RENICCI is a village in the municipality of
Anghiari , which was the
site of a fascist concentration camp for civilians from
mostly rounded up by Italian troops in
Slovenia and in particular in
Province of Ljubljana . It is estimated that in eleven months
of activity (from October 1942 to September 1943), the camp hosted
about ten thousand prisoners, 159 of whom lost their lives because of
the prohibitive conditions of detention. The remains of most of the
victims are kept in the Shrine of the Slavs located within the
Sansepolcro cemetery. After decades of neglect, recently in the area
where the concentration camp lied, the Renicci Memorial Park was
built, and annually hosts the celebrations for the Day of Remembrance.
The first deportations to Renicci are dated 10 October 1942, while in
December the prisoners were already over 3,800. Between July and
August 1943, fascism fell and coincided with the arrival to Renicci of
hundreds of political prisoners transferred from
Ustica , Ventotene
Ponza . The camp underwent strikes and protests. Soldiers guarding
the camp after September 8 deserted the camp in great numbers, fearing
the arrival of the Germans. On 14 September 1943 the prisoners without
supervision, fled, dispersing to the surrounding areas, almost all of
them joining the partisans active in the Apennines between Tuscany and
Marche. Among those who died fighting along with partisan sources
were Anton Firman, Valentino and Marinko Bordon Dušan, Luka Pelovič,
Stefano Recek and Carlo Zimperman. The fate of Jose Skuli and Alois
Bukovac remains unknown.
Holocaust in Italy
* ^ Kinrade Dethick, Janet (2008). The Arezzo Massacres A Tuscan
Tragedy. Lulu.com. p. 145. ISBN 9781409215424 .
* Victoria Belco (2010). War Massacre and Recovery in Central Italy,
1943-1948 (Toronto Italian Studies). Toronto: University of Toronto
Press. ISBN 0-8020-9314-0 .
* Giuseppe Perri (2010). Il caso Lichtner. Gli ebrei stranieri, il
fascismo e la guerra. Milano: Jaca book. ISBN 88-16-40928-2 .
* Gombač, Metka. "I bambini sloveni nei campi di concentramento
italiani (1942-1943)" (PDF). DEP: 49–63. Retrieved 18 September
* This article was initially translated from the Italian