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RENAISSANCE LATIN is a name given to the distinctive form of Latin style developed during the European Renaissance
Renaissance
of the fourteenth to fifteenth centuries, particularly by the Renaissance
Renaissance
humanism movement.

CONTENTS

* 1 Ad fontes

* 2 Renaissance
Renaissance
Latin
Latin
works and authors

* 2.1 14th century * 2.2 15th century

* 3 References * 4 External links

AD FONTES

Ad fontes ("to the sources") was the general cry of the humanists, and as such their Latin
Latin
style sought to purge Latin
Latin
of the medieval Latin
Latin
vocabulary and stylistic accretions that it had acquired in the centuries after the fall of the Roman Empire. They looked to golden age Latin
Latin
literature, and especially to Cicero
Cicero
in prose and Virgil
Virgil
in poetry , as the arbiters of Latin
Latin
style. They abandoned the use of the sequence and other accentual forms of metre , and sought instead to revive the Greek formats that were used in Latin
Latin
poetry during the Roman period. The humanists condemned the large body of medieval Latin literature as "Gothic "—for them, a term of abuse—and believed instead that only ancient Latin
Latin
from the Roman period was "real Latin".

Some 16th-century Ciceronian humanists also sought to purge written Latin
Latin
of medieval developments in its orthography . They insisted, for example, that ae be written out in full wherever it occurred in classical Latin; medieval scribes often wrote e instead of ae. They were much more zealous than medieval Latin
Latin
writers that t and c be distinguished; because the effects of palatalization made them homophones , medieval scribes often wrote, for example, eciam for etiam. Their reforms even affected handwriting ; Humanists usually wrote Latin
Latin
in a humanist minuscule script derived from Carolingian minuscule , the ultimate ancestor of most contemporary lower-case typefaces , avoiding the black-letter scripts used in the Middle Ages. This sort of writing was particularly vigilant in edited works, so that international colleagues could read them more easily, while in their own handwritten documents the Latin
Latin
is usually written as it is pronounced in the vernacular. Therefore, the first generations of humanists did not dedicate much care to the orthography till the late sixteenth and seventeenth century. Erasmus
Erasmus
proposed that the then-traditional pronunciations of Latin
Latin
be abolished in favour of his reconstructed version of classical Latin
Latin
pronunciation, even though one can deduce from his works that he himself used the ecclesiastical pronunciation.

The humanist plan to remake Latin
Latin
was largely successful, at least in education . Schools taught the humanistic spellings, and encouraged the study of the texts selected by the humanists, to the large exclusion of later Latin
Latin
literature. On the other hand, while humanist Latin
Latin
was an elegant literary language , it became much harder to write books about law , medicine , science or contemporary politics in Latin
Latin
while observing all of the Humanists' norms about vocabulary purging and classical usage.

Renaissance
Renaissance
Latin
Latin
gradually developed into the New Latin of the 16th–19th centuries, used as the language of choice for authors discussing subjects considered sufficiently important to merit an international (i.e., pan-European) audience.

RENAISSANCE LATIN WORKS AND AUTHORS

14TH CENTURY

For 14th-century works and authors that are still medieval in outlook (practically all non-Italians), see Medieval Latin
Medieval Latin
.

* 1359. Epistolæ familiares by Petrarch
Petrarch
(1304–1374) * 1360. Genealogia deorum gentilium by Giovanni Boccaccio (1313–1375)

15TH CENTURY

Incunables by language. Latin
Latin
dominated printed book production in the 15th century by a wide margin.

* 1425. Hermaphroditus by Antonio Beccadelli (1394–1471) * 1441. De elegantiis Latinæ linguæ by Lorenzo Valla (1406–1457) * 1442. Historia Florentini populi by Leonardo Bruni
Leonardo Bruni
(c. 1370–1444) * 1444. Historia de duobus amantibus by Æneas Sylvius Piccolomini, Pope Pius II (1405–1464) * 1452. De re ædificatoria by Leone Battista Alberti (1404–1472) * 1471. Contra amores by Bartolomeo Platina (1421–1481) * 1479. De inventione dialectica by Rodolphus Agricola
Rodolphus Agricola
(1444–1485) * 1481. Introductiones Latinæ by Antonio de Nebrija (1441–1522) * 1486. De hominis dignitate by Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (1463–1494) * 1491. Nutricia by Poliziano (1454–1494) * Theologia Platonica de immortalitate animæ by Marsilio Ficino (1433–1499) * Francesco Filelfo (1398–1481)

REFERENCES

* ^ "Incunabula Short Title Catalogue". British Library
British Library
. Retrieved 2 March 2011.

EXTERNAL LINKS

* An Analytic

.