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*Raidō "ride, journey" is the reconstructed Proto-Germanic name of the r- rune of the Elder Futhark
Elder Futhark
ᚱ. The name is attested for the same rune in all three rune poems, Old Norwegian Ræið Icelandic Reið, Anglo-Saxon Rad, as well as for the corresponding letter of the Gothic alphabet
Gothic alphabet
𐍂 r, called raida. The shape of the rune may be directly derived from Latin R.

Rune
Rune
Poem:[1] English Translation:

Old Norwegian ᚱ Ræið kveða rossom væsta; Reginn
Reginn
sló sværðet bæzta.

Riding is said to be the worst thing for horses; Reginn
Reginn
forged the finest sword.

Old Icelandic ᚱ Reið er sitjandi sæla ok snúðig ferð ok jórs erfiði. iter ræsir.

Riding is of sitting a blessing and swift journey and horses toiling

Anglo-Saxon ᚱ Rad byþ on recyde rinca gehwylcum sefte ond swiþhwæt, ðamðe sitteþ on ufan meare mægenheardum ofer milpaþas.

Riding seems easy to every warrior while he is indoors and very courageous to him who traverses the high-roads on the back of a stout horse.

References[edit]

^ Original poems and translation from the Rune
Rune
Poem Page.

External links[edit]

The Futhark (ancientscripts.com) Runes
Runes
around the North Sea and on the Continent AD 150-700 by J. H. Looijenga (dissertation, Groningen University)[dead link]

v t e

Runes

Elder Futhark ᚠ ᚢ ᚦ ᚨ ᚱ ᚲ ᚷ ᚹ ᚺ ᚾ ᛁ ᛃ

ᛇ ᛈ ᛉ ᛊ ᛏ ᛒ ᛖ ᛗ ᛚ ᛜ ᛟ ᛞ          

Old English
Old English
Futhorc ᚠ ᚢ ᚦ ᚩ o ᚱ ᚳ c ᚷ ȝ ᚹ ᚻ ᚾ ᛁ ᛄ

ᛇ eo ᛈ ᛉ x ᛋ ᛏ ᛒ ᛖ ᛗ ᛚ ᛝ ᛟ œ ᛞ   ᚪ a ᚫ æ ᚣ y ᛠ ea

Younger Futhark ᚠ ᚢ ᚦ ᚬ ą ᚱ ᚴ     ᚼ ᚾ ᛁ

ᛅ a       ᛋ ᛏ ᛒ   ᛘ ᛚ       ᛦ ʀ        

Transliteration f u þ a r k g w h n i j

ï p z s t b e m l ŋ o d

See also Epigraphy Runestones Rune
Rune
Poems Medieval runes Runology Runic magic

v t e

The letter R

General

Rhotic consonants (R-like sounds) Pronunciation of English /r/ Rhoticity in English R-colored vowel Rhotacism Guttural R Linking and intrusive R

Pronunciations

Alveolar trill [r] Alveolar or postalveolar approximant [ɹ] Alveolar flap [ɾ] Alveolar lateral flap [ɺ] Retroflex approximant
Retroflex approximant
[ɻ] Retroflex flap
Retroflex flap
[ɽ] Retroflex trill
Retroflex trill
[ɽ͡r] Uvular trill
Uvular trill
[ʀ] Voiced uvular fricative
Voiced uvular fricative
[ʁ] Labialized [ʋ]

Variations

Ꝛꝛ (R rotunda) Ꞃꞃ (Insular) Ɽɽ (R with tail) Ɍɍ (R with stroke) Ʀʀ Ȑȑ Ŕŕ Ŗŗ Řř Ȓȓ Ṙṙ Ṛṛ R̄r̄ Ṝṝ Ṟṟ Rd Rh Rl Rn Rr Rt Rnd ᚱ (Raidô) ℝ (Real number) ® (Registered trademark symbol) Ⓡ (Enclosed R) ℞ (Medical prescription)

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