Regionalbahn
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RB train ( Class 642) The ''Regionalbahn'' (lit. Regional train; abbreviated ''RB'') is a type of local passenger train (stopping train) in
Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px , capital = Berlin , coordinates = , largest_city = capital , languages_type = Official language , languages = German language, German , demonym = Germans, German , government_ ...

Germany
. It is similar to the Regionalzug (R) and Regio (R) train categories in neighboring
Austria Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a landlocked country in the southern part of Central Europe, located on the Eastern Alps. It is composed of nine States of Austria, federated states, one of which is Vienna, Austria's ca ...

Austria
and
Switzerland ,german: Schweizer(in),french: Suisse(sse), it, svizzero/svizzera or , rm, Svizzer/Svizra , government_type = Federalism, Federal semi-direct democracy under a multi-party assembly-independent Directorial system, directorial republic , leader_t ...

Switzerland
, respectively.


Service

''Regionalbahn'' trains usually call at all stations on a given line, with the exception of ''RB'' trains within
S-Bahn 206px, Part of Berlin Stadtbahn. The tracks on the right belong to the S-train system and the trains stop at the Berlin Hackescher Markt station, Hackescher Markt station, while the other two tracks are for other train types, which do not stop ...

S-Bahn
networks - these may only call at selected stations. Thus, they rank below the ''
Regional-Express In Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px , capital = Berlin , coordinates = , largest_city = capital , languages_type = Official language , languages = German language, German , demonym = Germans, German ...
'' train, which regularly stops only at selected stations on its route.


Operators

''RB'' trains are subject to franchising by the
federal states A federation (also known as a federal state) is a political entity characterized by a union of partially self-governing provinces, states, or other regions under a central federal government (federalism Federalism is a mixed or compou ...

federal states
of Germany; whilst many ''RB'' trains are still operated by
DB Regio DB Regio AG is a subsidiary of Deutsche Bahn which operates regional and commuter train services in Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px , capital = Berlin , coordinates = , largest_city = capital , langu ...
, the local traffic division of the former monopolist
Deutsche Bahn The (; abbreviated as DB or DB AG) is the national railway company of Germany. Headquartered in the Bahntower in Berlin, it is a private joint-stock company (Aktiengesellschaft, AG), with the Germany, Federal Republic of Germany being its single ...

Deutsche Bahn
, franchises often go to other companies, like
Abellio Deutschland Abellio Deutschland is a public transit operator in Germany operating bus and rail networks. Headquartered in Berlin Berlin (; ) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities in Germany by population, largest city of Germany by both area an ...
,
Eurobahn Eurobahn is a railway operator in Germany. A subsidiary of Keolis, it was founded in 1998. Initially a joint venture between Keolis and Rhenus operating bus and rail services, since 2007 it has been a 100% Keolis subsidiary operating rail service ...
or
Transdev Germany Transdev Germany is the largest private operator of passenger buses and trains in Germany. It is a subsidiary of Transdev. History In 1997, Aktiengesellschaft für Industrie und Verkehrswesen was purchased by a Veolia Transport, CGEA Group (60%) ...
. There is no obligation to use the term ''Regionalbahn'' for basic local services; some private rail operators therefore use their own names to denote their trains.


Stock

''RB'' services make use of vastly different types of rolling stock; on electrified lines, double-deck cars or
EMU The emu (''Dromaius novaehollandiae'') is the second-largest living bird by height, after its ratite relative, the ostrich. It is endemic Endemism is the state of a species In biology, a species is the basic unit of biological c ...
s may be used, DMUs like the
Bombardier Talent The Talent is a multiple unit railcar manufactured by Bombardier that was developed by Waggonfabrik Talbot in Aachen shortly before the company was acquired by Bombardier in 1995. The name ''Talent'' is an acronym and initialism, acronym in Ger ...
.


See also

*List of regional rail lines in North Rhine-Westphalia *Train categories in Europe *Regional rail


References

Passenger rail transport in Germany Regional rail in Germany {{Germany-rail-transport-stub