29,589 +1.2%

1831 27,340 −7.6%

1836 35,552 +30.0%

1841 37,895 +6.6%

1846 39,218 +3.5%

Year Pop. ±%

1851 39,505 +0.7%

1856 45,664 +15.6%

1861 45,483 −0.4%

1866 48,283 +6.2%

1872 52,044 +7.8%

1876 57,177 +9.9%

1881 60,974 +6.6%

1886 66,139 +8.5%

1891 69,232 +4.7%

1896 69,937 +1.0%

Year Pop. ±%

1901 74,676 +6.8%

1906 75,640 +1.3%

1911 79,372 +4.9%

1921 82,241 +3.6%

1926 83,418 +1.4%

1931 88,659 +6.3%

1936 98,538 +11.1%

1946 113,781 +15.5%

1954 124,122 +9.1%

1962 151,948 +22.4%

Year Pop. ±%

1968 180,943 +19.1%

1975 198,305 +9.6%

1982 194,656 −1.8%

1990 197,536 +1.5%

1999 206,229 +4.4%

2009 206,604 +0.2%

2012 209,860 +1.6%

2014 213,454 +1.7%

Sights[edit] Rennes
Rennes
is classified as a city of art and history. Historic centre[edit] The historic centre is located on the former plan of the ramparts. There is a difference between the northern city centre and the southern city centre due to the 1720 fire, which destroyed most of the timber framed houses in the northern part of the city. The rebuilding was done in stone, on a grid plan. The southern part, the poorest at this time, was not rebuilt. Due to the presence of the parlement de Bretagne, many "hôtels particuliers" were built in the northern part, the richest in the 18th century. Most of the monuments historiques can be found there. Colourful traditional half-timbered houses are situated primarily along the roads of Saint-Sauveur, Saint-Georges, de Saint-Malo, Saint-Guillaume, des Dames, du Chapitre, Vasselot, Saint-Michel, de la Psallette and around the plazas of Champ-Jacquet, des Lices, Saint-Anne and Rallier-du-Baty. The Parlement de Bretagne
Parlement de Bretagne
and city hall area[edit] The Parlement de Bretagne
Parlement de Bretagne
(Administrative and judicial centre of Brittany, Breton: Breujoù Breizh) is the most famous 17th century building in Rennes. It was rebuilt after a terrible fire in 1994 that may have been caused by a flare fired by a protester during a demonstration. It houses the Rennes
Rennes
Court of Appeal. The plaza around is built on the classical architecture. On the west, the Place de la Mairie (City Hall Plaza, Plasenn Ti Kêr):

City Hall Opera

On the east, at the end of the Rue Saint-Georges with traditional half-timbered houses:

1920s Saint George Municipal Pool, with mosaics Saint George Palace, and its garden

On the south-east:

Saint-Germain square

Saint-Germain Church Saint-Germain footbridge, 20th century wood and metal construction to link the plaza with Émile Zola Quay, across the Vilaine
Vilaine
River.

Saint Germain's church

Opera of Rennes

Saint Georges Palace

Rennes's city hall

The Place des Lices and cathedral area[edit] The Place des Lices is lined by hôtels particuliers with the place Railler-du-Baty, is the location of the weekly big market, the marché des Lices. Near the Rennes Cathedral
Rennes Cathedral
(cathédrale Saint-Pierre de Rennes) is the Rue du Chapitre:

Hôtel de Blossac There are 16th century polychrome wooden busts on the façade of 20, Rue du Chapitre.

On this era are the former St. Yves chapel, now the tourism office and a museum about the historical development of Rennes
Rennes
and the Basilica Saint-Sauveur

Place des Lices with the roof top of Les Halles Martenot seen in on the left, and the hôtels particuliers on the right.

Rue du Chapitre

Gate of the Hôtel de Blossac

Basilique Saint-Sauveur

Remains of the ramparts[edit] Built from the 3rd to the 12th centuries, the ramparts were largely destroyed between the beginning of the 16th century and the 1860s.

Portes mordelaises. The street crossing this gate comes from the Place des Lices and ends at the cathedral

Tour Duchesne

Place Railler-du-Baty

Map of the remaining ramparts in Rennes

Place Saint-Anne area[edit] Place Saint-Anne (Plasenn Santez-Anna)

Saint-Aubin Church, built in the beginning of the 20th century Location of a former 14th century hospital Jacobite convent, the futur convention centre (2018)

South-western, La Rue Saint-Michel nicknamed Rue de La Soif (Road of Thirst) because there are bars all along this street. South-eastern, the Champ-Jacquet square, with Renaissance buildings and a statue of mayor Jean Leperdit ripping up a conscription list.

Place Saint-Anne

Jacobite convent, vieved from the Place Saint-Anne

Saint-Michel street

Medieval houses at Champ-Jacquet

East: Thabor park area[edit] Area of Saint-Melaine square

Notre-Dame-en-Saint-Melaine basilica,

Tower and transept from the 11th century Benedictine abbey of Saint-Melaine 14th century Gothic arcades 17th century colonnade Bell tower topped with a gilded Virgin Mary (19th century) 17th century cloister

Jardin botanique du Thabor
Jardin botanique du Thabor
(formal French garden, orangerie, rose garden, aviary) a botanical garden on 10 hectares of land, built between 1860 and 1867. 17th century promenade "la Motte à Madame", and a monumental stairway overlooking the Rue de Paris
Paris
entrance to the Thabor.

Notre-Dame-en-Saint-Melaine basilica, viewed from the parc du Thabor

Main gate of the parc du Thabor

Rue de Paris
Paris
Thabor entrance

South city centre[edit] The south city centre is a mix of old buildings and 19th and 20th centuries constructions.

Maison des Carmes

Lycée Zola

Toussaints church

Palais du commerce

South of the Vilaine[edit] The Fine Arts Museum is situated on Quai Émile Zola, by the Vilaine River. Les Champs Libres
Les Champs Libres
is a building on Esplanade Charles de Gaulle, and was designed by the architect Christian de Portzamparc. It houses the Brittany
Brittany
Museum (Musée de Bretagne), the regional library Bibliothèque de Rennes Métropole
Rennes Métropole
with six floors, and the Espace des Sciences science centre with a planetarium. At Place Honoré Commeurec is Les Halles Centrales, a covered market from 1922, with one part converted into contemporary art gallery. The Mercure Hotel is located in a restored building on Rue du Pré-Botté, which was the prior location of Ouest-Éclair, and then of Ouest-France, a premier daily regional newspaper. There are large mills at Rue Duhamel, constructed on each side of the south branch of the Vilaine
Vilaine
in 1895 and 1902. Other sights[edit] To the northwest of Rennes, near Rue de Saint-Malo
Saint-Malo
are the locks of the Canal d'Ille-et-Rance
Canal d'Ille-et-Rance
of 1843. There are two halls of the printer, Oberthür, built by Marthenot between 1870 and 1895 on Rue de Paris
Paris
in the eastern part of the city. Oberthür Park is the second biggest garden in the city. The 17th century manor of Haute-Chalais, a granite château, is situated to the south of the city in Blosne Quarter (Bréquigny). Parks and gardens[edit]

Gayeulles parc

Square of Motte.

Mail Mitterrand

Thabor parc

Oberthur parc

Saint-Georges garden.

Parc du Thabor contains a compact but significant botanical garden, the Jardin botanique du Thabor. The University of Rennes
Rennes
1, with a campus in the city's eastern section, also contains a botanical garden and collections (the Jardin botanique de l'Université de Rennes). Economy[edit]

Technopole
Technopole
Atalante

Local economy include car manufacturing, telecommunications, digital sector and agrofood. The ITC firm Orange (ex- France
France
Telecom) is the largest private employer with 4,800 people. PSA Peugeot Citroën, is the second largest private employer in the metropolitan area of Rennes, with 4,000 people. PSA opened a manufacturing plant at La Janais in Chartres-de-Bretagne
Chartres-de-Bretagne
in 1961. Technicolor, one of the biggest firms in TV and cinema broadcasting in the world employs over 500 people. In a few years, Rennes
Rennes
became one of the main centres in high technology industry and digital. The city hosts one of the first Technopoles established in France: Rennes
Rennes
Atalante which employs over 20,000 people. Rennes
Rennes
is the 2nd concentration of digital and ITC firms in France after Paris
Paris
(with well-known companies and startups like Atos, SFR, Neosoft, Orange S.A., France
France
Telecom, Ericsson, Harmonic France, STmicroelectronics, Technicolor R&D, Ubisoft, Regionsjob, Capgemini, OVH, Dassault Systèmes, Delta Dore, Canon, Artefacto, Enensys Technologies, Astellia, Mitsubishi Electric
Mitsubishi Electric
R&D Europe, Digitaleo, Alcatel-Lucent, Kelbillet, Texas Instruments, Sopra Group, Niji, Thales, Nemeus or Logica). Rennes
Rennes
was one of the first French cities to receive the French Tech
French Tech
label in November 2014. Moreover, Rennes
Rennes
hosts the 3rd public research potential in digital and ITC sectors in France, after Paris
Paris
and Grenoble, with 3,000 people working in 10 laboratories, like well-known IRISA, IETR, IRMAR, DGA-MI (cyberdefense), SATIE, etc. It is also the 3rd innovation potential in agrofood French industry with lots of firms in this field (Lactalis, Triballat Sojasun, Coralis, Panavi, Bridor, Claude Léger, Loïc Raison, Groupe Roullier, Sanders, etc.), an agro campus (Agrocampus Ouest) and a big international and professional expo, the Space (every year in September). Other large firms located in Rennes
Rennes
include the restaurant conglomerate Groupe Le Duff
Groupe Le Duff
(owners of Brioche Dorée, Bruegger's, La Madeleine, Mimi's Cafe, Timothy's World Coffee[10]), the first French newspaper Ouest France
France
(800,000 daily copies) and Samsic Service (cleanliness, industrial safety, job search, etc.). Culture[edit]

A festival by night at Thabor Park

Cultural plaza with cinema, Brittany
Brittany
museum, library, science space, planetarium, youth house, shopping centres or concert and exhibition halls

Brittany
Brittany
FRAC (Regional Fund for Contemporary Art)

Rennes
Rennes
is known to be one of the most festive cities of France. It invests heavily in arts and culture and a number of its festivals (such as the music festival Les Transmusicales, Les Tombées de la Nuit, Mythos, Stunfest (fighting game competition) and Travelling (a cinematic festival)) are well known throughout France. During the 80's, Rennes
Rennes
was often cited as the French town of rock and new wave music.[11] Concerts hall[edit] Rennes
Rennes
is well equipped in musical facilities:

The MusikHall, for large shows (near the airport). (7,000 seats) Le Liberté, dedicated to major cultural events and touring shows. (5,300 seats) La Cité, dedicated to contemporary musics & locals artists. (1,150 seats) L'Etage (Le Liberté), dedicated to contemporary musics & locals artists. (900 seats) Rennes's Opera House (650 seats) and National Theatre of Brittany, TNB in French (Vilar room, 950 seats) for Brittany
Brittany
orchestra. The Ubu, an associative concert hall. (500 seats) L'Antipode MJC, which also an art centre. (500 seats)

Museums and exhibitions places[edit] There are also five museums in Rennes:

Musée des Beaux Arts (Museum of Fine Arts of Rennes). This art museum hold many works by the sculptor Pierre Charles Lenoir Musée de Bretagne (Museum of Brittany) at the Champs Libres, together with the 'espace of sciences' and a planetarium. Museum of Farming and Rennes
Rennes
Countryside at la Bintinais, south of Rennes. Musée des Transmissions (Museum of Broadcasting) at Cesson-Sévigné, east of Rennes
Rennes
centre. FRAC Bretagne Fond Régional d'Art contemporain (Regional Fund for Contemporary Art).

In addition to this list, there is art facilities, such as 40mcube exhibition space or the centre for contemporary art La Criée. There is also miscellaneous cultural places: the dance dedicated place the Triange, two "Art et Essai" - art house cinemas - cinemas called l'Arvor and Cine TNB. Remark that the surrounding cities house many other cultural places. Media[edit] Rennes
Rennes
was one of the first towns in France
France
to have its own local television channel 'TV Rennes', created in 1987. Rennes
Rennes
has also local radio stations (Hit West, Radio Campus, Canal B, Radio Caroline, Radio Rennes, Radio Laser) and local newspapers or magazines (Ouest-France, Le Mensuel de Rennes, Place Publique, 20 Minutes Rennes). Local culture[edit] Local languages[edit]

Flag of Brittany

In Brittany, two regional languages are spoken: Breton and Gallo. In and around Rennes, Gallo was traditionally spoken as a local language, but Breton has always been spoken by regional migrants coming from the western part of the region. Nowadays, the Breton language
Breton language
is taught in one Diwan school, some bilingual public and Catholic schools, in evening courses, and in university.[12] The municipality launched a linguistic plan through Ya d'ar brezhoneg on 24 January 2008. In 2008, 2.87% of primary school children were enrolled in bilingual primary schools, and the number of pupils enrolled in these schools is steadily growing.[13] Local food[edit]

Cider
Cider
and galette with eggs, ham and cheese

Specialties from Rennes
Rennes
include:

Breton Galette Galette-saucisse Crêpe Cider

Many other Breton specialties (seafood, milk, vegetables, cheese, meat) are seen at the Marché des Lices, a weekly market held every Saturday morning (one of the most important markets in France). Education[edit]

Rennes
Rennes
1 University.

Campus of Villejean.

The Rennes
Rennes
agglomeration has a large student population (around 63,000). The city has two main universities; Université de Rennes
Rennes
1, which offers courses in science, technology, medicine, philosophy, law, management and economics and Université Rennes
Rennes
2, which has courses in the arts, literature, languages, communication, human and social sciences and sport. The official website of Université Rennes
Rennes
2 identifies that facility as "the largest research and higher learning institution in Arts, Literature, Languages, Social Sciences and Humanities in the West of France." There are a few École Supérieures in Rennes, like the École Normale Supérieure de Rennes
Rennes
on the Ker Lann campus, just outside Rennes, the Institut d'études politiques de Rennes
Institut d'études politiques de Rennes
or the ESC Rennes
Rennes
School of Business. There is also branches of École Supérieure d'Électricité
École Supérieure d'Électricité
Supélec
Supélec
and Telecom Bretagne in the east of the city (Cesson-Sévigné), a campus of the École pour l'informatique et les nouvelles technologies, a campus of the École pour l'informatique et les techniques avancées, and the grande école Institut National des Sciences Appliquées, which is next to the "École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes". The computer science and applied mathematics research institute, IRISA, is located on the campus of the Université des Sciences, nearby Cesson-Sévigné. The Délégation Générale pour l'Armement (defence procurement agency) operates the CELAR research centre, dedicated to electronics and computing, in Bruz, a neighbouring town. Catholic University of Rennes (Institut Catholique de Rennes) is a Catholic university founded in 1989. The city is also home to an American study abroad program for high school students, School Year Abroad, in which students are immersed in French culture through five classes in the language and a nine-month home stay.[14] The École Compleméntaire Japonaise de Rennes (レンヌ補習授業校 Rennu Hoshū Jugyō Kō), a part-time Japanese supplementary school, is held in the Collège Anne de Bretagne in Rennes.[15] Sport[edit]

Flares of the Roazhon Celtic Kop at the Roazhon Park.

Football club[edit]

Rennes
Rennes
is home to Stade Rennais F.C., who plays in Ligue 1
Ligue 1
at the Roazhon Park
Roazhon Park
stadium.

Handball[edit]

Cesson-Sévigné
Cesson-Sévigné
is home to Cesson-Rennes-Métropole handball, who plays in division 1.

Road bicycle[edit]

Rennes
Rennes
is home to Fortuneo-Vital Concept
Fortuneo-Vital Concept
(UCI Team Code: BSE), a professional cycling team.

Rugby[edit]

Rennes
Rennes
is home to Stade Rennais Rugby, a women's rugby team who plays in Championnat de France
France
de rugby à XV féminin, which is the top national competition for women's rugby union football clubs in France.

Transport[edit]

An elevated metro section

VéloStar

Rennes
Rennes
Airport

Rennes
Rennes
has well-developed national road, rail and air links. Public transport[edit] Local transport is based primarily on an extensive bus network (65 lines) and a metro line that was inaugurated in March 2002 and cost €500 million to build. The driverless Rennes Metro
Rennes Metro
(VAL) is 9.4 km (5.8 mi) in length and has 15 stations, including one designed by architect Norman Foster (La Poterie station). A second metro line is being planned, it should be operational by 2019, and the construction began in 2014.[16] Cycling[edit] Rennes
Rennes
provides other modes of local transport: a bike sharing system with 900 bicycles (named vélo STAR). Rennes
Rennes
created the first system of modern French bike sharing (1998). Roads[edit] The city is an important hub of Brittany's motorway network and is surrounded by a ring road: the Rocade (national road 136). The construction of the bypass was started in 1968 and completed in 1999. It is 31 km (18.5 mi) long, it has 2 lanes each way (sometimes 3 lanes) and toll free. Many other expressways are connected to the Rennes
Rennes
ring road for local and regional service. By road, Saint-Malo
Saint-Malo
can be reached in 45 minutes, Nantes
Nantes
in 1 hour, Brest in 2 hours and 30 minutes, Paris
Paris
in 4 hours, Bordeaux
Bordeaux
in 5 hours and Bruxelles
Bruxelles
in 6 hours and 30 minutes. Railway[edit] Rennes
Rennes
has a major French railway station, the Gare de Rennes, opened in 1857. Since July 2 2017 It is now one hour twenty seven minutes by TGV
TGV
high speed train from Paris
Paris
( after the extension of the High Speed Rail Line[17]). Train service is available to other big cities in France
France
such as Lyon, Marseille, Lille
Lille
and Strasbourg. Rennes
Rennes
is also an important railway station for regional transport in Brittany. The TER Bretagne
TER Bretagne
provide links to Saint-Malo, Nantes, Redon, Vitré, Saint-Brieuc, Vannes, Laval, Brest and many other regional cities. It is served by Gare station on the VAL Rennes
Rennes
Metro. Airport[edit] Rennes
Rennes
is served by Rennes
Rennes
Brittany
Brittany
Airport (Saint-Jacques), located 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) from the centre to the south-west in the commune Saint-Jacques-de-la-Lande. It notably operates regular or seasonal flights to Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Lyon, Marseille, Nice, Toulouse, Barcelona, Palma de Mallorca, Rome-Fiumicino, Southampton, Dublin, Manchester, Amsterdam Schiphol, Madrid Barajas, Birmingham, London-City, London-Gatwick and daily flights to London Southend Airport
London Southend Airport
with Flybe. Notable people[edit] (by alphabetical order)

Soazig Aaron (born 1949), writer Bertrand d'Argentré
Bertrand d'Argentré
(1519–1590), jurist and historian, seneschal of Rennes
Rennes
in 1547 than head of the présidial court Georges Ernest Boulanger
Georges Ernest Boulanger
(1837–1891), general and politician, born in Rennes Jean-Claude Bourlès (born 1937), writer traveler Maxime Daniel
Maxime Daniel
(born 1991), professional cyclist Madeleine Desroseaux (1873–1939), poet and novelist Félix Dujardin
Félix Dujardin
(1801–1860), Professor and Dean, University of Rennes, famous parasitologist Paul Jausions
Paul Jausions
(1835–1870), musicologist specialising in Gregorian chant Hélène Jégado
Hélène Jégado
(1803–1852), serial poisoner executed in 1852 Jacques Legrand (born 1946), mongologist Charles Vanel
Charles Vanel
(1892–1989), actor born in Rennes Malika Ménard
Malika Ménard
(born 1987), Miss France
France
2010 Louis Pérouas (1923–2011), priest and historian François-Henri Pinault
François-Henri Pinault
(born 1962), Chairman and CEO of PPR. René Pleven
René Pleven
(1901–1993), twice President of the Council of Ministers, born in Rennes Pierre Robiquet
Pierre Robiquet
(1780–1840), chemist member of Académie des Sciences, discover of among others codein, asparagin and alizarin

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in France Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Twinned towns inscribed on the bridge over the central canal.

Rennes
Rennes
is twinned with: (These twinned towns save one are inscribed on the bridge over the central canal of Rennes)

Exeter, England, UK (since 1956)[18][19] Rochester, New York, USA (since 1958) Erlangen, Germany
Germany
(since 1964) Brno, Czech Republic
Czech Republic
(since 1965)[20][21] Sendai, Japan
Japan
(since 1967) Leuven, Belgium
Belgium
(since 1980) Sétif, Algeria
Algeria
(since 1982)

Cork, Ireland (since 1982)[22] Almaty, Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
(since 1991) Bandiagara Cercle, Mali
Mali
(since 1995) Poznań, Poland
Poland
(since 1998)[23][24] Sibiu, Romania
Romania
(since 1999) Jinan, Shandong, China
China
(since 2002) Diyarbakır, Turkey
Turkey
(since 2016)

Within France

Saint-Gilles-du-Mené, France
France
(since 1978) Rennes-les-Bains, France
France
(since 1985)

Pacts of cooperation

Huế, Vietnam
Vietnam
(since 1992) Bandiagara Cercle, Mali
Mali
(since 1995)

Sponsorship

Vouziers, France

Rennes
Rennes
also has the only Institut Franco-Américain in France. Broadcasting facilities[edit]

Transmitter Rennes-Thourie

Cityscape[edit]

Opera of Rennes

Saint George Palace

Horizons tower (100 metres/328 ft)

New style city centre

Notre-Dame en Saint-Mélaine church

Ouest- France
France
building

Place Rallier du Baty

Place de Bretagne

Windows of the Hôtel Racape de La Feuillée at Place des Lices

Marché des Lices, a market on weekly basis for local producers at Place des Lices

See also[edit]

Brittany
Brittany
portal

Communes of the Ille-et-Vilaine
Ille-et-Vilaine
department List of works of the two Folgoët ateliers

References[edit]

INSEE

^ [1] INSEE.fr ^ [2] ^ [3] ^ Décret n° 2014-177 du 18 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département d'Ille-et-Vilaine ^ INSEE 2014 legal populations of the Ille-et-Vilaine
Ille-et-Vilaine
department ^ "French pedophilia trial casts unsettling light on women sex offenders." Agence France
France
Presse at The Island. 14 March 2005. Retrieved 19 March 2011. ^ "Données climatiques de la station de Rennes" (in French). Météo France. Retrieved 16 December 2014.  ^ "Climat France" (in French). Météo France. Retrieved 16 December 2014.  ^ "Normes et records 1961-1990: Rennes-St Jacques (35) - altitude 36m" (in French). Infoclimat. Retrieved 16 December 2014.  ^ [4] ^ http://www.dmagalerie.com/rennes-1981-08-avr-08-mai-2011 ^ (in French) L'état de la langue bretonne dans l'enseignement en Ille-et-Vilaine
Ille-et-Vilaine
(State of the Breton language
Breton language
in education in Ille-et-Vilaine) from Ofis ar Brezhoneg ^ (in French) Ofis ar Brezhoneg: Enseignement bilingue ^ http://ayearinrennes.weebly.com/ ^ "欧州の補習授業校一覧(平成25年4月15日現在)" (Archive). Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT). Retrieved on May 10, 2014. "College Anne de Bretagne 15, rue de Martenot, 35000 RENNES" ^ (in French) Rennes.maville.com Le projet de nouvelle ligne du métro sur les rails ^ " Rennes
Rennes
à 1h30 de Paris
Paris
en 2014 – France
France
– Toute l'actualité en France". France
France
Info. Retrieved 6 April 2011.  ^ "British towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-20.  ^ "Town twinning". Exeter
Exeter
City Council. Retrieved 16 September 2012.  ^ "City of Brno
Brno
Foreign Relations - Statutory city of Brno" (in Czech). 2003 City of Brno. Retrieved 6 September 2011.  External link in publisher= (help) ^ " Brno
Brno
– Partnerská města" (in Czech). 2006–2009 City of Brno. Retrieved 17 July 2009.  External link in publisher= (help) ^ Mulcahy, Noreen. "Cork - International Relations". Cork City Council. Archived from the original on 2013-05-18. Retrieved 2013-08-28.  ^ " Poznań
Poznań
- Miasta partnerskie". 1998–2013 Urząd Miasta Poznania (in Polish). City of Poznań. Archived from the original on 2013-09-23. Retrieved 2013-12-11.  ^ " Poznań
Poznań
Official Website – Twin Towns". (in Polish) 1998–2008 Urząd Miasta Poznania. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rennes.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Rennes.

Look up Rennes
Rennes
in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Official site City council website Parlement of Brittany

v t e

Prefectures of departments of France

Bourg-en-Bresse
Bourg-en-Bresse
(Ain) Laon
Laon
(Aisne) Moulins (Allier) Digne-les-Bains
Digne-les-Bains
(Alpes-de-Haute-Provence) Gap (Hautes-Alpes) Nice
Nice
(Alpes-Maritimes) Privas
Privas
(Ardèche) Charleville-Mézières
Charleville-Mézières
(Ardennes) Foix
Foix
(Ariège) Troyes
Troyes
(Aube) Carcassonne
Carcassonne
(Aude) Rodez
Rodez
(Aveyron) Marseille
Marseille
(Bouches-du-Rhône) Caen
Caen
(Calvados) Aurillac
Aurillac
(Cantal) Angoulême
Angoulême
(Charente) La Rochelle
La Rochelle
(Charente-Maritime) Bourges
Bourges
(Cher) Tulle
Tulle
(Corrèze) Ajaccio
Ajaccio
(Corse-du-Sud) Bastia
Bastia
(Haute-Corse) Dijon
Dijon
(Côte-d'Or) Saint-Brieuc
Saint-Brieuc
(Côtes-d'Armor) Guéret
Guéret
(Creuse) Périgueux
Périgueux
(Dordogne) Besançon
Besançon
(Doubs) Valence (Drôme) Évreux
Évreux
(Eure) Chartres
Chartres
(Eure-et-Loir) Quimper
Quimper
(Finistère) Nîmes
Nîmes
(Gard) Toulouse
Toulouse
(Haute-Garonne) Auch
Auch
(Gers) Bordeaux
Bordeaux
(Gironde) Montpellier
Montpellier
(Hérault) Rennes
Rennes
(Ille-et-Vilaine) Châteauroux
Châteauroux
(Indre) Tours
Tours
(Indre-et-Loire) Grenoble
Grenoble
(Isère) Lons-le-Saunier
Lons-le-Saunier
(Jura) Mont-de-Marsan
Mont-de-Marsan
(Landes) Blois
Blois
(Loir-et-Cher) Saint-Étienne
Saint-Étienne
(Loire) Le Puy-en-Velay
Le Puy-en-Velay
(Haute-Loire) Nantes
Nantes
(Loire-Atlantique) Orléans
Orléans
(Loiret) Cahors
Cahors
(Lot) Agen
Agen
(Lot-et-Garonne) Mende (Lozère) Angers
Angers
(Maine-et-Loire) Saint-Lô
Saint-Lô
(Manche) Châlons-en-Champagne
Châlons-en-Champagne
(Marne) Chaumont (Haute-Marne) Laval (Mayenne) Nancy (Meurthe-et-Moselle) Bar-le-Duc
Bar-le-Duc
(Meuse) Vannes
Vannes
(Morbihan) Metz
Metz
(Moselle) Nevers
Nevers
(Nièvre) Lille
Lille
(Nord) Beauvais
Beauvais
(Oise) Alençon
Alençon
(Orne) Arras
Arras
(Pas-de-Calais) Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
(Puy-de-Dôme) Pau (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) Tarbes
Tarbes
(Hautes-Pyrénées) Perpignan
Perpignan
(Pyrénées-Orientales) Strasbourg
Strasbourg
(Bas-Rhin) Colmar
Colmar
(Haut-Rhin) Lyon
Lyon
(Rhône) Vesoul
Vesoul
(Haute-Saône) Mâcon
Mâcon
(Saône-et-Loire) Le Mans
Le Mans
(Sarthe) Chambéry
Chambéry
(Savoie) Annecy
Annecy
(Haute-Savoie) Paris
Paris
(Paris) Rouen
Rouen
(Seine-Maritime) Melun
Melun
(Seine-et-Marne) Versailles (Yvelines) Niort
Niort
(Deux-Sèvres) Amiens
Amiens
(Somme) Albi
Albi
(Tarn) Montauban
Montauban
(Tarn-et-Garonne) Toulon
Toulon
(Var) Avignon
Avignon
(Vaucluse) La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
(Vendée) Poitiers
Poitiers
(Vienne) Limoges
Limoges
(Haute-Vienne) Épinal
Épinal
(Vosges) Auxerre
Auxerre
(Yonne) Belfort
Belfort
(Territoire de Belfort) Évry (Essonne) Nanterre
Nanterre
(Hauts-de-Seine) Bobigny
Bobigny
(Seine-Saint-Denis) Créteil
Créteil
(Val-de-Marne) Cergy, Pontoise
Pontoise
(Val-d'Oise)

Overseas departments

Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(Guadeloupe) Fort-de- France
France
(Martinique) Cayenne
Cayenne
(French Guiana) Saint-Denis (Réunion) Mamoudzou
Mamoudzou
(Mayotte)

v t e

Prefectures of the regions of France

Metropolitan France

Lyon
Lyon
(Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes) Dijon
Dijon
(Bourgogne-Franche-Comté) Rennes
Rennes
(Brittany) Orléans
Orléans
(Centre-Val de Loire) Ajaccio
Ajaccio
(Corsica) Strasbourg
Strasbourg
(Grand Est) Lille
Lille
(Hauts-de-France) Paris
Paris
(Île-de-France) Rouen
Rouen
(Normandy) Bordeaux
Bordeaux
(Nouvelle-Aquitaine) Toulouse
Toulouse
(Occitanie) Nantes
Nantes
(Pays de la Loire) Marseille
Marseille
(Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur)

Overseas regions

Cayenne
Cayenne
(French Guiana) Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(Guadeloupe) Fort-de- France
France
(Martinique) Mamoudzou
Mamoudzou
(Mayotte) Saint-Denis (Réunion)

v t e

Communes of the Ille-et-Vilaine
Ille-et-Vilaine
department

Acigné Amanlis Andouillé-Neuville Antrain Arbrissel Argentré-du-Plessis Aubigné Availles-sur-Seiche Baguer-Morvan Baguer-Pican Baillé Bain-de-Bretagne Bains-sur-Oust Bais Balazé Baulon La Baussaine La Bazouge-du-Désert Bazouges-la-Pérouse Beaucé Bécherel Bédée Betton Billé Bléruais Boisgervilly Boistrudan Bonnemain La Bosse-de-Bretagne La Bouëxière Bourgbarré Bourg-des-Comptes La Boussac Bovel Bréal-sous-Montfort Bréal-sous-Vitré Brécé Breteil Brie Brielles Broualan Bruc-sur-Aff Les Brulais Bruz Cancale Cardroc Cesson-Sévigné Champeaux Chancé Chanteloup Chantepie La Chapelle-aux-Filtzméens La Chapelle-Bouëxic La Chapelle-Chaussée La Chapelle-de-Brain La Chapelle-des-Fougeretz La Chapelle-du-Lou-du-Lac La Chapelle-Erbrée La Chapelle-Janson La Chapelle-Saint-Aubert La Chapelle-Thouarault Chartres-de-Bretagne Chasné-sur-Illet Châteaubourg Châteaugiron Châteauneuf-d'Ille-et-Vilaine Le Châtellier Châtillon-en-Vendelais Chauvigné Chavagne Chelun Cherrueix Chevaigné Cintré Clayes Coësmes Comblessac Combourg Combourtillé Cornillé Corps-Nuds La Couyère Crevin Le Crouais Cuguen Dinard Dingé Dol-de-Bretagne Domagné Domalain La Dominelais Domloup Dompierre-du-Chemin Dourdain Drouges Eancé Epiniac Erbrée Ercé-en-Lamée Ercé-près-Liffré Essé Étrelles Feins Le Ferré Fleurigné La Fontenelle Forges-la-Forêt Fougères La Fresnais Gaël Gahard Gennes-sur-Seiche Gévezé Gosné La Gouesnière Goven Grand-Fougeray La Guerche-de-Bretagne Guichen Guignen Guipel Guipry-Messac Hédé-Bazouges L'Hermitage Hirel Iffendic Les Iffs Irodouër Janzé Javené Laignelet Laillé Lalleu Landavran Landéan Landujan Langan Langon Langouet Lanhélin Lanrigan Lassy Lécousse Lieuron Liffré Lillemer Livré-sur-Changeon Lohéac Longaulnay Le Loroux Lourmais Loutehel Louvigné-de-Bais Louvigné-du-Désert Luitré Maen-Roch Marcillé-Raoul Marcillé-Robert Marpiré Martigné-Ferchaud Maxent Mecé Médréac Meillac Melesse Mellé Mernel La Mézière Mézières-sur-Couesnon Miniac-Morvan Miniac-sous-Bécherel Le Minihic-sur-Rance Mondevert Montauban-de-Bretagne Montautour Mont-Dol Monterfil Montfort-sur-Meu Montgermont Monthault Montreuil-des-Landes Montreuil-le-Gast Montreuil-sous-Pérouse Montreuil-sur-Ille Mordelles Mouazé Moulins Moussé Moutiers Muel La Noë-Blanche La Nouaye Nouvoitou Noyal-Châtillon-sur-Seiche Noyal-sous-Bazouges Noyal-sur-Vilaine Orgères Pacé Paimpont Pancé Parcé Parigné Parthenay-de-Bretagne Le Pertre Le Petit-Fougeray Pipriac Piré-sur-Seiche Pléchâtel Pleine-Fougères Plélan-le-Grand Plerguer Plesder Pleugueneuc Pleumeleuc Pleurtuit Pocé-les-Bois Poilley Poligné Pont-Péan Les Portes du Coglais Princé Québriac Quédillac Rannée Redon Renac Rennes Retiers Le Rheu La Richardais Rimou Romagné Romazy Romillé Roz-Landrieux Roz-sur-Couesnon Sains Saint-Armel Saint-Aubin-d'Aubigné Saint-Aubin-des-Landes Saint-Aubin-du-Cormier Saint-Benoît-des-Ondes Saint-Briac-sur-Mer Saint-Brieuc-des-Iffs Saint-Broladre Saint-Christophe-des-Bois Saint-Christophe-de-Valains Saint-Coulomb Saint-Didier Saint-Domineuc Sainte-Anne-sur-Vilaine Sainte-Colombe Sainte-Marie Saint-Erblon Saint-Ganton Saint-Georges-de-Chesné Saint-Georges-de-Gréhaigne Saint-Georges-de-Reintembault Saint-Germain-du-Pinel Saint-Germain-en-Coglès Saint-Germain-sur-Ille Saint-Gilles Saint-Gondran Saint-Gonlay Saint-Grégoire Saint-Guinoux Saint-Hilaire-des-Landes Saint-Jacques-de-la-Lande Saint-Jean-sur-Couesnon Saint-Jean-sur-Vilaine Saint-Jouan-des-Guérets Saint-Just Saint-Léger-des-Prés Saint-Lunaire Saint-Malo Saint-Malo-de-Phily Saint-Malon-sur-Mel Saint-Marcan Saint-Marc-le-Blanc Saint-Marc-sur-Couesnon Saint-Maugan Saint-Médard-sur-Ille Saint-Méen-le-Grand Saint-Méloir-des-Ondes Saint-M'Hervé Saint-M'Hervon Saint-Onen-la-Chapelle Saint-Ouen-des-Alleux Saint-Ouen-la-Rouërie Saint-Péran Saint-Père Saint-Pern Saint-Pierre-de-Plesguen Saint-Rémy-du-Plain Saint-Sauveur-des-Landes Saint-Séglin Saint-Senoux Saint-Suliac Saint-Sulpice-des-Landes Saint-Sulpice-la-Forêt Saint-Symphorien Saint-Thual Saint-Thurial Saint-Uniac Saulnières Le Sel-de-Bretagne La Selle-en-Luitré La Selle-Guerchaise Sens-de-Bretagne Servon-sur-Vilaine Sixt-sur-Aff Sougéal Taillis Talensac Teillay Le Theil-de-Bretagne Thorigné-Fouillard Thourie Le Tiercent Tinténiac Torcé Trans-la-Forêt Treffendel Tremblay Trémeheuc Tresbœuf Tressé Trévérien Trimer Le Tronchet Val d'Anast Val-d'Izé Vendel Vergéal Le Verger Vern-sur-Seiche Vezin-le-Coquet Vieux-Viel Vieux-Vy-sur-Couesnon Vignoc Villamée La Ville-ès-Nonais Visseiche Vitré Le Vivier-sur-Mer

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 312739984 LCCN: n79120270 ISNI: 0000 0001 2326 2423 GND: 4116965-7 SUDOC: 026399458 BNF:

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