Rehman Malik (Urdu: رحمان ملک; b. 12 December 1951)
NI, is a Pakistani politician and retired bureaucrat, having served as
the Interior minister from being appointed on 25 March 2008 until 16
Prior to his entry in national politics, Malik had pursued a
successful career in the
Federal Investigation Agency
Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) as a
special agent, eventually becoming Director of the FIA in 1993 until
1996. During his stint as Director, he coordinated successful
counter-terrorist operations in the country as well as abroad,
including the arrest and extradition of Yousaf Ramzi to the United
States in 1995. After being removed from the Directorship, Malik moved
United Kingdom and began political activity through the PPP
From 2004 until 2007, he served as the chief of security of Benazir
Bhutto and became senior official of the central committee of the PPP.
After successfully contesting in the general elections held in 2008,
Malik was appointed adviser and eventually appointed as Interior
Prime Minister Yousaf Gillani. In 2013, he lost his
ministerial appointment after a Supreme Court's hearing against the
dual nationality case. The case's decision also influenced his
decision of resigning from the
Pakistan Senate, also the same year.
1.1 FIA career
1.2 Removal from FIA and exile in UK
1.3 PPP activism
1.4 September 2014 PIA incident
2 Interior Minister (2008—13)
2.1 Court suspension
2.3 Awards and recognition
2.4 National Reconciliation Ordinance
Rehman Malik was born in on 12 December 1951 in Sialkot, Punjab,
Pakistan. He gained his BSc degree and MSc in
Statistics in 1973 from
the Karachi University. In 2011, Malik was conferred with an
honorary PhD by the
Karachi University in recognition of "matchless
services to the country in the war on terror and particularly in
restoring peace to the citizens of Karachi."
Controversially, the decision of conferring a PhD to
Rehman Malik was
criticized by the university's professors. The media also
criticized the university's decision. Over this issue, the teachers
Karachi University passed a unanimous resolution Governor
Sindh and the
Vice Chancellor to revoke the honorary doctorate
In 1973, Malik joined the
National Alien Registration Authority
National Alien Registration Authority (NARA)
as the immigration agent and subsequently served in the various
services of the intelligence community, working in various criminal
offense cases. In the 1980s, he joined the Federal Investigation
Agency (FIA) as a special agent and initially investigated cases
against KHAD's terrorist-sponsored operations in the country.[citation
needed] Eventually he was appointed as an Additional Director-General
of the FIA in 1993. His appointment was personally approved by Prime
Minister Benazir Bhutto.
As Director of the FIA, Malik launched a secret war against the
Islamist elements in Pakistan, which amounted to a direct attack on
Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI). His efforts equally
dismayed the military establishment by reports of the FIA contacting
the Israeli secret service, the Mossad, to investigate Islamist
terrorists. The FIA leadership under Malik also angered Taliban
supporters within the conservative establishment, because they allowed
the extradition of
Ramzi Yousef to the
United States for trial on the
1993 World Trade Center bombing.
Removal from FIA and exile in UK
In the ending months of 1996, President
Farooq Leghari exercised the
constitutional option to dismiss his party's own government. One
of the first acts of President Leghari, after dismissing Prime
Benazir Bhutto on 5 November 1996, was to imprison Ghulam
Asghar, Director General of the FIA, on non-specified corruption
charges. Malik, Additional Director General of FIA, was also
Immediately, Malik was terminated from the FIA by
Prime Minister Nawaz
Sharif in 1997. In November 1998, Malik termed the termination of his
Nawaz Sharif an "act of retaliation" because
of the 200-page report, which he had sent to then-President Rafiq
Tarar, disclosing large-scale corruption of the Sharif family. Malik
then flew to
London and made a corruption accusation against the
Sharif brothers. With the dismissal of the government of the PPP,
Malik left the country and settled in the United Kingdom, where he set
up his own private security firm, DM Digital Network. Malik, serving
at the capacity as firm's president, established its head office at
Manchester. Through this firm, he assisted
Benazir Bhutto during her
exile, and he was her Chief of Security when she returned home in
During his nine-year-long exile in England, Malik obtained British
citizenship. However, he stated that he gave up his British
nationality in 2008 before holding public office. He was the
Founder President of DM Digital Network with head office at
Manchester, but he resigned after his appointment as Advisor/Minister
Prime Minister for the Interior.
Over his years in the United Kingdom, he grew closer to the elite
central committee of the PPP. In 2007, he replaced Amin Fahim as the
most trusted political aide of Benazir Bhutto, and was appointed as
the chief of security of
Benazir Bhutto in 2007.
He became extremely known in public after breaking a "political deal"
Benazir Bhutto and Pervez Musharraf, which allowed Benazir
Bhutto to return to the country. Earlier in 2002, Fahim had formed
the extension of PPP (although later emerged it) and acted as the
leader of PPP in the absence of Benazir and her husband Asif Ali
It was also reported in
The News International
The News International that after Malik took
over the role of top "adviser and broker" of Benazir on important
matters ranging from politics to business, Fahim seemed to have become
an "obsolete political commodity."
September 2014 PIA incident
On 15 September 2014, angry passengers at a domestic flight forced
Rehman from boarding a
Pakistan International Airlines plane, after
the plane reportedly waited for over two hours for the former
minister. The passengers refused to let him on board, and a verbal
altercation occurred, resulting in the denial of Malik's
Interior Minister (2008—13)
After PPP formed the Federal Government following the 2008 general
elections, Malik was appointed as an "adviser on interior,
intelligence, and narcotics control" by
Prime Minister Yousaf
Gillani. However, he was upgraded to Interior Minister on 27 April
Prime Minister Gillani's cabinet, prior to becoming
Malik was an Interior Minister during the penultimate times in the
history of the country. In a research analysis printed in Dawn
newspaper, his stint as Interior Minister was criticized over the
issues of target killings in
Sindh and the security aftermath of the
Afghanistan war. Interior Minister Malik has offered a $1 million
bounty for the capture of Ehsanullah Ehsan (Isanullah Isan), the
Pakistani Taliban spokesman who had attempted to try and justify the
shocking October 2012 attempted assassination (and further threats on
the life) of the 14-year-old Pakistani female blogger Malala Yousafzai
(Yousafzai), a native of the
Mingora region of the
Swat Valley who had
campaigned for the human and educational rights of girls and women in
Pakistan and beyond, to international acclaim. The Taliban claimed to
have acted not because of her work for education, but mainly because
she was a Western spy who had broken Sharia law by opposing the
mujahedeen – now used as a term for the Taliban and related militant
groups – in their 'war' against the West; Malala is being treated in
England for her injuries, and the Taliban's sources of motivation are
Interior Minister Malik also offered a pardon to the Pakistani
Taliban's leader, Hakimullah Mehsud, if he fully renounced
The Constitution bars a foreign national (or dual nationality holder)
from holding any public office of the Government of Pakistan. The
Supreme Court of
Pakistan retroactively suspended and terminated the
electoral membership of
Farahnaz Ispahani over the issue of dual
nationality on 25 May 2012.
In a reference filed against Malik, the Supreme Court began the
hearings against Malik over the suspicion of his British
nationality. Effectively, the Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry
suspended the electoral membership of Malik when he had shown
reluctance to submit a declaration by the United Kingdom's Border
Agency to establish that his client had surrendered British
nationality on 6 June 2012. Despite the Supreme Court's verdict,
he was reinstated by
Prime Minister Gillani after issuing directives
to the cabinet division to reinstate him as an advisor to the prime
minister on interior affairs.
On 5 October 2012, Malik informed the Supreme Court that he renounced
British citizenship on 25 March 2008.
Shortly after the verdict, Malik tendered his resignation to the
Chairman Senate on 10 July 2012. He continued his work with
the Ministry of Interior at the behest of
Prime Minister Pervez
On 4 June, his membership in the Senate was suspended by the Supreme
Court for being a dual national. This resulted in the loss of his
position as the Interior Minister, because Article 63-A of the
Pakistan requires each member of the cabinet to be a
member of the Parliament. On 10 July 2012, Malik resigned from the
Awards and recognition
He was awarded an honorary PhD degree from Karachi University. It has
been debated that this degree was given to reconcile political
affiliations with MQM.
National Reconciliation Ordinance
In 2007 the case of alleged corruption against Malik was dropped under
the amnesty of the National Reconciliation Ordinance.
^ "Details of Rehman Malik".
Pakistan Herald. Retrieved 15 July
^ a b Muhammad Saleh Zaafir. "Malik made federal minister" The News,
^ Syed Irfan Raza (28 March 2008). "Rehman and Haqqani join Gilani
team" Dawn Newspaper
^ a b "Dual nationality: Pak SC disqualifies Malik, 11 other
lawmakers". The Hindu. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
^ APP (10 November 2011). "
Rehman Malik gets "PhD for peace" by KU".
Dawn news, KU 2011. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
^ APP (7 October 2011). "
Rehman Malik to get PhD for peace". Zee News,
Pakistan Bureau. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
^ Staff (23 October 2011). "KU teachers demand cancellation of Rehman
Malik's honorary PhD degree". Express Tribune, KU. Retrieved 30
^ Staff reporters (11 October 2011). "Just what the doctor ordered: Dr
Rehman Malik now better equipped to heal ailing Karachi". Tex.
Retrieved 30 November 2013.
^ Staff. "KU teachers ask governor to revoke Malik's degree". Express
Tribune. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
^ Ahmad, Noman (16 October 2011). "KU teachers and administration
still at war over Malik's degree". Express Tribune, Karachi. Retrieved
30 November 2013.
^ a b c d Research and text by Saher Baloch (24 April 2013). "Rehman
Malik". Dawn Research Wing. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
^ a b c d "Federal Investigative Agency " fas.org, retrieved 4
Rehman Malik refuses to accept his termination, Dawn Newspaper, 10
^ / MPs with dual-nationality: Holding dual citizenship is no crime
says Rehman Malik. Tribune.com.pk (11 May 2012). Retrieved on 8
^ a b c Klasra, Rauf (29 July 2007). "aRehman replaces Fahim as
Benazir's most trusted aide".
The News International
The News International 2007. Retrieved 2
^ From the Newspapers (30 December 2012). "FIA reluctant to record
Malik's statement". Dawn news, area studies. Retrieved 2 December
^ From the Newspapers (21 April 2007). "The emerging contours of
PPP-govt deal". dawn. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
^ Angry passengers force Rehman Malik, Vankwani off Islamabad-bound
flight for causing delays
^ Abbas, Nosheen (17 September 2014). "
Pakistan Rehman Malik:
Passengers force ex-minister off plane". BBC News. Retrieved 17
^ Boone, Jon (17 September 2014). "Passenger rage forces Pakistan
politician who delayed flight to flee". Guardian. Retrieved 17
^ a b Staff researcher. -658 "Details of Rehman Malik" Check url=
value (help). The Herald. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
^ 'Spy of the West': Al-Qaida, Taliban struggle to justify attack on
Pakistani teen – World News. Worldnews.nbcnews.com (16 October
2012). Retrieved on 8 February 2013.
^ See article 63(1) of the Constitution of Pakistan
^ a b c Iqbal, Nasir (6 July 2012). "SC verdict puts Malik's cabinet
job in jeopardy". Dawn News, SC. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
^ Web desk (7 June 2012). "
Rehman Malik reinstated as advisor to PM on
interior affairs". Express Tribune, 2012. Retrieved 2 December
^ The Newspaper's Staff Reporter (5 October 2012). "
Rehman Malik tells
SC he has renounced UK citizenship". Dawn SC 2013. Retrieved 2
^ Nizami, Sunara (10 July 2012). "
Rehman Malik resigns from Senate".
Express Tribune. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
Rehman Malik resigns from Pak Senate". India Times. 10 July
^ "Pakistan's interior minister
Rehman Malik faces arrest as crisis
deepens". The Telegraph, 18 December 2009.
Hamid Nawaz Khan
Interior Minister of Pakistan