Regions are currently the highest administrative divisions in Morocco. Since 2015, Morocco officially administers 12 regions, including one (Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab) that lies completely within the disputed territory of Western Sahara and two (Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra and Guelmim-Oued Noun) that lie partially within it. The regions are subdivided into a total of 75 second-order administrative divisions, which are prefectures and provinces.[1]

A region is governed by a directly elected regional council. The president of the council is responsible for carrying out the council's decisions. Prior to the 2011 constitutional reforms, this was the responsibility of the Wali, the representative of the central government appointed by the King, who now plays a supporting role in the administration of the region.[2]

Regions since 2015

On 3 January 2010, the Moroccan government established the Consultative Commission for the Regionalization (CCR), which aimed to decentralize power to the regions, and confer a greater autonomy to the regions coinciding with the Western Sahara. The commission published provisional names and numbers for the new regions,[3] and their names were officially fixed in the Bulletin Officiel dated 5 March 2015.[4] The new regional councils elected their presidents on 14 September 2015[5] and regional governors were appointed on 13 October 2015.[6]

Region Capital
1 Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima Tangier
2 Oriental Oujda
3 Fès-Meknès Fès
4 Rabat-Salé-Kénitra Rabat
5 Béni Mellal-Khénifra Béni Mellal
6 Casablanca-Settat Casablanca
7 Marrakesh-Safi Marrakesh
8 Drâa-Tafilalet Errachidia
9 Souss-Massa Agadir
10 Guelmim-Oued Noun[A] Guelmim
11 Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra[A] Laâyoune
12 Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab[A] Dakhla

A.^ Lies partially or completely within the disputed territory of Western Sahara.

Main proposal
Main proposal
Alternate proposal with Midelt Province in Fès-Meknès (3) instead of Béni Mellal-Khénifra (5)
Alternate proposal with
Midelt Province in Fès-Meknès (3) instead of Béni Mellal-Khénifra (5)
Alternate proposal with Figuig Province in Oriental (2) instead of Drâa-Tafilalet (8)
Alternate proposal with
Figuig Province in Oriental (2) instead of Drâa-Tafilalet (8)
The different regional configurations proposed in 2010

1997 to 2010: Full unitary system

Between 1997 and 2010, Morocco had 16 regions.[7]

The old regions of Morocco (1997–2015)
Region Capital
1 Oued Ed-Dahab-Lagouira Dakhla
2 Laâyoune-Boujdour-Sakia El Hamra Laâyoune
3 Guelmim-Es Semara Guelmim
4 Souss-Massa-Drâa Agadir
5 Gharb-Chrarda-Béni Hssen Kénitra
6 Chaouia-Ouardigha Settat
7 Marrakech-Tensift-El Haouz Marrakesh
8 Oriental Oujda
9 Grand Casablanca Casablanca
10 Rabat-Salé-Zemmour-Zaer Rabat
11 Doukkala-Abda Safi
12 Tadla-Azilal Béni Mellal
13 Meknès-Tafilalet Meknès
14 Fès-Boulemane Fès
15 Taza-Al Hoceima-Taounate Al Hoceima
16 Tangier-Tetouan Tangier

The entirety of Oued Ed-Dahab-Lagouira (1), the vast majority of Laâyoune-Boujdour-Sakia El Hamra (2), and part of Guelmim-Es Semara (3) were situated within the disputed territory of Western Sahara. The sovereignty of Western Sahara is disputed between Morocco and the Polisario Front which claims the territory as the independent Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. Most of the region is administered by Morocco as its Southern Provinces. The Polisario Front, based in headquarters at Tindouf in south western Algeria, controls only those areas east of the Moroccan Wall.

Regions before 1997

Before 1997, Morocco was divided into 7 regions: Central, Eastern, North-Central, Northwestern, South-Central, Southern, Tansift.[8]

See also


  1. ^ Morocco in Figures 2003: A document by the Moroccan Embassy in the USA
  2. ^ "Maroc: Fiche technique" (PDF) (in French). ARLEM. 2014. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  3. ^ Moroccan Government website concerning the regionalization
  4. ^ "Décret fixant le nom des régions" (pdf). Portail National des Collectivités Territoriales (in French). Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  5. ^ "Ministère de l'Intérieur : l'élection des présidents des Conseils des régions s'est déroulée dans de bonnes conditions et dans un climat de transparence" [Ministry of the Interior: the regional council presidential elections took place under good conditions and in an air of transparency] (Press release) (in French). Maghreb Arabe Press. 14 September 2015. Retrieved 11 December 2015. 
  6. ^ "SM le Roi a procédé à la nomination les Walis des régions" [HM the King appointed the Walis of the regions]. La Vie Éco (in French). 14 October 2015. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  7. ^ "Régions". Portail national du Maroc. Government of Morocco. Retrieved 22 April 2013. 
  8. ^ http://www.statoids.com/uma.html