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Coordinates: 43°13′4.8″N 22°18′26.78″E / 43.218000°N 22.3074389°E / 43.218000; 22.3074389 Remesiana
Remesiana
was an ancient Roman city and former bishopric, which remains a Latin Catholic titular see, located around and under the modern city of Bela Palanka, okrug (district) of Pirot, in Serbia.

Basilica Apse under excavation in Remesiana, found under modern residential building.

Remesiana
Remesiana
was declared an Archaeological Sites of Great Importance in 1987, and it is protected by Republic of Serbia.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Districts 1.2 Site of the Assembly

2 Ecclesiastical History

2.1 Titular see

3 See also 4 References 5 Sources and external links

History[edit] Remesiana
Remesiana
was built after the Roman conquest of Moesia, in the area of the town Aiadava. It was on the route of ancient Via Militaris
Via Militaris
road between Naissus
Naissus
and Serdica
Serdica
in Dacia
Dacia
Ripensis. Districts[edit] Byzantine Emperor
Byzantine Emperor
Justinian
Justinian
had the following strongholds in the district of Remesiana : Brittura, Subaras, Lamponiana, Stronges, Dalmatas, Primiana, Phrerraria, Topera, Tomes, Cuas, Tzertzenutzas, Stens, Aeadaba, Destreba, Pretzouries, Cumudeba, Deurias, Lutzolo, Rhepordenes, Spelonca, Scumbro, Briparo, Tulcoburgo, Longiana, Lupophantana, Dardapara, Burdomina, Grinciapana, Graecus and Drasimarca. Site of the Assembly[edit] Austrian historian Karl Patsch's opinion that the provincial assembly of Moesia
Moesia
Superior sat at Remesiana, based upon the fact that some inscriptions were discovered, "inaugurated between 202 and 209 by Ulpiana
Ulpiana
in honour of Septimius Severus
Septimius Severus
and Julia Augusta,"[1] is not correct.

Septimius Severus's monument in Bela Palanka

One can see in a recently discovered inscription of identical content[2] that these inscriptions were inaugurated in 202. However, that year Septimius Severus
Septimius Severus
returned from the east to Rome and probably passed through Remesiana
Remesiana
and on that occasion the inscriptions were inaugurated. Ecclesiastical History[edit] Remesiana
Remesiana
was import enough in the Late Roman province
Roman province
of Dacia Mediterranea to become (circa 300 AD) one of the suffragans of its capital's Metropolitan, the Archdiocese of Serdica, in the sway of the Patriarchate of Constantinople. It was suppressed circa 500 AD. Only two residential Suffragan
Suffragan
Bishops of Remesiana
Remesiana
are historically documented :

Saint Nicetas of Remesiana (fl. ca. 335–414), friend of Paulinus of Nola, and to whom Gennadio di Marsiglia dedicated a brief biographical note in De Viris Illustribus, patron saint of Romania, canonized by both Catholic and Orthodox churches Diogenianus, participant at the Second Council of Ephesus in 449.

Titular see[edit] Remesiana
Remesiana
is a Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
titular see [3] since circa 1890, when the diocese as nominally restored as Latin titular bishopric of Remesiana
Remesiana
(Latin = Curiate Italian) / Remesianen(sis) (Latin adjective). It has had the following incumbents, so far of the fitting Episcopal (lowest) rank :

Joseph-Marie Leray, Sacred Heart Missionaries
Sacred Heart Missionaries
(M.S.C.) (born France) (1897.07.27 – death 1929.10.17) as first Apostolic Vicar
Apostolic Vicar
of Gilbert Islands (Kiribati) (1897.07.27 – 1927) and emeritate Federico Melendro Gutiérrez (梅耿光), Jesuits
Jesuits
(S.J.) (born Spain) (1930.02.14 – 1946.04.11) as only Apostolic Vicar
Apostolic Vicar
of Anqing 安慶 (China) (1930.02.14 – 1946.04.11); later promoted first Metropolitan Archbishop of Anqing 安慶 (1946.04.11 – death 1978.10.25) Francisco Javier Ochoa Ullate (陳明理), Augustinian Recollects (O.A.R.) (born Spain) (1947.12.11 – 1976.09.06) as emeritate; formerly only Apostolic Prefect
Apostolic Prefect
of Guide 歸德 (China) (1929.01.08 – 1937.05.18), (see) promoted only Apostolic Vicar
Apostolic Vicar
of Guide 歸德 (1937.05.18 – 1946.04.11) and Titular Bishop of Chusira
Chusira
(1937.05.18 – 1946.04.11), again (see) promoted first Bishop of Shangqiu 商邱 (China) (1946.04.11 – retired 1947.12.11) Jacques Louis Marie Joseph Fihey (1977.05.31 – 1989.04.22) as Auxiliary Bishop
Auxiliary Bishop
of Archdiocese of Marseille (France) (1977.05.31 – 1983.02.12); later French army bishop : last Military Vicar of Military Vicariate of France
Military Vicariate of France
(1983.02.12 – 1986.07.21), restyled first Military Ordinary of Military Ordinariate of France
Military Ordinariate of France
(1986.07.21 – 1989.04.22), finally Bishop of Coutances (France) (1989.04.22 – retired 2006.10.02), died 2017 Sylvester Donovan Ryan (1990.02.17 – 1992.01.28) as Auxiliary Bishop of Archdiocese of Los Angeles (California, USA) (1990.02.17 – 1992.01.28); later Bishop of Monterey (USA) (1992.01.28 – retired 2006.12.19) Nicola De Angelis, Sons of the Immaculate Conception (C.F.I.C.) (born Italy) (1992.04.27 – 2002.12.28) as Auxiliary Bishop
Auxiliary Bishop
of Toronto (Ontario, Canada) (1992.04.27 – 2002.12.28); later Bishop of Peterborough (Canada) (2002.12.28 – retired 2014.04.08) Francis Ronald Reiss (2003.07.07 – ...) as Auxiliary Bishop
Auxiliary Bishop
of Archdiocese of Detroit (USA) (2003.07.07 – 2015.11.11) and on emeritate.

See also[edit]

Archaeological Sites of Great Importance (Serbia) List of Catholic dioceses in Serbia
Serbia
and Kosovo Tourism in Serbia

References[edit]

^ CIL III 1685, 1686 and 1688 = 8257 ^ Vulich, Ancient Monuments of our country, Spomenik XCVIII, 1941–1948, 3, No. 4 ^ Remesiana
Remesiana
Catholic Encyclopedia

Sources and external links[edit]

GCatholic - former & titular bishopric

Bibliography

Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 417 Daniele Farlati-Jacopo Coleti, Illyricum Sacrum, vol. VIII, Venice 1817, pp. 77–84 Jacques Zeiller, Les origines chrétiennes dans les provinces danubiennes de l'empire romain, Paris 1918, p. 160 Michel Le Quien, Oriens christianus in quatuor Patriarchatus digestus, Paris 1740, vol. II, coll. 305-306

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Cultural Heritage of Serbia
Serbia

Archaeological sites

Exceptional Importance

Vinča-Belo Brdo Viminacium Gamzigrad Justiniana Prima Mediana Trajan's Bridge Diana Fortress Kraku Lu Jordan Rudna Glava Velika humka Židovar Starčevo site Bassianae Gomolava Sirmium Titel plateau Čelarevo site Ulpiana

Great Importance

Acumincum Blaškovina Dupljaja Gradac Cave Gradina Gradina on Bosut Gradište Drengrad Kalakača Castellum Onagrinum Kulina (Balajnac) Grgurevci Site Matejski Brod Mihaljevačka Forest Peres Risovačka Cave Timacum Minus Remesiana Roman Necropolis Lederata Turkish Trench Hummock near Varcal's Mill Humska Čuka Crkvine (Horgoš) Čarnok

Protected

Cultural Monuments

Exceptional Importance

Great Importance

Protected

Historic Landmarks

Exceptional Importance

Great Importance

Protected

Spatial Cultural-Historical Units

Exceptional Importance

Knez Mihailova Street Tešnjar Stara Čaršija, Novi Pazar Negotin Wine Cellars Topčider Stari Ras
Stari Ras
with Sopoćani Gazimestan Bač Fortress Sremski Karlovci Fruška Gora Dositej's Lyceum
Dositej's Lyceum
area

Great Importance

Petrovaradin Fortress Subotica
Subotica
centre Novi Sad old cemetaries Greek Lane Karačoni Castle Kupinovo ethno-park Sremska Mitrovica barley market Venac, Sombor Lodine Spa Godovik Complex Kosančićev Venac Lukarevina Field Bistrica river mills and Valjavica Novi Sad Synagogue Novi Sad memorial graveyard Belgrade Old Town Ivanjica Old Town Belgrade Old City Kragujevac Old City Negotin Old City Pančevo Old City Pančevo Old Town Bečej Old Town Zrenjanin Old Town Irig Old Town National Heroes Square Čajkino Hill

Protected

Pasha Mill Peć Old Town Gjakova Old Bazaar Prizren urban complex

Potkaljaja Pantelija Potok-mahala

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