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Reliance Communications Ltd. (stylised as RCom) is a telecommunications company headquartered in New Mumbai, India. It is a subsidiary of Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group. The services it provides include GSM
GSM
(Voice; 2G, 3G, 4G), fixed line broadband and voice, and Direct-To-Home (DTH), depending upon its areas of operation in India. The company plans to shut down its 2G and 3G services including all voice services and only offer 4G data services from December 29, 2017, as a result of debt and a failed merger with Aircel.[3][4] Reliance Communications is the ninth largest telecom operator in India with 12.10 million subscribers, as of 31 January 2018.[2]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Acquisition of MTS India 1.2 Attempted merger of wireless business with Aircel

2 Network coverage 3 Ultraband 4 Subsidiaries

4.1 Reliance Digital TV
Reliance Digital TV
Ltd 4.2 Reliance Infratel Ltd. 4.3 Global Cloud Xchange 4.4 Reliance Global Call

5 References 6 Externlinks

History[edit] Reliance Communications Limited was established in India
India
in 2002,[5] with the launch of its CDMA services nationwide. It upgraded to CDMA Revision B services in 2015 in locations where it did not provide 3G services[citation needed]. In 2008, Reliance Communications launched its GSM
GSM
services. The company started using MIMO
MIMO
technology in 2011 to improve the quality of its 3G services, providing a data rate of up to 28 Mbit/s[6][unreliable source?][dead link]. In the 2010 spectrum auction, the company obtained 3G spectrum in 13 circles Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Punjab, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh, Bihar, Odisha, Assam, North East, and Jammu & Kashmir at a licensing fee of ₹ 58,642.9 million[7][non-primary source needed]. Reliance Communications reduced the prices of its 3G services by 61% in May 2012.[8] RCom partnered with Lenovo
Lenovo
to launch their co-branded Android smartphones in India
India
in 2013[9][unreliable source?][dead link]. RCom shut down its CDMA operations in 2016 and migrated the subscribers to GSM
GSM
and LTE networks by September 2016.[10][11] Acquisition of MTS India[edit] On 14 January 2016, RCom announced that it had acquired Sistema Shyam TeleServices Limited (SSTL), doing business as MTS India, in an all stock deal, in which SSTL received a 10% stake in RCom, after paying off its existing debt. RCom would assume the liability for installments that SSTL had to pay the government from purchasing spectrum. The liability amounted ₹392 crore annually for 10 years. As a result of the deal, Reliance acquired MTS India's subscribers, as well as SSTL's spectrum in the 850 MHz band.[12] The merger deal was approved by the Competition Commission of India (CCI) in February 2016.[13] SEBI cleared the deal by March, and SSTL shareholders approved the deal on 18 March.[14] By mid-August, the deal was approved by tax authorities and the shareholders and creditors of RCom and SSTL.[15] The merger was approved by the Rajasthan
Rajasthan
High Court on 30 September 2016,[16] and the Bombay High Court on 7 October 2016.[17] In April 2017, RCom laid off 600 employees in preparation for its merger with MTS and Aircel.[18] The final approval, from the Department of Telecommunications, was given on 20 October 2017.[19][20] On 31 October 2017, RCom announced that it completed the merger.[21][22] Attempted merger of wireless business with Aircel[edit] On 14 September 2016, RCom and Maxis Communications
Maxis Communications
(owners of Aircel) announced that they would merge their mobile network operations. The deal is the largest consolidation in Indian telecom history, and will create the fourth largest mobile network operator in the country by subscribers and by revenue. RCom and Maxis, each will hold 50% stake in the merged entity, with equal representation on the board of directors and all committees. RCom will continue to operate in the enterprise segment and data center businesses as a standalone entity.[23][24] RCOM announced on 15 March 2017 that it had received approval for the deal from SEBI, BSE, and NSE.[25][26][27] The deal was approved by the CCI on 20 March 2017.[28][29] The shareholders of Aircel
Aircel
and RCom approved the merger on 22 and 24 April 2017 respectively.[30] The merger was expected to be completed by mid-2017.[31] However, on 1 October 2017, RCom announced that it is had allowed its merger agreement with Aircel
Aircel
to lapse.[32] The deal, which was expected to help RCom pare debt to the tune of INR 25,000 crores was called off due to the incessant delays by entrenched competition.[33] As of now RCom is looking at other options to meet their obligations under the SDR agreement and avoid insolvency proceedings by the banks.[34] Due to failure of merger with Aircel, on 25 October 2017, the company made an announcement to the employees that their last working day would be 30 November in the wireless business and DTH business. From 29 December 2017 it has discontinued voice services in all the circles of India
India
and will provide only 4G data services. Network coverage[edit] Reliance Communications operates in all 22 telecom circles of India, and offers services on GSM
GSM
platforms. Mobile services are available in the following telecom circles:[35]

Telecom circle 4G

Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
& Telangana (under 4G partner with Reliance Jio)

Assam (under 4G partner with Reliance Jio)

Bihar
Bihar
& Jharkhand (under 4G partner with Reliance Jio)

Delhi (under 4G partner with Reliance Jio)

Gujarat (under 4G partner with Reliance Jio)

Haryana (under 4G partner with Reliance Jio)

Himachal Pradesh (under 4G partner with Reliance Jio)

Jammu and Kashmir (under 4G partner with Reliance Jio)

Karnataka (under 4G partner with Reliance Jio)

Kerala (under 4G partner with Reliance Jio)

Kolkata (under 4G partner with Reliance Jio)

Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh
& Chhattisgarh (under 4G partner with Reliance Jio)

Maharashtra
Maharashtra
& Goa (under 4G partner with Reliance Jio)

Mumbai (under 4G partner with Reliance Jio)

North-East (under 4G partner with Reliance Jio)

Odisha (under 4G partner with Reliance Jio)

Punjab (under 4G partner with Reliance Jio)

Rajasthan (under 4G partner with Reliance Jio)

Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
& Chennai (under 4G partner with Reliance Jio)

West Bengal (under 4G partner with Reliance Jio)

Uttar Pradesh (East) (under 4G partner with Reliance Jio)

Uttar Pradesh (West) (under 4G partner with Reliance Jio)

Ultraband[edit] RCom launched its Ultraband service offering internet speeds of up to 1 Gbit/s in select locations in Mumbai
Mumbai
and Navi Mumbai
Mumbai
in April 2016.[36] Subsidiaries[edit] Reliance Telecom Limited (RTL) operates in Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh, Odisha, Bihar, Assam
Assam
and the northeast of India. It first offered GSM
GSM
services in January 1997.[37] Reliance Tech Services is the IT services wing of Reliance ADAG. It provides IT consultancy, business process outsourcing and software development for Reliance Communications and other ADA group companies. Reliance Globalcom owns the Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe undersea cable system and RIDC provides Internet data centre (IDC) services located in Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad and Chennai. Reliance Communications also acquired FLAG Telecom, Yipes ethernet service, Digicable and Vanco. Reliance Digital TV
Reliance Digital TV
Ltd[edit] Main article: Reliance Digital TV Reliance Digital TV
Reliance Digital TV
Ltd is a direct to home (DTH) television operator offering services under the brand name Reliance Digital TV. Reliance Infratel Ltd.[edit] Reliance Infratel Ltd. (RITL) handles RCom's mobile towers asset and related infrastructure. RCom owns a 96% stake in the company and the rest is held by several minority investors - Quantum (M), NSR Partners, Galleon, HSBC Daisy Investment (Mauritius), Drawbridge Towers, Investment Partners B (Mauritius). Investment Partners B had invested $287 million in 2007.[38] RCom announced that it had signed a binding pact with Brookfield Infrastructure Group to sell a 51% stake in Reliance Infratel for ₹11,000 crore (US$1.7 billion). RCom will utilize the entire amount earned from the deal to reduce its existing debt. Following the deal, Brookefield will hold a 51% state in Reliance Infratel, RCom will retain a 49% stake and the minority partners will exit.[39][40] Global Cloud Xchange[edit] Main article: Global Cloud Xchange Global Cloud Xchange
Global Cloud Xchange
(GCX) offers a comprehensive portfolio of solutions customized for carriers, enterprises and new media companies across the world’s largest private undersea cable system spanning more than 67,000 route kilometres (“rkm”), integrated with Reliance Communications’ 2,00,000 rkm of domestic fiber-optic backbone. Reliance Global Call[edit] Reliance Global Call offers international calling service in India, US, Canada, Australia, UK, Singapore, Hong Kong, New Zealand, Singapore, France, Belgium, Austria, Spain, Ireland, Netherlands and rest of the world. References[edit]

^ a b c d " Reliance Communications Financial Annual Results For 2012 - 2013" (PDF). Rcom.co.in. Retrieved 16 January 2012.  ^ a b cite weburl=http://www.trai.gov.in/notifications/press-release/press-release-telecom-subscription-data-31st-january-2018

^ " Reliance Communications to shut voice calls from next month". The Economic Times. 4 November 2017. Retrieved 29 November 2017.  ^ "Debt ridden Reliance Communication to shut voice calls from December 1". The Times of India. 4 November 2017. Retrieved 29 November 2017.  ^ "Reliance set to revolutionise mobile services". Rediff. 27 December 2002. Retrieved 29 November 2017.  ^ "Reliance Improved their 3G with MIMO
MIMO
Technology". Teletechnology of India. 22 August 2011. Retrieved 5 October 2013.  ^ "RCom launches 3G services in 3 cities". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 14 December 2010.  ^ "RCom slashes 3G tariff by 61%". The Times of India. 25 May 2012. Retrieved 25 May 2012.  ^ "Reliance, in a deal with Lenovo
Lenovo
to offer co-branded Jelly Bean smartphones to consumers". TechIt.in. 1 February 2013.  ^ "RCom kicks off migration process; to upgrade CDMA subscribers to 4G LTE network". 2016-04-02. Retrieved 2016-09-14.  ^ " Reliance Communications Posts Nearly 6% Rise In Q1 Profit". NDTV. Retrieved 2016-09-14.  ^ " Reliance Communications acquires Sistema's MTS India in all-stock deal". www.businesstoday.in. Retrieved 2016-09-06.  ^ " Reliance Communications Gets CCI Approval to Acquire MTS". Retrieved 2016-09-06.  ^ "Sistema Shyam shareholders approve merger with Reliance Communications". Retrieved 2016-09-06.  ^ "DoT's approval for SSTL-RCOM merger likely in Q4: Sistema - The Economic Times". Retrieved 2016-09-06.  ^ India, Press Trust of (30 September 2016). "RCom gets Rajasthan
Rajasthan
HC approval for Sistema acquisition". Business Standard. Retrieved 1 October 2016.  ^ "Reliance Communication gets Bombay HC approval for Sistema acquisition - The Economic Times". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2016-10-08.  ^ "Pink slips for 600 as Reliance Communications trims fat". The Economic Times. Retrieved 5 May 2017.  ^ "Telecom department approves RCom-MTS merger - ET Telecom". ETTelecom.com. Retrieved 18 November 2017.  ^ "RCom-Sistema Shyam merger gets DoT approval". The Economic Times. 2017-10-23. Retrieved 2017-10-24.  ^ " Reliance Communications Completes Merger With MTS". NDTV. Retrieved 18 November 2017.  ^ " Reliance Communications completes merger with MTS". Zee News. 31 October 2017. Retrieved 18 November 2017.  ^ "RCom, Aircel
Aircel
announce merger; create fourth largest telco in India - Times of India". Retrieved 2016-09-14.  ^ Pandey, Piyush (2016-09-14). "RCom- Aircel
Aircel
merger a strong challenger to Idea Cellular". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2016-09-14.  ^ " Reliance Communications Gets SEBI, Exchanges Nod For Aircel Merger". NDTV. Retrieved 20 March 2017.  ^ India, Press Trust of (15 March 2017). " Reliance Communications gets Sebi nod for merger with Aircel". Business Standard India. Retrieved 20 March 2017.  ^ Bureau, Our (15 March 2017). "RCom- Aircel
Aircel
merger gets SEBI nod". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 20 March 2017.  ^ Feeds, IANS (20 March 2017). "RCOM gets CCI approval for Aircel merger". India.com. Retrieved 20 March 2017.  ^ Lead, Telecom (20 March 2017). "RCOM- Aircel
Aircel
merger deal gets CCI approval". TelecomLead. Retrieved 20 March 2017.  ^ "Anil Ambani-driven RCom, Aircel
Aircel
shareholders approve merger - ET Telecom". ETTelecom.com. Retrieved 5 May 2017.  ^ "RCom says Aircel
Aircel
merger to be completed by 2017 middle, MTS merger by March". Telecom Talk. Retrieved 15 February 2017.  ^ "RCom abandons mobile business merger with rival Aircel". Financial Times. Retrieved 18 November 2017.  ^ Sengupta, Devina (2017-10-02). "RCom calls off Aircel
Aircel
merger; blames legal uncertainties, policy directives for delay". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2017-10-02.  ^ Raj, Amrit (2017-10-03). "RCom readies for fire sale of its assets to pare debt, as Aircel
Aircel
merger fails". Livemint. Retrieved 2017-10-02.  ^ https://telecomtalk.info/reliance-communications-tata-docomo-and-aircel-tie-up-for-pan-india-3g-roaming-services/116488/ ^ http://telecomtalk.info/rcom-launches-ultraband-with-1-gigabit-per-sec-speed-in-mumbai/152477/ ^ "Telecom Investment: At its Peak". Telecom & Networking Communications Today. 3 December 2009. Archived from the original on 28 January 2010. Retrieved 6 October 2013.  ^ "Brookfield set to buy majority stake in Reliance Communication towers; Anil Ambani
Anil Ambani
to stay on as minority partner - The Economic Times". The Economic Times. Retrieved 14 October 2016.  ^ Pandey, Piyush (14 October 2016). "RCom to sell 51 p.c. in tower assets to Brookfield for Rs 11,000 crore". The Hindu. Retrieved 14 October 2016.  ^ "RCOM plans to sell tower assets to Brookfield for Rs 11,000 crore". The Indian Express. 14 October 2016. Retrieved 14 October 2016. 

Externlinks[edit]

Official website

v t e

Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group — commonly known as Reliance Group

Companies

Communication

Reliance Communications Zapak Java Green Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe

Power

Reliance Power Reliance Natural Resources Dhirubhai Ambani Solar Park

Infrastructure

Reliance Infrastructure Mumbai
Mumbai
Metro One Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji Airport

Knowledge

Dhirubhai Ambani Knowledge City Reliance Health

Media delivery channels

BIG Cinemas BIGFlix BIG FM 92.7 BIG Magic Reliance Digital TV BIGADDA BIG Star Entertainment Awards

Media software

Reliance MediaWorks Reliance Entertainment Big CBS Prime Big CBS Spark Big CBS Love

Finance companies

Reliance Capital Reliance General Insurance Reliance Life Insurance Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group

Notable non-Indian companies

Lowry Digital Amblin Partners
Amblin Partners
(part)

Amblin Entertainment DreamWorks Amblin Television

Global Cloud Xchange Codemasters

Technological institute

Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology (DA-IICT)

Notable people

Dhirubhai Ambani Anil Ambani Tina Ambani Lalit Jalan

See also: Template:Reliance Industries Limited

v t e

Telecommunication companies of India

Mobile network operators

Airtel BSNL Mobile Idea Jio MTNL T24 Mobile Tata DoCoMo Telenor Vodafone

Defunct mobile operators

Aircel Etisalat DB Telecom(Cheers Mobile) Loop Mobile MTS Orange Reliance S Tel Spice Telecom Videocon Virgin Mobile

Internet service providers

ACT Fibernet Airtel Broadband APSFL BBNL BSNL Hathway Jio MTNL Railtel Reliance Sify Spectranet Tata Teleservices Tikona Broadband

DTH operators

ABS Free Dish Airtel digital TV DD Free Dish Dish TV Reliance Digital TV Sun Direct Tata Sky Videocon d2h Zing Digital

v t e

Major telecommunications companies

Companies with an annual revenue of over US$10 billion

América Móvil AT&T Bell Canada Bezeq Bharti Airtel Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited BT Group CenturyLink China Mobile China Telecommunications
Telecommunications
Corporation

China Telecom

China Unicom Chunghwa Telecom Comcast Deutsche Telekom Digicel FLOW Hutchison Asia Idea Cellular Jio KDDI KPN KT Corporation Mahanagar Telephone Nigam MTN MTS Nippon NTT DoCoMo Oi Orange S.A. PCCW Reliance Rogers Shaw Singtel SK Telecom SoftBank Mobile Spark Sprint Corporation Swisscom Tata Teleservices Telecom Italia Telefónica Telenor Telus Telmex Telstra TPG Trilogy International Partners True Türk Telekom VEON Verizon Viettel Vivendi Vodafone

See also Largest IT companies List of mobile network operators List of telephone operating companies Category:Telecommun

.