Remscheid (German pronunciation: [ˈʁɛmʃaɪt] ( listen))
is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is, after Wuppertal
and Solingen, the third largest municipality in Bergisches Land, being
located on the northern edge of the region, on south side of the Ruhr
Remscheid had around 109,000 inhabitants in 2015.
Its highest point is the
Brodtberg (378 m).
2 Main sights
3 Famous people
5 Twin towns
7 External links
Remscheid was founded in the 12th century, but remained a small
village until the 19th century. Early spellings for the city included
Remissgeid (1217), Rymscheyd (1351), Reymscheyd (1487) and Rembscheid
(1639). The economic growth of the entire Rhine-
Ruhr region led to an
increase of the population of Remscheid. Mechanical engineering and
toolmaking were the main industries practised within the town. This is
carried on today with the Hazet tool company which has two factories
Remscheid was part of the Prussian
Rhine Province from
On 31 July 1943, during the second World War,
Remscheid was almost
completely destroyed during a British bombing raid which caused a
firestorm. This bombing raid was the final operation of RAF's Battle
Ruhr involving 273 aircraft. During 14 and 15 April 1945,
Remscheid was captured by the 78th Infantry Division (United
A-10 Thunderbolt II
A-10 Thunderbolt II crashed in the city on 8 December 1988. Six
Remscheid comprises four boroughs, Alt-Remscheid,
Remscheid-Süd, Lennep, and Lüttringhausen.
The Müngstener Brücke is a railway bridge crossing a valley and
Remscheid with the neighbouring town of Solingen. It is 107
m above the ground, making it the highest railway bridge in Germany.
It was constructed in 1897 and originally named the
Kaiser-Wilhelm-Brücke after Wilhelm I (whose 100th birthday would
have been in 1897).
The Eschbachtalsperre, the first dam built in
Germany for the supply
of drinking water is located here. It was built in 1891.
The old city of the borough Lennep consists of 116 houses from 1756.
Caspar Georg Carl Reinwardt; (1773-1854), world-famous scientist.
Gottfried Duden, (1789-1856), German writer, traveled to the United
States mostly in Missouri and wrote Bericht über eine Reise nach den
westlichen Staaten Nordamerikas ("Report of a journey to the western
states of North America")
Johannes Fastenrath; (1839-1908), German lawyer, writer and translator
Wilhelm Röntgen, (1845-1923), discoverer of x-rays, was born in
Lennep, which is today a borough of Remscheid. There is a museum in
Remscheid (Deutsches Röntgen-Museum) commemorating Röntgen's life
and discoveries .
Johann Vaillant, (1851-1920), founded the famous heating company
Remscheid in the late 19th century.
August Gissler; (1857-1935), German treasure hunter who lived from
1889 to 1908, with brief interruptions on the Cocos Island (Costa
Walter Freitag; (1889-1958), Member of Bundestag and Member of Landtag
North Rhine-Westphalia (SPD), Chairman of IG Metall, chairman of the
German trade union federation DGB (1952-1956)
Otto Jungtow; (1892-1961), German football player.
Otto Kuhler, artist and designer of locomotives, born in
Hans Stammreich, (1902-1969), Raman spectroscopist later living in
Brazil, was born in Remscheid.
Teo Otto, (1904-1968), stage designer, was born in Remscheid
Karl Michael Vogler, (1928-2009), actor, was born in Remscheid
Wolfgang Seiler, (born 1940), biogeochemist and climatologist was born
Peter Brötzmann, (born 1941), free jazz saxophonist, born in
Michael Bacht (born 1947), German artist
Frank Plasberg, (born 1957), German journalist, born in Remscheid.
Armin Mersmann, (born 1955), German Artist, born in Remscheid.
Wolfgang Tillmans, a photographer, was born in
Remscheid in 1968.
Georg Wurth, CEO and owner of the Deutscher Hanf Verband (German Hemp
Association) (DHV), the largest organization of the hemp movement in
Germany was born in
Remscheid in 1972.
Christel Frese, (born 1944), athlete (short and medium range) and 1972
Harry Luck, (born 1972), writer and journalist
Christiane Soeder (born 1975), German-Austrian cyclist
Patrick Njeim (born 1996), German-Lebanese Karting and Rally Driver
Teo Otto Theater.
Kraspütt 3 in Lennep
bond of the town Remscheid, issued 25. August 1922
^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und
Technik NRW (in German). 18 July 2016.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Remscheid.
"Lennep". Encyclopædia Britannica. 16 (11th ed.). 1911.
German Roentgen-Museum (in German)
Official City Website (in German)
Germany by population
Freiburg im Breisgau
Mülheim an der Ruhr
Offenbach am Main
cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants
Urban and rural districts in the state of
North Rhine-Westphalia in