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Remscheid
Remscheid
(German pronunciation: [ˈʁɛmʃaɪt] ( listen)) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is, after Wuppertal and Solingen, the third largest municipality in Bergisches Land, being located on the northern edge of the region, on south side of the Ruhr area. Remscheid
Remscheid
had around 109,000 inhabitants in 2015. Its highest point is the Brodtberg
Brodtberg
(378 m).

Contents

1 History 2 Main sights 3 Famous people 4 Gallery 5 Twin towns 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] Remscheid
Remscheid
was founded in the 12th century, but remained a small village until the 19th century. Early spellings for the city included Remissgeid (1217), Rymscheyd (1351), Reymscheyd (1487) and Rembscheid (1639). The economic growth of the entire Rhine- Ruhr
Ruhr
region led to an increase of the population of Remscheid. Mechanical engineering and toolmaking were the main industries practised within the town. This is carried on today with the Hazet tool company which has two factories in Remscheid. Remscheid
Remscheid
was part of the Prussian Rhine Province
Rhine Province
from 1822–1945. On 31 July 1943, during the second World War, Remscheid
Remscheid
was almost completely destroyed during a British bombing raid which caused a firestorm. This bombing raid was the final operation of RAF's Battle of the Ruhr
Ruhr
involving 273 aircraft. During 14 and 15 April 1945, Remscheid
Remscheid
was captured by the 78th Infantry Division (United States).[2][3] An A-10 Thunderbolt II
A-10 Thunderbolt II
crashed in the city on 8 December 1988. Six people died. Today, Remscheid
Remscheid
comprises four boroughs, Alt-Remscheid, Remscheid-Süd, Lennep, and Lüttringhausen.

Rank Nationality Population (2017)

1  Turkey 7,277

2  Italy 3,792

3  Spain 1,880

4  Poland 1,713

5  Macedonia 1,345

Main sights[edit]

The Müngstener Brücke is a railway bridge crossing a valley and connecting Remscheid
Remscheid
with the neighbouring town of Solingen. It is 107 m above the ground, making it the highest railway bridge in Germany. It was constructed in 1897 and originally named the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Brücke after Wilhelm I (whose 100th birthday would have been in 1897). The Eschbachtalsperre, the first dam built in Germany
Germany
for the supply of drinking water is located here. It was built in 1891. The old city of the borough Lennep consists of 116 houses from 1756.

Famous people[edit]

Caspar Georg Carl Reinwardt; (1773-1854), world-famous scientist. Gottfried Duden, (1789-1856), German writer, traveled to the United States mostly in Missouri and wrote Bericht über eine Reise nach den westlichen Staaten Nordamerikas ("Report of a journey to the western states of North America") Johannes Fastenrath; (1839-1908), German lawyer, writer and translator Wilhelm Röntgen, (1845-1923), discoverer of x-rays, was born in Lennep, which is today a borough of Remscheid. There is a museum in Remscheid
Remscheid
(Deutsches Röntgen-Museum) commemorating Röntgen's life and discoveries . Johann Vaillant, (1851-1920), founded the famous heating company Vaillant in Remscheid
Remscheid
in the late 19th century. August Gissler; (1857-1935), German treasure hunter who lived from 1889 to 1908, with brief interruptions on the Cocos Island (Costa Rica) Walter Freitag; (1889-1958), Member of Bundestag and Member of Landtag North Rhine-Westphalia
North Rhine-Westphalia
(SPD), Chairman of IG Metall, chairman of the German trade union federation DGB (1952-1956) Otto Jungtow; (1892-1961), German football player. Otto Kuhler, artist and designer of locomotives, born in Remscheid
Remscheid
in 1894. Hans Stammreich, (1902-1969), Raman spectroscopist later living in Brazil, was born in Remscheid. Teo Otto, (1904-1968), stage designer, was born in Remscheid Karl Michael Vogler, (1928-2009), actor, was born in Remscheid Wolfgang Seiler, (born 1940), biogeochemist and climatologist was born in Remscheid Peter Brötzmann, (born 1941), free jazz saxophonist, born in Remscheid Michael Bacht (born 1947), German artist Frank Plasberg, (born 1957), German journalist, born in Remscheid. Armin Mersmann, (born 1955), German Artist, born in Remscheid. Wolfgang Tillmans, a photographer, was born in Remscheid
Remscheid
in 1968. Georg Wurth, CEO and owner of the Deutscher Hanf Verband (German Hemp Association) (DHV), the largest organization of the hemp movement in Germany
Germany
was born in Remscheid
Remscheid
in 1972. Christel Frese, (born 1944), athlete (short and medium range) and 1972 olympian Harry Luck, (born 1972), writer and journalist Christiane Soeder
Christiane Soeder
(born 1975), German-Austrian cyclist Patrick Njeim (born 1996), German-Lebanese Karting and Rally Driver

Gallery[edit]

Müngstener Bridge.

Teo Otto Theater.

Kraspütt 3 in Lennep

bond of the town Remscheid, issued 25. August 1922

Twin towns[edit]

Prešov, Slovakia Quimper, France Kırşehir, Turkey

References[edit]

^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 18 July 2016.  ^ http://tothosewhoserved.org/usa/ss/usass01/chapter5.html ^ https://archive.org/details/Lightning78thInfantry

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Remscheid.

 "Lennep". Encyclopædia Britannica. 16 (11th ed.). 1911. p. 419.  German Roentgen-Museum (in German) Official City Website (in German)

v t e

Cities in Germany
Germany
by population

1,000,000+

Berlin Cologne Hamburg Munich

500,000+

Bremen Dortmund Dresden Düsseldorf Essen Frankfurt Hanover Leipzig Nuremberg Stuttgart

200,000+

Aachen Augsburg Bielefeld Bochum Bonn Braunschweig Chemnitz Duisburg Erfurt Freiburg im Breisgau Gelsenkirchen Halle (Saale) Karlsruhe Kiel Krefeld Lübeck Magdeburg Mainz Mannheim Münster Mönchengladbach Oberhausen Rostock Wiesbaden Wuppertal

100,000+

Bergisch Gladbach Bottrop Bremerhaven Cottbus Darmstadt Erlangen Fürth Göttingen Hagen Hamm Heidelberg Heilbronn Herne Hildesheim Ingolstadt Jena Kassel Koblenz Leverkusen Ludwigshafen Moers Mülheim
Mülheim
an der Ruhr Neuss Offenbach am Main Oldenburg Osnabrück Paderborn Pforzheim Potsdam Recklinghausen Regensburg Remscheid Reutlingen Saarbrücken Salzgitter Siegen Solingen Trier Ulm Wolfsburg Würzburg

complete list municipalities metropolitan regions cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants

v t e

Urban and rural districts in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia
North Rhine-Westphalia
in Germany
Germany

Urban districts

Bielefeld Bochum Bonn Bottrop Dortmund Duisburg Düsseldorf Essen Gelsenkirchen Hagen Hamm Herne Köln (Cologne) Krefeld Leverkusen Mönchengladbach Mülheim Münster Oberhausen Remscheid Solingen Wuppertal

Rural districts

Aachen Borken Coesfeld Düren Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis Euskirchen Gütersloh Heinsberg Herford Hochsauerlandkreis Höxter Kleve (Cleves) Lippe Märkischer Kreis Mettmann Minden-Lübbecke Oberbergischer Kreis Olpe Paderborn Recklinghausen Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis Rhein-Erft-Kreis Rhein-Kreis Neuss Rhein-Sieg-Kreis Siegen-Wittgenstein Soest Steinfurt Unna Viersen Warendorf Wesel

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 133687660 GND: 4049447-0 BNF:

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