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The Reichsgau
Reichsgau
Tirol- Vorarlberg
Vorarlberg
(English: Gau Tyrol-Vorarlberg) was an administrative division of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
consisting of Vorarlberg
Vorarlberg
and North Tyrol
North Tyrol
(both in Austria). It existed from 1938 to 1945. It did not include East Tyrol
East Tyrol
(Lienz), which was instead part of Reichsgau Kärnten. After the Italian Armistice with the Allies the Italian provinces of Belluno, South Tyrol
South Tyrol
and Trentino
Trentino
were placed under direct German control as the Operational Zone of the Alpine Foothills (Operationszone Alpenvorland, OZAV), which was de facto annexed and administered as part of Tirol-Vorarlberg.[1] History[edit] The Nazi Gau (plural Gaue) system was originally established in a party conference on 22 May 1926, in order to improve administration of the party structure. From 1933 onwards, after the Nazi seizure of power, the Gaue increasingly replaced the German states as administrative subdivisions in Germany.[2] At the head of each Gau stood a Gauleiter, a position which became increasingly more powerful, especially after the outbreak of the Second World War. Local Gauleiter were in charge of propaganda and surveillance and, from September 1944 onwards, the Volkssturm
Volkssturm
and the defence of the Gau.[3] In March 1938 Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
annexed Austria, with the latter being sub-divided into Reichsgaue.[4] The position of Gauleiter
Gauleiter
in Tirol- Vorarlberg
Vorarlberg
was held by Franz Hofer throughout the Reichsgau's history from 1938 to 1945.[5][6] At the end of the Second World War, Tirol- Vorarlberg
Vorarlberg
became the French occupation zone in Austria. References[edit]

^ Michael Wedekind (2005). "The Sword of Science". In Ingo Haar; Michael Fahlbusch. German scholars and ethnic cleansing, 1919-1945. Berghahn Books. pp. 111–123. ISBN 9781571814357.  ^ "Die NS-Gaue" [The Nazi Gaue]. dhm.de (in German). Deutsches Historisches Museum. Retrieved 24 March 2016.  ^ "The Organization of the Nazi Party
Nazi Party
& State". nizkor.org. The Nizkor Project. Retrieved 24 March 2016.  ^ "Der "Anschluss" Österreichs 1938" [The annexation of Austria 1938]. dhm.de (in German). Deutsches Historisches Museum. Retrieved 24 March 2016.  ^ "Übersicht der NSDAP-Gaue, der Gauleiter
Gauleiter
und der Stellvertretenden Gauleiter
Gauleiter
zwischen 1933 und 1945" [Overview of Nazi Gaue, the Gauleiter
Gauleiter
and assistant Gauleiter
Gauleiter
from 1933 to 1945]. zukunft-braucht-erinnerung.de (in German). Zukunft braucht Erinnerung. Retrieved 24 March 2016.  ^ " Reichsgau
Reichsgau
Tirol-Vorarlberg". verwaltungsgeschichte.de (in German). Retrieved 24 March 2016. 

External links[edit]

Illustrated list of Gauleiter

v t e

Administrative divisions of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
(1933–1945)

Gaue

Baden-Alsace Bayreuth Berlin Cologne-Aachen Düsseldorf Eastern Hanover East Prussia Electoral Hesse Essen Franconia Halle-Merseburg Hamburg Hesse-Nassau Lower Silesia Magdeburg-Anhalt Main Franconia March of Brandenburg Mecklenburg Moselland Munich-Upper Bavaria NSDAP/AO Pomerania Saxony Schleswig-Holstein Silesia Swabia Southern Hanover-Brunswick Thuringia Upper Silesia Weser-Ems Westphalia-North Westphalia-South Westmark Württemberg-Hohenzollern

Reichsgaue

Danzig-Westpreußen Flandern Kärnten Niederdonau Oberdonau Salzburg Steiermark Sudetenland Tirol-Vorarlberg Wallonien Wartheland Wien

Bezirke

Bialystok Brüssel (de jure)

Autonomous Regions

Bohemia and Moravia General Government

Galicia Kraków Lublin Radom Warsaw

Operational Zones

Adriatisches Küstenland Alpenvorland

Related articles: List of Gauleiters Gauliga

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 134294

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