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(including overseas)

Departments (including overseas)

Arrondissements

Cantons

Intercommunality Métropole Communauté urbaine Communauté d'agglomération Communauté de communes

Communes Associated communes Municipal arrondissements

Others in Overseas France Overseas collectivities Sui generis
Sui generis
collectivity Overseas country Overseas territory Clipperton Island

France
France
is divided into 18 administrative regions (French: région, [ʁeʒjɔ̃]), including 13 metropolitan regions and 5 overseas regions.[1] The 13 metropolitan regions (including 12 mainland regions and Corsica) are each further subdivided into 2 to 13 departments, while the overseas regions consist of only one department each and hence are also referred to as "overseas departments". The current legal concept of region was adopted in 1982, and in 2016 what had been 27 regions was reduced to 18.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Reform and mergers of regions

1.1.1 Overview of region division proposals

2 Regions and their capitals

2.1 Regions from 1982 to 2016

3 Role

3.1 Regional control

4 Overseas regions 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] Further information: Territorial evolution of France
France
and Decentralisation
Decentralisation
in France The term région was officially created by the Law of Decentralisation (2 March 1982), which also gave regions their legal status. The first direct elections for regional representatives took place on 16 March 1986.[2] In 2016, the number of regions was reduced from 27 to 18 through mergers. Reform and mergers of regions[edit] In 2014, the French parliament passed a law reducing the number of metropolitan regions from 22 to 13 effective 1 January 2016.[3]

Nord-Pas de Calais Picardy Upper Normandy Île-de- France Champagne- Ardenne Lorraine Alsace Franche- Comté Burgundy Centre- Val de Loire Pays de la Loire Brittany Lower Normandy Poitou- Charentes Limousin Auvergne Rhône- Alpes Aquitaine Midi-Pyrénées Languedoc- Roussillon PACA Corsica French Guiana Guadeloupe Martinique Mayotte Réunion Belgium Luxembourg Germany Switzerland Italy United Kingdom Andorra Brazil Suriname Spain Monaco Channel Bay of Biscay Ligurian Sea Mediterranean Sea

French regions from 2011 to 2015 (Notes: Centre-Val de Loire
Centre-Val de Loire
was called "Centre" until 2015; Mayotte
Mayotte
became a region in 2014; the territorial collectivity of Corsica
Corsica
is de facto a region, albeit with a different designation).

The law gives interim names for most of the new regions by combining the names of the former regions, e.g. the region composed of Aquitaine, Poitou-Charentes
Poitou-Charentes
and Limousin
Limousin
is Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes. However, the combined region of Upper and Lower Normandy
Normandy
is simply called "Normandy" (Normandie). Permanent names were to be proposed by the new regional councils by 1 July 2016 and new names confirmed by the Conseil d'État by 30 September 2016.[4][5] The legislation defining the new regions also allowed the Centre region to officially change its name to "Centre-Val de Loire" with effect from January 2015.[6] Two regions, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
and Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, opted to retain their interim names.[7][8]

Regions that merged:

Former region New region (interim name) New region (final name)

Burgundy Bourgogne-Franche-Comté Bourgogne-Franche-Comté

Franche-Comté

Aquitaine Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes Nouvelle-Aquitaine

Limousin

Poitou-Charentes

Lower Normandy Normandy Normandy

Upper Normandy

Alsace Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine Grand Est

Champagne-Ardenne

Lorraine

Languedoc-Roussillon Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées Occitanie

Midi-Pyrénées

Nord-Pas-de-Calais Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie Hauts-de-France

Picardy

Auvergne Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes

Rhône-Alpes

Regions that remained unchanged:

Brittany

Centre-Val de Loire

Corsica

French Guiana

Guadeloupe

Île-de-France

Martinique

Mayotte

Pays de la Loire

Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur

Réunion

Overview of region division proposals[edit]

Édouard Balladur's proposal

Manuel Valls's proposal A

Manuel Valls's proposal B

President François Hollande's proposal

Regions as instituted by the National Assembly in 2014

Regions and their capitals[edit]

Regions of France

Region French name Other local name(s) Capital INSEE No.[9] Derivation or etymology President

Grand Est Grand Est German: Großer Osten Strasbourg 44 The name translates to "Great East," encompassing the three northeastern former regions of Alsace, Champagne-Ardenne, and Lorraine, themselves inspired by former French provinces disbanded in 1790 Jean Rottner
Jean Rottner
(LR)

Nouvelle-Aquitaine Nouvelle-Aquitaine Occitan: Nòva Aquitània / Nava Aquitània / Novela Aquitània Basque: Akitania Berria Bordeaux 75 Reflects an expanded, or "new," Aquitaine
Aquitaine
region, which merged with the regions of Limousin
Limousin
and Poitou-Charentes; Aquitaine
Aquitaine
(later known as Guyenne), Limousin, and Poitou
Poitou
were historic French provinces abolished in 1790 Alain Rousset
Alain Rousset
(PS)

Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes Occitan: Auvèrnhe-Ròse-Aups Arpitan: Ôvèrgne-Rôno-Arpes Lyon 84 This region is a merger of the former regions of Auvergne
Auvergne
and Rhône-Alpes; these were named, respectively, after the historic province of Auvergne
Auvergne
abolished in 1790 and after the former region's position along the Rhône
Rhône
river and in the Alps Laurent Wauquiez
Laurent Wauquiez
(LR)

Bourgogne-Franche-Comté Bourgogne-Franche-Comté Arpitan: Borgogne-Franche-Comtât Dijon 27 The region is a merger of the former regions of Burgundy
Burgundy
and Franche-Comté; these regions were themselves based on French provinces abolished in 1790 Marie-Guite Dufay
Marie-Guite Dufay
(PS)

Brittany Bretagne Breton: Breizh Gallo: Bertaèyn Rennes 53 The region covers 80% of the former province of Brittany, abolished 1790 Loïg Chesnais-Girard (PS)

Centre-Val de Loire[10] Centre-Val de Loire

Orléans 24 Translating to "Centre– Loire
Loire
Valley," the region's name has no historic basis, but is geographically located in north-central France and straddles the middle of the Loire
Loire
Valley François Bonneau
François Bonneau
(PS)

Île-de-France Île-de-France

Paris 11 The modern region encompasses much of the former province of Île-de-France, abolished 1790 Valérie Pécresse
Valérie Pécresse
(LR)

Occitanie Occitanie Occitan: Occitània Catalan: Occitània Toulouse 76 Encompasses much of the southern areas of France
France
where Occitan, or langue d'oc, dialects are spoken; is a merger of the Languedoc-Roussillon
Languedoc-Roussillon
and Midi-Pyrénées
Midi-Pyrénées
regions. Languedoc
Languedoc
and Roussillon
Roussillon
were historic provinces abolished in 1790; the Midi refers to southern France, and Pyrénées to the region's position in this mountain range Carole Delga (PS)

Hauts-de-France Hauts-de-France

Lille 32 Occupying the northern tip of the country, this region's name translates to "Upper France". It is a merger of the former regions of Nord-Pas-de-Calais
Nord-Pas-de-Calais
and Picardy, which recalled a province of France abolished in 1790 Xavier Bertrand
Xavier Bertrand
(LR)

Normandy Normandie Norman: Normaundie Rouen 28 The region is largely coterminous with the former province of Normandy, abolished 1790; it is a merger of the former regions of Upper Normandy
Normandy
and Lower Normandy Hervé Morin
Hervé Morin
(UDI)

Pays de la Loire Pays de la Loire Breton: Broioù al Liger Nantes 52 The name translates to "Land(s) of the Loire," as the Loire
Loire
river is the major waterway in the area; the region has no historic basis, but was created as a zone of influence for the city of Nantes Christelle Morançais (LR)

Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
(PACA) Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
(PACA) Provençal: Provença-Aups-Còsta d'Azur (Prouvènço-Aup-Costo d'Azur) Marseille 93 Consists of the former province of Provence
Provence
as well as some adjacent territories in the French Alps
Alps
and along the French Riviera
French Riviera
(Côte d'Azur) Renaud Muselier
Renaud Muselier
(LR)

Corsica Corse Corsican: Corsica Ajaccio 94 The region is composed entirely of the island of Corsica, a French territorial collectivity Jean-Guy Talamoni (CL), Gilles Simeoni
Gilles Simeoni
(Inseme per a Corsica)

The following five overseas departments also have the special status of overseas region.

French Guiana Guyane

Cayenne 03 Overseas region Rodolphe Alexandre
Rodolphe Alexandre
(PSG)

Guadeloupe Guadeloupe Antillean Creole: Gwadloup Basse-Terre 01 Overseas region Ary Chalus (GUSR)

Martinique Martinique Antillean Creole: Matinik Fort-de-France 02 Overseas region Claude Lise (RDM), Alfred Marie-Jeanne (MIM)

Mayotte Mayotte Shimaore: Maore Malagasy: Mahori Mamoudzou 06 Overseas region Soibahadine Ibrahim Ramadani (LR)

Réunion La Réunion Reunion Creole: La Rényon Saint-Denis 04 Overseas region Didier Robert
Didier Robert
(LR)

Regions from 1982 to 2016[edit] Between 1982 and 2015, there were 22 regions in Metropolitan France. Before 2011, there were four overseas regions (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, and Réunion); in 2011 Mayotte
Mayotte
became the fifth.

Regions in Metropolitan France
France
between 1982 and 2015

Flag[11] Region French name Other local name(s) Capital INSEE No.[1] Derivation or etymology

Alsace Alsace Alsatian: Elsàss German: Elsass Strasbourg 42 Formerly a coalition of free cities in Holy Roman Empire, attached to Kingdom of France
France
in 1648; annexed by Germany
Germany
from Franco-Prussian war to the end of World War I
World War I
and briefly during World War II

Aquitaine Aquitaine Occitan: Aquitània Basque: Akitania Saintongeais : Aguiéne Bordeaux 72 Guyenne
Guyenne
and Gascony

Auvergne Auvergne Occitan: Auvèrnhe / Auvèrnha Clermont-Ferrand 83 Former province of Auvergne

Brittany Bretagne Breton: Breizh Gallo: Bertaèyn Rennes 53 Duchy of Brittany

Burgundy Bourgogne Burgundian: Bregogne / Borgoégne Arpitan: Borgogne Dijon 26 Duchy of Burgundy

Centre-Val de Loire[10] Centre-Val de Loire

Orléans 24 Located in north-central France; straddles the middle of the Loire Valley

Champagne-Ardenne Champagne-Ardenne

Châlons-en- Champagne 21 Former province of Champagne

Franche-Comté Franche-Comté Franc-Comtois: Fràntche-Comté Arpitan: Franche-Comtât Besançon 43 Free County
County
of Burgundy
Burgundy
(Franche-Comté)

Île-de-France Île-de-France

Paris 11 Province of Île-de-France
Île-de-France
and parts of the former province of Champagne

Languedoc-Roussillon Languedoc-Roussillon Occitan: Lengadòc-Rosselhon Catalan: Llenguadoc-Rosselló Montpellier 91 Former provinces of Languedoc
Languedoc
and Roussillon

Limousin Limousin Occitan: Lemosin Limoges 74 Former province of Limousin
Limousin
and parts of Marche, Berry, Auvergne, Poitou
Poitou
and Angoumois

Lorraine Lorraine German: Lothringen Lorraine
Lorraine
Franconian: Lottringe Metz 41 Named for Charlemagne's son Lothair I, the kingdom of Lotharingia
Lotharingia
is etymologically the source for the name Lorraine
Lorraine
(duchy), Lothringen (German), Lottringe ( Lorraine
Lorraine
Franconian)

Lower Normandy Basse-Normandie Norman: Basse-Normaundie Caen 25 Western half of former province of Normandy

Midi-Pyrénées Midi-Pyrénées Occitan: Miègjorn-Pirenèus Occitan: Mieidia-Pirenèus Toulouse 73 None; created for Toulouse

Nord-Pas-de-Calais Nord-Pas-de-Calais

Lille 31 Nord and Pas-de-Calais
Pas-de-Calais
departments

Pays de la Loire Pays de la Loire Breton: Broioù al Liger Nantes 52 None; created for Nantes

Picardy Picardie

Amiens 22 Former province of Picardy

Poitou-Charentes Poitou-Charentes Occitan: Peitau-Charantas Poitevin and Saintongeais : Poetou-Chérentes Poitiers 54 Former provinces of Angoumois, Aunis, Poitou
Poitou
and Saintonge

Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
(PACA) Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
(PACA) Provençal: Provença-Aups-Còsta d'Azur (Prouvènço-Aup-Costo d'Azur) Marseille 93 Former province of Provence

Rhône-Alpes Rhône-Alpes Arpitan: Rôno-Arpes Occitan: Ròse Aups Lyon 82 Created for Lyon
Lyon
from Dauphiné
Dauphiné
and Lyonnais
Lyonnais
provinces and Savoy

Upper Normandy Haute-Normandie Norman: Ĥâote-Normaundie Rouen 23 Eastern half of former province of Normandy

Role[edit] Regions lack separate legislative authority and therefore cannot write their own statutory law. They levy their own taxes and, in return, receive a decreasing part of their budget from the central government, which gives them a portion of the taxes it levies. They also have considerable budgets managed by a regional council (conseil régional) made up of representatives voted into office in regional elections. A region's primary responsibility is to build and furnish high schools. In March 2004, the French central government unveiled a controversial plan to transfer regulation of certain categories of non-teaching school staff to the regional authorities. Critics of this plan contended that tax revenue was insufficient to pay for the resulting costs, and that such measures would increase regional inequalities. In addition, regions have considerable discretionary power over infrastructural spending, e.g., education, public transit, universities and research, and assistance to business owners. This has meant that the heads of wealthy regions such as Île-de-France
Île-de-France
or Rhône-Alpes
Rhône-Alpes
can be high-profile positions. Proposals to give regions limited legislative autonomy have met with considerable resistance; others propose transferring certain powers from the departments to their respective regions, leaving the former with limited authority. Regional control[edit] Number of regions controlled by each coalition since 1986.

Elections Presidencies Map

  Left

  Right

  Other

1986 5 21 –

1992 4 21 1

1998 10 15 1

Elections Presidencies Map

  Left

  Right

  Other

2004 23 2 1

2010 23 3 –

2015 7 8 2

Overseas regions[edit] Overseas region
Overseas region
(French: Région d'outre-mer) is a recent designation, given to the overseas departments that have similar powers to those of the regions of metropolitan France. As integral parts of the French Republic, they are represented in the National Assembly, Senate and Economic and Social Council, elect a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) and use the euro as their currency. Although these territories have had these political powers since 1982, when France's decentralisation policy dictated that they be given elected regional councils along with other regional powers, the designation overseas regions dates only to the 2003 constitutional change; indeed, the new wording of the constitution aims to give no precedence to either appellation overseas department or overseas region, although the second is still virtually unused by French media. The following have overseas region status:

in the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
(Africa)

Mayotte Réunion

in the Americas

French Guiana
French Guiana
in South America Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
in the Antilles
Antilles
(Caribbean, Central America) Martinique
Martinique
in the Antilles
Antilles
(Caribbean, Central America)

Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Saint Pierre and Miquelon
(off Canada, in North America), once an overseas department, was demoted to a territorial collectivity in 1985.

See also[edit]

Politics of France
France
portal

Ranked list of French regions Administrative divisions of France List of French regions and overseas collectivities by GDP Flags of the regions of France ISO 3166-2:FR

General:

Decentralisation
Decentralisation
in France Budget of France Regional councils of France Administrative divisions of France

Overseas

Outremer Overseas collectivity Overseas department Overseas departments and territories of France

References[edit]

^ a b "Carte des Régions" (in French). INSEE. Retrieved 2009-09-29.  ^ Jean-Marie Miossec (2009), Géohistoire de la régionalisation en France, Paris: Presses universitaires de France ISBN 978-2-13-056665-6. ^ La carte à 13 régions définitivement adoptée, Le Monde, 17 December 2014, accessed 2 January 2015 ^ Quel nom pour la nouvelle région ? Vous avez choisi..., Sud-Ouest, 4 December 2014, accessed 2 January 2015 ^ Nouveau nom de la région : dernier jour de campagne, Occitanie en tête ^ "Journal officiel of 17 January 2015". Légifrance (in French). 2015-01-17. Retrieved 2015-03-10.  ^ http://www.placegrenet.fr/2016/05/31/auvergne-rhone-alpes-fini-consultation-laurent-wauquiez-a-tranche/91121 ^ https://www.bourgognefranchecomte.fr/La-region-s-appellera-Bourgogne-Franche-Comte, ^ "La nouvelle nomenclature des codes régions" (in French). INSEE. Retrieved 17 January 2016.  ^ a b New name as of 17 January 2015; formerly named Centre. ^ These flags are not official.

External links[edit]

Regions of France
France
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Guide to the regions of France Local websites by region Will 2010 regional elections lead to political shake-up? Radio France Internationale in English

Overseas regions

Ministère de l'Outre-Mer some explanations about the past and current developments of DOMs and TOMs (in French)

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Overseas France

Inhabited areas

Overseas departments1

French Guiana Guadeloupe Martinique Mayotte2 Réunion

Overseas collectivities

French Polynesia St. Barthélemy St. Martin St. Pierre and Miquelon Wallis and Futuna

Sui generis
Sui generis
collectivity

New Caledonia

Uninhabited areas

Pacific Ocean

Clipperton Island

Overseas territory (French Southern and Antarctic Lands)

Île Amsterdam Île Saint-Paul Crozet Islands Kerguelen Islands Adélie Land

Scattered islands in the Indian Ocean

Bassas da India3 Europa Island3 Glorioso Islands2, 3 Juan de Nova Island3 Tromelin Island4

1 Also known as overseas regions 2 Claimed by Comoros 3 Claimed by Madagascar 4 Claimed by Mauritius

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Designations for types of administrative territorial entities

English terms

Common English terms1

Area

Insular area Local government area Protected area Special
Special
area Statistical area

Combined statistical area Metropolitan statistical area Micropolitan statistical area

Urban area

Canton

Half-canton

Borough

County
County
borough Metropolitan borough

Capital

Federal capital Imperial capital

City

City
City
state Autonomous city Charter city Independent city Incorporated city Imperial city Free imperial city Royal free city

Community

Autonomous community Residential community

County

Administrative county Autonomous county Consolidated city-county Metropolitan county

Non-metropolitan

Viscountcy

Country

Overseas country

Department

Overseas department

District

Capital district City
City
district Congressional district Electoral district Federal district Indian government district Land district Metropolitan district

Non-metropolitan district

Military district Municipal district Police district Regional district Rural district Sanitary district Subdistrict Urban district Special
Special
district

Division

Census division Police division Subdivision

Municipality

City
City
municipality County
County
municipality

Norway Nova Scotia Regional county municipality

Direct-controlled municipality District
District
municipality Mountain resort municipality Neutral municipality Regional municipality Resort municipality Rural municipality Specialized municipality

Prefecture

Autonomous prefecture Subprefecture Super-prefecture Praetorian prefecture

Province

Autonomous province Overseas province Roman province

Region

Administrative region Autonomous region Capital region Development region Economic region Mesoregion Microregion Overseas region Planning region Special
Special
administrative region Statistical region Subregion

Reserve

Biosphere reserve Ecological reserve Game reserve Indian reserve Nature reserve

State

Federal state Free state Sovereign state

Territory

Capital territory

Federal capital territory

Dependent territory Federal territory Military territory Organized incorporated territory Overseas territory Union territory Unorganized territory

Town

Census town Market town

Township

Charter township Civil township Paper township Survey township Urban township

Unit

Autonomous territorial unit Local administrative unit Municipal unit Regional unit

Zone

Economic zone

Exclusive economic zone Free economic zone Special
Special
economic zone

Free-trade zone Neutral zone Self-administered zone

Other English terms

Current

Alpine resort Bailiwick Banner

Autonomous

Block Cadastre Circle Circuit Colony Commune Condominium Constituency Duchy Eldership Emirate Federal dependency Governorate Hamlet Ilkhanate Indian reservation Manor

Royal

Muftiate Neighbourhood Parish Periphery Precinct Principality Protectorate Quarter Regency Autonomous republic Riding Sector

Autonomous

Shire Sultanate Suzerainty Townland Village

Administrative Summer

Ward

Historical

Agency Barony Burgh Exarchate Hide Hundred Imperial Circle March Monthon Presidency Residency Roman diocese Seat Tenth Tithing

Non-English or loanwords

Current

Amt Bakhsh Barangay Bezirk Regierungsbezirk Comune Frazione Fu Gemeinde Județ Kunta / kommun

Finland Sweden

Län Località Megye Muban Oblast

Autonomous

Okrug Ostān Poblacion Purok Shahrestān Sum Sýsla Tehsil Vingtaine

Historical

Commote Gau Heerlijkheid Köping Maalaiskunta Nome

Egypt Greece

Pagus Pargana Plasă Satrapy Socken Subah Syssel Zhou

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Arabic
Arabic
terms for country subdivisions

First-level

Muhafazah (محافظة governorate) Wilayah (ولاية province) Mintaqah (منطقة region) Mudiriyah (مديرية directorate) Imarah (إمارة emirate) Baladiyah (بلدية municipality) Shabiyah (شعبية "popularate")

Second / third-level

Mintaqah (منطقة region) Qadaa (قضاء district) Nahiyah (ناحية subdistrict) Markaz (مركز district) Mutamadiyah (معتمدية "delegation") Daerah/Daïra (دائرة circle) Liwa (لواء banner / sanjak)

City / township-level

Amanah (أمانة municipality) Baladiyah (بلدية municipality) Ḥai (حي neighborhood / quarter) Mahallah (محلة) Qarya (قرية) Sheyakhah (شياخة "neighborhood subdivision")

English translations given are those most commonly used.

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French terms for country subdivisions

arrondissement département préfecture subprefectures

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Greek terms for country subdivisions

Modern

apokentromenes dioikiseis / geniki dioikisis§ / diamerisma§ / periphereia nomos§ / periphereiaki enotita demos / eparchia§ / koinotita§

Historical

archontia/archontaton bandon demos despotaton dioikesis doukaton droungos eparchia exarchaton katepanikion kephalatikion kleisoura meris naukrareia satrapeia strategis thema toparchia tourma

§ signifies a defunct institution

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Portuguese terms for country subdivisions

Regional subdivisions

Estado Distrito federal Província Região Distrito Comarca Capitania

Local subdivisions

Município Concelho Freguesia Comuna Circunscrição

Settlements

Cidade Vila Aldeia Bairro Lugar

Historical subdivisions in italics.

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Slavic terms for country subdivisions

Current

dzielnica gmina krai kraj krajina / pokrajina městys obec oblast / oblast' / oblasti / oblys / obwód / voblast' okręg okres okrug opština / općina / občina / obshtina osiedle powiat / povit raion selsoviet / silrada sołectwo voivodeship / vojvodina županija

Historical

darugha gromada guberniya / gubernia jurydyka khutor obshchina okolia opole pogost prowincja sorok srez starostwo / starostva uyezd volost ziemia župa

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Spanish terms for country subdivisions

National, Federal

Comunidad autónoma Departamento Distrito federal Estado Provincia Región

Regional, Metropolitan

Cantón Comarca Comuna Corregimiento Delegación Distrito Mancomunidad Merindad Municipalidad Municipio Parroquia

Ecuador Spain

Urban, Rural

Aldea Alquería Anteiglesia Asentamiento

Asentamiento informal Pueblos jóvenes

Barrio Campamento Caserío Ciudad

Ciudad autónoma

Colonia Lugar Masía Pedanía Población Ranchería Sitio Vereda Villa Village
Village
(Pueblito/Pueblo)

Historical subdivisions in italics.

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Turkish terms for country subdivisions

Modern

il (province) ilçe (district) şehir (city) kasaba (town) belediye (municipality) belde (community) köy (village) mahalle (neighbourhood/quarter)

Historical

ağalık (feudal district) bucak (subdistrict) beylerbeylik (province) kadılık (subprovince) kaza (sub-province) hidivlik (viceroyalty) mutasarrıflık (subprovince) nahiye (nahiyah) paşalık (province) reya (Romanian principalities) sancak (prefecture) vilayet (province) voyvodalık (Romanian provinces)

1 Used by ten or more countries or having derived terms. Historical derivations in italics. See also: Census division, Electoral district, Political division, and List of administrative divisions by country

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List of regions of Europe

Sovereign states

Albania Andorra Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland

Italy Kazakhstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Malta Moldova Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia San Marino Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom

States with limited recognition

Abkhazia Artsakh Northern Cyprus South Ossetia Transnistria

Dependencies and other entities

Åland Faroe Islands Gibraltar Guernsey Isle of Man Jersey Svalbard

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Administrative regions of France

Current administrative regions (since 2016)

Metropolitan regions

Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes Bourgogne-Franche-Comté Brittany Centre-Val de Loire Corsica Grand Est Hauts-de-France Île-de-France Normandy Nouvelle-Aquitaine Occitanie Pays de la Loire Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur

Overseas regions

French Guiana Guadeloupe Martinique Mayotte Réunion

Former administrative regions (1982–2015)

Metropolitan regions

Alsace Aquitaine Auvergne Burgundy Brittany Centre-Val de Loire Champagne-Ardenne Corsica Franche-Comté Île-de-France Languedoc-Roussillon Limousin Lorraine Midi-Pyrénées Nord-Pas-de-Calais Lower Normandy Upper Normandy Pays de la Loire Picardy Poitou-Charentes Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Rhône-Alpes

Overseas regions

French Guiana Guadeloupe Martinique Mayotte Réunion

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First-level administrative divisions in European countries

Sovereign states

Albania Andorra Armenia2 Austria Azerbaijan1 Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus2 Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Georgia1 Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Kazakhstan1 Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Malta Moldova Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia1 San Marino Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey1 Ukraine United Kingdom

States with limited recognition

Abkhazia2 Kosovo Nagorno-Karabakh2 Northern Cyprus2 South Ossetia2 Transnistria

1 Has part of its territory outside Europe. 2 Considered European for cultural, political and historical reasons but is geographically in Western Asia.

Table of administrative di

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