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René Samuel Cassin (5 October 1887 – 20 February 1976) was a French jurist, law professor and judge. Cassin was born in Bayonne, Basque Country, France. The son of a French-Jewish merchant, he served as a soldier in World War I, and went on to form the Union Fédérale, a leftist, pacifist Veterans organisation. He received the Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
in 1968 for his work in drafting the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the United Nations
United Nations
General Assembly on 10 December 1948. That same year, he was also awarded one of the UN's own Human Rights
Human Rights
Prizes. René Cassin founded the French Institute of Administrative Sciences
French Institute of Administrative Sciences
(IFSA) which was recognized as a public utility association.

Contents

1 League of Nations 2 Human rights and NGOs 3 French Institute of Administrative Sciences 4 See also 5 Bibliography 6 References 7 External links

League of Nations[edit] As French delegate to the League of Nations
League of Nations
from 1924 to 1938, Cassin pressed for progress on disarmament and in developing institutions to aid the resolution of international conflicts. Human rights and NGOs[edit] Working from a draft composed by Canadian scholar and professor of law, John Humphrey, he reduced the draft from 46 basic articles to 44. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as eventually adopted by the United Nations
United Nations
General Assembly, contained 30 human rights articles from the original draft. He served on the UN's Human Rights
Human Rights
Commission and the Hague Court of Arbitration. He was also a member (1959–1965) and president (1965–1968) of the European Court of Human Rights. Today the court building is on the Allée René Cassin
René Cassin
in Strasbourg. Cassin also headed many Non-Governmental Organisations
Non-Governmental Organisations
(NGO), founding the French Federation of Disabled War Veterans in 1918 and until 1940 serving as its President and then Honorary President. In 1945, Charles de Gaulle suggested Cassin, having done so much for the French people, also do something to help the Jewish people. Cassin became the president of the French-Jewish Alliance Israelite Universelle (AIU) which had previously been primarily dedicated to educating Sephardi Jews living under the rule of the Ottoman Empire according to a French modernist curriculum. As president of the AIU, Cassin worked with the American Jewish Committee
American Jewish Committee
and the Anglo-Jewish Association, to found the Consultative Council of Jewish Organisations, a network dedicated to building support for Cassin's platform of human rights from a Jewish perspective[clarification needed] while the UN human rights system was in its early stages of development.[1] In 2001, CCJO René Cassin was founded in Cassin's to promote Universal Human Rights
Human Rights
from a Jewish perspective. The René Cassin
René Cassin
medal is awarded by the CCJO to those who have made an outstanding global contribution to human rights. As the head of the Alliance Israélite in France, he pursued civil rights for the Jews and was an active Zionist. A high school in Jerusalem is named after him. On 10 November 1950, he was photographed at a U.N. radio alongside Karim Azkoul, Georges Day and Herald C.L. Roy, participating in a roundtable discussion for the use of French-speaking countries. This is perhaps all the more interesting because Azkoul and Cassin differed so strongly in their perspectives concerning the politics of Zionism.[2] Cassin died in Paris
Paris
in 1976 and was initially interred at the Montparnasse Cemetery
Montparnasse Cemetery
in Paris. In 1987, his remains were exhumed and enshrined in the crypt of the Panthéon in Paris. In 2003, the Basque Government
Basque Government
created the René Cassin
René Cassin
Award, "with the goal of publicly acknowledging and rewarding individuals or collectives that, through their personal or professional path, showed a strong commitment to the promotion, defence and divulgation of Human Rights". The award is given on December 10, International Human Rights Day.[3] French Institute of Administrative Sciences[edit]

Memorial to Cassin in Forbach, France

In 1947, René Cassin
René Cassin
created the French Institute of Administrative Sciences (IFSA) which was recognized of public utility. He was the first president of this association which organized many conferences that helped to develop the French doctrine in administrative law. See also[edit]

International Institute of Human Rights List of Jewish Nobel laureates

Bibliography[edit]

Jay Winter, "Rene Cassin and the Alliance Israelite Universelle," Modern Judaism, 32,1 (2012), 1–21.

References[edit]

^ Winter, Jay. 2012. René cassin and the alliance israélite universelle. Modern Judaism 32 (1): 1-21. ^ Photo/MB, UN (1950-11-10). "Round Table Discussion over U.N. Radio". www.unmultimedia.org. Retrieved 2016-02-02.  ^ "Premio René Cassin". 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to René Cassin.

Nobel Committee Information for Cassin CCJO.RenéCassin Human Rights
Human Rights
Group

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Laureates of the Nobel Peace Prize

1901–1925

1901 Henry Dunant / Frédéric Passy 1902 Élie Ducommun / Charles Gobat 1903 Randal Cremer 1904 Institut de Droit International 1905 Bertha von Suttner 1906 Theodore Roosevelt 1907 Ernesto Moneta / Louis Renault 1908 Klas Arnoldson / Fredrik Bajer 1909 A. M. F. Beernaert / Paul Estournelles de Constant 1910 International Peace Bureau 1911 Tobias Asser / Alfred Fried 1912 Elihu Root 1913 Henri La Fontaine 1914 1915 1916 1917 International Committee of the Red Cross 1918 1919 Woodrow Wilson 1920 Léon Bourgeois 1921 Hjalmar Branting / Christian Lange 1922 Fridtjof Nansen 1923 1924 1925 Austen Chamberlain / Charles Dawes

1926–1950

1926 Aristide Briand / Gustav Stresemann 1927 Ferdinand Buisson / Ludwig Quidde 1928 1929 Frank B. Kellogg 1930 Nathan Söderblom 1931 Jane Addams / Nicholas Butler 1932 1933 Norman Angell 1934 Arthur Henderson 1935 Carl von Ossietzky 1936 Carlos Saavedra Lamas 1937 Robert Cecil 1938 Nansen International Office for Refugees 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 International Committee of the Red Cross 1945 Cordell Hull 1946 Emily Balch / John Mott 1947 Friends Service Council / American Friends Service Committee 1948 1949 John Boyd Orr 1950 Ralph Bunche

1951–1975

1951 Léon Jouhaux 1952 Albert Schweitzer 1953 George Marshall 1954 United Nations
United Nations
High Commissioner for Refugees 1955 1956 1957 Lester B. Pearson 1958 Georges Pire 1959 Philip Noel-Baker 1960 Albert Lutuli 1961 Dag Hammarskjöld 1962 Linus Pauling 1963 International Committee of the Red Cross / League of Red Cross Societies 1964 Martin Luther King Jr. 1965 UNICEF 1966 1967 1968 René Cassin 1969 International Labour Organization 1970 Norman Borlaug 1971 Willy Brandt 1972 1973 Lê Đức Thọ (declined award) / Henry Kissinger 1974 Seán MacBride / Eisaku Satō 1975 Andrei Sakharov

1976–2000

1976 Betty Williams / Mairead Corrigan 1977 Amnesty International 1978 Anwar Sadat / Menachem Begin 1979 Mother Teresa 1980 Adolfo Pérez Esquivel 1981 United Nations
United Nations
High Commissioner for Refugees 1982 Alva Myrdal / Alfonso García Robles 1983 Lech Wałęsa 1984 Desmond Tutu 1985 International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War 1986 Elie Wiesel 1987 Óscar Arias 1988 UN Peacekeeping Forces 1989 Tenzin Gyatso (14th Dalai Lama) 1990 Mikhail Gorbachev 1991 Aung San Suu Kyi 1992 Rigoberta Menchú 1993 Nelson Mandela / F. W. de Klerk 1994 Shimon Peres / Yitzhak Rabin / Yasser Arafat 1995 Pugwash Conferences / Joseph Rotblat 1996 Carlos Belo / José Ramos-Horta 1997 International Campaign to Ban Landmines / Jody Williams 1998 John Hume / David Trimble 1999 Médecins Sans Frontières 2000 Kim Dae-jung

2001–present

2001 United Nations / Kofi Annan 2002 Jimmy Carter 2003 Shirin Ebadi 2004 Wangari Maathai 2005 International Atomic Energy Agency / Mohamed ElBaradei 2006 Grameen Bank / Muhammad Yunus 2007 Al Gore / Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 2008 Martti Ahtisaari 2009 Barack Obama 2010 Liu Xiaobo 2011 Ellen Johnson Sirleaf / Leymah Gbowee / Tawakkol Karman 2012 European Union 2013 Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons 2014 Kailash Satyarthi / Malala Yousafzai 2015 Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet 2016 Juan Manuel Santos 2017 International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons

v t e

Presidents of the European Court of Human Rights
European Court of Human Rights

Arnold McNair René Cassin Henri Rolin Sir Humphrey Waldock Giorgio Balladore Pallieri Gérard Wiarda Rolv Ryssdal Rudolf Bernhardt Luzius Wildhaber Jean-Paul Costa Nicolas Bratza Dean Spielmann Guido Raimondi

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 17211448 LCCN: n80090356 ISNI: 0000 0001 1747 5342 GND: 120076713 SUDOC: 027288013 BNF: cb102343289 (data) NKC: skuk0000214 SNAC: w6ff84g9

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France
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