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Renaissance
Renaissance
Latin
Latin
is a name given to the distinctive form of Latin style developed during the European Renaissance
Renaissance
of the fourteenth to fifteenth centuries, particularly by the Renaissance
Renaissance
humanism movement.

Contents

1 Ad fontes 2 Renaissance
Renaissance
Latin
Latin
works and authors

2.1 14th century 2.2 15th century

3 References 4 Further reading 5 External links

Ad fontes[edit] Ad fontes ("to the sources") was the general cry of the humanists, and as such their Latin
Latin
style sought to purge Latin
Latin
of the medieval Latin vocabulary and stylistic accretions that it had acquired in the centuries after the fall of the Roman Empire. They looked to golden age Latin
Latin
literature, and especially to Cicero
Cicero
in prose and Virgil
Virgil
in poetry, as the arbiters of Latin
Latin
style. They abandoned the use of the sequence and other accentual forms of metre, and sought instead to revive the Greek formats that were used in Latin
Latin
poetry during the Roman period. The humanists condemned the large body of medieval Latin literature as "Gothic"—for them, a term of abuse—and believed instead that only ancient Latin
Latin
from the Roman period was "real Latin". Some 16th-century Ciceronian humanists also sought to purge written Latin
Latin
of medieval developments in its orthography. They insisted, for example, that ae be written out in full wherever it occurred in classical Latin; medieval scribes often wrote e instead of ae. They were much more zealous than medieval Latin
Latin
writers that t and c be distinguished; because the effects of palatalization made them homophones, medieval scribes often wrote, for example, eciam for etiam. Their reforms even affected handwriting; Humanists usually wrote Latin
Latin
in a humanist minuscule script derived from Carolingian minuscule, the ultimate ancestor of most contemporary lower-case typefaces, avoiding the black-letter scripts used in the Middle Ages. This sort of writing was particularly vigilant in edited works, so that international colleagues could read them more easily, while in their own handwritten documents the Latin
Latin
is usually written as it is pronounced in the vernacular. Therefore, the first generations of humanists did not dedicate much care to the orthography till the late sixteenth and seventeenth century. Erasmus
Erasmus
proposed that the then-traditional pronunciations of Latin
Latin
be abolished in favour of his reconstructed version of classical Latin
Latin
pronunciation, even though one can deduce from his works that he himself used the ecclesiastical pronunciation. The humanist plan to remake Latin
Latin
was largely successful, at least in education. Schools taught the humanistic spellings, and encouraged the study of the texts selected by the humanists, to the large exclusion of later Latin
Latin
literature. On the other hand, while humanist Latin
Latin
was an elegant literary language, it became much harder to write books about law, medicine, science or contemporary politics in Latin
Latin
while observing all of the Humanists' norms about vocabulary purging and classical usage.[citation needed] Renaissance
Renaissance
Latin
Latin
gradually developed into the New Latin
New Latin
of the 16th–19th centuries, used as the language of choice for authors discussing subjects considered sufficiently important to merit an international (i.e., pan-European) audience. Renaissance
Renaissance
Latin
Latin
works and authors[edit] 14th century[edit] For 14th-century works and authors that are still medieval in outlook (practically all non-Italians), see Medieval Latin.

1359. Epistolæ familiares by Petrarch
Petrarch
(1304–1374) 1360. Genealogia deorum gentilium
Genealogia deorum gentilium
by Giovanni Boccaccio
Giovanni Boccaccio
(1313–1375)

15th century[edit]

Incunables by language.[1] Latin
Latin
dominated printed book production in the 15th century by a wide margin.

1425. Hermaphroditus by Antonio Beccadelli (1394–1471) 1441. De elegantiis Latinæ linguæ by Lorenzo Valla
Lorenzo Valla
(1406–1457) 1442. Historia Florentini populi by Leonardo Bruni
Leonardo Bruni
(c. 1370–1444) 1444. Historia de duobus amantibus by Æneas Sylvius Piccolomini, Pope Pius II (1405–1464) 1452. De re ædificatoria by Leone Battista Alberti
Leone Battista Alberti
(1404–1472) 1471. Contra amores by Bartolomeo Platina
Bartolomeo Platina
(1421–1481) 1479. De inventione dialectica by Rodolphus Agricola
Rodolphus Agricola
(1444–1485) 1481. Introductiones Latinæ by Antonio de Nebrija
Antonio de Nebrija
(1441–1522) 1486. De hominis dignitate by Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (1463–1494) 1491. Nutricia by Poliziano
Poliziano
(1454–1494) Theologia Platonica de immortalitate animæ by Marsilio Ficino (1433–1499) Francesco Filelfo
Francesco Filelfo
(1398–1481)

References[edit]

^ "Incunabula Short Title Catalogue". British Library. Retrieved 2 March 2011. 

Library resources about Renaissance
Renaissance
Latin

Online books Resources in your library Resources in other libraries

Further reading[edit]

Cranz, F. Edward, Virginia Brown, and Paul Oslar Kristeller, eds. 1960–2003. Catalogus translationum et commentariorum: Medieval and Renaissance
Renaissance
Latin
Latin
Translations and Commentaries; Annotated Lists and Guides. 8 vols. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press. D’Amico, John F. 1984. “The Progress of Renaissance
Renaissance
Latin
Latin
Prose: The Case of Apuleianism.” Renaissance
Renaissance
Quarterly 37: 351–92. Deitz, Luc. 2005. "The Tools of the Trade: A Few Remarks on Editing Renaissance
Renaissance
Latin
Latin
Texts." Humanistica Lovaniensia 54: 345-58. Hardie, Philip. 2013. “Shepherds’ Songs: Generic Variation in Renaissance
Renaissance
Latin
Latin
Epic.” In Generic Interfaces in Latin
Latin
Literature: Encounters, Interactions and Transformations. Edited by Theodore D. Paphanghelis, Stephen J. Harrison, and Stavros Frangoulidis, 193–204. Berlin: De Gruyter. Houghton, L. B. T. 2013. “ Renaissance
Renaissance
Latin
Latin
Love Elegy.” In The Cambridge Companion to Latin
Latin
Love Elegy. Edited by Thea S. Thorsen, 290–305. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Lohr, C. H. 1974. “ Renaissance
Renaissance
Latin
Latin
Aristotle Commentaries: Authors A–B.” Studies in the Renaissance
Renaissance
21: 228–89. McFarlane, I. D., ed. and trans. 1980. Renaissance
Renaissance
Latin
Latin
Poetry. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press. Parker, Holt. 2012. “ Renaissance
Renaissance
Latin
Latin
Elegy.” In A Companion to Roman Love Elegy. Edited by Barbara K. Gold, 476–90. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. Perosa, Alessandro, and John Sparrow, eds. 1979. Renaissance
Renaissance
Latin Verse: An Anthology. London: Duckworth.

External links[edit]

An Analytic Bibliography of On-line Neo- Latin
Latin
Titles (also Renaissance Latin). Neo- Latin
Latin
Humanist Texts at DigitalBookIndex. René Hoven, Lexique de la prose latine de la Renaissance. Dictionary of Renaissance
Renaissance
Latin
Latin
from prose sources, with the collaboration of Laurent Grailet, Leiden, Brill, 2006 (2nd edition), 683 p. The Centre for Neo- Latin
Latin
Studies, focusing on Irish Renaissance
Renaissance
Latin.

v t e

Ages of Latin

until 75 BC Old Latin

75 BC – 200 AD Classical Latin

200–900 Late Latin

900–1300 Medieval Latin

1300–1500 Renaissance
Renaissance
Latin

1500–present New Latin

1900–present Contemporary Latin

History of Latin Latin
Latin
literature Vulgar Latin Ecclesiastical Latin Romance languages Latino sine flexione Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum Hiberno-Latin Judeo-Latin

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